I've copied an Alcohol Recovery Timeline. (The original OP's account has been deleted so I can't give them appropriate credit.)
I have seen the desire expressed several times for a timeline of recovery similar to the one available for quitting smoking.
The following is my attempt which is cobbled together from various studies and websites. I'd be interested in any corrections, additions, or improvements.
I did not get into the liver beyond fatty liver since the rates and prognosis of recovery vary so greatly between people. Enjoy!
• Hour 22.5: Alcohol from consuming 5 pints of lager is no longer present in the blood.
• Day 1: Cell proliferation increases across multiple brain regions.
• Day 2: Visual, auditory, or tactile hallucinations (if present and not DT related) usually end. First burst of cell proliferation, which is widespread, particularly in the hippocampus and cortex. These cells will largely differentiate into microglia in non-neurogenic brain regions.
• Day 5: Alcohol no longer detectable in saliva or urine tests. Symptoms of delirium tremens peak.
• Day 7: Second burst of cell proliferation, which is regionally specific to the dentate gyrus subgranular zone. In the dentate gyrus, proliferating cells will differentiate over several weeks mostly into neurons.
• Day 14: Neural progenitors begin to differentiate into mature neurons. Cognitive deficits regarding distractibility, mild confusion, and irritability are generally back to normal levels.
• Week 4: Cortical gray matter volume increases. Fatty liver disease is typically reversed.
• Week 5: One month after the Day 7 burst in neurogenesis, there is a two-fold increase in new neurons formed. This increase in neurogenesis during abstinence from chronic alcohol exposure may be related to the recovery of brain volume deficits and cognitive deficits in abstinent alcoholics.
• Month 2: Cognitive deficits regarding attention and concentration, reaction time, verbal learning ability, verbal abstract reasoning, and verbal short-term reasoning are generally back to normal levels.
• Month 3: Increase of white and gray matter as well as a decrease of cerebrospinal fluid. Alcohol no longer detectable in hair follicle tests.
• Month 6: Alcoholics who drank late into life, but with at least 6 months of abstinence can exhibit normal cognitive functioning. Alcoholics who were abstinent for less than 6 months performed worse in cognitive functioning than the control group.
• Year... keep reading on reddit ➡
And let's all be real for a moment..." Fat Acceptance" is for Fat Women...not Fat People. Majority don't think that fat men are attractive.
EDIT 1- Look if you are fat...love yourself, just don't give up trying to be fit and ACCEPTING that "its probably just genetics...i am perfect the way i am"
EDIT 2- Your life is your decision...i am not dictating anything here, just saying a harsh truth. Am overweight myself by 30 pounds and still stand by what I say, because as much as I love myself, know that at the end of the day I am responsible for my weight for my choices.
I (18F) have a little brother (13) who has heart disease and has had two surgeries to treat it. My parents have never disciplined him in any way whatsoever since he was born, and he has grown to be the most entitled, selfish, disrespectful, and attention-seeking person I have ever met. He regularly screams at my parents calling them stupid, and when he doesn’t get his way down to the smallest detail, he will spit, throw things, and scream. He literally can’t do anything by himself, and yells at our parents to do everything for him. None of our cousins can stand him because he has cussed or hit every single one of them, and to be honest, neither can I. My parents barely reprimand him no matter what he does. He is beyond coddled.
So his last surgery was five years ago, when I was 13 and since my parents were always at the hospital with him, I was sent to one of my cousin’s house. He had to be sedated for the surgery since it is quite major, and when he woke up, my mom called me and asked if I wanted to go to the hospital to see him. I asked if I could go tomorrow instead for multiple reasons: it was very late and the hospital was close to an hour away, I was tired after a day of school and practice, and hospitals at night scared me. I know I should’ve gone to see him that night, but I was just a kid back then having fun with my cousins.
Since then, every time my brother screams, cusses, or hits me and I retaliate, my mom tells me to be quiet and brings up how I didn’t go to visit him in the hospital right when he woke up. She’ll say things like “You must really hate your brother since you didn’t go see him.” or “You’re such a terrible sister, you never cared about him at all.” She uses this and his heart disease to excuse his behavior every single time until I had enough a little while ago. I yelled at her to stop bringing it up because it didn’t mean I don’t care about him and because it happened so long ago. I also shouted that I was sick of them using his heart disease as a way of justifying all the terrible and disrespectful things and that they raised him wrong.
I feel bad for saying all this because I know my parents feel guilty about him being born with heart disease and that not disciplining him and getting him anything he wants is them trying to make up for it. I also know I should have visited him, but my mom keeps throwing that in my face. AITA?
EDIT: my dad is much much worse than my mom and won’t hear a negative word against my brother. He... keep reading on reddit ➡
Let's assume though, that you are not a prepper, and are starting from scratch, but you know everything then that you know now.
Remember, in this scenario, utilities, gas, and pretty much all societal infrastructure has just evaporated or will within a short time.
Here is my list:
- Acquire a giant moving van
- Fill said van with minimum 1-2 years of storable food and as much water as possible from the nearest stores. Also stock up on any useful plants, seeds, and fruit trees which might be available depending on season
- Raid pharmacies and get basic medicines like strong pain relievers and antibiotics
- Stocking up on weapons from all the sporting goods stores right away might not be necessary if most people are dead, but better safe than sorry--you will at least need some hunting rifles and as many rounds as you can find if you don't already have them
- Get as many generators and as much gas as I can siphon out of any vehicles--to short-term power any appliances at home that will soon have rotting food without power
- Acquire a temporary home which has at least partial or a substantial solar panel system
- Transport any spoilable food to the new home since it will soon be rotten at the old house
- Scout out then acquire a new permanent home outside the city, within walking distance to a fresh body of water. House should have a well and much surrounding acreage
- Plant any fruit trees you acquired--at the permanent home
- Acquire massive solar panel system from another home and install at the new home so I have enough power for any needs
- Round up an animal trailer and pick up any animals I might need to obtain fresh food--dairy cows, beef cows, a few goats. Put them out to pasture near the home
- Learn to milk the cows immediately
- Go to the nearest electric vehicle dealership and transport several vehicles back to the new house which I can charge electrically--a truck, a car, and a motorcycle
- Also acquire some vehicles and machinery which can run on biodiesel--snow plow, snow thrower, garden tiller, chainsaw, etc
- Install whatever outlet I need to power the vehicles I have at the house
- Prep and plant a garden area if harvest is possible before winter
- Visit the local library and pick up all books related to animal husbandry, gardening, orchards, auto maintenance, hunting, snaring, creating biodiesel or other non-fossil fuels, home radio/telecom, pharmaceutical, home remedies, medicine, first aid
- Go fr... keep reading on reddit ➡
Why YSK: Many people who are recovering from, have recovered from, or are struggling with an illness such as anorexia, bulimia, or chronic illnesses such as cancer or leukemia, literally can not eat very much at all without feeling incredibly full and nauseous. In fact, you shouldn't comment on someone's eating habits in public AT ALL. You have no idea what their health is like, what it feels like to be them, what their physical limitations are, or what their relationship with food is like. You could be publically humaliting someone in regards to their disease and not even know it.
That person who you think is being disrespectful or wasteful at the dinner table may well be very upset at themselves because they can't finish their meal because of an incredibly tragic mental illness that has changed the size of their stomach and appetite forever, and now someone is upset at them for "not clearing their plate." Or now the waitress is pointing out to everyone, "You barely touched your meal!"
While that person has to repeat the same things over again, having to conceal these very private, sometimes undetectable by even the most closest people in their lives, illnesses: "I'm not feeling well is all", "I ate before, I'm just not hungry", "I want to save it for later", because blurting out "I can't finish this meal due to my shrunken stomach because of (incredibly sad disease)" is a huge moodkiller during brunch and drinks with friends and family.
I wish we would change the dialogue around the dinner table when it comes to people who cannot finish their meal. I wish people would stop pressuring people to eat more or less or this or that. Inevitably the least that could happen is you make that person uncomfortable and embarrassed about their illness in front of everyone, and the worst that could happen is that they become so distraught from the public humiliation, being reminded of the physical consequences of their disease at a time that should feel safe in inclusive, they cry once they're alone, breakdown, relapse, self-harm, or plan to not eat for a whole day before they ever come to your house again to eat hoping they can finish whatever random amount of food you give them- just so they can prevent that horrible experience from happening again.
You want people to eat more? Stop telling them they should. You might think you know someone, but many people with eating disorders conceal it so well that they go undetected by even their family members they live un... keep reading on reddit ➡
Hi Reddit! Gary Frost, Julian Marchesi and James Kinross here.
This AMA is part of #ImperialLates - this month exploring the science of food. Check out the full programme here.
We are researchers and clinicians who work at Imperial College London and we’re all interested in gut function. Did you know, our gut is a central signal organ for the rest of the body? Far from just digesting, it plays a huge role in health and disease, as well as influencing the way we eat, think and feel.
Our gut, or gastrointestinal tract, begins at our mouth and ends at our rectum. It processes food from the time it is eaten until it is either absorbed by the body or passed as our stools (faeces). Bacteria live throughout this system in what is known as the gut microbiome.
In many ways, your gut microbiome is as vast and mysterious as the Milky Way. About 100 trillion bacteria, both good and bad, live inside your digestive system. Our bodies have co-evolved to live with these bacteria and they interact with our cells and organs in intricate ways that we still don’t fully understand. From altering the way that we respond to drugs, to influencing cravings and appetite, this culture of microorganisms perform a myriad of processes, which we’re trying to unpick.
The gut is also a driver of health and disease, from malnutrition to colorectal cancer, Crohn’s disease to obesity, there is a lot that can go wrong! Our work tries to understand these diseases so we can promote better gut health and wellbeing for all.
During this AMA we’re happy to answer all your questions on the gut microbiome and its role in health and disease, appetite regulation, colorectal surgery and much more. Please read bios below for more information on our areas of expertise. We'll be here 4-6 PM UK time today but will endeavour to answer follow up questions over the next couple of days.
Gary works on nutrition, food and dietetics
As head of the Section for Nutrition Research and lead of the Imperial Nutrition and Food Network Gary works on a wide range of fascinating projects. His interests span from carbohydrates’ impact on appetite regulation, metabolism and body composition, to the short chain fatty acids produced by our gut microbiome, as well as food structure, obesity management, and nutrition in the elderly.
[Julian](https://www.imperial.a... keep reading on reddit ➡
hi i am monica gandhi - infectious diseases physician and professor at ucsf
Hello, iama! I have chronic kidney disease, and have been a home hemo dialysis patient for a little over 5 years, I would be glad to answer any questions you have about Dialysis, Kidney Disease or even kidney transplant's, as I have had one in the past and I am hoping to have another in the future. I am NOT a doctor or a nurse, so I will not give medical advice or answers but I can answer your questions of what kidney disease and dialysis are like!
Here is my dialysis machine in my livingroom!
Alright, I'm gonna head to bed for the night. Thank you everyone for your questions. I will still check the thread from time to time because I think it is super useful for people who are starting dialysis or have family that are, I will try to answer your questions or feel free to DM me. Thank you everyone, your kind words have warmed my heart.