[A2 College (England)] English Language (Language and change)

Basically we are given a source ( here being Antoine de Cortin, The Rules of Civility) and have to asses how language has changed since it was published (Around 1600).

Basically I have no idea how to start or what to even pick out from the old text. Its really stressing me out not being able to see anything in the text to analyse.

Please help ;-;.

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[AP English Language] Language in Beowulf

I'm writing an essay for this class about Beowulf. For one of my points I want to focus on how the author uses language techniques to amplify Beowulf's heroic qualities. I want to keep the examples all within one episode (either Grendel, Grendel's mother, or the dragon). Any examples anyone can find within the text? Thanks.

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Considering that β€œLOL” stands for laugh out loud, as an English speaker I’ve always wondered in countries where English is not the native language do they utilize this same abbreviation even though they speak another language when texting?

Or is LOL simply an English thing

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When an American goes to a different country and speaks their language with an American accent, is it cool in the same way as when someone comes to America and speaks English with a foreign accent?

The best example of this I can think of is when someone who is from France comes to America and speaks English, but with a French accent. People usually think it’s cool or unique. However, if it were reversed and an American went to France and spoke French in an American accent, what would people think? Or what if it’s from a totally different region, what if someone from Japan went to France and spoke French with their regular accent, what would people think?

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TIL That from 1906-1920, there was a movement in the US to remove all silent letters and irregular spellings from the English language (eg: although->altho), funded by Andrew Carnegie and supported by Teddy Roosevelt en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sim…
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[Cavani response on IG] Inconvenient. Hello everyone. I do not want to extend much in this uncomfortable moment for me. I want to share with you that i accept the disciplinary sanction knowing that I am foreign to English language customs, but I do not share the point of view.... instagram.com/p/CJegatYjl…
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Koko the gorilla, born 1971, was able to use sign language and understand spoken English; she was capable of rhyming and had her own pet kitten, which she named 'All Ball'.
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What language would you like to learn/improve the most besides English?

In my case it is French. I studied it for two years in high-school and gave it up once it was not mandatory because I could not find any use for the language at that moment. I came back to it a few months ago and I hope to improve my skills in the language as much as I can.

What about you?

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Why do Brits speak English, an American language, rather than speaking some European language?
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UFC strawweight champion Zhang Weili delivering a 10+ minute speech in English on Chinese TV. This is just a year after she started learning the language. instagram.com/tv/CIObYh3j…
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β€œEnglish is the hardest language”
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We did it, English is no longer a barbarian language
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"you're destroying the english language this is why people hate us 😑😑😑" v.redd.it/ua6xvgz213e61
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"We speak english, the language we created"
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On Steam, Simplified Chinese jumped 11.88 percentage points this past month. It's 2% away from overtaking English and becoming the top language on Steam

I don't know if this will change anything (especially because of the kind of company Valve is) but it's just really interesting to see.
 
EDIT: Link https://store.steampowered.com/hwsurvey/Steam-Hardware-Software-Survey-Welcome-to-Steam

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What’s a word in English you wished existed in your language?
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Which word from your native language you wish could translate perfectly in English but doesn't?
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Meltzer: NJPW close to new English-language television deal. f4wonline.com/new-japan-n…
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McDonalds drive-thru menus 'should be bilingual' β€” McDonald's is re-submitting plans for English-language digital signs at a Gwynedd restaurant, despite being told they must also be in Welsh. bbc.com/news/uk-wales-558…
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Bad US history | propaganda in English language teaching (Civil War, Robert E. Lee, Columbus)

The problem

There is indisputable political and historical propaganda in resources printed in the US, intended for non-native English speakers. This propaganda is clearly intended to support conservative ideology. Some of it is a direct pipeline to white supremacy.

Here are a few examples from just one TOEFL guide, Bruce Stirling's, "Speaking and Writing Strategies for the TOEFL IBT" (Los Angeles, CA: Nova Press, 2009).

The American Civil War

Here’s an excerpt from a reading passage about the American Civil War.

>The Civil War started when the South withdrew from the Union. The South accused the federal government of being a dictatorship intent on denying the southern states the right to set their own laws, particularly in regard to the right to own slaves.

Although this says the idea of the federal government being dictatorial over states’ rights was an accusation by the South, nothing in the entire reading passage ever contradicts or even qualifies this accusation, leaving the impression that the charge is justified. Additionally, although it mentions the issue of slavery, it places this right at the end of the sentence, as simply one example of states’ rights being contested.

This paragraph reinforces the false historical narrative of a war of Northern Aggression over the issue of states’ rights, [1] a narrative which started during the Civil War period, [2] and persists to this day. [3] There is no mention in the entire reading passage, of the historical record of Southern spokesmen insisting the motivation for secession was the preservation of slavery. [4]

Robert E. Lee

Here’s an excerpt from a reading passage about Robert E. Lee, who fought on the side of the South in the American Civil War.

>Of all the generals in the American Civil War, one stands above all the rest: Robert E. Lee. Lee defeated the Union army and established his reputation as a general equal to Napoleon. Time and again, Lee defeated the much larger Union Army. At war’s end, many in the North wanted Lee hung for treason. However, Lee never stood trial. Lincoln wanted reconciliation not revenge.

This is only an excerpt from several paragraphs describing Lee in an extremely positive light, praising his military skill and representing him as an honorable man fighting courageously for his state.

The last few sentences have obviously been written with the objective of clearing Lee of any hint of culpability for being on the wrong side of history (a

... keep reading on reddit ➑

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The English Language Wikipedia Just Had Its Billionth Edit vice.com/en/article/k7app…
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English isn't my first language
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English could be ditched as official language of European Union after Brexit theneweuropean.co.uk/brex…
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TIL there are 11 words that contain the letter S in the English language. nytimes.com/2009/12/04/te…
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I would rather watch a movie/show in its original language than dubbed in English

I have been noticing there are a lot of shows on Netflix dubbed in English, with the voice actors just not being on par, and the show could actually be good if it weren’t for the awful voiceovers. Like can people not read captions that much that they feel they need to do this?!!

Get rid of English dubbing over other languages! Just leave the show as is, and use a caption as a translation! Pleaseeeeee

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This guy got a problem with anyone speaking any language other than English
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Koko the gorilla, born 1971, was able to use sign language and understand spoken English; she was capable of rhyming and had her own pet kitten, which she named 'All Ball'.
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β€œHilaria reveals that teaching her daughter her native language is crucial” - they speak English in Boston right?
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So I know that non-Americans like to dunk on us for so few of us being bilingual (which is true), but what languages are most Brits able to speak in addition to English?
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What are some funny movie translations from english into your native language, or vice versa?

For example, in german the movie "Die Hard" is called "Stirb Langsam" which translates to "Die Slowly"

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Started my Chinese learning journey today. This language is so refreshing coming from English.
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There is a hidden message in the strange audio in stealthy stronghold im not an expert but i tried to lower the distorion to make more clear the voice in the background, i was able to identify some of the word but english is not my natural language if anyone can help me identify some of the words v.redd.it/s6nvtzr6ll961
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AITA for speaking another language in front of my English-speaking parents?

My (27M) fiancee's (25F) parents primarily speak Spanish as their English is not perfect. We had a bit of a snag at dinner to tell our parents that we are expecting (yay) and, provided the world doesn't burn anymore by then, are getting married in the spring (double yay). Her folks are Catholic and weren't exactly thrilled that we are pregnant before marriage but became semi-okay with it once we told them our plans. For context, we've been together since college and our parents have met briefly but never had a sit-down dinner together. Whenever they have spoken, there is always a fair bit of translation involved as her dad speaks ok English, but her mom's is very limited. I would gauge my fluency in Spanish as upper intermediate.

We were cleaning up and her mom asked me if we had given any thought to baby names. I responded to her that we really like the name Alejandro. My mom said "English please, Jackson. It's rude." She hasn't called me Jackson since I was a kid. It's always Jax so I knew she was offended. Her dad apologizes and said that his wife had only asked about baby names. My mom said "Oh! Wouldn't Charles (her late father's name) be lovely if it's a boy?"

I began to change the subject and my partner says to her parents, in Spanish, that we are definitively going with Alejandro for a boy. My mom asks me what she said and before I can respond, my partner tells my mom that we've actually decided on Alejandro. My mom makes a face to which I respond it's the Spanish version of Alexander. My mom asks "Then what is wrong with Alexander?" and suggests Charles as a middle name. Fiancee's Dad says "Carlos" with a smug grin on his face.

Finally, my dad swoops in and suggests that we watch a movie (for which I could not be more thankful). Am I the asshole?

Edit: wrong word choice. To clarify, up to that point my partner and her dad had been doing most of the translating.

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Can you guess someone’s native language by the way they speak English?

I can always identify (older) German because they end their questions with β€œor”, e.g. β€œDo you plan to have lunch at the office, or...?”, β€œAre you going home, or...?”

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How do non-English languages pluralise acronyms/initialisms?

Pluralising acronyms is contentious enough in english - I found this stackexchange post about english whilst trying to answer this question.

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English Language Flag
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Map showing the difficulty of each language to learn for an English speaker (2 of 2)
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[English -> Unknown] F*ck in different languages

Hey guys! Im just curious and interested what the best way to say fuck is in your native tongue. I've tried google translating but it doesn't seem like the direct translation is that accurate. My ethnicity is Chinese and fuck translates to 'δ»–εͺ½ηš„' (ta ma de) on google - which more or less means 'god dammit.' A more accurate translation would be β€˜εΉΉ' (gan). Interested in hearing your guys replies!

edit:

LIST COMPILED FROM BELOW By the way - my favourite from this list is definitely Argentina - β€œLa concha de la lora” - (the parrot’s pussy)

List of Fucks:

Afrikaans - Fok - (fuck) or vok - (fuck)

Arab - Ω†ΩŠΩƒ (nik) - (fuck)

Argentina - β€œLa puta madre” - (The whore of a mother) or β€œLa concha de la lora” - (the parrot’s pussy)

Chinese - ζˆ‘ζ“ (wo cao) - β€œfuck” or εΉΉ(gan) - β€œfuck”

Czech - β€œkurva” - (whore)

Danish - "Helvede” - (hell) or β€œFanden” - (satan) or β€œkraftedeme” - (may cancer eat me)

Dutch - β€œkanker" - (cancer) or β€œkut” - (pussy)

French -β€œPutain” - (whore) or "Merde" (shit)

German - β€œScheiße” - (shit) or "verfickte Scheiße” - (fucking shit)

Greek - β€œΞ³Ξ±ΞΌΟŽΟ„ΞΏβ€ - (fuck it) or β€œΞ³Ξ±ΞΌΟŽβ€ - (to fuck)

Indonesian - β€œNGENTOT” - (fuck) or "KONTOL” - (penis)

Italian - β€œcazzo” - (dick)

Japanese - "ダバい"(yabai) - many meanings ie, when you’re late, in a bad mood and would swear or β€œγƒ•γ‚‘γƒƒγ‚―" (fakku) - (fuck)

Korean - β€œμ”¨λ°œβ€(sibal) - (fuck)

Norwegian - β€œfaen” short for "fanden” - (the devil)

Polish - β€œkurwa” - (whore)

Portuguese - β€œFoder” - (fuck) or β€œporra” - (jizz) or β€œcaralho" (dick) or "puta que pariu" (the whore that gave birth to you)

Romanian - β€œDracu” - (fuck) or β€œFutu-β€œ (fuck) ?

Russian - β€œΠ±Π»ΡΡ‚ΡŒβ€(blyat) - (whore) or β€œΠ±Π»ΡΠ΄ΡŒβ€(blyad) - (whore)

Slovak - "piča” - (vagina) or "kurva" (whore)

Spanish - β€œJoder” - (fuck)

Sweden - β€œfan” - (devil ) or β€œhelvete” - (hell) or β€œknulla” - (fuck)

Tagalog/Filipino - Puta/ Putang ina/ 'tang ina mo

Turkish - "sik” - (fuck)

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Does anyone else find it hilarious when English language learners (usually Europeans) Will apologize for speaking terrible English right after speaking perfect English?

It makes my day.

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Is pun-based humour popular among tonal language speakers as much as among English speakers? Should tones in two words with identical phoneme structure also be similar/identical to each other to make a pun of them, and how much can they be similar?
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I speak English! So it's discriminatory that people dare to use other languages
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Is English the most etymologically diverse language?

Like above, is it the most diverse? If not which language / languages are more diverse?

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TIL the Maltese language is descended from the time of Muslim Arab control over Malta a millennium ago. The Arab language survived Christian reconquest, but disconnected from the Arab world, absorbed Italian/Sicilian/English vocabulary, evolving into Maltese today. It is written with Latin script. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mal…
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English is the only language in existence
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Study about language switch from Malay to English in Maths and Science subjects documents1.worldbank.org/…
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What are some words from other languages that are impossible/hard to translate into English?
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What is the first non-english language you get taught at school?
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English speakers make fun of languages like German for literal translations, what are some words like this in English that make you laugh?

Example:

German: WaschbΓ€r = raccoon

Literally = Wash bear

What are some examples of this sort of thing in English that English speakers don't realize but it's funny to you?

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What’s your favorite word in the English language?
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