H.R. 1431: To amend the National Labor Relations Act and the Railway Labor Act to prohibit the preemption of State stalking laws.

Introduced: Sponsor: Rep. Buddy Carter [R-GA1]

This bill was referred to the House Committee on Education and the Workforce and House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure which will consider it before sending it to the House floor for consideration.

Rep. Buddy Carter [R-GA1] is a member of the House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

Govtrack.us Summary

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S. 929: National Labor Relations Act of 2020 - Floor Vote

S. 929: National Labor Relations Act of 2020


Whereas, the Labor Management Relations Act of 1947 prohibited many forms of strikes, boycotts, or pickets necessary for workers to have leverage during collective bargaining and allowed for states to outlaw union security.

Whereas, the Human Rights Watch has found that the rights of American workers are being violated and abused through retaliatory action for organizing unions.

Whereas, the purpose of unions is to ensure that ordinary working Americans are able to receive a fair return to their work and not be subject to wage theft, which is made possible by surplus value. Whereas, numerous attempts to repeal the Labor Management Relations Act of 1947, including the recent Employee Free Choice Act, were blocked despite major public campaigns.

Whereas, the Supreme Court case D. Louis Abood v. Detroit Board of Education found that labor unions may charge all employees of the employer with whom they bargain fees in order to fund such “collective bargaining, contract administration, and grievance adjustment.”


Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,


SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE

This act may be cited as the “National Labor Relations Act of 2020.”

SECTION 2. DEFINITIONS

29 U.S. Code § 152, paragraph 2 is amended to read as follows—

> (2) The term “employer” means a person engaged in an industry affecting commerce who has twenty or more employees for each working day in each of twenty or more calendar weeks in the current or preceding calendar year. The term also means (1) any agent of such a person, directly or indirectly, (2) the United States and any agency or instrumentality of the United States, and (3) a State or political subdivision of a State and any agency or instrumentality of a State or a political subdivision of a State, and any interstate agency [includes any person acting as an agent of an employer, directly or indirectly,] but shall not include [~~the United States or any wholly owned Government corporation, or any Federal Reserve

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👤︎ u/darthholo
📅︎ Jul 18 2020
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RR Unions, SMART, BLE, UTU, etc.

I'm a freight railroad conductor and SMART union member.

The railroads' "precision schedule railroading", push for one man and no man crews, and other actions. Have been punishing on unionized craft employees. We have no friend in the GOP and the Dems haven't been the best of friends.

Instead of paying politicians protection money. That will inevitably end in a wasted effort. The unions should form a trust. Then use members' money to buy shares of the railroads. Until that trust owns enough of each railroad to get real power in corporate.

As capital owners the union members will have the means to secure their careers, compensation, and retirements. No longer weak ineffective unions hobbled by the National Railway Labor Act.

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📰︎ r/union
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👤︎ u/sl600rt
📅︎ Sep 08 2020
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Airline catering workers planning protests at major US airports Thanksgiving week

This is the best tl;dr I could make, original reduced by 72%. (I'm a bot)


> Others plan to picket and hand out pamphlets about their demands, according to the union, which represents more than 20,000 airline catering workers.

> Airlines for America, a trade group, expects a record 31.6 million travelers to fly on U.S. airlines during the 12 days around Thanksgiving, up nearly 4% from last year.

> Airline workers have been particularly visible this year after airlines reported disruptions they said were due to workers trying to gain leverage in contract talks.

> The workers are employed by LSG Sky Chefs and Gate Gourmet, which big airlines subcontract to provide on-board food and beverages.

> Thousands of these food service workers, currently in contract talks, voted this summer to strike, but airline workers fall under the Railway Labor Act, which requires the permission of the National Mediation Board, whose members are appointed by the president, to do so.

> American Airlines contracts outside kitchens to supply its meals and said that the union and catering vendors talks will likely lead to higher pay and benefits, which would drive up airline costs.


Summary Source | FAQ | Feedback | Top keywords: airline^#1 workers^#2 union^#3 caterer^#4 Chefs^#5

Post found in /r/news, /r/occupywallstreet, /r/AutoNewspaper and /r/NBCauto.

NOTICE: This thread is for discussing the submission topic. Please do not discuss the concept of the autotldr bot here.

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📅︎ Nov 26 2019
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Anyone else see this from the BLET president?

A call to arms: Join me in our National Contract fight

By Dennis R. Pierce, BLET National President

(BLET Editor’s Note: The following message from BLET National President Dennis R. Pierce has been excerpted from the November 2016 issue of the Locomotive Engineers and Trainmen News.)

INDEPENDENCE, Ohio, December 26 — In the days leading up to this month’s Newsletter going to print, a major development occurred in our National Negotiations with the nation’s freight carriers. As most of you are aware, on Monday, December 5, 2016, the Unions making up the Coordinated Bargaining Group served notice on the National Mediation Board requesting that they mediate our contract dispute with the freight carriers. It is important that all BLET members understand what has happened with our negotiations to get us to this point, as well as what will happen now that mediation has been invoked, and my message will key on both of those issues. It also is imperative that all BLET members understand the terms and conditions of the Railway Labor Act (RLA) that govern our actions in contract negotiations and this month’s Newsletter also includes an explanation of the relevant portions of the RLA (see page 4).

For almost two years, the rail unions in our bargaining group, as well as all other rail unions, have been at the table making every effort to reach an agreement with the freight carriers that would respect the contributions that you make to the carrier’s bottom line. We all know that those profits would not be possible without the hard work of the union-represented employees of the nation’s freight carriers. When the bargaining round began railroad traffic was good, but that changed within a year of our negotiations starting. Not only did the nation’s Class I carriers begin to furlough operating employees as a result of a downturn in business, they began to close shops, mothball low density rail lines and, in some cases, they even spun off portions of their properties to shortline carriers through leases and line sales. Many of these same carriers also served notices to change their operations, and in many cases long standing terminals lost their jobs and those employees were forced to relocate.

I am not sharing any new information with BLET’s membership; you have lived through the furloughs and operational changes that your employers have forced upon you. What is important to note in all of this is that history shows us the nation’s railroads will find a way to get b

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👤︎ u/dynocat
📅︎ Dec 31 2016
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UPS is NOT seeking a bailout. They are looking to reverse an 80 year-old unfair labor law that protects one (and only one) company by preventing its workers from unionizing.

I work for UPS and have now for 3 years so take from this what you will…

The Railway Labor Act of 1926 was enacted to try and prevent strikes within airline and railroad companies. It was set up because of strikes that not only shut down major industries but also often ended in violence. It provides arbitration and mediation as an alternative to worker’s strikes. FedEx uses that act today to prevent its workers from unionizing. Because of the wording of the act and the way that FedEx uses it (FedEx is on the books as an airline company and not a shipping company), the only way their hourly workers could unionize is if every single one of them wanted to. If even one of their approximately 280,000 workers decided that they didn’t want to unionize the entire of their working body would not be allowed to do so. This is one of a handful of not-so-legitimate business practices that FedEx uses to keep their costs down. The worst of which is that they (according to their books) employ zero drivers. All those guys who drive FedEx trucks are “independent contractors” for whom FedEx pays zero taxes.

UPS does very little lobbying. They easily send more money to the united way than to any political entity. They are not asking for one cent from the government. They are simply asking congress to take a second look at this law. Brownbailout.com suggests that UPS is a huge political entity that that FedEx has zero pull with anyone but somehow this law is still on the books even though it protects only one company in the shipping industry.

There is a section on brownbailout.com about UPS “forcing” it’s employees to write letters to their congressmen. UPS asked each of it’s employees, including me, to write letters to their senators asking them to consider this bill. I told my supervisor that I would not write it. He asked for my reasons and I told him that I am not in favor of adding another 200k+ unionized workers to the American workforce and, more importantly, that I am very uncomfortable with my employer asking me to take action in a political forum. He stated his point and said that if I was not comfortable writing the letter, I did not have to. I know of at least 10 other people (in my work area of about 70 people) who refused to write the letters and none of us have suffered ANY sort of repercussion from it. UPS ASKED their employees to write letters. If any manager in the company demanded or coerced their employees into writing those letters, that manager shoul

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📅︎ Aug 19 2009
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Janus Case: Assault on Labor - For Class Struggle, Not Reliance on Democrats!

https://archive.is/dzBkO

Workers Vanguard No. 1133 4 May 2018

For Class Struggle, Not Reliance on Democrats!

Janus Case: Assault on Labor

The Supreme Court case of Janus v. AFSCME is aimed squarely at destroying public-sector unions, posing a direct threat to all of labor. A ruling against AFSCME—the American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees—would ban the agency shop in public employment, whereby employees who refuse to join the union must pay “agency fees” to the union, which bargains on their behalf as well as that of its members. Such a ruling would overturn the 1977 Abood v. Detroit Board of Education decision upholding the agency shop, and thereby make “right to work” the law of the land for all public employees. With the decisive vote in the hands of conservative Justice Neil Gorsuch, a corporate lawyer appointed by Donald Trump, an anti-union decision is all but assured.

The Janus case has been bankrolled by a viciously union-busting cabal, including the billionaire Koch brothers and the far-right lobbyists of the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC). The original lawsuit was filed by Republican Illinois governor and venture capitalist Bruce Rauner on behalf of Mark Janus, a social worker who would not join AFSCME. The case is premised on the bogus argument that having to pay agency fees is “coerced” speech and a violation of the First Amendment. This is just a cover for trying to bankrupt AFSCME and other public-sector unions and bleed them of members. The same red herring was at the center of an earlier case, Friedrichs v. California Teachers Association, which tried to strike down mandatory union fees but ended in a deadlock.

Janus is the latest attack in a decades-long war waged by the capitalist rulers against organized labor, during which the percentage of unionized workers has fallen to just over 10 percent, about half of what it was in the 1980s. Public workers are in the sights of the labor-haters because they make up the largest concentration of unionized workers in the country. Their unionization rate of 34 percent is five times greater than in the private sector.

A ruling against AFSCME would strike especially hard at black workers, who are highly represented in these unions. Black people are 30 percent more likely than whites to have a public-sector job, and for many of them, getting a unionized job in transit, sanitation or the postal service provides one of the few ways out of all-sided destitution.

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Bill 095, 096, 097, JR014 Going to Vote in the Senate

Bill 095 (Amendments in Bold) is Going to Vote

Northern Route Keystone Pipeline XL Bill

What the Keystone XL bill is:

The Keystone XL Pipeline is a proposed 1,179-mile (1,897 km), 36-inch-diameter crude oil pipeline beginning in Hardisty, Alta., and extending south to Steele City, Neb. This pipeline is a critical infrastructure project for the energy security of the United States and for strengthening the American economy. Along with transporting crude oil from Canada, the Keystone XL Pipeline will also support the significant growth of crude oil production in the United States by allowing American oil producers more access to the large refining markets found in the American Midwest and along the U.S. Gulf Coast. The official acts of the law:

  1. Declares that a presidential permit shall not be required for the pipeline described in the application filed on May 4, 2012, by TransCanada Keystone Pipeline, L.P. to the Department of State for the Keystone XL pipeline, including the Nebraska reroute evaluated in the Final Evaluation Report issued by the Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality in January 2013 and approved by the Nebraska governor.

  2. Deems the final environmental impact statement issued by the Secretary of State on August 26, 2011, coupled with such Final Evaluation Report, to satisfy all requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 and of the National Historic Preservation Act.

  3. Grants original and exclusive jurisdiction to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit to determine specific issues (except for review by the Supreme Court on writ of certiorari).

  4. Deems the Secretary of the Interior to have issued a written statement setting forth the Secretary's opinion that the Keystone XL pipeline project will not jeopardize the continued existence of the American burying beetle or destroy or adversely modify American burying beetle critical habitat. States that any taking of the American burying beetle that is incidental to the construction or operation and maintenance of the Keystone XL pipeline shall not be considered a prohibited taking of such species under the Endangered Species Act of 1973.

  5. Deems the Secretary to have issued a grant of right-of-way and temporary use permit pursuant to the Mineral Leasing Act and the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976.

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📅︎ Aug 17 2015
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The Evolution Wars: Religious Reaction and Racist Oppression - Hail Charles Darwin! (Workers Vanguard) 16 Sept 2005

https://archive.is/mkLnb

Workers Vanguard No. 854 16 September 2005

The Evolution Wars: Religious Reaction and Racist Oppression

Hail Charles Darwin!

If ever there were an argument against “intelligent design,” it is George Bush, an ignorant and dimwitted reactionary with state power. Almost 150 years since the publication of Darwin’s Origin of Species, this born-again Christian president has thrown the power of his office behind Christian fundamentalism by arguing that religious fables be given equal time with evolution in science classes in America. But the irrational obscurantism of leading circles of the American ruling class should not be mistaken for an absence of purpose. Now, as at other key moments in the history of this nation founded on black chattel slavery, religion is being promoted to inculcate acquiescence to injustice. The brilliant, self-educated former slave Frederick Douglass nailed the intrinsic relationship between the pious religiosity of Southern slaveowners and the hellish reality of those they lorded over:

“I assert most unhesitatingly, that the religion of the south is a mere covering for the most horrid crimes,—a justifier of the most appalling barbarity,—a sanctifier of the most hateful frauds,—and a dark shelter under which the darkest, foulest, grossest, and most infernal deeds of slaveholders find the strongest protection. Were I to be again reduced to the chains of slavery, next to that enslavement, I should regard being the slave of a religious master the greatest calamity that could befall me…. I therefore hate the corrupt, slaveholding, women-whipping, cradle-plundering, partial and hypocritical Christianity of this land.”

—Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass (1845)

For years, the fundamentalist Christian right has been politically pursuing its reactionary religious agenda. But since the second coming of George W. Bush to the White House, they’re stalking the country. Since 2001 there have been challenges to the teaching of evolution in 43 states! Even more widespread but harder to measure is the informal coercion of science teachers to suppress the “E” word. In March, the National Science Teachers Association reported that 31 percent of teachers surveyed responded that they felt “pressured to include creationism, intelligent design, or other nonscientific alternatives to evolution in their science classroom.” Some Imax theaters in science museums are refusing to show movies that mention evolution, the Big

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Bullshit, Fred.

I work for FedEx Office (formerly Kinko's), and I got this letter from Fred Smith the other day.

Did you know FedEx was a railway? I didn't either, but it seems all FedEx Express employees are covered by the Railway Labor Act (RLA) instead of the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA). So what, you ask? Well, one of the key differences is that under the RLA, employees cannot unionize on a local basis. If they want to organize, there has to be one union company-wide. Obviously, that can make it a bit difficult to organize.

Now, UPS, the Teamsters, and others would like to see FedEx Express brought under the NLRA. I'm sure they are as self-interested as anyone else; nonetheless, from what I gather the bulk of the evidence is on their side. The RLA actually covers airlines as well as railroads, so it's not unreasonable for FedEx pilots to be covered by it, but apparently FedEx is the only company in America where truck drivers are covered by the RLA. In fact, there is language in the RLA that seems to specifically exclude truckers.

So while FedEx frames the issue as "UPS is looking for a bailout," the truth is that FedEx has been getting special treatment all along, and UPS and its allies are just trying to level the playing field.

Anyway, Fred wants me to contact my elected representatives. Okay, I'll do that--and I'll tell them to put an end to FedEx's special status. I encourage anyone who cares about workers' rights to do the same.

Want more info? Okay, check this Business Week article ... or this powerful argument from a self-described conservative ... or this Findlaw article ... or the RLA itself. Oh, yeah, and some company propaganda from FedEx and UPS.

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The Square Deal Conservatism of Theodore Roosevelt

Theodore Roosevelt represents an interesting case in the rich history of American conservatism. His presidency, long before the rise of FDR and the New Deal, signaled a fundamental change in the way Americans interacted with government, corporations, and the world around them. In fact one can be certain that the New Deal, much in the manner of the two Roosevelts themselves, was a distant cousin of Teddy's Square Deal.

Roosevelt's Square Deal represents not only a departure from the tradition of strictly laissez-faire American conservatism, but also a departure from the conservatism of the Old World. Roosevelt's aptly-named "Progressive Conservatism" embodied by the Square Deal was a descendant of UK Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli's "One-Nation Toryism" which sought similar goals as the Square Deal. However, the clearest departure from this line of conservative thought lies in it's treatment of our natural resources. Roosevelt, ever the naturalist, sought to preserve nature and to ensure its proper use for generations to come. It is fitting that such a nation as the United States should foster such ideals of conservation, as to put it in Roosevelt's own words:

"We have fallen heirs to the most glorious heritage a people ever received, and each one must do his part if we wish to show that the nation is worthy of its good fortune."

Seeing this great land trampled on and abused by the likes of giant corporations emboldened Roosevelt to enact government reforms to ensure proper use of land, conservation of significant lands and animals, and reclamation of lands to be put to good use in the hands of farmers and entrepreneurs. This was accomplished in a number of ways. The most famous of which was the establishment of the United States Forest Service. Roosevelt excercised executive authority to establish "...150 national forests, 51 federal bird reserves, 4 national game preserves, 5 national parks, and 18 national monuments." These measures sought to preserve nature for proper use by people and to allow animals and nature to thrive. Furthermore, his support and passing of The Newlands Reclamation Act essentially enabled the mass-settlement of the arid American West. After its passage and generous help by the Roosevelt Administration, by 1907 the Bu

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📰︎ r/tuesday
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👤︎ u/N0RedDays
📅︎ Jan 09 2021
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[Satire] Justice

"Corn can't expect justice from a court composed of chickens." - Anonymous African Proverb

----

Water vapor was rising from the pools of water left by the torrential rains in the past few days. The whole place was a tepid steam bath. It usually was quite arid: if it were to ever rain, it would be only these few months. But the humidity was not the issue. Wherever water went, the mosquitos followed, and the entire place was a breeding ground for those blood-sucking pests. No wonder malaria was still a problem even in these days.

Even though the sun had yet to rise, the harsh beams of floodlights flooded the cell through its only window, between thick bars of steel. There was practically no difference whether the lights were switched on or off and the only way to tell time was a ubiquitous plastic clock that was hung on the wall. Aaden Mohamed Mahmoud laid out his prayer mat and began his morning prayers, trying his best to ignore the occasional buzzing and swatting whenever he felt something landing on him. Peeking at the guard while he was prone on the mat, his chants did not wake him up. This was confirmed by the audible snores echoing from his gaping mouth. Aaden had been here long enough to recognize the patrol schedules and it would not be another hour before there was a shift change. Time was of the essence and he could not afford to waste even a single second. He got to his feet, headed towards the window, produced a piece of scrap metal he managed to hide away from the guards, and proceeded to chisel this steel bar he had been working on since it started to rain. Despite the uncomfortable humidity and mosquito-borne parasites, at least the copious rainfall helped mask the grinding of metals in the past few nights. Although the rain had stopped tonight, putting him at a higher risk of being discovered, Aaden was quite determined to get out of this concrete cell. His wife and children were waiting for him at home and being in here was not going to feed them.

Snap.

The makeshift chisel halved from the accumulated abrasion. Aaden’s heart sank. He picked up the broken piece that fell onto the floor and took a good look at it. It looked salvageable, it would probably still work. He then fixed his eyes on the small dent he barely made on the bar, even a fingernail was probably thicker than whatever he did and he still had about two more inches to cut through. His eyes landed on the clock, decided to call it a day, and stored the two pieces of metal

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📰︎ r/stories
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📅︎ Jan 24 2021
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Dead by dawn: part three

Jess sat on the couch, listening to blaring rock music, which pulsed loudly from speakers on the table beside her. Making the floor of the lodge vibrate. She sat in front of an ornate fireplace. Above which the stuffed head of a moose stared down at her. Its glassy eyes reflecting her own face back at her. Like twin mirrors. A fire roared in the hearth. Washing the room with its warmth. Keeping the cold mountain air at bay. She watched with a board and annoyed expression as Josh and Samantha made out on the couch across from her. Moaning and exploring each other with their hands. The two had been like this for weeks. Ever since Hannah had introduced them a few months before. They had been inseparable. Jess found it completely annoying.

She had never wanted to go to the party at the mountain lodge, without her friends. Who normally never left her side. Had she known. That nearly all of them would have fallen sick, the same day. Then she would not have agreed to go. Jess stood up from the couch. Stretching and glancing across the room. Trying to shake of the feeling of annoyance which had rose up in her. The sitting room was very dark. With the only light in the room coming from a flat screen tv on the wall. It was tuned to the news. Where some reporter droned on about a new fungal infection. Which had been discovered in Mexico. It was supposedly a very dangerous infection. One that the CDC was investigating. Jess walked past the television. Letting the news castors voice fall on deaf ears. She had heard enough of his fear mongering. It was all her parents ever listened to at home. She walked across the sitting room. Past the old grandfather clock on the wall. Which told her that it was just after 11:45 pm. Jess made her way towards the kitchen door. Hoping to find some of the booze which Matthew had left in the kitchen.

She walked past Christopher, who sat slumped in a chair. Having had one to many beers. He snored loudly, an empty bottle lying on the floor next to his foot. Jess scoffed. "it seems some people are unable to hold their liquor" She thought. Sneering at Christopher as she went by. She made her way to the kitchen. Steeping inside and glancing around to see where Matthew had left the beers. Jess was dismayed to be greeted with the sight of Michael. Who sat at the kitchen table. As if waiting for her.

She felt a rush of anger and fear at seeing Michael again. He was the last person which she had wanted to encounter. Michael was her ex

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👤︎ u/Terra627
📅︎ Feb 08 2021
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The problem of libertarian socialism according to economists

Economists mainly analyzed socialism where the state controls all resources, it was not necessary to analyze libertarian market socialism because no one fully advocated it. But I have found some articles describing such a system.

Mises used the word syndicalism to describe that system:

> In the minds of the great bulk of workers who call themselves socialists or communists, Syndicalism presents itself, at least as vividly as Socialism, as the aim of the great revolution. The "petty bourgeois" ideas which Marx thought to overcome are very widespread—even in the ranks of the Marxian socialists. The great mass desire not the genuine Socialism, that is, centralized Socialism but Syndicalism. The worker wishes to be the lord of the means of production which are employed in his particular undertaking. The social movement round about us shows more clearly every day that this and nothing else is what the worker desires. In contradistinction to Socialism which is the result of armchair study, syndicalist ideas spring direct from the mind of the ordinary man, who is always hostile to "unearned" income obtained by someone else. Syndicalism like Socialism aims at the abolition of the separation of worker from the means of production, only it proceeds by another method. Not all the workers will become the owners of all the means of production; those in a particular industry or undertaking or the workers engaged in a complete branch of production will obtain the means of production employed in it. The railways to the railway men, the mines to the miners, the factories to the factory hand—this is the slogan.

The biggest problem of libertarian market socialism is the inability of the economy to adapt to changes such as the need to move capital or workers from one industry to another, to adapt to changes in demand or new technologies.

Mises:

> The naïve logic of the advocates of Syndicalism assumes without any further ado a completely stationary condition of society, and pays no attention to the problem, how the system will adapt itself to changes of economic conditions. If we assume that no changes occur in the methods of production, in the relations of supply and demand, in technique, or in population, then everything seems to be quite in order. Each worker has only one child, and departs out of this world at the moment his successor and sole heir becomes capable of work; the son promptly steps into his place. We can perhaps assume that a change of occupation

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👤︎ u/Jasko1111
📅︎ Jan 06 2021
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The three revolutions that weren’t

Maybe it started when Dick Cheney won the presidency in 2008, or maybe when Al Gore led the country to war against Saudi Arabia six years earlier, or maybe the beginning of it all went unnoticed by the general public when a Cuban boy drowned en route to Florida in 1999, his death not more than a footnote in the local news. It is impossible to say for sure. But what is certain is that, at some point, a clock began ticking in America, counting down unstoppably, inevitably, to the day when revolution would come to the republic once thought indivisible.

Between the time the clock began ticking and the time its alarm bells rang, there were numerous false alarms, smaller tremors that shook American society before the earthquake that finally split it in two. Here are the three largest of those tremors, the ones which very nearly brought that earthquake on the country prematurely. Here are the three revolutions that weren’t.

2011: The Great Transport Strike

The Great Transport Strike of 2011 was the single largest mobilization of labor in US history.

The roots of the strike go back to the financial crash of 2008, though of course it would not have been possible without the smaller-scale labor unrest that dotted the 2000s. In response to the crash, the newly elected Cheney spent his first year in office slashing regulations and welfare programs. With pressure from his administration, Congress lowered the top marginal tax rate and very nearly defunded social security (the bill failed to pass the House or Representatives), and with lobbyists from the finance sector commanding the Labor and Commerce departments, his cabinet reduced employer-provided healthcare standards. Most relevant to the Great Transport Strike was Cheney’s assault on the minimum wage. One of his first acts as president was to sign a bill into law which halted the third stage of a procedural minimum wage adjustment put into motion near the end of the Gore administration. Had it gone into effect, the third stage would have raised the minimum wage to $7.50, but the new legislation stalled it at $6.71. Another bill he signed in November of 2009 took things a step further by undoing the other two stages, cutting the minimum wage back down to $5.15 even as millions of Americans faced financial ruin or worse. There was much uproar over the second bill in particular, but it went unchallenged at the state level.

What began the chain of events that led to the Great Transport Strike was actua

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Jan/14/2021 news: __ Artsakh & Diplomacy __ Agricultural insurance __ Serj co-defendant dies __ Nuclear plant extension __ Bill to reform judicial, energy policy, disability aid, financing for business __ National Minority Day __ Trash sorting = AYE __ Diaspora __ 2nd DNA tool _ New factory _ SHMAG!

Your 11-minute Thursday report in 2696 words.

##co-defendant in Serj's "agricultural embezzlement" trial passes away

Ex-deputy Agriculture Minister Samvel Galstyan has passed away. He was a co-defendant in the case involving ex-president Serj Sargsyan. The defendants are accused of stealing ֏489 million in fuel subsidies with the help of "Flash" fuel company, owned by Serj's friend.

The deceased ex-deputy Minister had earlier shifted the blame on the ex-Minister, saying he was only following orders. In turn, the ex-Minister testified against Serj Sargsyan.

https://factor.am/327935.html , https://armtimes.com/hy/article/178419 , https://armtimes.com/hy/article/177742 , https://armtimes.com/hy/article/177729

##bill to reform pre-trial investigations / vetting judges / police reform

The government has drafted a bill that aims to mitigate corruption risks during the pre-trial period when the investigators still work on the case, and to boost the efficiency of court cases that decide the suspect's status before the trial.

Justice Minister Badasyan: the bill introduces the institute of specialized judges exercising judicial control over pre-trial proceedings. Specialized judges will handle corruption and pre-trial felony cases. 24 new judges will be hired, which will also reduce the time to handle court cases. The judges will undergo ethics vetting.

Corruption cases in courts had increased by +30% last year. The system is overloaded. 275 felony corruption cases were being actively heard, with another 2228 awaiting trial. We have the fewest numbers of judges per 100,000 population among Council of Europe countries.

Pashinyan: the practice established by these reforms is widely used around the world. We are entering a very important phase of judicial reforms. Ethics vetting for judges is crucial. We must have an independent judicial branch so that when a court makes a verdict, people won't try to look for political explanations behind it. We will soon create a new police patrol service, too, which is also part of these reforms.

https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1040191.html , https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1040163.html

##Armenia's 2040 energy policy will be revised

The energy sector strategy, as well as a number of other legal acts, have lost its relevance, so there is a need to revise and meet the requirements of modern times, says the government. Roadmap for energy development until 2040 will be created.

https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1040

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📰︎ r/armenia
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📅︎ Jan 14 2021
🚨︎ report
How South Korea's 'CLOY' can help Filipinos create a better future.

OPINION How South Korea's 'CLOY' can help Filipinos create a better future The Philippines has turned itself into nation of followers, not pioneers

Criselda Yabes February 12, 2021 17:00 JST

Hyun Bin during a press conference of tvN drama "Crashing Landing On You," pictured in December 2019: the drama series set off a tempest in the psyche of Filipinos.   © Imazins/Getty Images Criselda Yabes is a journalist based in the Philippines. She is author of "The Battle of Marawi," her 10th book, which was published in September.

When the Philippines' Smart Communications chose South Korean actor Hyun Bin to endorse its products in May last year, the advertising matrix went through the roof.

Social media went into a frenzy. Despite being in the midst of the pandemic lockdown in the Philippines, which became one of the longest and harshest in the world, sales shot up.

The tag line for Smart Communications' campaign was that the heart-throb actor was "crashing" on one of the country's big telecoms, an allusion to the popular drama series Crash Landing on You, or CLOY, that seems to have been watched in nearly every Filipino household.

Up until then, ripples of South Korean entertainment had been felt in the Philippines. But CLOY set off a tempest in the psyche of the people, cutting across demographics right smack in the middle of a severe quarantine.

In a country that has seen too many of its own political dramas unfolding -- later this year, Smart Communications will release a new campaign featuring Korean pop sensation BTS -- the string of South Korean's culture brands had Filipinos discovering a newfound aspiration -- one that they would be willing to embrace for the lack of national embodiment at home.

Members of K-pop boy band BTS, pictured in November 2020: the string of South Korean's culture brands had Filipinos discovering a newfound aspiration.   © Reuters Looking up to an Asian neighbor that had been far from their consciousness and geographically distant from its archipelagic shores, Filipinos came to a rude realization that they have been left behind in the region's rankings. They want to have the same tastes. They reach for swanky clothes and cars, and glamorous lovers. They marvel at the symbols of superstardom they could have had, if only.

If only they had seized the opportunity to hitch their wagon to a star in the postwar independence granted by the United States. America was the master colonizer that gave the Philippines "50 years in H

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📰︎ r/inthenews
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📅︎ Feb 13 2021
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[Expansion] A Honeymoon in Mongolia

##Ura! Ura! Ura!

President Alexander Novitolsky of the Russian Federation looked upon the legions of assembled men and women in uniform before him. The sight was awe-inspiring. Tens of thousands of soldiers all in line and formation and in perfect posture. Alexander had never been in the military, and he wondered how the officers and drill sergeants got every grunt to act in unison and in perfect discipline. He had been inspecting the troops for more than an hour now, and each division had been impeccable in their organization and marches - at least, that was what he thought. The generals flanking him were likely looking on in disgust and disappointment over a tiny mistake one man made. He chuckled at his own joke.

The division in front of him - infantry, he recalled, dramatically marched across the empty field, then fired their rifles at the same time, just like the others had done. They were the last he was meant to inspect, and were just as good as the others at the performance. It was impressive, but the repetition had whittled away any interest the President had. The men finally marched for the final time, and saluted, signalling the end of the inspection of the army - on the ground, at least.

The convoy of security forces quickly escorted him to the barracks where the soldiers stayed - it was a massive complex, much larger than he had anticipated. In truth, he had never seen this kind of building before. As aforementioned, he was never in the Armed Forces, and never came across it anywhere, either on TV or on the Internet. Much like his reaction to the troop performance, the only word he could really use to describe his thoughts was "impressive".

One of the officers - apparently the one in charge of the facility - shook his hand and brought him around the building. He saw dormitories, cafeterias, storage rooms, and even a toilet, all modern and sleek in design. It must've been built or undergone renovation in the past several years. It was as he wandered the living spaces on the third floor, making idle chat with some of the men of the artillery company, that he bumped into him.

"Dmitry?" Novitolsky was surprised the ex-President was in the complex. "What are you doing here?"

"I should ask the same of you, Mr. President." Ivanov responded with a smirk on his face. "Though it would be a redundant question, given how public your visit is."

"Oh, and, to answer your question, I'm here to visit an old friend of mine. I believe he is here, though

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📰︎ r/Geosim
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👤︎ u/Eraevian
📅︎ Jan 21 2021
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[Expansion] Back to Turkmenistan

##Round Two

We have softened the hearts of the Turkmenistani government and the Turkmen government. Now, we shall go for the kill - figuratively, to clarify. We will exploit this lowering of their guards to further promote Eurasianism, inspire goodwill for Russia amongst the population, and develop the country. Again, Turkmenistan is now perhaps Central Asia's most modernized economy, and we will work with that framework of not bringing a developing country into industrialization, transition to services, or modernization, but rather cooperating to bring Turkmenistan forwards at an even more accelerated rate.

A modern state cannot call itself a success without good, sensible, and effective social programs. After all, the weakest link of a chain is what determines its strength, and the poor and neediest are the weakest link of the chain that is the nation. Healthcare, education, and welfare are the three primary parts of social policy which must be addressed in every country - Turkmenistan included. Healthcare systems are quite literally what keep people and thus a country alive, and make all citizens, not just the rich, able to afford and have care - in a way, it is a fulfilment of the right to life. Education, meanwhile, brings with it knowledge and opportunity, skills which allow individual people to excel - and for an entire nation to prosper and modernize. Welfare, of course, forms the safety net of society, saving people from falling into creeping death spirals of poverty and ensuring every person has their basic needs at the very minimum fulfilled. Its measures ensure that the economy can work for everyone, even when, should welfare be taken out of the equation, it would not.

It is these three utmost important programs which we will focus on. Russia, on behalf of and through the EAEU, will establish an investment fund of about USD$15 billion, much of which will be invested and spent in improving these three systems through renovation and construction of facilities, improvement of resources and their allocation, and acting as a reserve from which the Turkmen government can withdraw funding for these three areas if agreed to by the EAEU, with the terms of said withdrawal negotiated and spending listed out in a clear, detailed, and complete manner. We will begin by starting a national program for hospitals in Turkmenistan, starting by improving existing hospitals by expanding their facilities, purchasing new technology and equipment, and renovating a

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📰︎ r/Geosim
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👤︎ u/Eraevian
📅︎ Jan 22 2021
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Debunking Criticism on the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (The Spoon Fed Research Paper)

First I would like to give credit to

"Indus ka Nalka (tarikhdan)" who introduced me to this piece of information.

Now lemme copy paste the stuff here with better formating ;))

Contributors:

  • Zahid Khan
  • Guo Changgang
  • Muhammad Afzaal
  • Riaz Ahmad
  • Samuel Aron Issack

To cite this article: Zahid Khan , Guo Changgang , Muhammad Afzaal , Riaz Ahmad & Samuel

Aron Issack (2020): Debunking Criticism on the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, The Chinese

Economy, DOI: 10.1080/10971475.2020.1792065

To link to this article: https://doi.org/10.1080/10971475.2020.1792065

Published online: 24 Jul 2020.

1.) Institute of Global Studies, College of Liberal Arts, Shanghai University, Shanghai, China;

2.) World History Department, Center for Global Studies, Center for Turkish Studies and Dean of Graduate School at Shanghai University, Shanghai, China;

3.) School of Foreign Languages, Shanghai Jia Tong University, Shanghai, PR China;

4.) School of Public Policy and Administration, Xi’ian Jiaotong University, Xi’ian, China.

Abstract:

The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is a pilot flagship project of China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). Although this project has been received in a relatively positive manner by actors regionally and worldwide, it has also been subject to serious criticisms in domestic and international publications. These criticisms include the claims that Pakistan might become a colony or province of China, and that Pakistan is faced with a debt-trap as a result of Chinese loans. This article outlines these claims and proceeds to show that neither stands up to close scrutiny. Moreover, the article approach is alienated into two parts; first, looks at how the distinctive criticism propagated by critics whilst secondly, a critical approach is used to debunk all these criticism with the help of respondents’ reactions. Consequently, it may provide few policy recommendations.

Keywords: China-Pakistan Economic Corridor; Belt and Road Initiative; criticism; colonization; debt-trap.

Introduction:

With the inception of China-Pakistan Economic Corridor project, an atmosphere of criticism and misinformation has been propagated by several local and international publications which ultimately goals to make CPEC more controversial and representing a negative image of China around the world. Before debunking the imprecise

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📰︎ r/pakistan
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👤︎ u/Aimen_N
📅︎ Nov 19 2020
🚨︎ report
[DIPLOMACY] A Deal With Cairo

To the government of Egypt, West Jerusalem has a proposition for you. Between the heartland of your nation and ours lies the Sinai Peninsula, a vast expanse of mostly useless desert. A region we have fought over to many times in living memory. A region that is only loyal to you in name, with an active insurgency that has been proven difficult to stamp out, including ISIL related fundamentalists who have committed acts of terror against your people.

In addition to the Sinai is the city of Gaza and the surrounding area, a region both of us have a complicated relationship with. The city up until a decade and a half ago had basically been under military occupation by one of us, and is now being governed by a terrorist organization who mindlessly kills the local people whilst using every resource it has to attack the Jewish State.

But both of these regions have their potential. The sparsely populated Sinai has little use to the government of Egypt, houses less than 0.5% of her population, but has massive value to us currently. We will not beat around the bush, we are going to nearly double our Jewish population due to the American Aliyah this decade, and want to purchase the Sinai off of you to Settle up to a million American refugees there. Better there than the dubiously legal West Bank.

But we realize loosing territory is not something the nation of Egypt takes kindly to, so we have for you a proposal to sweeten the deal in hopes you consider or revise then consider our terms.

We Will Offer The Following

  1. Diplomatically, Economically, and if need be Militarily Support Egyptian Annexation of the Gaza Strip with its 1.5 million inhabitants, giving the valuable port and potential industrial center to Cairo. Egypt would be expected, with any aid we can provide, to negotiate or overthrow the terrorist regime in Gaza by any means possible and replace it with a civilian one loyal to Cairo
  2. Will offer 500 million USD for the construction of an Egyptian run high speed rail running from the Suez Canal Region to Gaza. This railway will be subject to Egyptian law and will be completely extraterritorial. This will include around 150 miles of rail. We will if need be construct the entire railway with Israeli labor but its construction will be subject to Egyptian supervision.

In Return Cairo Would

  1. Give the Sinai Peninsula to Israel. We would pay 25 billion USD for it in addition to our railway payment. The region would be integrated into Israel
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[EVENT] The Bering Tunnel

##Looking Across The Strait

The great Venetian Marco Polo traversed thousands of miles on his journeys to the farthest east he and his contemporaries knew - Cathay, what we now know as China. Through the ragged mountains of Persia, into the unforgiving steppes of Central Asia, and through the deserts and plains of Northern China, Polo reached Khanbaliq, the city we call Beijing today. His travels over such an incredibly long distance would be recorded in the annals of his history as one deserving of great celebration, a truly fantastic feat given the times. The bestselling “The Travels of Marco Polo” became a source for not only delight and entertainment through its stories and glimpses into the Orient, but also for information - vital information which filled gaps in the West’s lackluster knowledge about contemporary goings-ons of eastern Asia and remote lands.

A modern Marco Polo would be far less impressive, and would certainly not be in the history books as the real one was. Even in the 19th century, regular voyages connected Europe and the farthest reaches of Asia through the Cape Horn route and circling Africa; this process was only shortened by the opening of the Suez Canal, providing a direct connection to the Indian Sea. Today, flights from Venice to Beijing and vice versa are a daily occurrence, and tankers and freighters carrying cargo worth hundreds of millions in value in total arrive at the docks and ports of Europe, not least of which is Venice. To this end, to a literal sense, one could say there are many modern Marco Polos, who journey from Venice to Beijing, every year.

Of course, these trips are no longer impressive feats nor groundbreaking events. As technological advancement and innovation in global transportation have broken what was thought to be the limits of travel time and time again over the last century, the world no longer seems so gargantuan. Yet, even with this convenience and ease of travel available, there are those who do as the original Marco Polo did. A man who cycled from Hong Kong to Cape Town. Another who traversed millions of square miles of deadly jungle and wilderness from Argentina to the US border. Their reasons are plentiful - some for thrill, others out of necessity, and even others for more personal reasons.

Today, we call Africa and Eurasia the “Old World”, and North and South America the “New World”. These terms were made hundreds of years ago as colonists and explorers first set foot on the two America

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📰︎ r/Geosim
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👤︎ u/Eraevian
📅︎ Jan 18 2021
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H.R. 2472: To amend the National Labor Relations Act and the Railway Labor Act to prohibit the preemption of State stalking laws.

Introduced: Sponsor: Rep. Tom Price [R-GA6]

This bill is in the first stage of the legislative process. It was introduced into Congress on June 20, 2013. It will typically be considered by committee next.

Govtrack.us Summary

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S. 929: National Labor Relations Act of 2020 - Floor Amendments

"Mr. Speaker, I propose the following amendment to the legislation up for debate."

"The Representative shall read the amendment to be placed for vote immediately following its proposal."


H.R.XXX: National Labor Relations Act of 2020


Whereas, the Labor Management Relations Act of 1947 prohibited many forms of strikes, boycotts, or pickets necessary for workers to have leverage during collective bargaining and allowed for states to outlaw union security.

Whereas, the Human Rights Watch has found that the rights of American workers are being violated and abused through retaliatory action for organizing unions.

Whereas, the purpose of unions is to ensure that ordinary working Americans are able to receive a fair return to their work and not be subject to wage theft, which is made possible by surplus value. Whereas, numerous attempts to repeal the Labor Management Relations Act of 1947, including the recent Employee Free Choice Act, were blocked despite major public campaigns.

Whereas, the Supreme Court case D. Louis Abood v. Detroit Board of Education found that labor unions may charge all employees of the employer with whom they bargain fees in order to fund such “collective bargaining, contract administration, and grievance adjustment.”


Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,


SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE

This act may be cited as the “National Labor Relations Act of 2020.”

SECTION 2. DEFINITIONS

29 U.S. Code § 152, paragraph 2 is amended to read as follows—

> (2) The term “employer” *means a person engaged in an industry affecting commerce who has twenty or more employees for each working day in each of twenty or more calendar weeks in the current or preceding calendar year. The term also means (1) any agent of such a person, directly or indirectly, (2) the United States and any agency or instrumentality of the United States, and (3) a State or political subdivision of a State and any agency or instrumentality of a State or a political subdivision of a State, and any interstate agency

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👤︎ u/srajar4084
📅︎ Jul 16 2020
🚨︎ report
PA02: The Western Right to Work Amendment (Discussion+Amendments)

#PA01: The Western Right to Work Amendment

Whereas, the right of a worker includes the freedom of choice to form, join, assist, or refrain from labor organizations,
Whereas, these freedoms must be protected by the Western Government to the fullest extent,
Whereas, the existence of a “right to work” law fulfills the above necessities,

Be it enacted by the General Assembly assembled,

SECTION I. Short Title
a) This amendment may be referred to as “Right to Work Amendment”.

SECTION II. Provisions
a) §922 of the Western Labor Code will be amended to read as follows:
>i) Any person or agent or officer thereof who coerces or compels any person to do any of the following as a condition of securing employment or continuing in the employment of any such person is guilty of a misdemeanor:

>>1) Enter into an agreement, written or verbal, not to join or to remain a member of a labor organization.
2) Pay any dues, fees, or assessments, or other similar charges, however denominated, of any kind or amount to a labor organization.
3) Pay to any charity or other third party, in lieu of the payments described in subclause two, an amount equivalent to, or a pro rata portion of, dues, fees, assessments, or other charges required of a member of a labor organization.

>ii) A person injured as a result of a violation or threatened violation of this section may obtain the following remedies:

>>>1) Injunctive relief against a violator or person threatening a violation.
2) Monetary damages, including costs and reasonable attorney’s fees, resulting from a violation or threatened violation.

>iii) This section does not apply to any of the following:

>>>1) Employers and employees covered by the federal Railway Labor Act (45 U.S.C. Sec. 151 et seq.). 2) Federal employers and employees.
3) Employers and employees on exclusive federal enclaves.
4) Circumstances that would otherwise conflict with, or be preempted by, federal law.
5) An employment contract entered into before January 1, 2018. However, this chapter applies to any subsequent renewal or extension of such a contract.

SECTION III. Definition
a) “Employer” means a person, firm, association or corporation, public entity, school, college, university, institution, or an education agency.
b) “Labor organization” means any organization, agency, employee representation committee, or union that exists for the purpose, in whole or in

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👤︎ u/ItsBOOM
📅︎ Aug 23 2018
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Bill 097: National-Right-to-Work Act

Preamble: This bill Amends the National Labor Relations Act and the Railway Labor Act to repeal those provisions that permit employers, pursuant to a collective bargaining agreement that is a union security agreement, to require employees to join a union as a condition of employment (including provisions permitting railroad carriers to require, pursuant to such an agreement, payroll deduction of union dues or fees as a condition of employment).

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

This Act may be cited as the “National Right-to-Work Act”.

SEC. 2. AMENDMENTS TO THE NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS ACT.

(a) Section 7 of the National Labor Relations Act (the “Act”) (29 U.S.C. 157) is amended by striking “except to” and all that follows through “authorized in section 8(a)(3)”.

(b) Section 8(a) of the Act (29 U.S.C. 158(a)) is amended by striking “: Provided, That” and all that follows through “retaining membership” in paragraph (3).

(c) Section 8(b) of the Act (29 U.S.C. 158(b)) is amended by striking “or to discriminate” and all that follows through “retaining membership” in paragraph (2) and by striking “covered by an agreement authorized under subsection (a)(3) of this section” in paragraph (5).

(d) Section 8(f) of the Act (29 U.S.C. 158(f)) is amended by striking clause (2) and by redesignating clauses (3) and (4) as (2) and (3), respectively.

SEC. 3. AMENDMENT TO THE RAILWAY LABOR ACT. Section 2 of the Railway Labor Act (45 U.S.C. 152) is amended by striking paragraph Eleventh.


This bill was submitted to the Senate by /u/Smitty9913

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Hail Charles Darwin (Workers Vanguard)

https://archive.is/mkLnb

Workers Vanguard No. 854 16 September 2005

The Evolution Wars: Religious Reaction and Racist Oppression

Hail Charles Darwin!

Correction Appended

If ever there were an argument against “intelligent design,” it is George Bush, an ignorant and dimwitted reactionary with state power. Almost 150 years since the publication of Darwin’s Origin of Species, this born-again Christian president has thrown the power of his office behind Christian fundamentalism by arguing that religious fables be given equal time with evolution in science classes in America. But the irrational obscurantism of leading circles of the American ruling class should not be mistaken for an absence of purpose. Now, as at other key moments in the history of this nation founded on black chattel slavery, religion is being promoted to inculcate acquiescence to injustice. The brilliant, self-educated former slave Frederick Douglass nailed the intrinsic relationship between the pious religiosity of Southern slaveowners and the hellish reality of those they lorded over:

“I assert most unhesitatingly, that the religion of the south is a mere covering for the most horrid crimes,—a justifier of the most appalling barbarity,—a sanctifier of the most hateful frauds,—and a dark shelter under which the darkest, foulest, grossest, and most infernal deeds of slaveholders find the strongest protection. Were I to be again reduced to the chains of slavery, next to that enslavement, I should regard being the slave of a religious master the greatest calamity that could befall me…. I therefore hate the corrupt, slaveholding, women-whipping, cradle-plundering, partial and hypocritical Christianity of this land.”

—Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass (1845)

For years, the fundamentalist Christian right has been politically pursuing its reactionary religious agenda. But since the second coming of George W. Bush to the White House, they’re stalking the country. Since 2001 there have been challenges to the teaching of evolution in 43 states! Even more widespread but harder to measure is the informal coercion of science teachers to suppress the “E” word. In March, the National Science Teachers Association reported that 31 percent of teachers surveyed responded that they felt “pressured to include creationism, intelligent design, or other nonscientific alternatives to evolution in their science classroom.” Some Imax theaters in science museums are refusing to show movies that menti

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Hail Charles Darwin!

https://archive.is/mkLnb

Workers Vanguard No. 854 16 September 2005

The Evolution Wars: Religious Reaction and Racist Oppression

Hail Charles Darwin!

Correction Appended

If ever there were an argument against “intelligent design,” it is George Bush, an ignorant and dimwitted reactionary with state power. Almost 150 years since the publication of Darwin’s Origin of Species, this born-again Christian president has thrown the power of his office behind Christian fundamentalism by arguing that religious fables be given equal time with evolution in science classes in America. But the irrational obscurantism of leading circles of the American ruling class should not be mistaken for an absence of purpose. Now, as at other key moments in the history of this nation founded on black chattel slavery, religion is being promoted to inculcate acquiescence to injustice. The brilliant, self-educated former slave Frederick Douglass nailed the intrinsic relationship between the pious religiosity of Southern slaveowners and the hellish reality of those they lorded over:

“I assert most unhesitatingly, that the religion of the south is a mere covering for the most horrid crimes,—a justifier of the most appalling barbarity,—a sanctifier of the most hateful frauds,—and a dark shelter under which the darkest, foulest, grossest, and most infernal deeds of slaveholders find the strongest protection. Were I to be again reduced to the chains of slavery, next to that enslavement, I should regard being the slave of a religious master the greatest calamity that could befall me…. I therefore hate the corrupt, slaveholding, women-whipping, cradle-plundering, partial and hypocritical Christianity of this land.”

—Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass (1845)

For years, the fundamentalist Christian right has been politically pursuing its reactionary religious agenda. But since the second coming of George W. Bush to the White House, they’re stalking the country. Since 2001 there have been challenges to the teaching of evolution in 43 states! Even more widespread but harder to measure is the informal coercion of science teachers to suppress the “E” word. In March, the National Science Teachers Association reported that 31 percent of teachers surveyed responded that they felt “pressured to include creationism, intelligent design, or other nonscientific alternatives to evolution in their science classroom.” Some Imax theaters in science museums are refusing to show movies that menti

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📅︎ Mar 05 2017
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Hail Charles Darwin!

https://archive.is/mkLnb

Workers Vanguard No. 854 16 September 2005

The Evolution Wars: Religious Reaction and Racist Oppression

Hail Charles Darwin!

Correction Appended

If ever there were an argument against “intelligent design,” it is George Bush, an ignorant and dimwitted reactionary with state power. Almost 150 years since the publication of Darwin’s Origin of Species, this born-again Christian president has thrown the power of his office behind Christian fundamentalism by arguing that religious fables be given equal time with evolution in science classes in America. But the irrational obscurantism of leading circles of the American ruling class should not be mistaken for an absence of purpose. Now, as at other key moments in the history of this nation founded on black chattel slavery, religion is being promoted to inculcate acquiescence to injustice. The brilliant, self-educated former slave Frederick Douglass nailed the intrinsic relationship between the pious religiosity of Southern slaveowners and the hellish reality of those they lorded over:

“I assert most unhesitatingly, that the religion of the south is a mere covering for the most horrid crimes,—a justifier of the most appalling barbarity,—a sanctifier of the most hateful frauds,—and a dark shelter under which the darkest, foulest, grossest, and most infernal deeds of slaveholders find the strongest protection. Were I to be again reduced to the chains of slavery, next to that enslavement, I should regard being the slave of a religious master the greatest calamity that could befall me…. I therefore hate the corrupt, slaveholding, women-whipping, cradle-plundering, partial and hypocritical Christianity of this land.”

—Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass (1845)

For years, the fundamentalist Christian right has been politically pursuing its reactionary religious agenda. But since the second coming of George W. Bush to the White House, they’re stalking the country. Since 2001 there have been challenges to the teaching of evolution in 43 states! Even more widespread but harder to measure is the informal coercion of science teachers to suppress the “E” word. In March, the National Science Teachers Association reported that 31 percent of teachers surveyed responded that they felt “pressured to include creationism, intelligent design, or other nonscientific alternatives to evolution in their science classroom.” Some Imax theaters in science museums are refusing to show movies that menti

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[Satire] Justice

"Corn can't expect justice from a court composed of chickens." - Anonymous African Proverb

----

Water vapor was rising from the pools of water left by the torrential rains in the past few days. The whole place was a tepid steam bath. It usually was quite arid: if it were to ever rain, it would be only these few months. But the humidity was not the issue. Wherever water went, the mosquitos followed, and the entire place was a breeding ground for those blood-sucking pests. No wonder malaria was still a problem even in these days.

Even though the sun had yet to rise, the harsh beams of floodlights flooded the cell through its only window, between thick bars of steel. There was practically no difference whether the lights were switched on or off and the only way to tell time was a ubiquitous plastic clock that was hung on the wall. Aaden Mohamed Mahmoud laid out his prayer mat and began his morning prayers, trying his best to ignore the occasional buzzing and swatting whenever he felt something landing on him. Peeking at the guard while he was prone on the mat, his chants did not wake him up. This was confirmed by the audible snores echoing from his gaping mouth. Aaden had been here long enough to recognize the patrol schedules and it would not be another hour before there was a shift change. Time was of the essence and he could not afford to waste even a single second. He got to his feet, headed towards the window, produced a piece of scrap metal he managed to hide away from the guards, and proceeded to chisel this steel bar he had been working on since it started to rain. Despite the uncomfortable humidity and mosquito-borne parasites, at least the copious rainfall helped mask the grinding of metals in the past few nights. Although the rain had stopped tonight, putting him at a higher risk of being discovered, Aaden was quite determined to get out of this concrete cell. His wife and children were waiting for him at home and being in here was not going to feed them.

Snap.

The makeshift chisel halved from the accumulated abrasion. Aaden’s heart sank. He picked up the broken piece that fell onto the floor and took a good look at it. It looked salvageable, it would probably still work. He then fixed his eyes on the small dent he barely made on the bar, even a fingernail was probably thicker than whatever he did and he still had about two more inches to cut through. His eyes landed on the clock, decided to call it a day, and stored the two pieces of metal

... keep reading on reddit ➡

👍︎ 6
📰︎ r/dystopia
💬︎
📅︎ Jan 24 2021
🚨︎ report
[Satire] Justice

"Corn can't expect justice from a court composed of chickens." - Anonymous African Proverb

----

Water vapor was rising from the pools of water left by the torrential rains in the past few days. The whole place was a tepid steam bath. It usually was quite arid: if it were to ever rain, it would be only these few months. But the humidity was not the issue. Wherever water went, the mosquitos followed, and the entire place was a breeding ground for those blood-sucking pests. No wonder malaria was still a problem even in these days.

Even though the sun had yet to rise, the harsh beams of floodlights flooded the cell through its only window, between thick bars of steel. There was practically no difference whether the lights were switched on or off and the only way to tell time was a ubiquitous plastic clock that was hung on the wall. Aaden Mohamed Mahmoud laid out his prayer mat and began his morning prayers, trying his best to ignore the occasional buzzing and swatting whenever he felt something landing on him. Peeking at the guard while he was prone on the mat, his chants did not wake him up. This was confirmed by the audible snores echoing from his gaping mouth. Aaden had been here long enough to recognize the patrol schedules and it would not be another hour before there was a shift change. Time was of the essence and he could not afford to waste even a single second. He got to his feet, headed towards the window, produced a piece of scrap metal he managed to hide away from the guards, and proceeded to chisel this steel bar he had been working on since it started to rain. Despite the uncomfortable humidity and mosquito-borne parasites, at least the copious rainfall helped mask the grinding of metals in the past few nights. Although the rain had stopped tonight, putting him at a higher risk of being discovered, Aaden was quite determined to get out of this concrete cell. His wife and children were waiting for him at home and being in here was not going to feed them.

Snap.

The makeshift chisel halved from the accumulated abrasion. Aaden’s heart sank. He picked up the broken piece that fell onto the floor and took a good look at it. It looked salvageable, it would probably still work. He then fixed his eyes on the small dent he barely made on the bar, even a fingernail was probably thicker than whatever he did and he still had about two more inches to cut through. His eyes landed on the clock, decided to call it a day, and stored the two pieces of metal

... keep reading on reddit ➡

👍︎ 7
📰︎ r/story
💬︎
📅︎ Jan 24 2021
🚨︎ report
[Satire] Justice

"Corn can't expect justice from a court composed of chickens." - Anonymous African Proverb

----

Water vapor was rising from the pools of water left by the torrential rains in the past few days. The whole place was a tepid steam bath. It usually was quite arid: if it were to ever rain, it would be only these few months. But the humidity was not the issue. Wherever water went, the mosquitos followed, and the entire place was a breeding ground for those blood-sucking pests. No wonder malaria was still a problem even in these days.

Even though the sun had yet to rise, the harsh beams of floodlights flooded the cell through its only window, between thick bars of steel. There was practically no difference whether the lights were switched on or off and the only way to tell time was a ubiquitous plastic clock that was hung on the wall. Aaden Mohamed Mahmoud laid out his prayer mat and began his morning prayers, trying his best to ignore the occasional buzzing and swatting whenever he felt something landing on him. Peeking at the guard while he was prone on the mat, his chants did not wake him up. This was confirmed by the audible snores echoing from his gaping mouth. Aaden had been here long enough to recognize the patrol schedules and it would not be another hour before there was a shift change. Time was of the essence and he could not afford to waste even a single second. He got to his feet, headed towards the window, produced a piece of scrap metal he managed to hide away from the guards, and proceeded to chisel this steel bar he had been working on since it started to rain. Despite the uncomfortable humidity and mosquito-borne parasites, at least the copious rainfall helped mask the grinding of metals in the past few nights. Although the rain had stopped tonight, putting him at a higher risk of being discovered, Aaden was quite determined to get out of this concrete cell. His wife and children were waiting for him at home and being in here was not going to feed them.

Snap.

The makeshift chisel halved from the accumulated abrasion. Aaden’s heart sank. He picked up the broken piece that fell onto the floor and took a good look at it. It looked salvageable, it would probably still work. He then fixed his eyes on the small dent he barely made on the bar, even a fingernail was probably thicker than whatever he did and he still had about two more inches to cut through. His eyes landed on the clock, decided to call it a day, and stored the two pieces of metal

... keep reading on reddit ➡

👍︎ 5
💬︎
📅︎ Jan 24 2021
🚨︎ report
Justice

"Corn can't expect justice from a court composed of chickens." - Anonymous African Proverb

----

Water vapor was rising from the pools of water left by the torrential rains in the past few days. The whole place was a tepid steam bath. It usually was quite arid: if it were to ever rain, it would be only these few months. But the humidity was not the issue. Wherever water went, the mosquitos followed, and the entire place was a breeding ground for those blood-sucking pests. No wonder malaria was still a problem even in these days.

Even though the sun had yet to rise, the harsh beams of floodlights flooded the cell through its only window, between thick bars of steel. There was practically no difference whether the lights were switched on or off and the only way to tell time was a ubiquitous plastic clock that was hung on the wall. Aaden Mohamed Mahmoud laid out his prayer mat and began his morning prayers, trying his best to ignore the occasional buzzing and swatting whenever he felt something landing on him. Peeking at the guard while he was prone on the mat, his chants did not wake him up. This was confirmed by the audible snores echoing from his gaping mouth. Aaden had been here long enough to recognize the patrol schedules and it would not be another hour before there was a shift change. Time was of the essence and he could not afford to waste even a single second. He got to his feet, headed towards the window, produced a piece of scrap metal he managed to hide away from the guards, and proceeded to chisel this steel bar he had been working on since it started to rain. Despite the uncomfortable humidity and mosquito-borne parasites, at least the copious rainfall helped mask the grinding of metals in the past few nights. Although the rain had stopped tonight, putting him at a higher risk of being discovered, Aaden was quite determined to get out of this concrete cell. His wife and children were waiting for him at home and being in here was not going to feed them.

Snap.

The makeshift chisel halved from the accumulated abrasion. Aaden’s heart sank. He picked up the broken piece that fell onto the floor and took a good look at it. It looked salvageable, it would probably still work. He then fixed his eyes on the small dent he barely made on the bar, even a fingernail was probably thicker than whatever he did and he still had about two more inches to cut through. His eyes landed on the clock, decided to call it a day, and stored the two pieces of meta

... keep reading on reddit ➡

👍︎ 5
💬︎
📅︎ Jan 24 2021
🚨︎ report

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