http://www.kyrackramer.com/2017/10/19/king-john-lackland-softsword-and-asshat/ King John was historically even worse than he is depicted in fiction.
All US presidents (save one) are descended from the English king, John Lackland Plantagenet.
So Tytos is supposed to parallel Henry III, a weak King who is saved from rebellious vassals by his more ruthless son. It seems to me that logically Gerold is based off of John Lackland. In addition to being the father to Westeros's equivalent of Henry III, he is a younger son who ended up inheriting just like John. Gerold is rumored to have killed his niece to become Lord of Casterly Rock. It was rumored, but never officially proved, that John had killed his nephew Arthur of Brittany who was a potential rival to the throne of England. In addition, Gerold's older brother Tybolt seems to be much more martial than him. Tybolt participated in the Ashford Tourney and fights Dagon Greyjoy. This seems like it could be a parallel to Richard the Lionhearted, who was known as a warrior and spent much of his reign at war. Granted, GRRM has already included a parallel to Richard with Daeron I, but he's been known to include more than one parallel to a historical figure. Look at how many characters parallel Richard III. What do you guys think?
As a follow-up, would English (language) in his lifetime have included "lack" and "land" or are these words modernizations of an older form of English?
This is an automatic summary, original reduced by 37%.
> A young California girl made the ultimate presidential family tree and found that all of the U.S. commander-in-chiefs except for one share an ancestor - King John of England.
> BridgeAnne d'Avignon traced the 43 presidents' male and female family lines and discovered that 42 are linked to King John Lackland, known for signing the Magna Carta in 1215, KCOY reported.
> D'Avignon, a seventh grader at Monte Vista Christian School in Santa Cruz, Calif., first began the massive project with the aim of tracing her own ancestry.
> Historians were only able to link the bloodlines of 22 presidents, according to KCOY. The one president who is reportedly not related to John Lackland is Martin Van Buren, the eighth U.S. president.
> The budding genealogist also discovered that she can count President Obama as a relative, an 18th cousin, in fact.
> D'Avignon has penned a letter to the president with the hope of making a trip to the White House to explain her geneological project to Obama.
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Even during the decades a civil war between first the Empress Matilda, then Henry Plantagenet, against King Stephen, the French crown was unable to reassert its authority in Normandy. What changed?
On the face of it, John Lackland had more men and resources available to him than any of his predecessors, so why did he fail where they succeeded?