Christianity and Fascism, while not synonymous, are well suited to serve each others needs because of the topological similarities they do have; Explaining why many Fascist movements throughout history linked themselves to Christianity and why modern Christianity is aligning with American fascism.

Christianity and Fascism make good bedfellows when it comes to accomplishing their needs, namely establishment of a "kingdom" or "empire" and complete hegemony. They are not synonyms, but their goals and their defining characteristics are topologically similar enough that one can use the other and vis a versa and they are suited to each other very well.

Opposition to Marxism

On paper Christianity appears not to be at all opposed to some aspects of Marxism, in Acts 2-5 the early Christians are seen to be in what seem like needs-based sharing communes, but as practiced today this is hardly the case and modern apologia seems desperate to distance itself from the apparent call to marxist-style sharing

Opposition to parliamentary democracy

While Christianity isn't anti-democracy explicitly, it certainly is implicit, aside from a single mention of a "council of Elohim", decisions are entirely made by executive authority of God.

Opposition to political and cultural liberalism

anti-"Decadence";

>>"Fascist propagandists also attacked cultural liberalism, claiming that it encouraged moral relativism, godless materialism, and selfish individualism and thereby undermined traditional morality." -Britannica.com [Fascism]

Certainly Christianity mirrors fascism in this regard. I don't think I need to elaborate, except that Christianity has a profound emphasis on objective morality stemming from God and sin as discussed in the modern era is almost always aimed at erotic "decadence". While the bible condemns other things, there aren't many Christians holding signs that say "God hates the Rich" or even "God hates divorce".

Corporatism: not really supported by Christianity on paper

Alleged equality of social status:

Under fascist regimes equality was said to be inherent and irrespective of wealth. Poor and rich are equals "in spirit". Christianity on paper explicitly condemns extreme wealth and shows it as a barrier to entering the kingdom of God.

Imperialism: Christian dominionism

Military values: Christians currently justify their second amendment fetishization with a single passage where Jesus instructs a disciple to sell his cloak and buy a sword.

Volksgemeinschaft: The interests of individuals come second to the the interests of the nation. I am not sure there is much to link Christianity to this aspect of fascism except the view of the individual as a single organ in the body of Christ. In one ch

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📅︎ Jun 24 2020
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[O Levels] how to score in english compre

ok so, i’m getting really worried.

O’s are in a few months time and i’m still getting single digits for my comprehensions.

my answers are always wrong. its always so close yet not quite correct and frankly it’s driving me up the wall.

i need help, urgently. how do you answer compre questions CORRECTLY and NOT get it so close to the correct answer(but still considered wrong) and not completely misinterpret whatever the question is saying and getting it wrong.

the answer schemes are also very confusing, sometimes it’s really strict and sometimes it’s a little bit nicer and more lenient.

i need tips, please help this poor soul here.

thankyou

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📰︎ r/SGExams
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📅︎ Jul 04 2020
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So, it took me several hours of research but...

MILD SPOILERS FOR DEATH MASKS: BOOK #5

*check bottom for TL/DR*

Anduriel.

It's been awhile, but I have seen posts come up asking about, and debating over, the origins of the name Anduriel, Nicodemus' fallen angel.

Some speculated that the name was pronounced 'And-Uriel' and meant something to the effect of being 'Uriel's opposite' or the 'absence of Uriel.' I can see where one might come to this conclusion, given that the translation of Uriel, which is of Hebrew origin, means 'God is my Light'. And so, to state Anduriel would be his 'opposite' or his 'absence' would mean he was 'darkness' or 'the loss of light', which would tie into the fact that he rules over shadow.

However, I always felt Butcher would never be this blatant with his names. Or any author, for that matter. So, I freaking Googled, for hours, trying to find what I could believe was the true meaning of this name.

First I took what I knew of angel names, something I've done a lot of research on for my own novel. About 90% of Angelic names end in 'el' or 'iel' which is a shortening of the Hebrew word for 'God', Elohim. Every Angel name you see ending in these suffixes is a Hebrew word paired with God. Uriel = God is My Light. Michael = Who is Like God. Gabriel = God is My Strength. Etc.

So, knowing this, I separated the possible root words. Andur and Anduri. Since the majority of Angel names are Hebrew, I started there...and...yeah. Nothing. The closest I could find was Google translate telling me that Andur meant 'Spirit'. While I felt like...yeah. Okay. Maybe that's fitting in a SUPER vague way to Nicodemus' Denarius, I didn't want to just trust Google translate...no explanation needed there.

To double check, I swapped the Hebrew-to-English translation to English-to-Hebrew, and then told Google translate to tell me the Hebrew word for 'spirit'. The word comes up in Hebrew, which I can't read, so I swapped it BACK to Hebrew-to-English. And the word retranslated into 'Breeze'. There's a lot of...symbology in the Hebrew language I've found, and spirit is sometimes synonymous with 'the breath' or 'wind', and that's where this might have gotten lost. In any case, it still didn't feel like the right word, so I moved on.

Since traditional naming was out, I looked back to Jim Butcher's works for more clues. And then I realized something. In Death Masks the first introduction to the Denarians is through Ursiel, a fallen angel that Harry describes as 'bear-like'. I don't know

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📅︎ Jul 03 2020
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Soon, "losing your faith" will become synonymous with "losing your virginity" both as rites of passage towards maturity.
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📰︎ r/atheism
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👤︎ u/prplhayes
📅︎ Nov 18 2011
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Strike While the Iron is Hot -- Tenets and Traditions of the Forge Domain

> Thus at the flaming forge of life

> Our fortunes must be wrought;

> Thus on its sounding anvil shaped

> Each burning deed and thought.

> -Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, The Village Blacksmith.

Masters of the metallic arts, forgers of flame and fury--the Forge Domain is one of the most unique, flavorful, and mechanically beloved cleric subclasses out there. Let’s explore those who worship invention, resilience, and the building of great works.


Tenets of the Forge

The Greatest Works are Passed Through Fire. Nothing is achieved without struggle. The greater the struggle, the greater the reward. The only difference between unworked steel and a deadly blade is that one has survived the forge.

Even The Strongest Steel Can Be Reforged. No matter how strong and no matter how set in one's ways, there is always the capacity for change and growth. It is never too late to build oneself into something more.

To Live is to Build; to Build is to Live. Life is an eternal struggle against entropy: the universe pulling toward disorder. It is the sacred duty of all people to fight this tendency--to build great works of steel, to build meaningful relationships, to build flourishing social orders that will stand the test of time.

Bend, but Never Break. All of us face trials that batter is and challenge us--and sometimes we fail. But while we may bend to trials, we must never let them break us.


Beliefs and Traditions

The Eternal Forge

> “Solid flesh returns to molten spirit. May he find safe passage to the Forge of Souls, to blend with the essence of his forefathers and to be made anew."

Followers of the Forge Domain believe that all life comes from an endless fire known only as The Eternal Forge. All creatures are forged from the same steel at birth, and all creatures return to the forge upon death, continuing the cycle. Only those who prove truly exceptional in life--the heroes and champions of the world--are deemed perfect by the creator. These individuals are taken to the homeworld of the Master Maker to aid in his creations or fight in his wars. Every life is a chance to be reforged and do better. Lighting of the Forge. For one week in early spring, forges are shut down as devotees of the domain take a break to enjoy time with family and friends. On the seventh day, the forge is re-lit--often with a variety of colored powders and accompanied by a fireworks display to celebrate the co

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👤︎ u/aravar27
📅︎ Jun 22 2020
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I saw 192 movies in theaters in 2019. Here is my full ranking.

This year I went to see 192 different movies in theaters, plus one rewatch. That's up from 162 in 2018, 140 in 2017, 9 in 2016, and 5 in 2015. I usually go 3 or 4 times per week, mostly on weekends. I keep track of dates/theaters/movies/ratings for fun and save all of the stubs.

My ratings are what I give the movie right after seeing it, with no real 'checklist' or anything, mostly just initial thought/enjoyment/opinion. It's not meant to be taken super seriously, I'm not a professional reviewer.

This is my full ranking for the year, from favorite to least-favorite, with a few small reviews/thoughts thrown in:


Monos - 10/10 - Hands-down my favorite movie of the year and honestly high on my all-time list. It's Apocalypse Now meets Lord of the Flies, with some Beasts of No Nation thrown in. It builds a unique, lived-in world that's believable and brutal. Beautifully-filmed, some of the best shots of the year (the ending shot gets seared in your mind). Modern and grounded look at a militia/cartel fighting against an unnamed enemy in a Colombian jungle. It almost feels post-apocalyptic instead of 'cartel vs government', which I really loved. You get to imagine your own backstory as the story unfolds. Unforgiving and gut-wrenching, but hopeful too. Got a lot out of its cast. Can't recommend this movie enough. Really disappointed this didn't make the Best Foreign Language Film shortlist. "Masterpiece" gets thrown around a lot, but in my mind this is the only one this year.

Marriage Story - 10/10

The Farewell - 10/10

Journey to a Mother's Room - 9/10 - Biggest surprise of the year, came out of nowhere. Deeply-personal story between a mother & daughter. It's very basic on the surface, and there's not much story (you start at Point A, and end at Point A), but it's the most emotional movie of the year. If you don't cry at least 3 times during this, you're probably not human. It's all about the unbreakable connection you have to your parent(s), from the day you're born until the day you die. It only takes place over the course of a few months, but feels like lifetimes. Beautiful little movie about separation, loss, and human connection.

Waves - 9/10 - *I could write 20 pages on how much I loved this movie. To keep it short, it's got a perfect soundtrack, perfect setting, awards-worthy performances (from Kelvin Harrison Jr., Sterling K. Brown, and Taylor Russell). Visceral sto

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📅︎ Dec 29 2019
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Lore Overview of Elsie Bray and the Exo Stranger + Speculation on Rasputin's KALKI GOLEM, NAGLFAR STEP, and CALADBOLG

Warning for Spoiler Content

There's been a lot of talk on here recently about Elsie Bray and the Exo Stranger, plus a recent leak that appeared on r/raidsecrets: here's a link to that thread. Regardless of if you believe these leaks or not (I personally don't, but I' also not sure), this post is designed to address the lore surrounding these characters. Additionally, I wrote up a theory and some speculation regarding Rasputin's preparation for the Second Collapse based on this season's lore.

Background on Elsie Bray

The Divergence

  • Elsie was involved with an event called "The Divergence" and during this event she created Worldline Zero
    • Elsie discovered nodes that could be arranged to create a locking mechanism and be hidden in plain sight
    • Elsie and a Classmate at Ishtar Academy presumed
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📅︎ May 16 2020
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A Short Cut to Mushrooms

Estimated reading time: 8 minutes. Many words hurt brain? Image help.

Berserkers. Mushrooms. We've all heard it, we've all wept and gnashed our teeth. The story we're all familiar with can be summed up like this:

> Before a battle, vikings would eat mushrooms to work themselves into a trance-like battle rage. Alternatively, they would make reindeer eat mushrooms then drink the reindeers piss. Or make a virgin drink it and then drink that person's urine.

Feel free to read that again in Spongebob letters. It still crops up from time, but how on earth did this piss poor theory gain currency? Let's have a look.

#A Brief History of Frenzy

The berserkers we know from pretty much all pop-cultural depictions are instantly recognizable. Fur-clad bearded men with glistening, Conan-esque pecs and comically large axes, it's like watching Macho Man Randy Savage if he was some hypermasculine Norse dude named Thorolf. Just look at this Amon Amarth cover art. It's just a guy yelling and shaking his weapons in the midst of battle…

… which is actually pretty much exactly how berserkers behave in the their earliest mention in Þorbjǫrn Hornklofi's Haraldskvæði!

> Grenioðo berserkir / guðr var þeim a sinom / emioðo úlfheðnar / ok ísarn glumdo
"the berserks roared, the battle was in full swing, the wolfskins howled / and shook the irons".

Basically, berserkers and úlfheðnar seem to be the same and they just make a lot of noise. No mentions of fury, yet. This changed with Saxo Grammaticus' Gesta Danorum. Saxo's Latin prosimetrum doesn't use the word "berserker" (shocking), but there are several passages where he describes what is clearly berserkers: roving band of warriors invulnerable to iron and fire, biting their shields and seized by a sudden burst of fury:

> At that time a certain Harthben, who came from Hålsingland, imagined it a glorious achievement to kidnap and ravish princesses and would slay any man who hindered him from wreaking his lusts; because he preferred his brides aristocratic, not humble, he calculated that the more high-ranking the women he could take to bed and violate, the greater credit it was to him. Anyone who had the presumption to measure his courage against Harthben’s did not escape reprisal. His towering frame stretched t

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👤︎ u/AtiWati
📅︎ Jun 18 2020
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A Case Of Unapologetic And Unadulterated Brashness As The Unsilenceable Duo, Run The Jewels Spring Into Fruition On ‘RTJ4’

The melding of multiple minds has proven to be a testing tribulation in the hip-hop landscape, as album cycles have welcomed a plethora of mix and match combinations of collaborators trying their hand at melding influences and individual artistic visions into something greater, yet to no avail. Yet from this new and improved approach and formula, rises from the ashes one of hip-hops front runners, Run The Jewels. The dynamic duo comprises Atlanta native, Killer Mike, and Brooklyn’s own El-P, both no strangers to wearing the eccentric colours of each distinctive roots on their shoulders. This is no less the case on the newest installment of the long-standing series of self-titled albums, ‘RTJ4’, as the two mix their identities of brilliance and eccentric flavours for yet another haphazard and exhilarating sound. Only on this occasion, the two seem to strike particularly close to home with an overarching and omnipresent tendency to unapologetically criticise corrupt societal standards that continue to plague the modern world.

The introductory track ‘yankee and the brave (ep. 4)’ manages to encapsulate the core workings of the duo into such a minute and microsized framework. Announcing their arrival as the two aforementioned, nondescript figures, the sentiment of the song is largely representative of both Mike’s and El-P’s outer influences and regional iconography. This same focus of capturing their core appeal from the album's opening moments bleeds into every aspect of the song. The bold, warped, invasive synths that are matched with thunderous percussion act as the attention-grabbing flair RTJ have become synonymous with. Morphing the track into a chaotic and decrepit landscape the instrumental brings forth a sense of sustained tension and distress that can only be described as a pure shot of instrumental adrenaline. Mike and El-P trade verses back and forth as the two go toe to toe with equally intimidating, gritty, and authoritative verses. A teaser of the sublime performances welcomed on the album.

Every track thereafter manages to capture the same raw insanity and sheer dystopian flavour that the two seamlessly captivate time and time again. ‘ooh la la’ brings forth the regal additives of classy, yet piercing piano keys, a top scratchy and zany manipulated vocal refrains. The confrontational instrumental is only bolstered by the equally gritty and authoritative presence of El-P and Mike, who, despite working with a similar set of tools from the trac

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📅︎ Jun 06 2020
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common lds reconciliations of the priesthood/temple ban and my responses

The other day I decided to sit down and put my problems with the most common contemporary LDS reconciliations of the ban into writing. In some parts I actually incorporated material that I've come across in this subreddit. It's not completely polished yet, but I'd love to hear your feedback.

(1) “Everyone was racist back then” so it’s unfair to hold the LDS Church accountable

(2) Parallel to first taking the gospel to Israel and later to the gentiles in the New Testament

(3) Parallel to only the Levites exercising priesthood in the Old Testament

(4) The ban was necessary for the church’s survival in a racist society

(5) The members weren’t ready for blacks to hold the priesthood and participate in temple ordinances

(6) We don’t know the reason, but the ban was commanded by God (Dallin Oaks and Jeffrey Holland seem to take this approach)

(1) To begin with, this response clashes with common LDS beliefs about prophets--namely, that they are “watchmen on the tower” whom we can trust absolutely because unlike other human beings they have direct access to the mind and will of God and are thus able to provide us with God’s laws and standards, untainted by worldly views and attitudes. If that is the case, then surely LDS prophets would have boldly spoken out against racism, going against the culture of their day--their unique access to divinity would have allowed them to see the sinfulness of racism when others could not see it. So this response concedes quite a bit more than the person voicing it likely would be willing to concede if they had thought through the implications more carefully.

But even leaving that important point to one side, this simply doesn’t hold up because there were people living during the same time in which Young was instituting the ban and articulating theologically based white supremacy who nonetheless managed to perceive the sinfulness of slavery and white supremacy more clearly (if still imperfectly) than the LDS prophets (eg the Quakers, Ulysses S. Grant, William Lloyd Garrison, Joseph Smith III, and others). In short, no, not everyone was racist back then, at least not to the same extent as Brigham Young.

(2) This constitutes a false analogy for at least two reasons.

First, the period during which Jesus and the apostles limited their proclamation of the gospel to Israel alone was much shorter than the 126 years of the priesthood/temple ban.

Second, and more importantly, during the LDS Church’s first two decades black men

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📰︎ r/mormon
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📅︎ Jun 19 2020
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Pigs Gone Wild: Was it a sexual innuendo suggestive of rape when the legion of demons entered into them?

An excerpt from Carter, Warren. "Cross-Gendered Romans and Mark's Jesus: Legion Enters the Pigs (Mark 5:1–20)." Journal of Biblical Literature 134, no. 1 (2015): 139-55.

> The languaging of Legion’s request in terms of “enter(ing) into” (εἰσέρχομαι) the pigs adds military and gender dimensions to the scene.

> First, this verb, “enter into,” is commonly used to denote imperial-military scenarios of entering, occupying, and defeating an enemy space and military force in battle. Such “entering into” expresses military power exercised by male commanders and troops. Legion’s use of the verb in Mark 5:12 constructs Jesus as a military commander authorizing an invasion. Conquest is what a legion does, on command.

> Yet, second, with the military language come gender and sexual dimensions. The demon’s request to be sent into the pigs reads literally: “so that we might enter into them” (5:12 [my translation]: ἵνα εἰς αὐτοὺς εἰσέλθωμεν). The language of “enter into” employs, as Joel Marcus notes, though without elaboration, a sexual innuendo for sexual intercourse. While Derrett reads this innuendo in terms of bestiality, rape seems the more appropriate category, given a conventionally close connection between language of military power, sexual violence, and imperial claims.

> The sexual overtones of the verb “enter into” (along with its previously discussed military meanings) cannot be contested. Liddell and Scott define the nonprefixed verb ἔρχομαι as “sexual intercourse … go in to her, to him” referencing Herodotus 2.11.5 and 6.68.44. The prefixed form εἰσέρχομαι commonly references sexual intercourse in the LXX. More significant, the verb εἰσέρχομαι appears in contexts of forcible sexual penetration, situations that contemporary readers would identify as “rape” in which a woman’s consent is absent. Forcible penetration (rape) is, of course, a long-practiced tactic of occupying armies in humiliating woman and subjugating an enemy.

> Language of sexual violence, military actions, and imperial claims frequently intersect in constructing scenes of victory. In discussing Rome’s sacking of cities, the urbs direpta, Adam Ziolkowski argues that central to this act of direptio is the loss of all control in “the soldiers’ freedom to slaughter, rape, and plunder.” Ziolkowski’s analysis brings together motifs of military action, taking property, taking life, and sexual viol

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📅︎ Jun 18 2020
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GRE @ Home (161V, 167Q) Review + Study Advice/Methodology/Resources

Figured I'd make a post about my GRE experience today with the test, as well as echo some of the advice on the forum and explain what I did to get the score I did. Hopefully this gives back to the subreddit as much as I've taken away and benefited from it. Please excuse the length, take from it what is applicable to you and wanted to try and capture everything.

First off, big shout out to gregmat and Vince_Kotchian (I'm new to posting on reddit, how do I tag them?) for the awesome resources!!! I was fortunate enough to actually meet Vince in the flesh during my initial tutoring session. I'd highly recommend it if you're in SoCal!

Testing Experience/ProctorU:

Scheduled for 1 June originally in-person back in late February, but due to COVID switched to the online option in early May. Turns out I could have taken it in-person since the testing centers opened June 1 in California but didn't want to risk it. Overall, online experience with ProctorU was flawless. No connection or test issues. Check in took approximately 15 minutes (review space, take photo, show white board, etc.). I used the GMAT Test Sim Booklet plus some wet erase markers instead of a whiteboard. I found this was easier because I could keep all my work for later reference and it was like writing with an actual pen as opposed to a bulky marker. Started the test, did sections 1-3, went on break, came back, Proctor put in password and began section 4-6. I did not have to show my testing environment after coming back from break (found that a little odd).

I had VQVQV, and I'm pretty sure my first verbal section was experimental. It was significantly harder than I expected and drained a lot of effort to finish. At the end of the test, I was also not asked to show my erased testing booklet (again, a little odd), but with my chicken scratch I wouldn't have even been able to tell you what the questions were if I wanted to.

I tentatively scheduled an in-person test for late June, but pending my official results will probably cancel it. My scores are consistent with my practice tests and at this point I think the law of diminishing returns is taking effect.

Resources Used:

gregmat (EVERYTHING!)

VinceKotchian (I paid for his $200 in-person tutoring session, which included his Verbal Course)

GRE Official Books (General, Quant, Verb)

Manhattan Prep 500 Essential + 500 Advanced Flashcards

Manhattan 5lb Book (used only for Quant)

PPP 1, 2, 3

REDDIT!

Total Cost: Around $400

**Ove

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📅︎ Jun 02 2020
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A brief overview of types, tools, herbs, and ways to cleanse a space for ritual ceremonial from the Pagan past.

(posted this in pagan sub but thought you guys will like it too)

I cannot cover everything (all pagan religions, types or rites, or in depth links other than few wikis) and likely some mistakes in there, but since ‘smudging’ debate keeps popping up I thought it might be a good time to highlight some of the terms or types of scents and cleansing methods used in the past we can easily revive today for Paganaism. Ones that can be less problematic in terms for Indigenous cultural survival. A starting point for anyone who wants to add more variety to their practise than herb bundles alone or looking for the type of old words they can use. Or a starting point to research further for anyone looking to blog about the topics or these types of tools or rituals. Some of the below feature fire and smoke and some don't.

Ancient Greek/Hellenism

>A thymiaterion (from Ancient Greek: θυμιατήριον from θυμιάειν thymiaein "to smoke"; plural thymiateria) is a type of censer or incense burner, used in the Mediterranean region since antiquity for spiritual and religious purposes and especially in religious ceremonies.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thymiaterion

>Thymiateria were used in antiquity to burn incense during religious rituals such as sacrifices or offerings to the gods. Carved from marble, this thymiaterion is composed of three parts: a stemmed foot, a deep receptacle, and a lid. The deep bowl, which could have held a large amount of costly incense, rests on the spreading tray-like top of the tall foot. The lip of the bowl is scored along the edges to suggest an organic plant pattern. The same pattern is repeated on the domed lid, which is decorated with small ridges and perforated at regular intervals to allow the scented smoke to escape. The top of the lid is flat and undecorated, but a separately-made finial may originally have been attached. The sharp-edged, angular form of the thymiaterion with its decorative ridges imitates metal vessels. Traces of red paint remain on the foot and lid suggesting that the vessel was originally brightly painted.

http://www.getty.edu/art/collection/objects/32131/unknown-maker-thymiaterion-and-lid-greek-south-italian-or-sicilian-4th-century-bc/

Herbs

>The ancient Greeks used it in their baths and burnt it as incense in their temples, believing it was a source of courage. The spread of thyme throughout Europe was thought to be due to the Romans, as they used it to purify their rooms and to "give an

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📅︎ Jun 17 2020
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Favourite character relationships? (Blotch edition)

Hello to you. Firstly, a few minor SOW spoilers so watch your noggin. Now, you don’t need me to tell about the immortal pantheon of Skulduggery Pleasant characters, but one thing I’ve been dwelling on for the past, oh let’s say, six years or so, is what my favourite character relationships are. Well, considering just how many characters there are (the amount that exist and the amount I adore in some capacity are almost identical) it was difficult of me to gather a definitive list of my favourite relationships. Originally, I was going to annoyingly neutral about it and just ask what your favourites were, but I was waylaid by that flighty mistress called temptation and my willpower crumbled. Ergo, I’ve decided to gather a list of my favourites that might tend to be overlooked or underrated by the general fanbase. That’s a very subjective claim and I know some of these will provoke a ‘How is that underrated, you stupid Blotch? GOD” response but what can I say? Living life on the edge. Without further ado, here’s my top 21 in no sensical order at all: (Note: Even though I pride myself in blowing even the tiniest moments out of proportion to make way for some insane pairings (Hagrenn, Valkreed, Skune/Runduggery, Cadazzia, Cadamiah, Valdaverous, Dankyrie, Molusk the list goes on…) the word ‘relationship’ isn’t synonymous with two characters engaging in romance, the two characters can be anything from lovers, bezzies, allies, rivals, nemeses, anything really).

1: Valkyrie Cain and Nefarian Serpine- Oh, how the mighty have grown. What originally began as a twelve-year old girl avenging her uncle’s death by foiling the fearsome Adept’s schemes evolved into something truly special. I won’t lie and tell you that Valkyrie and Serpine’s interactions weren’t my favourite part of Book 13 but even before then, the Leibniz Universe's most quality character and our beloved protagonist were trading barbs years before. This time, there was just that fantastic dose of philosophy added into the mix. Consider me satisfied.

2: Billy-Ray Sanguine and Vaurien Scapegrace- It’s hard to omit Scapegrace’s precious pairing with Thrasher and Clarabelle or Sanguine’s delicious rivalry with a certain scarred tailor but these two Revengers who went onto pave a road to redemption are actually a potent combination. So potent that it ended up with one beheaded. The revisitation of the pair’s altercations in KOTW when they share the same ward is hilarious and in a strange way, despite Scapeg

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📅︎ May 23 2020
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Tsunesaburō Makiguchi The War-Mongering Ultra-Nationalist

Pretty much everything SGI tells its members about its history, including about its founding personages, is false. Makiguchi was no pacifist. Let's look at the evidence, from Brian Daizen Victoria's paper, "Sōka Gakkai Founder, Makiguchi Tsunesaburō, A Man of Peace?:

>Having revealed the “dark side” of wartime Japanese Buddhism,, I was, as a Buddhist, initially glad to learn of the putative war resistance of Makiguchi Tsunesaburō (1871-1944), founder of a Nichiren sect-affiliated, lay Buddhist organization today known as Sōka Gakkai (Value-Creating Society). When I first learned that Makiguchi had died while imprisoned for his religious beliefs, there seemed to be no question that he was a genuine martyr for Buddhism’s clear doctrinal commitment to peace. Thus, my investigation of Makiguchi’s wartime record began within the context of sincere respect for his actions. I hoped to discover what enabled this man to sustain his commitment to peace when the overwhelming majority of his fellow Japanese Buddhists, both lay and cleric, had been unable to do so.

>My interest in Makiguchi and his organization only increased when, in September 1999, I attended a reception in the library of the University of Adelaide where I was then teaching. The reception was held to acknowledge the donation of some forty Sōka Gakkai-related books to the university by the Australian branch of Sōka Gakkai International (SGI). As I glanced at the titles of the donated books, I could not help but notice how many of them related in one way or another to “peace.” One of the books was entitled A Lasting Peace, a second Choose Peace, and a third, Women Against War.

This is actually a red flag, the same as when someone insists upon informing you that he is both "humble" and "well-mannered". If he genuinely were humble and well-mannered, it would be obvious; it wouldn't be worth remarking upon, certainly not from himself!

>What further proof was needed of Makiguchi and Sōka Gakkai’s longstanding commitment to peace than these books?

>Nevertheless, as a longtime student of the wartime era I had at least to consider the words of Yanagida Seizan (1922-2006), widely recognized as Japan’s greatest 20th century scholar of early Chan (Zen) Buddhism in China. Yanagida had described the reaction of Japan’s institutional B

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RC Help!!

If you are consistently scoring 170+ on the LSAT or miss -3 or less on RC, please please share your tips! I am scoring -0/-1 on LG and -1/-3 on LR, but am having the worst time on RC. I consistently spend 2:45-3:00 reading and always feel like I understand the passage, but am completely overwhelmed by the questions. I get the main point ones correct and usually the detail-specific (where they provide line numbers or an exact sentence), but always seem to struggle with inference questions or answer choices that are synonymous with something in the passage but use very different wording. I’d be so appreciative for any help!!! :)

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📅︎ Jun 25 2020
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The Imperial Cults of Ancient Rome and 40k

(Disclaimer: This is very long and waffly, and will probably be of interest to absolutely no one but myself, but maybe it might help view the Emperor a bit differently without retreading old ground too much. But probably not. If you would like me to elaborate on a point, provide sources, or want to call me an idiot, please do.)

tl:dr - The Emperor does not need to be considered either a man or a god. By drawing on ancient Roman and Hellenic ruler cult traditions I am trying to show what the real root of the Emperors supposed divinity may be in a way that reconciles him both being a man and being worshipped. BL Authors are big history boffins and I would not be shocked if at least one of them had based some aspects on ancient religion, so it bears examining at.

Recently in lore we are getting more and more content relating to the supposed divine nature of the Emperor, exploring the beginnings of the Lecticio Divinitatus, and suggestions on how valid the worship of the Emperor really is. This was a main theme in The First Wall and it seems like something that GW/BL is drawing our attention to on purpose.

What I want to try and do is connect some aspect of the Emperor worship we see in 40k with what I believe are its roots in the development of ruler worship in ancient Rome, drawing a comparison to Roman religious culture in general. Its pretty well known that the writers at GW and BL are big history nerds, we see this in the naming conventions, storylines, and clever references scattered everywhere. Obviously a direct comparison between a real historical culture and the fantasy culture won't be completely accurate, and I am aware of how ridiculous this is; but I am bored, and a history nerd myself, and I thought this was an interesting way to spend an afternoon. Either way, the goal here is to lay out a different way of seeing and interpreting the Emperor worship in 40k, in a way that I think helps deal with some of the bigger philosophical problems that tend to put people off of it.

First, some similarities, hopefully establishing the connections between the two systems that I can build off of later:

  1. Both cultures are polytheistic. Of course the Imperium only sanctions the worship of one god, the Emperor, but that does not make it monotheistic in the same way as Christianity, Judaism, or Islam. The Imperium is aware of, and acknowledges, the existence of other 'gods'. It just does not worship them.
  2. Both cultures have ruler wors
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📅︎ May 20 2020
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[JC] Comprehensive tips to score an A in General Paper

Hello guys! I am a JC graduate who took my As last year. I know there are many posts here with tips on how to score well for GP but I noticed that there's still a lot of people asking for help and advice on the subject. So as someone who struggled with English in secondary school, I would like to share with you some tips that has helped me get an A in GP A Levels. If you guys have any further questions or would like some tutoring, feel free to pm me! :)

For GP, the skills required are generally the same as secondary school English. It is just that you have to write more convincingly; creatively; concisely. You have to get your logic right.

For Paper 1 essays, there is the language part and the content part.

For language, it is not so much about bombastic words but its about using words that flow. Playing around with sentences is a must. Try searching for different sentence structures and practice using them in your essays (don’t force them in, however; they must feel natural). Vary your sentence lengths. You can use long sentences to write your thesis, give an example or just explain a concept, but don’t let them run-on like you don’t know when and where to stop, they become so infuriating to read and will get you nothing but ugly red marks all over your paper, and a big fat D. So make it short; impactful.

Use signposting. Because that is how you can link ideas - the ultra most important work to do in your essay. Even if you forget your catchy words or phrases, using simple language and linking your ideas will still do the trick and get you your A.

Play with punctuation. Commas and full stops are so damn boring. Sprinkle a dash of colons and semicolons and dashes and all those beautiful things.

Don’t use idioms - it makes you sound like a primary school student writing fiction, unless you do it right. Most importantly, do not ever use words like “don’t” or “it’s”. Contractions are like the forbidden fruit that everyone wants a taste of, but is so poisonous it will end up killing you (or your grades, in this case).

Arm yourself with writing techniques such as alliteration, amplification, analogy, anaphora, antithesis, ayndeton, parellelism, repetition and rule of three. These really make your essay more stylistic but as said before, if you do not do these IT IS OKAY. What is important is that you do not lose track of your content and the linking of ideas.

Know when to stop your paragraph. People want to read words, not vo

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📅︎ Apr 24 2020
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Are Women Really Saved Through Child-Bearing? Yes

I really wrote this for you ladies, but ended up posting it to RPC first. Here you go, though!

TRADITIONAL EXPLANATIONS

I have yet to see an even remotely persuasive view of this verse in any commentary I've read. Yes, I've gone through all of them on biblehub.org. Here are the answers given on that site and others:

1- It's a reference to the fact that a woman would give birth to the Messiah (Elliott, Benson, Matthew Henry, and virtually everyone else)

  • Benson suggests Eve is the one saved through child-bearing, fulfilling Genesis 3's curse on the serpant

2- Paul just put the women in their place, so he felt obligated to make them feel better by highlighting that they can have kids and men can't; that is: women still have an honorable function in the earth, if not through teaching then through bearing children (Elliott's)

3- If women are faithful and holy, God will remove the curse of the pain of child-bearing, or perhaps even the possibility of death (Benson)

4- Child-bearing references all maternal duties, being what will save women (Barnes, Geneva)

5- Child-bearing is "synonymous with education ... woman, by the proper training of her children, can obtain salvation as well as her husband, and that her appropriate duty is not public teaching, but the training of her family" (Rosenmuller)

6- The real emphasis is that women must continue in faithfulness and holiness to be saved, as is apparent from the entire rest of the new testament, and the mention of child-bearing is merely because it was the curse on the woman, suggesting that she will be saved even despite the fact that she still experiences pain while bearing children (Barnes, Poole)

7- Child-bearing, and the work associated with it, would be the context in which women are most likely to be saved, whereas a lifestyle of public teaching would actually decrease their likelihood toward salvation (Jamieson-Fausset-Brown)

WHY THEY DON'T WORK

  1. There is NOTHING in the context to support the reference to the Messiah. Further, the future-tense of the child-bearing being a salvific event precludes the option of the past child-bearing event of Jesus' birth, not to mention the "if they continue" language. This point is also made moot by the fact that men are also saved by the fact of Mary (a woman) having given birth to Jesus, so why would women be singled out in this way? For this to make sense, Paul would have had to re-word himself: "Women will be honored by being the gender thr
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Handling Dialogue Mechanics: Punctuation and Attribution

Aside from actually figuring out the content of your character’s dialogue, you also need to know how to say who said what—dialogue attribution—and how to punctuate it. This post is all about these technical issues. It isn’t about how to write the content of dialogue, just how to express who is saying it.

Dialogue Punctuation

The current convention is to use double-quotes around spoken dialogue, so this post will be primarily about how punctuation should work within this convention. It’s worth noting that there are other options. For example, you can ditch the double-quotes, and instead use an initial em-dash to indicate speech:

>—You’re not going anywhere, she said.

The em-dash for dialogue might raise eyebrows, but it is an option. Andre Alexis, for example, has used this punctuation for dialogue in his work. Another option is to ditch punctuation entirely:

>You’re not going anywhere, she said.

If you ditch punctuation, you need to be extra careful with your writing to make sure it is obvious who is speaking. Cormac McCarthy and Margaret Atwood are two authors who have gone in this direction.

We’re going to go with the standard convention of double-quotes:

>“You’re not going anywhere,” she said.

This is the standard: The quoted speech ends with a comma inside the double-quotes; the attribution is not capitalized unless it is a proper name; each new speaker sets off a new paragraph.

Those are the basics, so now we can look at different implementations, special cases, and how things might go wrong.

Dialogue attribution mid-sentence:

>“And if frogs had wings,” she said, “they wouldn’t bump their ass when they hopped.”

The attribution comes in the middle of a quoted sentence, so we don’t need to capitalize the first word in the second piece of quoted dialogue, which is set off by a comma after the attribution.

This technique has the added effect of creating a subtle/implied pause in the speaker’s speech; the pause isn’t stated, but the reader feels it.

Dialogue attribution between spoken sentences:

>“I don’t think that’s a good idea,” Gregor said. “Let’s go to the park instead.”

In this case, we end the attribution with the period. The second quoted dialogue starts with a capital, since it is a new sentence.

Dialogue attribution before spoken sentences:

>Hagrid said, “Not in the fire-pit, you dolt!”

The quoted dialogue is a new sentence, so we get a capitalized first l

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📅︎ Apr 17 2020
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On Writing Emotion: How to Show, not Tell

For many of us, emotion is the heart of storytelling. Yet we’ve all (likely) looked at something we’ve written and realized that it’s just not working on an emotional level, with no idea what went wrong.

So often, “what went wrong” is that we’re telling, and not showing. “Telling” increases psychic distance between the reader and the characters and makes it hard to elicit an emotional response. But how, exactly, can we “show” emotion in a way that resonates with readers?

In this post, I’m going to break down four techniques often used to convey character emotion, roughly organized from most tell-y to most show-y.

1. Naming the emotion. In this approach, the author states the character’s emotion by using it as an adjective or adverb, personifying it, or otherwise “naming” it. Some examples:

>Amy was angry. “How dare you!”

>“How dare you!” Amy said angrily.

>Anger flashed across Amy’s face. “How dare you!”

  • How easy is it? Arguably the easiest. New writers, in particular, seem to rely on this as their default because it's so straightforward.
  • How interesting/evocative is it? Not very. Different people show emotion in different ways, and merely stating the emotion does little to show what’s happening or demonstrate the character’s personality. Furthermore, it’s often too straightforward: there’s zero subtext, which can be boring.
  • When should it be used? Rarely, especially if the emotion is one the reader is expecting (or can infer through subtext). In fact, naming the emotion can often weaken an otherwise-strong sentence or passage. In the examples above, for instance, the dialogue alone is likely enough to clue in most readers that the speaker is angry--it’s repetitive for the author to spell it out. This technique should generally be reserved for cases when the author feels a need to either highlight or clarify an unexpected emotional reaction.

2. Using said-isms. In this approach, the author replaces the dialogue tag “said” with something more creative. Many writers seem to think that this is an easy way to “show,” but it’s actually a way of “telling” the reader how to read the dialogue. Some examples (this is a good time to note that, while “anger” is a loose theme, my examples aren’t meant to be synonymous with one another):

>”How dare you!” Amy screamed.

>”How dare you!” wailed Amy.

>Amy shrieked, “How dare you!

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Details on how I think linking the fire works with the actual definitions of the words cinder, ember etc

I said I was gonna make a lore post on lemurs here after my last post but I am getting distracted by pvp experiments in ds3. I'm still gonna make that post but to substantiate that I actually have a larger theory in the works I will post some ideas for feedback.

This mostly refers to Dark Souls 3. I can wrap it into the other games on a more final idea pretty easily. Also, as a preface I decline to use the words "I think... it's my opinion that..." out of writing convenience, but you can insert that anywhere here as it would normally preface the sentence

  1. Cinder = ember. They are synonymous. I just wanted to say that for those that didn't know already.

  2. The 5 lords of cinder are physical manifestations of charcoal. All of them have power in their "bodies" that is desired to rekindle the first flame. Their soul is not used or necessary to rekindle the first flame. Their soul, like all souls, are analagous to fire. The first flame requires fuel to burn, that's why you receive Gwyn's soul and the souls of all other lords of cinder without disruption to this ritual.

  3. A lord is culturally encouraged, probably in the event of their kingdom declining, to sacrifice themselves and entomb themselves in something I find analagous to a coffin and similar to the actual throne inside an oven in dark souls 2. These are their "thrones". While in the oven, they are heated. Charcoal is wood that has been heated sufficiently so that most of its water evaporates. What remains is prime material to be set alight for a fire or to make cinders. A lit piece of charcoal is an ember or cinder. A cinder can last and provide heat and light for a long time since most of the burning happens in an environment with little oxygen i.e. internally so it's a "long lasting" kind of fire. Charcoal is prepared from wood or some other raw material beforehand to be used and set alight later, say for cooking, where it is a cinder in the active state.

  4. The lords of cinder in dark souls 3 departed to become lords of cinders by entombing themselves and basically baking themselves, allowing them to be easily kindled when the time came. They did not link the fire. Your player character does that. They "abandoned their thrones" when they left the oven for one reason or another. Lothric was to be used in this manner as well, but he was to defeat the Soul of Cinder so that the flame that he housed was the first flame itself. You Kindle the lords during the fight as you are the match,

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Jesus falsely predicted the timing of his second coming — let’s have another look

I know this has been addressed numerous times in this sub. But I don’t think enough attention is given to Matthew 10:23 — perhaps the clearest verse that shows Jesus falsely predicted his second coming. Jesus says to his disciples, “When you are persecuted in one place, flee to another. Truly I tell you, you will not finish going through the towns of Israel before the Son of Man comes.”
What does Jesus mean by “before the Son of Man comes”? Many have attempted to explain this in a number of ways. But I will demonstrate (by process of elimination) that Jesus could only be referring to his second coming here. Let’s have a look at the potential interpretations:

  1. “Before the Son of man comes” refers to the destruction of Jerusalem in AD 70: The problem with this view is that it makes the coming of Jesus synonymous with the destruction, as if they’re one single event. It’s true that occasionally in the OT God’s judgment is described as a “coming”. But in Matthew 24, Jesus is clear that his coming takes place AFTER the desolation of Jerusalem, indicating that they are not the same event.

  2. It refers to the outpouring of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost: This doesn’t work either. Consider this. Why is Jesus telling his disciples to flee from city to city? Answer: Because the Son of man will come before they get the chance to finish. But if this is about Pentecost, it renders the statement unintelligible. ”The disciples should flee from city to city because the Holy Spirit will come before they finish preaching?” It’s not clear what’s even being said here. The disciples weren’t even preaching when the Spirit came at Pentecost; they were praying in an upper room. Thus, the statement itself is incoherent.

  3. It refers to Jesus’ resurrection and/or ascension: This fails for the same reason as the previous explanation... It’s incoherent. ”The disciples should flee from city to city because Jesus is going to rise from the dead before they finish preaching?” Again, I challenge anyone to tell me what this means. The disciples weren’t preaching when Jesus resurrected. In fact, they were hiding.

  4. It refers to Jesus’ second coming: This seems to make the most sense of the text. Not only does Jesus frequently refer to his second coming as “the coming of the Son of man”. But this explanation also makes sense of why Jesus urged his disciples to flee from city to city: they

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📅︎ Apr 26 2020
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In this SE question, the answers are not synonyms. I was under the impression that they had to be synonyms and I used gregmat's pairing straterfy to solve most SE questions with much success. I just wanted to clarify if SE answers have to be synonyms or this is not necessarily the case? TIA! :D
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📅︎ Mar 03 2020
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short book reviews 2020, covid-Overdrive edition (in chronological order of publication)
  1. expired serfs: a buyer's guide. why not finish, dude? 3.9/5 ivans

  2. Oy. The big one. (Put down The Sorcerer's Stone and get it over with, already) Big Papa makes a lot of sense, but cousin texts of his contemporaries left a stronger initial impression, tbh. I'm still hung up on the whole morality angle--when do I level up to immortal scientist? 4/5 alienated proles

  3. Me stealing vibes from this book to duck social gatherings: “I’m afraid I shan't attend, for I have had the misfortune of gazing upon Lady Hampshire’s latest grotesque choice of head-wear for not a few hours, and I fear I am put out for several nights over the affair and must gather my resolve alone in chambers. Don’t call for me until you’ve heard that I’ve recovered; I really am in a bad way." OK I love this shit, check it out...beginning of the book: "Two green and white butterflies fluttered past them, and in the pear tree at the end of the garden a thrush began to sing." Near the end of the book: "A bitter blast swept across the Square. The gas-lamps flickered, and became blue, and the leafless trees shook their black iron branches as if in pain." Just to drive home that some serious shit has gone down. I dig every syllable! 5/5 magical paintings of doom

  4. individualism vs communism is a false dichotomy, from the man who brought you the magical painting of doom. 3.9/5 magical paintings of doom

  5. "just get rid of, like, cops and governors and shit. it'll be fine, people are cool" lol sure bro 4/5 breads

  6. curious how much scrutiny a bernstein bares? dive into this accessible, articulate prose 4/5 spanked opportunists

  7. ain't no party like a vanguard party kuz a vanguard party don't stop 3.9/5 things to be done

  8. "...the Tarot is a pack of cards used in the south of Europe for games and fortune-telling, first known in Europe at the end of the 14th century when in use among the Spanish gypsies. Note from the editor: It is highly unlikely that gypsies in Spain used Tarot cards in the 14th century. This pack of cards represents the Egyptian hieroglyphic book of seventy-eight tablets, which came to us almost miraculously. Note from the editor: The fanciful notion that the Tarot is Egyptian comes from the speculations of a handful of 18th century French occultists even though it is without basis. **The Tarot falls into three divisions: the first part has twenty-one numbered cards; the second part has one card 0; the third part has fift

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📅︎ Jun 23 2020
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Time to talk about "Fuju-fuse", the principle that Nichiren believers must never give nor receive donations to/from unbelievers

I've been meaning (for years) to put up a post about "fuju-fuse" - it's a Nichiren term. So this is going to be one of those research-type posts - Commentators, ye be warned...

In a nutshell, "fuju-fuse" is a hard-line movement within the Nichiren schools to refuse donations from anyone not a member or refrain from giving anything to anyone who isn't a member. It's basically the antithesis of "interfaith".

I'm going to be drawing on this paper: ALMSGIVING AND ALMS REFUSAL IN THE FUJU-FUSE SECT OF NICHIREN BUDDHISM WITH A CONSIDERATION OF THESE PRACTICES IN EARLY INDIAN BUDDHISM (INDIA) along with Nichiren sources I'll identify as we go.

>The Fuju-fuse Sect is one of the eleven that traditionally comprise the mainstream Nichiren Buddhist movement in Japan. Like the others, it derives its ultimate scriptural authority from the Lotus Sutra and considers Nichiren (1222-1282) as its religious founder; its sectarian originator is Nichiō (1565-1630). Like the others, also, it sees itself as the only legitimate heir to Nichiren's teaching, making this claim on the basis of unwavering fidelity to Nichirne's instructions that his disciples should not accept (fuju) alms from, and his devotees should not give (fuse) alms to nonbelievers of the Lotus Sutra. Whether or not this was so unambiguously asserted by Nichiren has been a matter of controversy, but it is nonetheless true that all Nichiren sect [sic] agreed to abide by it. Adherence to this admonision [sic] was, after all, a means by which purity of faith could be maintained and an effective way to draw others to the Lotus faith. Source

There are a couple main things going on in this passage, IMHO. First of all, there is a precedent for not accepting donations from unbelievers, dating back to Nichiren:

>On this occasion the shogunate offered to build him a large temple and establish him on an equal footing with all the other Buddhist schools, but Nichiren refused. He instead again refuted the errors of the shogunate. Source

Nichiren refused because he wanted to be the ONLY one, not just another of equal standing. So, since the shogun clearly did not believe Nichiren was exclusively correct, Nichiren would not accept his donation.

And from "[The 26 Admonitions of Nikko](htt

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Special Feature: Holocaust Remembrance Day – to remember and pay respect to those who perished and those who survived.

On January 27, 1945 the men and women of the 322nd Soviet Rifle Division liberated what remained of the Auschwitz camp complex. Auschwitz and more specifically the death camp of Auschwitz-Birkenau was the place where the Nazis had in prior years murdered more than a million people in gas chambers, by shooting, starving, beating them and in many more, unimaginably cruel ways. It is a place that has since become synonymous with the Holocaust – the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of six million Jews and up to half a million Roma, Sinti, and other groups persecuted as "gypsies" by the Nazi regime and its collaborators – itself and thus the end of which marks an appropriate date to commemorate the victims of the Holocaust.

Yet, while the Nazis had killed so many in Auschwitz, by the time the Red Army arrived only a fraction was left. Some 65.000 prisoners, mostly but not all Jews, had been forced on a death march by the Nazi adminstration of the camp. Some 7.000 sick prisoners and prisoners of older age or younger than 15 were left. What we know as the liberation of Auschwitz is different from the mental image we have of huge crowds converging on the Allies' jeeps as it was in Buchenwald, Dachau, Belsen or Mauthausen. The prisoner left there were not easy to find the prisoners that still remained. And while their initial reaction was joy and emotion, there also was confusion and fear.

Eva Mozes Kor, then 10 years old, describes liberation as such: > We ran up to them [the Red Army soldiers] and they gave us hugs, cookies and chocolate. Being so alone a hug meant more than anybody could imagine because that replaced the human worth we were starving for. We were not only starved for food but we were starved for human kindness. And the Soviet Army did provide some of that.

At the same time, Kor describes uncertainty and fear about where to got and what to do now: > I didn't even know where on earth I was, much less where my home was. You had to be a little smarter than I, a ten-year-old girl in a concentration camp to know what direction to start out in and where to go.

Another description of this day comes from Primo Levi, Italian survivor, famous for the literary accounts of his time. In the following

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📅︎ Jan 27 2020
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I see a group of three as a group of six, hoping it may one day become a party of one.

It is my opinion, emergent from my perspective, that, to most humans, being human is mind more than it is matter. That a human being is a being predominantly characterized by being synonymous to itself more through its psyche rather than its body. This perspective, and my opinion that most other people at least unconsciously see themselves more as their mind than their body. It only becomes strengthened as I go and spend time with them. I too have forever seen myself as being more my mind than my body: that I was a mental entity composed of consciousness rather than a physical one composed of matter.
There are no inherent clues in the body by which one can lead themselves to the fact of a person’s favorite taste. It is a fact that lies in the mental constitution of the person. In the same way, the mental constitution of a person is most likely where that person finds themself. It is only by listening to a person that you can come to learn who they are.

Human society is very solipsistic in the sense that the majority of people don’t connect deeply. With the world, their peers or themselves. When they connect, they mostly do not connect with each other between each other. Instead, they connect through themselves onto each other. This is why relationships between people are so hard forged and something that is strengthened over time; people relate through exposure to each other rather than an actual connection between them.
Spirituality is versatile. This is why it can be so difficult to define for those who’ve not yet experienced it themselves. The reason for spirituality being so versatile is, yes of course but only in part, because it ultimately boils down to the individual person. But also because spirituality has to do with everything there is, even the person itself. Growing in spirit is growing in one's relationship with everything else, including the massive amount of other people around us. Not only their minds but also the very animals which constitute their bodies. Mankind must reconnect with nature in order to self realize. A harmony not between internal minds and external nature, but a true symbiosis between a mind and the nature within which it resides: the human animal. As such the reconnection of man and nature enriches us all. An enrichment because of man’s deviation from natural harmony. This deviation only arose when mankind became reinvented as mental existences. A rite of passage. Man breaking off from it’s mother spirit only for

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📅︎ Jun 30 2020
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For Homosexuality

There are six verses about homosexuality, seven passages that are up for debate: Creation of Humanity; Sodom and Gomorrah; Two Levitical Laws; Paul to Corinth; Paul to Timothy; and Paul to Rome.


At Sodom & Gomorrah, angels came to Lot’s house where the local men demanded that Lot send the angels outside to be raped.

In Ezekiel, the author states that the reason Yahweh smote the two cities was not because the men wished to have sex with the angels, who looked like men, but because they “had pride, excess of food, and prosperous ease, but did not aid the poor and needy.” Their sin was was their pride; they had the means but did not care for those in need. The straw that broke the camel’s back was the attempted rape. Rather than welcome newcomers to the city, the people tried to take advantage of them. They were inhospitable and egregious in their treatment of other people.

Further, the epistle of Jude has a lot going on with angelic beings and the book of Enoch. The straw that broke the camel’s back for the two cities was the attempted rape of angels (a reversal of Genesis 6 where angels had sex with humans). The “strange flesh” for Jude then was the human-appearing angels, and not the gender. If that were the case, Jude would not use “flesh” for we are all of the same kind of flesh.


We are no longer under the Mosaic Law. The letter to the Hebrews says that the law wasn’t good enough and that Jesus has made it obsolete. The two verses of Leviticus fall in the ‘holiness code’ of the Old Testament. > “It is clear that this so-called Holiness Code is designed to provide a standard of moral behavior that will distinguish the Jews from the Canaanites… These rules are

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Why beautiful prose can't come from a thesaurus

Every aspiring author, at some point, is cautioned against the siren's song of the thesaurus. Despite this, every aspiring author, at some point, opens a thesaurus to find a more interesting-sounding synonym for "purple" (aubergine, puce) or "walked" (traipsed, prowled) or "uncomfortable" (discombobulated, apprehensive).

The result is almost never pretty.

The truth is that beautiful prose is almost always constructed from simple language that is easy to understand. Don't believe me? As examples, let's look at the beginnings of four opening chapters that I personally find staggeringly beautiful:

The Night Circus by Erin Morgenstern:

>The circus arrives without warning.
>
>No announcements precede it, no paper notices on downtown posts and billboards, no mentions or advertisements in local newspapers. It is simply there, when yesterday it was not.
>
>The towering tents are striped in white and black, no golds and crimsons to be seen. No color at all, save for the neighboring trees and the grass of the surrounding fields. Black-and-white stripes on grey sky; countless tents of varying shapes and sizes, with an elaborate wrought-iron fence encasing them in a colorless world. Even what little ground is visible from outside is black or white, painted or powdered, or treated with some other circus trick.
>
>But it is not open for business. Not just yet.

Strange the Dreamer by Laini Taylor:

>Names may be lost or forgotten. No one knew that better than Lazlo Strange. He'd had another name first, but it had died like a song with no one left to sing it. Maybe it had been an old family name, burnished by generations of use. Maybe it had been given to him by someone who loved him. He liked to think so, but he had no idea. All he had were Lazlo and StrangeStrange because that was the surname given to all foundlings in the Kingdom of Zosma, and Lazlo after a monk's tongueless uncle.

Annihilation by Jeff VanderMeer:

>The tower, which was not supposed to be there, plunges into the earth in a place just before the black pine forest begins to give way to swamp and then the reeds and wind-gnarled trees of the marsh flats. Beyond the marsh flats and the natural canals lies the ocean and, a little farther down the coast, a derelict lighthouse. All of this part of the country had been abandoned for decades, for reasons that are not easy to relate. Our expedition was the first to enter Area X for more than two years

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[Let's Build]d100 defining traits of a fantasy world

This is a list for anything you can give a world that would define it and set it apart from other peoples' worlds. Get creative! Thank you in advance to anyone who contributes. (Also, I can't guarantee that I can get this updated super quickly or in the correct format, but I promise to update it, and at least try to use correct formatting.)

It should also be noted that this is a repost of a post I made months ago, that was never finished.

01 | Magic is rare and the general population is scared of it | /u/DM_LVL_1

02 | Magic is common and everyone knows at least a little bit about it | /u/DM_LVL_1

03 | The Older something is, the more powerful it is. (LotR) | /u/DM_LVL_1

04 | Every item or creature is imbued with at least some magic | /u/DM_LVL_1

05 | There are multiple celestial bodies (suns, mons, etc.) that affect the passage of time, and influence how long a "day" is | /u/DM_LVL_1

06 | Magic is random and cannot be completely predictable | /u/DM_LVL_1

07 | The world was only just made. The gods are VERY active and they control their chosen races entirely. Countries are still being founded, Magical and technological advancement are booming (they just invented this new thing called iron) and the world itself is still being formed as the gods dredge new land up from the ocean. | /u/TheMightyFishBus

08 | Magic has been poisoned, and use of it brings the attention of the Others... | /u/MisterCheesy

09 | Low tech (copper or bronze age) | /u/I_walked_east

10 | Early modern tech (industrial age) | /u/I_walked_east

11 | Near future tech (pre-fusion) | /u/I_walked_east

12 | Contemporary tech (right now) | /u/I_walked_east

13 | High tech world (post-fusion) | /u/I_walked_east

14 | Dinosaurs | /u/I_walked_east

15 | Archipelago of floating islands | /u/I_walked_east

16 | Magic is a living life force that must be contai

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[Spoilers All] A detailed analysis of the Trespasser murals, with supporting evidence | Part Six

^(Other Posts in the Series:) ^([Part One]) ^([Part Two]) ^([Part Three]) ^([Part Four]) ^([Part Five]) ^([Part Seven])

>It started with a war. War breeds fear. Fear breeds a desire for simplicity. Good and evil. Right and wrong. Chains of command. After the war ended, generals became respected elders, then kings, then finally Gods. The Evanuris.
>
>^(-) ^(Solas)

Welcome, and thank you for reading once again! After a super long hiatus, I'll finally be tackling one of the biggest questions I had after completing the Trespasser DLC: the truth behind the ancient war Solas mentions, that led to the apotheosis of the Evanuris. Many, including the Dalish, have theorized that this war was waged between the Evanuris and the Forgotten Ones. In this post, however, I hope to show you another perspective - with plenty of evidence to back it up.

So, if you're interested in my theory on the real identity of the ancient Elvhen Dreamers, and the truth behind an ancient conflict that would change the fate of Thedas forever, please read on!

^(Note:) ^(This post will contain some spoilers from Tevinter Nights, which I have hidden like this:) >!boo!!<

Elvhenan, The Origin of Greed

>"We hear stories of them living in trees and imagine wooden ramps or Dalish aravels. Imagine instead spires of crystal twinning through the branches. Palaces floating among the clouds. Imagine beings who lived forever for whom magic was as natural as breathing. That is what was lost."
>
>^(- Solas on Elvhenan)

Elvhenan, meaning "place of our People," was an empire of immense, heart-aching beauty. Palaces of deep blue crystal floated among the clouds, and Thedas was a realm where imagination defined reality. The primordial magic that permeated the very air was as natural as the sky that beings ["glor

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The Inframarines Chapter

Fourth in my intermittent series of successor chapters which play substantially against their progenitor's stereotypes

Origins

The Inframarines were a Fifth Founding chapter, successors of the Ultramarines like many others. It is one of the chapter's few reliably-honored traditions that their first chapter master had been implanted with the geneseed of Aeonid Thiel, who the Inframarines consider their patron in spirit, nearly equal to their primarch in reverence, or even, depending on the individual marine, exceeding Guilliman. They often give Thiel the title "The Great Naysmith", borrowing a term from the Iron Hands, or the semi-synonymous title "Arguendum Delegatus Augustus".

Beyond this founding myth, the biggest influence on the culture and practices of the chapter was the discovery of an ancient Terran text by the fifth chapter master, evidently translated into High Gothic many centuries after its initial writing but even more centuries before its discovery by the Inframarines. The cache of ancient documents it was found in were investigated by the Adeptus Mechanicus for STC traces or tech-heresy, but were ultimately returned to the chapter, and a number of works translated into the modern registers of High Gothic. The one which proved most influential was entitled "Principles of Disharmony, or How I Hunted Gods"; this title being promising in fighting the forces of Chaos, substantial efforts were made to translate it. It was found to be a stuttering, bipolar text, with many disjointed lessons which seemed to conflict with each other. One was particularly auspicious; the maxim "attempts to enforce order cause blowbacks of spontaneous chaos, and vice versa".

The interpretations of this gnomic text were varied, but that maxim, which they came to call "the Aeonish Pendulum", was strikingly reminiscent of Aeonid Thiel's words to Marius Gage in the early moments of the Battle of Calth. The book was quickly copied and several competing translations circulated among the brothers. Already a chapter which prided itself on its astartes's flexibility, they began to take this to something of an extreme. Almost every squad was fielded exclusively in minimum-size squads of five, contradictory orders were given to squads in the s

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[Lore] My take on Lothric Castle,the Undead Settlement and a little bit of the Abyss Watchers. Part 1.

I'd like to present my theories regarding a few things about Lothric Castle, the Undead Settlement and the Abyss Watchers.

Due to the length of these posts I'd like to split them into multiple parts.

So without further ado here we go.

After we initially talk to "High Priestess" Emma at Lothric Castle we are given the Small Lothric Banner and are promted to head toward the foot of the High Wall and descend toward the Undead Settlement.

The description of the small Lothric Banner reads: "When the High Wall appeared, the path to the Undead Settlement was blocked, and messengers came bearing this banner. They were sent out with a duty, but had no way of returning."

Which gives us a lot of odd information. For starters it says The High Wall "appeared". Which begs the question how a wall simply appears out of nowhere. (I want you to keep this in mind, it becomes relevant in another part.)

Additionally it tells us that since the path to the undead settlement was blocked messengers were sent out with a duty unable to return.

We experience that ourselves in-game. By presenting the banner we are transported via Demon(?)-Escort to the undead settlement, but we can not travel back via escort. We have to use the bonfire. That tells us that every messenger sent out had no way to ever return to lothric castle.

I can come up with some theories as to why Lothric, or rather Emma the "High Priestess" would design such a one-way-system, the one I want to focus on though is that she tries to get rid of unwanted elements in the castle. I can not pinpoint her exact motivation to do so though, only guess.

When we inspect the Banner she gives us, it is in a rather rugged state, not something you'd give a representative of the Royal Family who is about to meet the common folk. Equally when we talk to her, she tells us that we won't find the Lords here, even though we know there is a Lord playing shut-in further inside the castle. Furthermore when talked to again after defeating Vordt, she questions our commitment to our duty, kinda nudging us to go find the Lords somehwere else.

(The ruggedness of the banner may very well be just due to passage of time, but you'd expect her to have a number of them at the ready since the bells tolled and a lot of unkindled are running around, so she may also just be pressed to find ones that are in good condition).

As the High Priestess served as the wet nurse to the prince

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"Ici" as a synonym for "incertain"?

I’m looking over solutions for a college assignment I took and one of the questions revolved around finding synonyms for specific words. One of these words was "incertain" and the answer given was "ici".

The passage discusses robots and the singularity issue when they will surpass the intelligence of man. The sentence containg "ici" is "le futurologue chez Google...estime que la frontière humain/robot tombera d’elle même d’ici 2045."

How then can "ici" be a synonym for "incertain" in this context?

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What Happened? 1981 Lakers

I’m calling this, er, “series,” What Happened? From 1960-1969, the same team won the championship ten times. From 1969 to 1987, no team won it twice in a row. I want to find out “what happened”? I’ll keep it short, but please let me know if you have any other answers to this question.

1981 Lakers

https://preview.redd.it/yv401wdk68051.jpg?width=630&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=740bc6d5ef8b1bc5fb411db936f1eac458282e20

What had happened:

In this reporter’s opinion, The 1980 Lakers finished as the strongest champions since their 1972 counterparts. First, they were the only champion to win 60 games since the Wilt/West bunch. And like that team, they seemed almost unbeatable in the playoffs. The Lakers had improved gradually over the late 70s with Kareem Abdul-Jabbar as centerpiece, adding pieces such as Norm Nixon, Michael Cooper, and Jamaal Wilkes. For the 79-80 season, they picked up veterans Jim Chones and Spencer Haywood. But nothing mattered as much as Magic Johnson, the 6’9 point guard who had just won an NCAA Championship and was about to win an NBA championship. A November Sports Illustrated put him on the cover (simply “Magic”) and opened with this passage:

A few years ago—even last season—it wouldn't have been unusual to see a fan taking a snooze at courtside during a Los Angeles Lakers game in The Forum, where the chilly reserve of the crowds usually runs about 10° below body temperature.

Ah, but that is the past. Things are warming up now, and by last week the long nights of ennui and frustration were but a grim and distant memory at the once-again-Fabulous Forum, where the Lakers had won nine of 10 games and were clearly enjoying life in the fast-break lane. The new-look Lakers had replaced the no-look, no-luck, old-look Lakers, and nowhere was the change more brightly apparent than in the beaming kisser of Earvin (Magic) Johnson Jr.

That energy could be seen from the first game of the season, where Magic celebrated a Kareem game winner as though he had won a championship right then (said Kareem, “relax”). Kareem had his lowest stats since he entered the league yet still won the MVP: he didn’t have as much of a scoring burden and was able to be involved in other ways. Magic averaged 18/7/7 and shot a remarkable 53% from the field and joined Nixon to create a balanced back court with size and speed: Nixon led the te

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Folly Is Cinder's Sword: The End-All, Be-All Thread

So yeah, Folly is Cinder's sword... Let's just let that settle into the collective unconscious of the sub to the point that it becomes common knowledge.

Folly is Cinder's sword.

This isn't a new idea. I've been saying this for years. Its about time it got its own thread I can refer people to, without having to dig up the quotes. The reason it needs its own thread is I get the impression a lot of people haven't actually caught up on what available hints about Folly exist and how they suggest it is Cinder's sword.

Disclaimers: (1) I'm not saying there's no chance Folly is not Cinder's sword, just that if we are supposed to be able to discern the significance of Folly in the first two books, then it is through the hints that foreshadow it is Cinder's sword. (2) I've had ample conversation with certain respected users (looking at you Biologin) on the idea that the reason it can't be Cinders sword is because Cinder used that to kill Kvothe's parents and Kote treats it with such respect. While I do have counter arguments to that, I'm just following the evidence at this point. Pat can write himself around that dynamic. But my guess would be that Kvothe uses Folly to achieve things more amazing than its history in the arms of Cinder.

Lets begin


1) Both Folly and Cinder's Sword ignore the color of light

I would guess some people don't realize this just because they interpret Pat's words in a way that is reasonable but that also ignores basic physics.

> Except his eyes. They were black like a goat's but with no iris. His eyes were like his sword, and neither one reflected the light of the fire or the setting sun.

> ---

> He took the sword from Bast and stood upright on the counter behind the bar. He drew the sword without a flourish. It shone a dull grey-white in the room's autumn light.

> ---

> The light flowed across the bar, scattered a thousand tiny rainbow beginnings from the colored bottles, and climbed the wall toward the sword, as if searching for one final beginning.

> But when the light touched the sword there were no beginnings to be seen. In fact, the light the sword reflected was dull, burnished, and ages old.

Top quote is Cinder's sword. Bottom two quotes are Folly.

For many people reading this, its a clear difference. Cinder's sword does not reflect light; Folly does. Thus they are different swords. *Don't be t

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Socrates v/s Faust

Excerpt from Birth of Tragedy #18 (Kaufmann trans., pg. 110) --

>Our whole modern world is entangled in the net of Alexandrian culture. It proposes as its ideal the theoretical man equipped with the greatest forces of knowledge, and laboring in the service of science, whose archetype and progenitor is Socrates. All our educational methods originally have this ideal in view: every other form of existence must struggle on laboriously beside it, as something tolerated, but not intended. In an almost alarming manner the cultured man was for a long time found only in the form of the scholar: even our poetical arts have been forced to evolve from scholarly imitations, and in the main effect, that of rhyme, we still recognize the origin of our poetic form from artificial experiments with a nonindigenous, really scholarly language. How unintelligible must Faust, the modern cultured man, who is in himself intelligible, have appeared to a true Greek -- Faust, storming unsatisfied through all the faculties, devoted to magic and the devil from a desire for knowledge; Faust, whom we have but to place beside Socrates for the purpose of comparison, in order to see that modern man is beginning to divine the limits of this Socratic love of knowledge. When Goethe on one occasion said to Eckermann with reference to Napoleon: "Yes, my good friend, there is also a productiveness of deeds," he reminded us in a charmingly naive manner that the nontheorist is something incredible and astounding to modern man; so that we again have need of the wisdom of Goethe to discover that such a surprising form of existence is not only comprehensible, but even pardonable.


esalts notes

Alexandrian culture -- Nietzsche says immediately before this passage that "all that we call culture" is made up of illusions (the Apollinian; or individuation), and "exquisite stimulants into forgetfulness [of] displeasure" (The Dionysian; dissolution). By looking at the proportions to which a society values its illusions (morals, mores, narratives, etc.) v/s how it values its forgetfulness (intoxication, ritual ecstasy, dhyana, etc.), we can determine whether it is an Alexandrian (primarily individualist), Hellenic (balanced) or Buddhistic (primarily dissolutionist) culture. Kaufmann:

>It is not uncommon to distinguish the Alexandrian period of Greek literature from the immediately preceding Attic period. The great tragic poets, as well as Thucydides, Plato and Aristotle are associated

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How to work on Improving Vocabulary?

Hey there. I am from India.I want to improve my English vocabulary. While speaking English there are some instances that I can not find a particular word to describe a situation which leads to pauses.Also, I will be having my entrance exam(BITSAT) for College around May 2021. The English asked in the exam is similar to the SAT one(without passages and writing skills). There will be words and we will have to select where it used from the choices and synonyms and stuff.So by that time I want to be perfect.Please suggest me something which won't take more than an hour per day, since there is pressure of other subjects too(Physics Chemistry Maths)

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(Lengthy) Hiss Incantation Analysis / Meaning

Some light spoilers ahead. It's going to be a long post, so feel free to scroll all the way down to the conclusions section. If you want to know how I got there, enjoy!

I have this thing, when an information is repeated enough times, my brain does the 'better keep it' command and decides to save it and store it, circumventing any questions of its relevance. Since I re-played the base game to have a nice refresher before wrapping up the DLC a few days ago, the Hiss incantation stuck with me. And I've been repeating what I could remember (there are worse things to do under the shower tbh.) until I actually heard a part of it.

This game has a nice aspect to its story - providing convoluted answers in plain sight. You know, like the time >!NSC-02 and what happened to the Director before Trench is at first very ominous, but then on one of the interim levels of NSC plant , you can read it's actually 'Northmoor Sarcophagus Containment', answering what happened with Trench's predecessor;!< or >!when Arish mentions in the NSC storyline that this is a second one, and the first one kinda up and vanished, an no-one knows where it went, but they built the '-02' one with anchors in place. Well, we know. It's in the background of Quarry during the expeditions.!<

Which led me to believe - what if we know more about the Hiss, it's nature and purpose, we just need to search for it in the most obvious place?

It's highly subjective, and I am by no means an expert on symbolism. And I operate based on the presumption that Hiss invading humans within the FBC gained access to 'collective consciousness', concepts we would all understand or relate to regardless of race, gender or political belief. (not a Ubisoft employee btw.)

That said, let's have at it.

>You are a worm through time.

'You' The Hiss is referring to is humanity. The worm here is something irrelevant, with a short lifespan. In contrast to the Hiss, a being from other dimensions that could have 'lived' eons, it just highlights how small and insignificant we are.

>The thunder song distorts you.

'Thunder song' can refer here to an actual thunder, with Hiss poking fun at us just a few centuries ago, being scared of thunders and applying supernatural aspects to an natural phenomena, belittling us as a species.

But I'm more keen on a second explanation here, which is - thunder in symbolism stands for the voice of god, or an 'awakening call'. Combined with 'distorts you', I think the Hi

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Children's/ YA chapter book with white cover & blue embossed forestry, about a girl who finds a small white creature in a barn and nurses it back to health

I'm trying to find a book that I read back around 5th grade (think circa 2010, although idk when it came out) about a girl who finds a small white horse w/ wings (a pegasus maybe??) in a barn. The horse creature is injured, and the girl takes care of it and nurses it back to health. I remember it being a pretty serious story for some reason, very Coraline-esque dark children's fantasy. Here are the rest of the vague details I remember:

  • the book had a beautiful cover. It was a hardcover white book, with blue embossed vegetation on it.
  • The title probably has something to do with the word "Thicket" or synonyms similar- briar, bramble, etc.
  • It was very fantasy oriented, and might include fairies/fey and/or an evil bramble patch.
  • The main character was a young girl- her name might have been Margot or Margaret? I think it started with an "M".
  • The white creature that she finds in the barn is a small white pegasus-like creature with wings. I remember a passage where the creature is described as having "velvety" and white fur/skin.
  • This wasn't a children's book- it was a chapter book w/ no pictures.

If you have any leads/ideas please let me know!! I've been searching for the last few hours and have found nothing. This might drive me crazy lol

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📅︎ May 19 2020
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From SGI to Back Where I Started

Background: Prior to SGI, I had been exposed to the Nation Of Islam (NOI) for years. So I initially used it as a comparison to SGI.

I first heard of SGI in during the 2013 October Pride. By this time I had been chanting on my own for some months. I picked up that booklet The Winning Life. I read the book front and back, but it didn't motivate me to join. I reached out to Nichiren Buddhist communities on Facebook and that's how I ended up in contact with a SGI member. I went to my first introduction to Buddhism meeting with a MD in January 2014. On the way, I was put off by him saying that everyone was chanting to become happy. After the opening chanting, I told the man I had to study Biology. I did, but I also wanted to get out of there. The MD gave me a World Tribune to read. I never read it. It reminded me too much of the NOI's Final Call.

Summer 2014: I researched Soka Gakkai by way of Wikipedia, as I hadn't heard of Reddit yet. So far, what I had read was glowing, but I still wasn't convinced to join.

October 2014: I was broke and lonely. So I reached back out and went to my first Kosen Rufu Gongyo meeting, although back then it was still called World Peace Prayer Meeting. The title of the meeting grabbed my attention. I was taken to the meeting by a YMD. On the way, he mentioned doing Gajokai. The way he described it sounded more like Nation Of Islam's Monday night FOI (Fruit Of Islam) meetings as it pertained to protecting the center. Overall, I liked the meeting. I noticed the extolling of Daisaku Ikeda however, and I decided not to focus so much on him because at the time Ikeda was 86 years old. I figured that he didn't have long to live, and the worst thing to do would be to affix an aging person to my practice. After all, when Elijah Muhammad died, that was a megablow to a lot of his members. Also, October 2014, I went to a study meeting where I bought an intro to Buddhism study book. I read it and ultimately decided that the next book I was going to read and finish would be the Lotus Sutra. I knew I would be telling people about nam myoho renge kyo, but I didn't want to be talking about a book I'd never read. Also, I participated in the Pride shakubuku at the October Pride.

So, in 2015, I bought and read Burton Watson's 1993 translation of The Lotus Sutra.

April 2015: After 18 months of practicing on my own, I received my SGI Gohonzon. However I kept my activity participation frequency low. I bought the

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What is the opposite of a feminist? A masculinist? Is a MRA a masculinist?

ANSWER:

"Feminism is an ideology, and is not synonymous with gender equality. Being against feminism, or even opposite to it, would just be opposition to the ideology, not gender equality. There is a reason why the women’s rights movement and feminism are separate movements.

Feminism as an ideology blames men for all of the world’s problems (“patriarchy”), [to clarify, this is a fundamental concept of feminism] opposes help for issues men face, and often even denies that they can face sexism, calling any attempt to address issues men face to be misogyny (as seen in the opposition of male abuse shelters, gender neutral rape definitions, and even in Cassie Jaye’s documentary, The Red Pill. [see my notes below]

The opposite of feminism would be a widely successful ideology that blames women for all of the world’s problems. All domestic violence is the woman’s fault. Crimes such as rape and domestic violence can only be committed by women by definition. Poorly made and clearly biased studies would be used to make men, and only men, victims of just about every issue. News networks and social media will have nothing but positive things to say about the movement while the members of the movement specifically state that women cannot face discrimination or sexism. Any attempt to advocate for women would be immediately shut down. Films about what women go through would be banned in entire countries, and “sexism” would not exist anymore. It would instead be replaced by “misandry” in all cases. People will make the ideology the standard, telling others that you either support it, or you don't care about gender equality. And of course, it would be different than the Men's rights movement, just as feminism is separate from the women’s rights movement. As an ideology, it would basically be more of a religion than a movement.

Have you started a group outlining serious issues that women face? Ha! It will just be called misandry and strongly opposed.

Don't like how the swapped version looks? then fight to make feminism better as an ideology. It is defined by the members and their actions, so start with that."

Please check out these two memes of quotes by women. Both splendid. The first one, WOW. She takes so many concepts, ideas, thoughts and then just encapsulates all of that into an answer that is few line long. That is one smart mojo:

[https://www.reddit.com/r/Egalitarianism/comments/gdyth5/this_woman_below_comment_could_not_have_debunked/](https://www.

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📰︎ r/AskTheMRAs
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📅︎ May 06 2020
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1 Peter

John Elliot, though holding to inauthenticity, lists points in favor of authenticity in his Anchor Yale Bible commentaries on 1 Peter, p. 119

>1. The author explicitly identifies himself in 1:1 as the Apostle Peter.
>
>2. The  author’s further identification of himself as a “witness to the sufferings of the Christ” (5:1) is consistent with what is said of Peter as witness elsewhere in the NT (Luke 24:44–47 and especially the Petrine speeches and narratives of Acts; see the NOTE on 5:1). Further instances in which the author speaks in the first-person singular (2:11; 5:12b, c) or includes himself with the addressees (“we”/“us,” 1:3; 2:24; 4:17) are compatible with Peter as author.
>
>3. The theology of 1 Peter reflects early Christian thought. Its vibrant eschatology, theocentricity (focused on God as ultimate agent of salvation) and Servant of God Christology are typical of an early stage of Christian thought and consonant with views and teachings attributed to Peter elsewhere in the NT.
>
>(4) Further ideas and images (e.g., impartiality of God [1:17], discipleship [2:21–24, 5:3], humility [3:8; 5:5–6], sheep-shepherd image [2:25; 5:2–4]) found here are also associated with Simon Peter in the Gospels and Acts (so especially Gundry 1966–1967; 1974; Maier 1984; for a more moderate position, see Moule 1955–1956; and Best 1971, 51–54).
>
>(5) The rudimentary character of the church order (5:1–5a) presupposed in the letter and its concept of charisms (4:10–11) also point to an early date of composition compatible with Petrine authorship.
>
>(6) Peter had had early contact with Israelite pilgrims from Pontus, Cappadocia, and Asia at the Pentecost festival in Jerusalem, according to Acts 2:9–11, a contact that possibly could explain his writing now to believers in these provinces (1:1).
>
>(7) If Silvanus is not identified in 5:12 as the courier of the letter (as some supporters of authenticity hold), he may be identified as a secretary writing at Peter’s behest while the apostle was still alive; on this point, see below.
>
>(8) Post-NT tradition unanimously attests Peter’s presence and death in Rome, the likely location to which “Babylon” (5:13) refers as the place of the letter’s composition (see below and the NOTE on 5:13).
>
>(9) The reference to “Mark, my son” (5:13) indicates an intimate relationship, perhaps reaching back to their early contact in Jerusalem (Acts 1

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👤︎ u/Bohrbrain
📅︎ May 18 2020
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IELTS Reading Section

The paragraph goes as follows:

This can take many forms. Marine life, for example, is influenced by tidal patterns. Animals tend to be active or inactive depending on the position of the sun or moon. Numerous creatures, humans included, are largely diurnal – that is, they like to come out during the hours of sunlight. Nocturnal animals, such as bats and possums, prefer to forage by night. A third group are known as crepuscular: they thrive in the low-light of dawn and dusk and remain inactive at other hours.

The question was True, False or Not Given question,

- Most animals are active during the daytime

The answer is Not Given.

How is the answer Not Given???

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📰︎ r/IELTS
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📅︎ Jan 11 2020
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Journey to 338 (V170, Q168): Tips, tricks, study materials review (Part 1: AWA and Verbal)

Hello GRE friends!

I recently took the GRE and made a "Testing Experience" post about it and had promised to make a future post discussing my ~1.5 ish month study plan and the tips & tricks that worked for me. I'd originally been planning to make this post after I got my official scores (including my AWA), but I've since gotten a ton of DMs from people asking about resources I used to study for each section, so I thought I'd make this post now rather than later in lieu of responding to everyone individually (sorry if I haven't gotten back to you..!), with the caveat that I'm going to piecemeal this in 2 parts (part 1 being AWA and Verbal, and part 2 being Quant) and may update this post after receiving my official AWA scores.

Fair warning that these will be rather lengthy posts (probably especially Part 2, as I spent the bulk of my efforts on Quant).

With that, let's begin! (Warning: some of what follows may devolve into a rant on certain study resources. Disclaimer: I'm not a tutor / teacher / expert by ANY means, so update your posteriors commensurately!)

Background & Priors

I explain my background and motivation in my very first post on this subreddit, so I'll skip the majority of that in the interest of time/space. The key parameters here are:

  • I took the exam the first weekend of Feb. This was my second time taking the GRE. On my first take ~1.2-1.5 years ago, I got a 170 Verbal (missed 0) / 161 Quant (missed so many I stopped looking lol) / 5.0 AWA
  • I was aiming to replicate my 170 from before but, at the end of the day, I was honestly going to be happy with anything 162+ (which roughly corresponds to a 90th percentile, iirc). Resultantly, I did not spend as much time / effort on practicing for the Verbal sections; that said, I still think I may have something to offer to the discussion in terms of my approaches to different Verbal problem types and my thoughts / review of the study materials out there (i.e. which ones I felt were good practice for the real deal).
  • Targeting a 5.0+ in the AWA, so not being quite as ambitious here as a lot of y'all. :)
  • Disclaimer: I'm going to be writing with the assumption that you're aiming for a 167+ (~98 percentile) in Verbal and already have a baseline of at least high 150s / ~160 give or take. While I think many of
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📅︎ Feb 07 2020
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On the Christian use of the word "paganus"

I recently came across the fantastic essay "Pagans and Polytheists" by Alan Cameron in the book The Last Pagans of Rome. The essay seeks to answer a question: how and why did the word paganus come to be the preferred way for Christians to label non-Christians (Jews excepted)?

Two common lines of explanation attempt to derive the answer from historic meanings of the word paganus. The first points to the use of paganus to refer to a civilian as opposed to a soldier. In this interpretation, Christians are the soldiers of Christ (milites Christi), and the non-Christians those who have not enrolled in the army. There isn't much to recommend this explanation. Tertullian, the Latin writer most attached to military language, never uses paganus in a religious sense. Moreover, the military metaphor was never the dominant way of articulating Christian identity, and by the time the word became widespread, Christians and Romans were serving together in the Roman army, thus undercutting the metaphor's primary use, contrasting the literal armies of Rome with Christianity as an alternative, spiritual army.

The second explanation latches onto the use of paganus to refer to a rural person as opposed to an urbanite. Proponents of this theory interpret paganus as a derogatory term, equivalent to calling someone a country bumpkin or a redneck. Despite a few passages in which a Christian polemicist does try to draw this connection, a negative connotation does not appear to have been intended. Certainly the classical uses of paganus lack such a negative connotation. It isn't used like rusticus to imply a lack of culture. Also, pagan cultic activity was centered in the cities, making identifying pagan religion with the countryside quite a stretch.

Cameron insists that we can do better by examining the chronology of the term's appearance and the social situation in which it appears. Why does paganus not occur in literary Latin in a religious sense until the second half of the fourth century? It should be noted that Christians already had a number of words to describe non-Christians, all of which were drawn from Scripture, that is, from Greek-speaking Jews. These terms were mostly hostile and referred to non-Christians as a foreign race: ethnici, gentiles, gentes, etc.

With the conversion of Constantine and the steady growth of Christianity in the Empire, Christians started to view themselves less as a "race" of outsiders persecuted by Romans, and more

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📰︎ r/latin
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📅︎ Feb 25 2020
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Bang the Piano Keys! A Review of "Steel Discord"

Hell with the 5 star system. Too confining for the good stuff.

So: for 'The Steel Discord' let’s start with 6.33 stars for joy of vocabulary. I haven't read anyone since Gene Wolfe who displays such sheer love for a beautiful synonym, a weird historical term, an interesting name. 'Mordekai Gesemane', 'Zarachius', 'Mordant', 'caitiff', 'rasker', ‘Ancien Legion’… Note: this vocabulary does not cast a purple prose smog. No, it leads us word by word into a strange and believable reality.

Alas, Steel Discord gets a mere 3.99 stars for exact clarity of plot. True, it is half-mystery, half wacky-caper. I know, these plot arcs require teasing the reader with question marks and curtains, sudden reveals. But I find over-many people are doing things blurred by unexplained motive. The hero is determined to rescue someone who insists he doesn't want rescuing. The hero’s friend is helping despite mocking the whole business. The mysterious woman in purple is helping because, well because she's mysterious and wearing purple. Understand, these are great characters. excellently conceived. Their dialogue is pithy and right. Still, in sudden explosions or sly conversations we stop to puzzle: why they hell did they decide to do that? Pretty much what they are wondering too.

But: proper math assigns 5.43 stars for a first-class magic system. The hero Zacharius is an 'arcanist'; a magician using creatures and substances from an alternate reality. He is constantly seeking symbols in the sky, on the ground, in the bookshelves. A forest of evergreens is a sign of hope; a splinter in the finger is a warning of coming violence. Zarachius is forever finding his path by deducing the meaning of things sane folk take for coincidence. Here Howse is wonderfully subtle. Readers can’t be sure if this attitude is truly part of his wizard's magic, or just the hero's ‘magical thinking’.

Which brings us back to the uncertainty of the motives of the characters. Everyone is a mystery dropping clues, shielded by a forest of coincidence and uncertainty.

“The rust and soot formed apophenic faces and desperately grasping claws, as if the environment itself wanted to create a mural using whatever improvised pigments it had.”

'Apophenia': the mind's tendency to perceive false patterns. T

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📰︎ r/Fantasy
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📅︎ Apr 01 2020
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An evaluation of the genetic entropy hypothesis by a genetic scientist

TL;DR: Genetic entropy is not supported by data and commits the "The Atheist Jesus" fallacy to promote its validity.

Hi folks,

I have been discussing the principle tenets of an allele-frequency hypothesis called “Genetic Entropy” with a proponent. Many of you have seen this hypothesis floating around on the sub before and many of you have given it critical feedback. I’m hoping to add to that conversation by highlighting some of the scientific and technical reasons why this hypothesis is unsupported. I’m mostly going to focus on the data and not on the downstream conclusions about creationism or word choices like “entropy.”

Background:

What is genetic entropy (GE)? GE is a hypothesis proposed by Dr. John Sanford which predicts that functionally deleterious single-nucleotide mutations are inherited with each generation and accumulate in the organism/population. The accumulation of these mutations is then hypothesized to result in the progressive loss of integrity (hence the “entropy”) in a genome causing increased disease prevalence and ultimately death of the organism. It is then argued that if GE occurs, evolution is not possible since the organism is progressively experiencing a degradation in fitness which is not surmounted by positive selection. Essentially this hypothesis is an extreme form of Error Catastrophe which postulates that all life on earth operates past the critical mutation rate threshold.

These are the four basic premises that must be true for functionally deleterious mutations to accumulate:

  1. Nearly all mutations have some effect on the organism—there are essentially no truly neutral mutations
  2. Most mutations are very small in effect
  3. The vast majority of mutations are damaging
  4. Very small mutations are not subject to natural selection

What are mutations?

Mutation: a variant or change in the heritable material of an organism. Normally, we refer to mutations as “variants” because of all the different forms and effects they can take on—substitution, deletion, duplication, insertion, inversion, conversion, frame shift, extension, synonymous, non-synonymous, DNA/RNA, transposons, linear, circular, coding, non-coding, imprinting, methylation, base adducts, structural, non-structural, pathogenic, clinical, loss of function, gain of function, etc.

When referring to a mutation, it’s important to adequately describe the type of mutation occurring. I primarily study human genetics and so I use the nomenclature proposed by t

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📅︎ Jan 19 2020
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[TH] Forced - Part 1

Hey guys this is my first time posting on Reddit and my first attempt at writing a short story, English isn't my first language so any constructive criticism is greatly appreciated. Hope you enjoy it. I wrote it in Google docs and copy pasted it over here so the formatting might be a little bad doing this over a phone.

-

“Waking up on the wrong side of the bed” is an expression that has never made sense to me, or I hope to not. Maybe it’s just that tumor of pessimism that rests behind the back of my mind, whispering that nothing good could ever happen or will happen for me or for anyone around me. But like everyone else, I suppose, I too have to put up with that part of myself to get out this brick wall I call a bed. The glaring sunlight burns my corneas to a crisp, I can barely fumble my way into the washroom, I should really not forget to close the blinds before I go to bed, from now on I tell myself.

As I get into the washroom, the smell of lavender hits my olfactory sensors, money well spent on that air freshener packet indeed. Just as I was about to take care of the yellow stains of the wine on my teeth that I had left the night before, my phone starts vibrating in my pocket. That’s pretty early, I thought to myself as I went ahead and took a look at what it was.

Just as the day was starting to look a little faint, my eyes are now under the heavy load of reading the text from my heroin addled teen sister.

"If mom and dad don't let me go home by that time, I'd lose it. I'd just break down and they would want to kill me. They'd look at me and just cry and hug me and tell me to stay. please do something, Ellis"

I really don't understand addiction. For her, it's a way to escape from everything. It's like you're in your own little bubble, and you don't have to interact with anyone. But why would someone want that? Isn’t socializing with others the best part of life? I don't like leaving people hanging, but me not being involved is the best case scenario for everyone involved I suppose and I have a lot of things planned ahead for today as well, so let's get on with that instead of wasting time I thought to myself.

After I archived away my sisters message so as to not bother me with the rest of the day, I started brushing my teeth, my dentist told me it’s starting to show some signs of decay, I haven’t really taken dental hygiene too seriously to be honest, but nothing puts you more at fear than a negative observation from a doctor.

She had the be

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📅︎ May 22 2020
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Fleshing Out Curse of Strahd: Yesterhill II - The Gulthias Dungeon

Long story short: I created my own dungeon under the Gulthias Tree. I have hinted at this dungeon for so very long, it almost doesn't feel real anymore. I honestly don't know why it took me so long to write this all down, but the procrastination is OVER. Let's get going!

**** Master Table of Contents **** - Click here for links to every post in the series

Prepping the Adventure

Death House

The Village of Barovia

Tser Pool, Vistani, and Tarroka

Old Bonegrinder

Vallaki

The Fanes of Barovia

The Winery

Yester Hill

- Yester Hill II - The Gulthias Dungeon I

Van Richten's Tower (and Ezmerelda)

Kresk

The Abbey of St. Markovia

Argynvostholt

[Berez](https://www.reddit.com/r/CurseofStrahd/comments/arduo6/fleshing_out_curse_of_strahd_ber

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👤︎ u/MandyMod
📅︎ Jan 19 2020
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The Meld II (4): Time Trap.

The Meld II (4): Time Trap.

Sometimes speculation could feel mentally exhausting, staring into unknown potentialities. Weirdly, being at rest proving more taxing than the exertion of physical movement. When moving thoughts not crowding Tor quite as much, nor riddles seeking to confound as potently. In motion, easier distractions existing everywhere, all around him, boons of Atlas diversity alone. Existence, on a good day, a feast for the eyes and digital soul.

When Travelling he could simply exist in that moment - without too much angst. Passing within the altering perceptual spectacle, a shifting environment often as calming to him as any disciplined exercise of deep meditation. At first, the Traveller therefore exceptionally glad when they broke camp and commenced following Nahrl beyond their sterile smelling halting place. The resting spot, by the end, providing his mind with far too few easy distractions, causing his thoughts to whirl up with projections soon as gloomy and barren as the stark unlit virtual dungeon or isolation spaces themselves.

Unfortunately, beyond the quarantine style cells and another active blue light doorway his mood challenged again. The group passing back into a different form of - living - barren, more scorched Abandoned Building style corruption. In such places, Tor soon suspecting, the harrowing Goop growth had directed the fire throughout the Ancient Ruins as if a lit network of fuse cord. Here the floor, walls and ceiling covered densely with the now blackened vine growth and exploded spore pods. Though interestingly none of the larger finger like masses presented, unlike in the ring road underground Causeway. Tor increasingly positive that one a crop field.

It was as if the material here skillfully pruned, trimmed and trained not to obstruct the lesser thoroughfare or simply encouraged by more esoteric suggestions to grow that way. All the snaking mass, creeping - clinging - vines, as stated, forming a solid extra layer of Goop cladding over the floor, walls and even the ceiling ultimately enclosing above them as if a living cage.

The choices at the time, retreat back or suffer swallowing up among the smelly stuff, even more so than in the Causeway. Nahrl, following his trained scout instincts, and perhaps his Fox nose, opted to take them onward into the vileness rather than backing away from the challenge the growth represented. Tor hoping his friend had put his helmet and gloves back on again, their Scout onc

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📅︎ May 17 2020
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Verse of the Day : Bhagavad-gita As It Is -- 2.29

*Please write answer to the questions in comments*

आश्र्चर्यवत्पश्यति कश्र्चिदेन-
माश्र्चर्यवद्वदति तथैव चान्यः |
आश्र्चर्यवच्चैनमन्यः शृणोति
श्रुत्वाप्येनं वेद न चैव कश्र्चित् || २९ ||

āścarya-vat paśyati kaścid enam
āścarya-vad vadati tathaiva cānyaḥ
āścarya-vac cainam anyaḥ śṛṇoti
śrutvāpy enaṁ veda na caiva kaścit

SYNONYMS

āścaryavat—amazing; paśyati—see; kaścit—some; enam—this soul; āścaryavat—amazing; vadati—speak; tathā—there; eva—certainly; ca—also; anyaḥ—others; āścaryavat—similarly amazing; ca—also; enam—this soul; anyaḥ—others; śṛṇoti—hear; śrutvā—having heard; api—even; enam—this soul; veda—do know; na—never; ca—and; eva—certainly; kaścit—anyone.

TRANSLATION

Some look on the soul as amazing, some describe him as amazing, and some hear of him as amazing, while others, even after hearing about him, cannot understand him at all.

PURPORT

Since Gītopaniṣad is largely based on the principles of the Upaniṣads, it is not surprising to also find this passage in the Kaṭha Upaniṣad.

śravaṇāyāpi bahubhir yo na labhyaḥ
śṛṇvanto 'pi bahavo yaḥ na vidyuḥ
āścaryo vaktā kuśalo 'sya labdhā
āścaryo jñātā kuśalānuśiṣṭaḥ.

The fact that the atomic soul is within the body of a gigantic animal, in the body of a gigantic banyan tree, and also in the microbic germs, millions and billions of which occupy only an inch of space, is certainly very amazing. Men with a poor fund of knowledge and men who are not austere cannot understand the wonders of the individual atomic spark of spirit, even though it is explained by the greatest authority of knowledge, who imparted lessons even to Brahmā, the first living being in the universe. Owing to a gross material conception of things, most men in this age cannot imagine how such a small particle can become both so great and so small. So men look at the soul proper as wonderful either by constitution or by description. Illusioned by the material energy, people are so engrossed in subject matter for sense gratification that they have very little time to understand the question of self-understanding, even though it is a fact that without this self-understanding all activities result in ultimate defeat in the struggle for existence. Perhaps one has no idea that one must think of the soul, and also make a solution of the material miseries.

Some people who are inclined to hear about the soul may be attending lectures, in good association, but sometime

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📅︎ Apr 17 2020
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Terrestrial Physics Pasta

The most serious objection to Copernicus’ heliocentric model of the cosmos was that there was no satisfactory physics for such a system. The Ptolemaic system lasted as long as it did in part because it was very accurate, and in part because it was undergirded by Aristotelian physics. Aristotelian physics provided coherent and persuasive explanations for the behavior of falling bodies and the rotation of the planets. In this page, I’m going to take a more in depth look at Aristotle’s physics of the terrestrial realm, and examine a major challenge to this physics in the Middle Ages. In subsequent pages (on Galileo’s physics, Descartes’ physics and Newton’s physics) I will examine the gradual construction of a new physics that could make sense of motion in a heliocentric cosmos.

First, let’s review briefly what I’ve already written about Aristotelian physics as it pertains to the terrestrial realm. Everything below the sphere of the moon is made of four elements: earth, water, air and fire. The natural motion of these elements is in rectilinear and radial. That is, the heavy elements naturally move down toward the center of the cosmos (which is the earth), and the lighter elements naturally move up. Further, each element has a natural place. The natural place of the element earth is at the center of the cosmos. The natural place of water is just above the element earth. The natural place of fire is at the periphery of the terrestrial realm. The natural place of air is just below fire. All natural motion in the terrestrial realm is a result of elements seeking to reach their natural places. Terrestrial object can be compelled to move in unnatural ways as well. For example, you can make a rock move up instead of down if you toss it upwards. Such motion is called unnatural or forced or violent motion (these are all synonyms).

FOUR POINTS ABOUT ARISTOTELIAN PHYSICS

I. MOTION IS A TYPE OF CHANGE.

The first thing to understand about Aristotle’s understanding of motion in the terrestrial realm is that motion is a type of CHANGE. Specifically, motion is a change of place. However, Aristotle subsumed motion under the larger category of change. And the larger category of change included generation, corruption and alteration in quality. Generation and corruption are biological processes. Organisms are born, they grow, they get old, they decay and eventually they die.

Alteration in quality could be an organic, such as when the leaves of a tree turn from green to ora

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📰︎ r/copypasta
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👤︎ u/Stellaxi
📅︎ Mar 27 2020
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From the makers of the "Jesus Case 1.0" from December, introducing the "Jesus Case 2.0" for PF

We urge a negative ballot.

Resolved: The United States should replace means-tested welfare programs with a universal basic income.

With more money, people will buy technology

Cite Amish stuff

Harms=go to hell

Doesn’t outweigh harms

https://www.angrybirds.com/characters/

https://www.reddit.com/r/PhonesAreBad/comments/e77udy/found_it_on_facebook/

https://www.reddit.com/r/boomershumor/

https://www.popdust.com/guide-for-talking-to-boomers-2641187797.html

https://www.reddit.com/r/CrusadeMemes/

In favor of Christians and boomers everywhere we negate the resolution that the United States should replace means-tested welfare programs with a universal basic income. We say this because all these zoomers out here hitting their Xtreme Fruit Punch Berry Blast Juul pods and catching them EZ dubs on Fortnite while snacking on some tide pods and using their portable electronic cellular mobile devices when they should focus on devoting themselves to the Christian way of life.

Let’s start with some background. Universal Income as defined by BIEN; “is a governmental public program for a periodic payment delivered to all on an individual basis without means test or work requirement” Essentially just giving people free money. Now if you go anywhere all you see is these kids walking looking down at their phones and not looking where they’re going and looking at the world through a screen. You see back in my day, kids would go outside and appreciate the world but today that’s not the case. According to Nancy Cook of The Atlantic 2016, a big phat whopping 69% of Americans said that Technology was totally necessary to their lives. And According to Maurie Backmann of USA Today 2019, Americans spend $18,000 a year on non-essentials. And as it clear to us all, a ton of that is going to technology because they just have to have the brand new Airpods pros for $250. It is clear that with this extra income, most Americans will spend it on technology which as we are about to show, is a major problem.

Our first contention is that technology goes against the word of god. Technology goes against god because technology represents not only the seven deadly sins but ENCOURAGES THEM!!

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📰︎ r/Debate
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📅︎ Feb 14 2020
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Are atheists mentioned in the quran/hadith?

I've been asking a lot of questions lately, sorry, but just been pondering a lot, haha.

I was wondering if atheists are mentioned in the Islamic texts, i.e. people who say 'there is no god'. I know people who don't believe in the afterlife are mentioned. If there aren't mentioned, does anyone have any theories as to why?

Jazakallahu khayran.

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📰︎ r/islam
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👤︎ u/mok2k11
📅︎ Nov 02 2019
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Big Crunch ending theory

Massive spoilers, as this is a theory about a possible end of the final season! I was inspired by u/nx85 and u/SicAndy1974 in the recent Big Bang thread, but I think I've added enough of my own theorizing that it deserves its own post.

From the opening narration onwards, Dark keeps hinting that time is cyclical even on a cosmological level. Both Tannhaus's and Adam's narrations talk of an "endless cycle" and the end being the beginning.

The show might be taking inspiration from the ancient Mayan calendar, which consisted of cycles within cycles because they believed in a cyclical universe. Though the Mayans used a cycle of 20 years rather than 33, something similar could be happening in Dark: the 33-year cycle might be just one of many cycles within cycles, with the biggest cycle being the duration of the entire universe.

Tannhaus (technically, Charlotte and the Stranger quoting Tannhaus) specifically mentions "the Big Bang and the Big Crunch" and "a universe that expands and collapses again", which they associate with "eternal recurrence". The notebook pages contain a real-world diagram about the Big Crunch (compare the notebook diagram to the real-world one).

The Big Crunch is a real 20th-century scientific theory claiming the universe will eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself, possibly causing a new Big Bang which creates a new universe, aka a Big Bounce. As shown in the aforementioned diagram, the collapse of a universe occurs when gravity becomes the overwhelming force throughout it. In real life, the Big Crunch is a largely abandoned theory, because observations show the universe's expansion is actually accelerating rather than slowing down. But what if Adam's plan is to change that?

This got me thinking and I suddenly remembered something: Tannhaus says his device "generates a Higgs field" that "increases the mass of the cesium" causing it to "implode into a black hole". The Higgs field is a manifestation of the Higgs boson aka "God particle" which "gives all things its mass". So it seems the time travel techno

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📰︎ r/DarK
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📅︎ Jan 04 2020
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How to improve vocabulary fast?

So I have my college entrance exam in mid of May. I can easily write a passage, or create a very good speech. But the thing is I use simple English. My vocabulary isn't good. And in the exam there'll be everything to test it. There will be synonyms/antonyms of difficult words. I can't afford to loose marks in English. So please tell me some tips that I can practice everyday to improve by that time. Also it should hardly take an hour, since I have to practice physics, chemistry and maths too😅.

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👤︎ u/fumaxin
📅︎ Mar 23 2020
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Verse of the Day : Bhagavad-gita As It Is -- 2.20

*Please write answer to questions in comments*
Chapter 2: Contents of the Gita Summarized

न जायते म्रियते वा कदाचि-

न्नायं भूत्वा भविता वा न भूयः |

अजो नित्यः शाश्र्वतोSयं पुराणो

न हन्यते हन्यमाने शरीरे || २० ||

na jāyate mriyate vā kadācin

nāyaṁ bhūtvā bhavitā vā na bhūyaḥ

ajo nityaḥ śāśvato 'yaṁ purāṇo

na hanyate hanyamāne śarīre

SYNONYMS

na—never; jāyate—takes birth; mriyate—never dies; vā—either; kadācit—at any time (past, present or future); na—never; ayam—this; bhūtvā—came into being; bhavitā—will come to be; vā—or; na—not; bhūyaḥ—or has come to be; ajaḥ—unborn; nityaḥ—eternal; śāśvataḥ—permanent; ayam—this; purāṇaḥ—the oldest; na—never; hanyate—is killed; hanyamāne—being killed; śarīre—by the body.

TRANSLATION

For the soul there is never birth nor death. Nor, having once been, does he ever cease to be. He is unborn, eternal, ever-existing, undying and primeval. He is not slain when the body is slain.

PURPORT

Qualitatively, the small atomic fragmental part of the Supreme Spirit is one with the Supreme. He undergoes no changes like the body. Sometimes the soul is called the steady, or kūṭastha. The body is subject to six kinds of transformations. It takes its birth in the womb of the mother's body, remains for some time, grows, produces some effects, gradually dwindles, and at last vanishes into oblivion. The soul, however, does not go through such changes. The soul is not born, but, because he takes on a material body, the body takes its birth. The soul does not take birth there, and the soul does not die. Anything which has birth also has death. And because the soul has no birth, he therefore has no past, present or future. He is eternal, ever-existing, and primeval—that is, there is no trace in history of his coming into being. Under the impression of the body, we seek the history of birth, etc., of the soul. The soul does not at any time become old, as the body does. The so-called old man, therefore, feels himself to be in the same spirit as in his childhood or youth. The changes of the body do not affect the soul. The soul does not deteriorate like a tree, nor anything material. The soul has no by-product either. The by-products of the body, namely children, are also different individual souls; and, owing to the body, they appear as children of a particular man. The body develops because of the soul's presence, but the soul has neither offshoots nor change. Therefore, the soul is free fr

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📅︎ Apr 08 2020
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Real Lovecraftian Legends

One of the things that draws me the most to Lovecraft, more than the deities and the Mythos material, is his depiction of imaginary towns and life, especially on the North Shore of Massachusetts.

In large part, that’s because I love New England folklore in general (used to live in Boston, still live in the area), and I came across an intriguing story today that seemed particularly Lovecraftian. Somewhat removed from HPL’s alternate-universe version of Essex County, Mass., but in (more accurately: off the mainland of) his home state of Rhode Island:

>Somehow, the reputation of the island was never good. Sailors always shook their heads when they spoke of Block Island. A bad lee shore, a place of no good hap for the unlucky mariner who might be driven upon it, were prevailing notions, — and firmly rooted ones, — which dark hints, and still darker traditions, concerning shipwrecked crews and valuable cargoes, give a certain color and consistency. "I would rather be wrecked anywhere than upon Block Island," became a common and significant saying in the forecastle or the midnight watch, when the dark mass of the island heaved in sight. > >But all this refers to long ago; for though there are still wreckers, —and they are universally held by sailors to be but one remove from pirates, — their work now proceeds with some regard for the saving of life and the lawful claims of the owners. In "the good old times" the wreckers stripped a ship, and divided her cargo upon the principle that to the finders belongs the spoil. "Everything is fish," said they, "that comes to our net." > >Like all islanders, these people were generally hardy, sober, and industrious. But a difference is to be observed between the farmers and the fishermen, — a name often synonymous with that of wreckers or smugglers. So isolated were they from the rest of the world, that the intermarriage of those more or less related by blood was a thing of common occurrence. The result was naturally unfavorable to the physical condition of the islanders. Indeed, one instance is mentioned of a woman who left three deaf-and-dumb sons at her death.

No doubt the Block Islanders would make occasional trips to see their cousins in Innsmouth. (’Course, Block Island these days is a great vacation spot—though with its fair share of ghost stories.)

The passages, by the way, are taken from Sam

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👤︎ u/Nalkarj
📅︎ Mar 28 2020
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Self teaching a level French

Obligatory line about English not being a first language

I'm an international student in India, teaching myself the CIE a level French curriculum. CIE has no recommended textbook designed specifically for the a level in French, and the a level is linear, not modular. How do you suggest I go about teaching myself. The literature is fairly manageable, but paper 2 (reading) is KILLING me.

In this paper, you're given a text in French and are asked a series of comprehension questions where you're supposed to manipulate the passage to answer the questions. How does one figure this out? Is there a list of synonyms I should know? Grammatical modifications I should make?

Help about this, and any other help with doing a level French would be greatly appreciated.

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📰︎ r/alevel
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📅︎ Mar 15 2020
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You’re Wrong About: The Scourge [lore]

There’s very limited information regarding the scourge in the text of Bloodborne, so this has allowed the community to think it must be as simple as the disease that turns you into a beast. Though the text itself offers little in the way of explanation, the supplementary material including the DLC guide, the instruction manual, and the little known bestiary tell a fairly comprehensive story of what the scourge is and how it impacts the afflicted, so what do they have to tell us?

Beginning with the instruction manual the scourge is defined in this passage: “the scourge erodes one’s reason, until man becomes beast. At night the hunters track down these inhuman creatures.” So it is not as many have thought, that the scourge turns you into a beast and beasts have no reason, but rather, the scourge destroys your reason until you become a beast. This might seem like a nitpick, but it’ll become clear why it matters later on.

In the bestiary, the section that gives information about the common Yharnamites with torches and pitchforks reads: “due to infestation from the scourge, this is what the mob that has arisen for the beast hunt has become. The fever-like urge to hunt remains, but they themselves have already been infested with the scourge of the beast. Unaware of this fact, they continue to search for prey to hunt and kill. Perhaps through their murky eyes, humans are seen as the true beasts." That last sentence “perhaps through their murky eyes, humans are seen as the true beasts” is essential. It explains why Yharnamites accuse the player character of being a beast, because they actually see them as a beast, rather than accusing them of being a beast because they’re an outsider who is thought to spread beasthood.

This is expanded in the DLC guide, page 197 which says about Gascoigne: “the blood has gotten to him" and "...perhaps it was his own inner beasthood that led him to see normal humans as beasts.” So not only for the scourge-afflicted does the line between man and beast begin to blur, but it is essentially a projection of their own beasthood onto regular people which feeds their bloodlust. In the Eye of a Blood-Drunk Hunter it mentions that blood-drunkenness indicates early onset of the scourge, so one might also say that when a hunter goes blood-drunk, they are not hunting indiscriminately for more blood, but rather they’re continuing to hunt beasts, only they're mistaking normal people for beasts due to their “murky eyes.”

For many looking at c

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📅︎ Nov 28 2019
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Satan as a proper noun, improper noun or both.

I'm reading Job (NKJV) which is of course book that deals a lot with Satan, but I'm a bit confused on the usage of that term/name.

The confusion stems from conflicting accounts (or word usage) about David's census. Briefly the link that I provided at the bottom shows an explanation for the difference in word choice between the account of David's census which has 2 separate accounts of the same event. One says Satan incited it the other says that God did. The opinion in the link basically states that Satan in the context of the passage about the census is God in human or angel form acting as an(the) adversary. But has made the noun Satan seem ambiguous and vague. Since I am in Job now I'm trying to decide if the Satan referenced is Lucifer, or just a generic adversary figure and based on the text I haven't seen anything so far that grants more insight.

1 Chronicles 21 :

"Then Satan stood against Israel and incited David to number Israel."

2 Samuel 24:

"Again the anger of the Lord was kindled against Israel, and he incited David against them, saying, “Go, number Israel and Judah.” "

So the question is do you view Satan as a singular being who is the cosmic opposition to God? A fallen angel who rebelled against his creator. Or as a generic term to mean any being that is acting as the main adversary in a tale? Essentially just a synonym for antagonist. Or is it a case of both where the bible is using Satan as both a proper and an improper noun. Which creates ambiguity over which is being used.

And in the example of David's census that it would be correct to say God was temporarily acting in the role of Satan (or adversarial/ antagonistic role).

https://www.biblestudytools.com/bible-study/topical-studies/who-authorized-david-s-census-god-or-satan.html

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📅︎ Feb 27 2020
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The Republic: Desire and moderation

[Continuing from The Republic: The poets need to be tamed.]

Book 1 ended when Socrates had bested Thrasymachus in argument, and Book 2 started with a more amicable exploration with friends. Book 2 ended with Socrates denying the gods to Adeimantus, and book 3 continues that very same discussion, with that very same person, about that very same subject. It makes you wonder why the book ends where it does.

Looking a little deeper we see that Book 2's discussion of the gods was about the stories the children are told and the ideas they represent. If children are told about passion and intrigue, they will covet such things for themselves. If heroes die just to exact revenge, pettiness will enter their souls. Thus Socrates wants to control what they value, by controlling what they hear. And through his reasoning, he has denied the gods of their romantic stories, for they can represent nothing but truth.

Ultimately, we are not speaking of the children, but of the soul. When speaking of the soul, the gods are archetypes. But archetypes are not valued, they are experienced. We decide something is fair and beautiful, not because of conscious decision, but because we project the archetype onto the situation at hand, and it makes sense or seems right to respond in such a way. But Socrates denies this. The reality of the unconscious will get in his way. Instead, he fools himself into believing the gods are values, that is, their meaning is given as a result of Feeling, and hence in the conscious domain. If Socrates can control that which the children value, he will then, by extension, control everything they strive for, for we only strive for what we value. So, although Book 1 ended with Socrates changing his view on Justice, and thus making progress, he ends book 2 denying the archetypes of the unconscious. He has made progress by accepting the S function, but is resistant to accepting the unconscious itself, by asserting that everything can be consciously controlled if you are aware of outside influences.

This is where book 3 picks up. After the discussion what they value and thus strive for, they will now cover what they fear as well. This too is based on stories of the gods and related beliefs, though about how the gods acted and instead how it relates to you. Specifically, Hades' domain. Bloom comments on the difference:

>Here Socrates’ critique is co

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👤︎ u/chacham2
📅︎ Apr 26 2020
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Key Keys in a Strongbox: The Gauntlet

The sphinx is the riddle, not the riddler. The prologue of A Feast for Crows is riddled with hints to the subplots & secrets of the series. The setting of Oldtown is a capitol of intrigues as it hosts two institutions whose members cast off family names & obscure allegiances while holding great influence over the realm. Maesters & septons alike are agents of control over the lords & smallfolk, yet are only men, susceptible to the avarice & bias that plagues us all. Added to the mix is a representative of the Faceless Men, a faction whose skill & ability cast doubt on any death in history. He has a specific task for novice Pate.

The Alchemist asks Pate to retrieve an iron key to the Citadel. Pate finds the key in a stoutly made strongbox bound with iron. The lock is already broken.

>Inside, Pate had found a bag of silver stags, a lock of yellow hair tied up in a ribbon, a painted miniature of a woman who resembled Walgrave (even to her mustache), and a knight’s gauntlet made of lobstered steel. The gauntlet had belonged to a prince, Walgrave claimed, though he could no longer seem to recall which one. When Pate shook it, the key fell out onto the floor.

A Song of Ice & Fire is as much a mystery as it is a fantasy series. The first item, a bag of silver stags, points to an early significant mystery of the story: who sent Bran’s assassin? It is my view that these objects represent the keys to a key mystery of the story; they are the key keys, if you will.

The silver stags, yellow hair, painted miniature, the key itself, & the strongbox are all worthy topics of discussion, but I want to focus my attention on the gauntlet as this topic led me down two very interesting paths. First, it led me to an epiphany about the role of light & energy in the universe. Second, it hinted at a secretly assassinated character & pointed at which direction to look.

Tyrion, Breaker of Physics

>“I yield, ser,” a different knight called out, farther down the river. “Yield. Ser knight, I yield to you. My pledge, here, here.” The man lay in a puddle of black water, offering up a lobstered gauntlet in token of submission. Tyrion had to lean down to take it from him. As he did, a pot of wildfire burst overhead, spraying green flame. In the sudden stab of light he saw that the puddle was not black but red. The gauntlet still had the knight’s hand in it. He flung it back. “Yield,” the man sobbed hopelessly, helplessly. Tyrion reele

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📰︎ r/pureasoiaf
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📅︎ Feb 04 2020
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A brief overview of types, tools, herbs, and ways to cleanse a space for ritual ceremonial from the Pagan past.

I cannot cover everything (all pagan religions, types or rites, or in depth links other than few wikis) and likely some mistakes in there, but since ‘smudging’ debate keeps popping up I thought it might be a good time to highlight some of the terms or types of scents and cleansing methods used in the past we can easily revive today for Paganaism. Ones that can be less problematic in terms for Indigenous cultural survival. A starting point for anyone who wants to add more variety to their practise than herb bundles alone or looking for the type of old words they can use. Or a starting point to research further for anyone looking to blog about the topics or these types of tools or rituals. Some of the below feature fire and smoke and some don't.

Ancient Greek/Hellenism

>A thymiaterion (from Ancient Greek: θυμιατήριον from θυμιάειν thymiaein "to smoke"; plural thymiateria) is a type of censer or incense burner, used in the Mediterranean region since antiquity for spiritual and religious purposes and especially in religious ceremonies.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thymiaterion

>Thymiateria were used in antiquity to burn incense during religious rituals such as sacrifices or offerings to the gods. Carved from marble, this thymiaterion is composed of three parts: a stemmed foot, a deep receptacle, and a lid. The deep bowl, which could have held a large amount of costly incense, rests on the spreading tray-like top of the tall foot. The lip of the bowl is scored along the edges to suggest an organic plant pattern. The same pattern is repeated on the domed lid, which is decorated with small ridges and perforated at regular intervals to allow the scented smoke to escape. The top of the lid is flat and undecorated, but a separately-made finial may originally have been attached. The sharp-edged, angular form of the thymiaterion with its decorative ridges imitates metal vessels. Traces of red paint remain on the foot and lid suggesting that the vessel was originally brightly painted.

http://www.getty.edu/art/collection/objects/32131/unknown-maker-thymiaterion-and-lid-greek-south-italian-or-sicilian-4th-century-bc/

Herbs

>The ancient Greeks used it in their baths and burnt it as incense in their temples, believing it was a source of courage. The spread of thyme throughout Europe was thought to be due to the Romans, as they used it to purify their rooms and to "give an aromatic flavour to cheese and liqueurs".[2] In the European Middl

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📅︎ Jun 17 2020
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For Homosexuality

There are six verses about homosexuality, seven passages that are up for debate: Creation of Humanity; Sodom and Gomorrah; Two Levitical Laws; Paul to Corinth; Paul to Timothy; and Paul to Rome.


At Sodom &amp;amp; Gomorrah, angels came to Lot’s house where the local men demanded that Lot send the angels outside to be raped.

In Ezekiel, the author states that the reason Yahweh smote the two cities was not that the men wished to have sex with the angels, who looked like men, but because they “had pride, excess of food, and prosperous ease, but did not aid the poor and needy.” Their sin was was their pride; they had the means but did not care for those in need. The straw that broke the camel’s back was the attempted rape. Rather than welcome newcomers to the city, the people tried to take advantage of them. They were inhospitable and egregious in their treatment of other people.

Further, the epistle of Jude has a lot going on with angelic beings and the book of Enoch. The straw that broke the camel’s back for the two cities was the attempted rape of angels (a reversal of Genesis 6 where angels had sex with humans). The “strange flesh” for Jude then was the human-appearing angels and not the gender. If that were the case, Jude would not use “flesh” for we are all of the same kind of flesh.


We are no longer under the Mosaic Law. The letter to the Hebrews says that the law wasn’t good enough and that Jesus has made it obsolete. The two verses of Leviticus fall in the ‘holiness code’ of the Old Testament.

&amp;gt;“It is clear that this so-called Holiness Code is designed to provide a standard of mora

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📅︎ May 18 2020
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Time to talk about "Fuju-fuse", the principle that Nichiren believers must never give nor receive donations to/from unbelievers

I've been meaning (for years) to put up a post about "fuju-fuse" - it's a Nichiren term. So this is going to be one of those research-type posts - Commentators, ye be warned...

In a nutshell, "fuju-fuse" is a hard-line movement within the Nichiren schools to refuse donations from anyone not a member or refrain from giving anything to anyone who isn't a member. It's basically the antithesis of "interfaith".

I'm going to be drawing on this paper: ALMSGIVING AND ALMS REFUSAL IN THE FUJU-FUSE SECT OF NICHIREN BUDDHISM WITH A CONSIDERATION OF THESE PRACTICES IN EARLY INDIAN BUDDHISM (INDIA) along with Nichiren sources I'll identify as we go.

>The Fuju-fuse Sect is one of the eleven that traditionally comprise the mainstream Nichiren Buddhist movement in Japan. Like the others, it derives its ultimate scriptural authority from the Lotus Sutra and considers Nichiren (1222-1282) as its religious founder; its sectarian originator is Nichiō (1565-1630). Like the others, also, it sees itself as the only legitimate heir to Nichiren's teaching, making this claim on the basis of unwavering fidelity to Nichirne's instructions that his disciples should not accept (fuju) alms from, and his devotees should not give (fuse) alms to nonbelievers of the Lotus Sutra. Whether or not this was so unambiguously asserted by Nichiren has been a matter of controversy, but it is nonetheless true that all Nichiren sect [sic] agreed to abide by it. Adherence to this admonision [sic] was, after all, a means by which purity of faith could be maintained and an effective way to draw others to the Lotus faith. Source

There are a couple main things going on in this passage, IMHO. First of all, there is a precedent for not accepting donations from unbelievers, dating back to Nichiren:

>On this occasion the shogunate offered to build him a large temple and establish him on an equal footing with all the other Buddhist schools, but Nichiren refused. He instead again refuted the errors of the shogunate. Source

Nichiren refused because he wanted to be the ONLY one, not just another of equal standing. So, since the shogun clearly did not believe Nichiren was exclusively correct, Nichiren would not accept his donation.

And from "[The 26 Admonitions of Nikko](htt

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📅︎ May 26 2020
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A Case Of Unapologetic And Unadulterated Brashness As The Unsilenceable Duo, Run The Jewels Spring Into Fruition On ‘RTJ4’

The melding of multiple minds has proven to be a testing tribulation in the hip-hop landscape, as album cycles have welcomed a plethora of mix and match combinations of collaborators trying their hand at melding influences and individual artistic visions into something greater, yet to no avail. Yet from this new and improved approach and formula, rises from the ashes one of hip-hops front runners, Run The Jewels. The dynamic duo comprises Atlanta native, Killer Mike, and Brooklyn’s own El-P, both no strangers to wearing the eccentric colours of each distinctive roots on their shoulders. This is no less the case on the newest installment of the long-standing series of self-titled albums, ‘RTJ4’, as the two mix their identities of brilliance and eccentric flavours for yet another haphazard and exhilarating sound. Only on this occasion, the two seem to strike particularly close to home with an overarching and omnipresent tendency to unapologetically criticise corrupt societal standards that continue to plague the modern world.

The introductory track ‘yankee and the brave (ep. 4)’ manages to encapsulate the core workings of the duo into such a minute and microsized framework. Announcing their arrival as the two aforementioned, nondescript figures, the sentiment of the song is largely representative of both Mike’s and El-P’s outer influences and regional iconography. This same focus of capturing their core appeal from the album's opening moments bleeds into every aspect of the song. The bold, warped, invasive synths that are matched with thunderous percussion act as the attention-grabbing flair RTJ have become synonymous with. Morphing the track into a chaotic and decrepit landscape the instrumental brings forth a sense of sustained tension and distress that can only be described as a pure shot of instrumental adrenaline. Mike and El-P trade verses back and forth as the two go toe to toe with equally intimidating, gritty, and authoritative verses. A teaser of the sublime performances welcomed on the album.

Every track thereafter manages to capture the same raw insanity and sheer dystopian flavour that the two seamlessly captivate time and time again. ‘ooh la la’ brings forth the regal additives of classy, yet piercing piano keys, a top scratchy and zany manipulated vocal refrains. The confrontational instrumental is only bolstered by the equally gritty and authoritative presence of El-P and Mike, who, despite working with a similar set of tools from the trac

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📅︎ Jun 06 2020
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On Writing Emotion: How to Show, Not Tell

For many of us, emotion is the heart of storytelling. Yet we’ve all (likely) looked at something we’ve written and realized that it’s just not working on an emotional level, with no idea what went wrong.

So often, “what went wrong” is that we’re telling, and not showing. “Telling” increases psychic distance between the reader and the characters and makes it hard to elicit an emotional response. But how, exactly, can we “show” emotion in a way that resonates with readers?

In this post, I’m going to break down four techniques often used to convey character emotion, roughly organized from most tell-y to most show-y.

1. Naming the emotion. In this approach, the author states the character’s emotion by using it as an adjective or adverb, personifying it, or otherwise “naming” it. Some examples:

>Amy was angry. “How dare you!”

>“How dare you!” Amy said angrily.

>Anger flashed across Amy’s face. “How dare you!”

  • How easy is it? Arguably the easiest. New writers, in particular, seem to rely on this as their default because it's so straightforward.
  • How interesting/evocative is it? Not very. Different people show emotion in different ways, and merely stating the emotion does little to show what’s happening or demonstrate the character’s personality. Furthermore, it’s often too straightforward: there’s zero subtext, which can be boring.
  • When should it be used? Rarely, especially if the emotion is one the reader is expecting (or can infer through subtext). In fact, naming the emotion can often weaken an otherwise-strong sentence or passage. In the examples above, for instance, the dialogue alone is likely enough to clue in most readers that the speaker is angry--it’s repetitive for the author to spell it out. This technique should generally be reserved for cases when the author feels a need to either highlight or clarify an unexpected emotional reaction.

2. Using said-isms. In this approach, the author replaces the dialogue tag “said” with something more creative. Many writers seem to think that this is an easy way to “show,” but it’s actually a way of “telling” the reader how to read the dialogue. Some examples (this is a good time to note that, while “anger” is a loose theme, my examples aren’t meant to be synonymous with one another):

>”How dare you!” Amy screamed.

>”How dare you!” wailed Amy.

>Amy shrieked, “How dare you!

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👤︎ u/jefrye
📅︎ Feb 20 2020
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How to get a 32+ in math/science

I’m a junior and took the ACT for the first time in October and got a 30 comp (34 eng 34 reading 27 sci 26 math). For people who improved their math/science scores or got above a 32, what are your tips/strategies? I’m taking it I’m Feb and am aiming for a 34+ but I’m really worried about math/science. Any advice is appreciated :)

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📅︎ Jan 05 2020
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Verse of the Day : Bhagavad-gita As It Is -- 2.20

*Please write answer to questions in comments*
Chapter 2: Contents of the Gita Summarized

न जायते म्रियते वा कदाचि-

न्नायं भूत्वा भविता वा न भूयः |

अजो नित्यः शाश्र्वतोSयं पुराणो

न हन्यते हन्यमाने शरीरे || २० ||

na jāyate mriyate vā kadācin

nāyaṁ bhūtvā bhavitā vā na bhūyaḥ

ajo nityaḥ śāśvato 'yaṁ purāṇo

na hanyate hanyamāne śarīre

SYNONYMS

na—never; jāyate—takes birth; mriyate—never dies; vā—either; kadācit—at any time (past, present or future); na—never; ayam—this; bhūtvā—came into being; bhavitā—will come to be; vā—or; na—not; bhūyaḥ—or has come to be; ajaḥ—unborn; nityaḥ—eternal; śāśvataḥ—permanent; ayam—this; purāṇaḥ—the oldest; na—never; hanyate—is killed; hanyamāne—being killed; śarīre—by the body.

TRANSLATION

For the soul there is never birth nor death. Nor, having once been, does he ever cease to be. He is unborn, eternal, ever-existing, undying and primeval. He is not slain when the body is slain.

PURPORT

Qualitatively, the small atomic fragmental part of the Supreme Spirit is one with the Supreme. He undergoes no changes like the body. Sometimes the soul is called the steady, or kūṭastha. The body is subject to six kinds of transformations. It takes its birth in the womb of the mother's body, remains for some time, grows, produces some effects, gradually dwindles, and at last vanishes into oblivion. The soul, however, does not go through such changes. The soul is not born, but, because he takes on a material body, the body takes its birth. The soul does not take birth there, and the soul does not die. Anything which has birth also has death. And because the soul has no birth, he therefore has no past, present or future. He is eternal, ever-existing, and primeval—that is, there is no trace in history of his coming into being. Under the impression of the body, we seek the history of birth, etc., of the soul. The soul does not at any time become old, as the body does. The so-called old man, therefore, feels himself to be in the same spirit as in his childhood or youth. The changes of the body do not affect the soul. The soul does not deteriorate like a tree, nor anything material. The soul has no by-product either. The by-products of the body, namely children, are also different individual souls; and, owing to the body, they appear as children of a particular man. The body develops because of the soul's pres

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📰︎ r/hinduism
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📅︎ Apr 08 2020
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Some Last Minute Help for SAT Reading

Copied from a comment made earlier. Thought that some of you may find it helpful.

******

I have a lot of thoughts on the Reading Section, and I did my best to present the most important ones here. Two things first, though. One, Reading is very hard to improve. I always work with students on Math and Grammar first because the gains are easier to come by in those Sections. Are you really maxed out on Grammar? Two, no tips / tricks / advice will work better than lots of practice + lots of time spent trying to understand your mistakes and the correct answer. It's hard work, but it's basic.

As far as concepts though, here's the best of what I've learned.

Comprehension

Everything begins with how well you understand the Text. If your comprehension in general is poor, none of the other advice will help you. I don't know how to increase comprehension quickly, but I do know that lots of reading + effort in understanding will allow you to make some progress. Read newspapers, historical books, literature -- anything that would appear on the Test. I don't think there's much value in adjusting your strategy for reading the passage, and I just advise students to do what feels comfortable. Remember that you don't need to understand everything on your first reading though (although some students like this), because you should be going back to the Text for each Question anyways.

Methodology

You need to make sure that you have a clear methodology for every question, and specific strategies for certain question types. This will prevent you from a lot of back and forth, which will waste your time. The overarching strategy I teach students is (1) Read the Question, noting details like names or specific words, (2) Find the Relevant Text: this is the supporting evidence and can often be found using context clues, (3) Answer the Question in your own words: this prevents you from getting swayed by answer choices, (4) Do a "First Pass" Elimination: this is where you eliminate any "obvious" answer choices, because you want to clear up your thinking, and (5) Make a Final Decision between Remaining Options: these last two steps can involve a lot of back and forth, but the basic idea is to eliminate easier answer choices, so you can focus on your decision between hard ones.

For Questions that begin with "According to the passage," "In the passage," "The passage indicates," or "Based on the passage," you should expect to find one sentence that answers your Quest

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📰︎ r/Sat
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📅︎ Nov 27 2019
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Due to popular demand, I am making the Amish Boomer case public. Have fun with it! PS if you ever run it, get someone to record you doing so. Send the recording to me plz. Thank

We urge a negative ballot.

Resolved: The benefits of the United States federal government’s use of offensive cyber operations outweigh the harms.

Cyber operations include technology

Tech bad Boomers good

Cite Amish stuff

Harms=go to hell

Doesn’t outweigh harms

https://www.reddit.com/r/PhonesAreBad/comments/e77udy/found_it_on_facebook/

https://www.reddit.com/r/boomershumor/

https://www.popdust.com/guide-for-talking-to-boomers-2641187797.html

https://www.reddit.com/r/CrusadeMemes/

Bonus points if you read in southern accent

In favor of Christians and boomers everywhere we negate the resolution that the benefits of the United States federal government’s use of offensive cyber operations outweigh the harms. We say this because all these zoomers are out here hitting their Xtreme Fruit Punch Berry Blast Juul pods and catching them EZ dubs on Fortnite while snacking on some tide pods and using their portable electronic cellular mobile devices when they should focus on devoting themselves to the Christian way of life.

Let’s start with some background. Cyber operations include technology. As a devout Christian, I know that technology is bad. As Sergeant (Insert name) of the 69th aero division says “technology bad, handmade planes good!” Most things made today are made with or use technology. Using cyber operations would result in the general populous using more technology as they see that the government is using it more and therefore think it’s okay for them to use it more. We should start to FaZe out (FaZe up) of technology from everything including cyber ops because technology goes against god.

Our first contention is that technology goes against the word of god. Technology goes against god because technology represents not only the seven deadly sins but ENCOURAGES THEM!! The first sin is pride. On November 22nd Scott Desrochers said on Twitter ”So I've just received these.....My new Sergeants epaulets! Proud doesn't cover it 😊(smiley face with blush emoji)”. No Scott, be more like Sergeant (same name as the first time mentioned), a good Christian. You see, Sergeant (Same name as the first time mentioned) doesn't sin on Twitter since SHE (HE) DOESN'T EVEN HAVE A TWIT

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📰︎ r/Debate
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📅︎ Dec 08 2019
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