TIL the Thirteen Colonies were used as a penal colony for English criminals between the 1600s to 1776. Historians estimate between 50,000 to 120,000 criminals were transfered. After America's indepedence the Brits tried to substitute America with Ghana and Senegal, ultimately deciding on Australia. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pen…
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I am Dr. Michael Taylor, historian of the Roman Republic and author of Soldiers and Silver: Mobilizing Resources in the Age of Roman Conquest; expert on Roman warfare and imperialism--AMA!

My research focuses on Rome during third and second centuries BC; it was during this period that Rome achieved hegemony over the Mediterranean during intensive and seemingly constant warfare.

My book is Soldiers and Silver: Mobilizing Resources in the Age of Roman Conquest (University of Texas Press, 2020). Here is the publisher’s blurb:

By the middle of the second century BCE, after nearly one hundred years of warfare, Rome had exerted its control over the entire Mediterranean world, forcing the other great powers of the regionβ€”Carthage, Macedonia, Egypt, and the Seleucid empireβ€”to submit militarily and financially. But how, despite its relative poverty and its frequent numerical disadvantage in decisive battles, did Rome prevail?

Michael J. Taylor explains this surprising outcome by examining the role that manpower and finances played, providing a comparative study that quantifies the military mobilizations and tax revenues for all five powers. Though Rome was the poorest state, it enjoyed the largest military mobilization, drawing from a pool of citizens, colonists, and allies, while its wealthiest adversaries failed to translate revenues into large or successful armies. Taylor concludes that state-level extraction strategies were decisive in the warfare of the period, as states with high conscription and low taxation raised larger, more successful armies than those that primarily sought to maximize taxation. Comprehensive and detailed, Soldiers and Silver offers a new and sophisticated perspective on the political dynamics and economies of these ancient Mediterranean empires.

My other research deals with various aspects of Roman military history, including visual representations of Roman victories, Roman military equipment, the social and political status of Republican-era centurions, and Roman infantry tactics.

Please, ask me anything!

N.B.: I am on dad duty until the after dinner---my answers will start rolling in around 7:00 PM EST--tune back then!

Update: It is 11:30 PM and my toddler gets up in six hours, so I am going to call it a day. I've enjoyed all of the thoughtful questions!

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πŸ‘€︎ u/MichaelJTaylorPhD
πŸ“…︎ Mar 10 2021
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Hi Reddit! I’m Ty Seidule, historian, army officer, southerner, and author of Robert E. Lee and Me: A Southerner’s Reckoning with the Myth of the Lost Cause. AMA!

Robert E. Lee chose treason to protect and expand slavery. I grew up, however, believing that Lee was the greatest man who ever lived. Now, as a retired US Army brigadier general and professor emeritus of history at West Point, I know I was wrong. Every part of my life led me to venerate enslavers and believe the Lost Cause Myth that the Civil War wasn’t fought over slavery and that Lee and his Confederate comrades were honorable gentlemen fighting for a righteous cause. Books, movies, my hometowns (Alexandria, VA and Monroe, GA), my college (Washington and Lee), the army, and West Point where I taught military history for two decades all glorified Confederates and supported white supremacy. Now, after years of study, I know that Confederates refused to accept a democratic election and chose treason and war to perpetuate human enslavement. Nothing honorable about traitors. After the war, white southerners created a series of myths and lies to maintain political power through terror, segregation, and disenfranchisement. Memorials in stone and on paper were part of the foundation for white supremacy. You may know me from a video I did six years ago on the cause of the Civil War (slavery BTW!). People sent death threats to me, an army officer at West Point, about history. Unbelievable. History is dangerous! It forces us to question our personal and national myths and identity and that really upsets some people. Yet, if we want to deal with racism, we must first understand its long history. The only way to prevent a racist future is to first understand our racist history. For more, find my book, Robert E. Lee and Me, visit my website, and follow me on Twitter. AMA!

Proof: https://i.redd.it/urnnjauit9j61.jpg

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My grandpa was a railroad historian. He was never too fun at parties.
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Historians having to tape together records that Trump tore up theguardian.com/us-news/2…
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πŸ‘€︎ u/BlackCoffee248
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Top presidential historian on Trump's legacy: 'He was largely responsible for the deaths of hundreds of thousands of Americans who did not need to die' businessinsider.com/top-h…
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πŸ“…︎ Dec 30 2020
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We are historians and we edited a volume of essays on how and why the stories Singapore is telling about its past is tying Singaporeans up in knots. Ask us anything about Singapore history!

Update: Thanks to everyone who submitted questions and took part in the discussion. It has been really fun!

Hi! We are historians and we edited a volume of essays on how and why the stories Singapore is telling about its past is tying Singaporeans up in knots.

I am Sai Siew Min. I am an academic who researches Southeast Asian histories with a focus on Singapore, Malaysia and Indonesia. And I am joined by Faris Joraimi, a university student who examines the history of the early modern Malay world.

It all started in January 2019 with Singapore's celebration of the bicentennial of Stamford Raffles' landing in 1819. This was odd. Surely an independent nation had no reason to celebrate the coming of its former coloniser? Odder still was the fact that the birthday bash was rather grand and lasted for an entire year. Things managed to get even weirder when Singaporeans were told that we weren't really celebrating our 200th birthday but our 700th one. Suddenly, Singapore's colonial past was well, passΓ©, and everyone was talking about Singapore's "pre-colonial" past. What was going on? We decided to get a bunch of artists and scholars together to find out why Singapore suddenly got more than three times older in just two hundred years. What's the story behind the math? Or maybe "stories" is a better word because 200 and 700 are not the only magic numbers. In the very beginning, there was 1965. What are these numerical mysteries telling and not telling us?

Want to know more? Join us for a discussion on Singapore history!

Siew Min's Proof (auntie_historian): https://imgur.com/a/dP3Jl9l

Faris's Proof (bintang_timur): https://imgur.com/a/YhUiUkp

Our book: https://www.ethosbooks.com.sg/products/rafflesrenounced

10.00PM And, it’s a wrapβ€”for tonight.

Thanks for all the great questions. We’ll be back to answer more questions tomorrow!

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πŸ‘€︎ u/Mak0toNaegi
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β€˜A hack job,' ’outright lies’: Trump commission’s β€˜1776 Report’ outrages historians washingtonpost.com/histor…
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πŸ‘€︎ u/Touristupdatenola
πŸ“…︎ Jan 19 2021
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Historians be like
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A historian's take on the historicity of EU4 and its influence on popular perceptions of history twitter.com/BretDevereaux…
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META. How do historians make money? Are they employed outside of Academy by any industry?

Are historian skills valuable beyond academy and studies? How much? What do Historians do on commercial environments?

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πŸ‘€︎ u/phi_array
πŸ“…︎ Feb 28 2021
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I am a White woman who has studied Indian history in a foreign University. So I have a better idea about oppressive regimes in medeival India than its own people and desi historians.
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Trump Is a Warning That Fascism Didn’t Die With Hitler and Mussolini: The Trump era, and its insurrectionist end, shows why the insistence of historians who call fascism a β€˜demon of the past’ is both inaccurate – and dangerous. haaretz.com/us-news/.prem…
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πŸ‘€︎ u/DonnyMoscow1
πŸ“…︎ Jan 22 2021
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Two guys could be fuckin while declaring their love for each other and historians would say it’s a traditional friendship anal.
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πŸ‘€︎ u/LilliputianMouse
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Is Donald Trump the worst US president ever? Historians say so smh.com.au/world/north-am…
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πŸ“…︎ Jan 15 2021
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Hi, Florida wants to take away financial aid and give it to degrees that are a part of "real jobs" since being an artist or a historian is no longer a real job apparently

If you're familiar with Bright Futures, this is what I am talking about. Our biggest scholarship program is going to be inaccessible to many students such as me, and many more after me. In the long run this makes education less accessible in general.

The bill hasn't taken effect yet, so I got together with a bunch of my friends and created a whole campaign to fight it, a website, petition, instagram, the whole lineup just so we can spread awareness.

if you would like more information, just go to savebrightfutures.org and sign the petition too

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πŸ‘€︎ u/savebrightfutures
πŸ“…︎ Mar 07 2021
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A famous Kurdish "historian" ; 'Azerbaijanis are Kurds who mixed with Mongolians and they became Turkic because the Russians forced them to. Also ; Iraqi Turkmens are not Turkic but Mongolians.' And yes, he is serious.
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πŸ‘€︎ u/BilgeBaba
πŸ“…︎ Mar 09 2021
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Suomen syntyvyys kΓ€vi Pohjoismaiden historian alhaisimmalla tasolla, mutta huolipuhe ei tarjoa kÀÀnnettΓ€ – Selvitys: Lapsen on oltava tervetullut yle.fi/uutiset/3-11828610
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πŸ“…︎ Mar 10 2021
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Historians, pick three books for a beginner in your specialty, three for a veteran, and three for an expert.

This thread has been done before and was very successful, so I figured that I would try it again.

Pick your specialty or favorite subject and try to recommend three books for each level of understanding. Feel free to request topics as well. We’ll end up with some nice breadth and depth for each topic!

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πŸ‘€︎ u/TwistedSandle
πŸ“…︎ Dec 29 2020
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As a professional historian of the worst content on tik tok, I must resume my documentation v.redd.it/s1r5o1pfejj61
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The Internet Historian pubblica un video per spiegare gli avvenimenti della costa concordia reddit.com/r/InternetHist…
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πŸ“…︎ Feb 19 2021
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Wow! Chess historians rejoice! Someone just discovered this old photo of Bobby Fisherman catching the very first Stockfish! Absolute legend.
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Media should call GOP election fight an attempted coup, historian says cnn.com/2021/01/03/media/…
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πŸ“…︎ Jan 03 2021
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Historian questioned on his history knowledge
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πŸ“…︎ Jan 29 2021
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Polish historian resigns state position over 2007 photos of him performing Nazi salute - Jewish Telegraphic Agency jta.org/quick-reads/polis…
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πŸ‘€︎ u/Santhir456
πŸ“…︎ Feb 27 2021
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TIL Frederick the Great, Prussian Monarch from 1740 to 1786, known for his tactical genius on the battlefield, is considered by historians to be primarily homosexual in orientation. Following a demoralizing defeat, he wrote "Fortune has it in for me; she is a woman, and I am not that way inclined." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fre…
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πŸ‘€︎ u/BlondeLocks
πŸ“…︎ Dec 27 2020
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'Astronaut’ means 'star sailor.' NASA chose it in 1958 over 'cosmonaut,' or 'universe sailor.' But "Why 'astronaut' won out," says a NASA Johnson Space Center historian, "is a mystery." The reason we chose that term for our space travelers "Was never recorded in NASA’s own historical documents." supercluster.com/editoria…
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πŸ“…︎ Feb 22 2021
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Future historians won't believe the things we did before COVID v.redd.it/mrq06b6eznm61
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πŸ“…︎ Mar 12 2021
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100% historians agree
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πŸ‘€︎ u/batplanet
πŸ“…︎ Dec 30 2020
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TIL Babylonians were using a rudimentary form of calculus to calculate Jupiter’s displacement each day along the ecliptic, the path that the sun appears to trace through the stars. Historians had thought such techniques did not emerge until more than 1400 years later, in 14th century Europe. sciencemag.org/news/2016/…
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πŸ‘€︎ u/DioriteLover
πŸ“…︎ Jan 30 2021
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Confederate Battle Flag an Unnerving Sight in Capitol | It was β€œoutrageous” to see a man carry the flag inside the Capitol, something not even Confederate soldiers were able to do during the Civil War, historians said. nytimes.com/2021/01/09/us…
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πŸ“…︎ Jan 09 2021
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When you're a historian and you discover a famous figure had gay relationship
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πŸ‘€︎ u/pseudodoxia
πŸ“…︎ Feb 19 2021
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British flag on number plates β€˜will split Scots’ | Plans to emblazon all new UK number plates with Union flags are provocative and a demonstration of how out of touch Downing Street is with popular opinion in Scotland, the country’s pre-eminent historian has claimed. thetimes.co.uk/article/br…
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Why Joe Biden’s pro-union message is so significant | Some labor historians think Biden’s rhetoric on unionizing is stronger than FDR’s. vox.com/22307032/joe-bide…
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Noel Malcolm: Is Kosovo Serbia? We ask a historian | World news theguardian.com/world/200…
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πŸ‘€︎ u/DismalBackground1
πŸ“…︎ Mar 10 2021
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Historians can confirm this
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πŸ“…︎ Mar 02 2021
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after seeing a post saying that we should go back to our roots, i’ve provided an example of said roots. the cringe historians shall smile upon us
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πŸ‘€︎ u/aracnidsGriP
πŸ“…︎ Feb 19 2021
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Once you can work from a coffee shop or your home, you can work from anywhere: 2020 may be seen by future historians as the year when the internet age truly began pairagraph.com/dialogue/5…
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πŸ“…︎ Jan 12 2021
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Why are some patient such poor historians??

Doesn't know what medications they are taking, doesn't know what age their father died, doesn't know if they any surgeries. I mean really?? literally things take so long taking history because of this. Am I not talking about demented or patients acutely ill. I'm talking about ambulatory patient's who are pretty healthy

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πŸ“…︎ Mar 05 2021
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Do you think the North Macedonian issue with Bulgaria should be kept away from politicians and left to the historians&academics to deal with it? Minute 30, EU-AL conference few days ago. youtu.be/FlzyxApC4xI
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πŸ‘€︎ u/firstredbaron
πŸ“…︎ Mar 05 2021
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What is the difference between "actual" historians, amateur historians, and folks who are "just" history lovers?

Just as the title says, I'm wondering what elements a person needs, in order to qualify themselves as an historian, and not just someone who dapples in history. AND subsequently, how a person in one category would "move up".

Is a degree required?

How many degrees?

What if the person sits at home with every spare moment of time they're not working a full-time job, and reads books on their particular area or person of interest? They've written papers and watched documentaries and have done essentially the same amount of work or beyond that which would be required in some form of professional or post-secondary setting, but they just don't have "the paper on the wall"?

What is the best way to go about crafting a speciality in history?

Is access to primary sources necessary? How does that work now in the times of virus?

Thanks for your thoughts!

Edit: Oh gods! So... I left my phone for a few hours to do some things, and have returned to approximately one million notifications. I do intend to read them all and give them the attention they deserve; just not tonight. Sleep and all that jazz.

I didn't expect such a passionate response. Thanks again to everyone.

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πŸ‘€︎ u/TechnicalTerm6
πŸ“…︎ Jan 02 2021
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Historians sue Trump administration to stop β€˜bonfire of records in the Rose Garden’ | Screenshots are not β€œcomplete copies” of presidential records, they say. washingtonpost.com/histor…
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πŸ“…︎ Dec 05 2020
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Historians might say that you two were really good pals.
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πŸ‘€︎ u/LilliputianMouse
πŸ“…︎ Mar 01 2021
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Historian Audrey Truschke faces threats, Rutgers University extends support to her scroll.in/latest/988994/a…
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πŸ‘€︎ u/Jaamac2025
πŸ“…︎ Mar 10 2021
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the trauma of seeing β€˜an historian’ in a novel and realizing you’re reading the work of a dirty brit
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Once you can work from a coffee shop or your home, you can work from anywhere: 2020 may be seen by future historians as the year when the internet age truly began pairagraph.com/dialogue/5…
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πŸ“…︎ Jan 03 2021
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Church "Historians!" v.redd.it/oujuv51e1um61
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Historian's message to Hall voters for the Class of 2022: "Respect the queue" si.com/nfl/talkoffame/nfl…
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Journalist and historian Max Hastings believes Ireland will be united 'within a generation' irishnews.com/news/northe…
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As a non-historian, how can I identify accessible, legitimate writing about medieval history without accidentally reading white supremacist propaganda/invented history?

I occasionally become curious about medieval history, including topics like diversity or mythologies/Christianization. I know that white supremacist groups have a vested interest in portraying a specific image of many historical topics in that area, particularly as the region of interest moves north. Because my knowledge of the time period is based mostly in pop culture and fiction, I am not confident in my ability to get a sense of how reality-based a source might be.

If I'm doing casual reading online (looking for popular essays/websites/other reading), what advice do you as historians have for making sure that I am not accidentally consuming propaganda or white supremacist-inflected information? Are there particular "tells" or red flags to be on the lookout for?

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πŸ“…︎ Jan 11 2021
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