Main focus of my interest in this article seems to be here: Iberian wolf howls were long-duration (1.1- to 12.8-s), harmonic sounds (1–18 harmonics), with a mean fundamental frequency between 270 and 720 Hz ( Appendix II). Fundamental frequencies in howls ranged from 92 to 1,116 Hz. The coefficient of frequency modulation ranged from 0.21 to 6.72, and the range of the coefficient of frequency variation was between 2.03 and 44.63. Iberian wolf howls usually had inflexion points (1–15) and discontinuities (1–8) in the fundamental frequency. The maximum fundamental frequency occurred in most cases (79% of the howls analyzed) during the 1st quarter of the howl, and the minimum during the last quarter (78%). The fundamental peak amplitude occurred in the 1st half of the howl (83%).
The 2 acoustic characteristics that best distinguish each howl are the presence of frequency discontinuities and frequency modulations. Thus, howls were arbitrarily assigned to 1 of 4 groups based on these 2 attributes (Fig. 1). The 1st group consisted of flat howls, which were relatively constant-frequency howls, without frequency discontinuities and with low values of both frequency modulation and variation (Table 2). The shape of the audiospectrogram was flat, not wavy. The 2nd group consisted of continuous wavy howls, which were howls without frequency discontinuities and with frequency modulations (i.e., wavy audiospectrograms). The 3rd group consisted of breaking howls, which were howls with large (21- to 250-Hz) frequency discontinuities, and low values of the coefficient of frequency modulation (Table 2). The audiospectrogram was not wavy. The 4th group consisted of breaking wavy howls, which were howls with large (21- to 250-Hz) frequency discontinuities and numerous frequency modulations (Table 2). The audiospectrogram was wavy
While we still waiting for the Genshin's 1st anniversary debacle die down, let's talk about another topics while stay vigilant about what's coming next, shall we? This time I want to talk about how Bronya's voice and her emotional response looks like in APHO.
Previously I talked about Bronya’s personality in APHO. But I forgot to talk about how her voice looks like after 8 years passed. For starters, we can take a look at Mei's voice. Listening to Mei’s voice in APHO, especially in Japanese voice over, you can clearly hear that her voice reflects her big sister/motherly personality, referencing her “gentle touch” style of leading her squad. But for Bronya, is quite the opposite. If you see her facial expression when she stands side by side with the MC, you can see that she is still stern and serious as ever.
So, in order to reflect her status as one of the most respected Schicksal’s anti-Honkai squad captains, I think her voice at this time becoming deeper, despite her short stature. If anything, perhaps at some point both Hanser and Kana Asumi (both CN and JP voice actress for Bronya) will learn how to use contralto vocal range to reflect this characteristic.
One thing that I like to point out is her emotion response in APHO . In her youth days, she often speaks in a deadpan monotone, as a result of her suffering brain damage from her failed attempt of rescuing Seele in the finale chapters of Azure Waters. While she can still feel emotions deep down, she has difficulties recognizing and expressing them. But this doesn't stop her from being compassionate and caring when the situation calls for it. Since APHO is set 8 years after the main story, I think it's safe to say that she finally recovers from her brain damage; meaning that by the time Bronya reaches her adulthood, her limbic system recovers, thus she is now capable of expressing her feelings. That said, this will amplify her rational and logical-thinking characteristic even further, to the point she won't hesitate to be blunt and calmly reprimands the Main Character for his recklessness of overclocking the Labor of Olympus for saving Mei, yet at the same time she also thankful for him.
Finally, is how she refers to herself. In the story chapters, she often referring herself as "the Bronya" or simply "Bronya" as of recent title update, almost as if she has somehow dissociated from herself. But in both "Dilemma Dreamland" Chronicles story and Azure Waters, she uses "I". By the events o... keep reading on reddit ➡
Hey. First post, I just need to scream into the abyss, I guess. This weekend I finally cracked for real and admitted out loud, to my husband (together 17 years, married 11) and some close friends that I’m a trans guy. The circumstances that led up to it were a long time coming I think - I’ve been identifying as nonbinary/genderfluid for about six years, but I think that may have just been denial.
I’m 38, I have a preschool age kid, and I love this little family that I have built with my (straight, cis) husband so much. I am so fucking overwhelmed and scared right now that I’m going to break this thing that means the world to me, even though my husband has been supportive and talked through so much with me already. Even considering any of this, allowing myself to even THINK these things, feels so selfish. I worry about how it will affect my relationship with him, and with my son as he grows older.
I feel like I don’t even know exactly the scope what I want or need in terms of transition. I was also diagnosed with ASD and ADHD (combined type, which I take meds for) in my 30s, which of course complicates things.
In some ways I like the canvas of a body I have to work from I guess: very broad shoulders/inverted triangle body shape that has made it super hard to find women’s clothes that fit my entire life, no ass (men’s jeans are the only ones that don’t fall down on me, yes even “boyfriend” jeans), solid contralto vocal range (I got thrown in with the tenors in a few community choirs I was in), strong jawline/eyebrows. Even my hands/fingers/wrists have masculine proportions (apparently this is a thing that isn’t unusual for autistics). Unfortunately, I’ve also got a 36FF chest so I have to wear an incredibly strong binder to not feel dysphoric. Most of my dysphoria is bc of my chest, tbh.
I’ve always hated my chest even before I started acknowledging my dysphoria, due to just general pain and discomfort. Husband was supportive of a reduction even then, but I’ve been scared to risk loss of nipple sensitivity as that’s a massive part of foreplay/pleasure for me. Yet, I look in the mirror and all I see are these massive boobs and I feel sick and I hate it. I feel like I’m caught in a terrible catch-22. I don’t see myself at all when I look in the mirror. Just these stupid fucking tits.
I’ve gotten sir’d etc in the past when I bind and don’t open my mouth (I basically just look like a younger guy) and those have been such incredible days but also excruciat... keep reading on reddit ➡
Hi guys... Im auditioning for American Idiot the musical. Its a rock opera (based on Green Day's album American Idiot). Anyway, the requirement is to select one or two songs no longer than 2 min combined. They can come from rock or the musical theatre cannon. ONE HAS TO BE UP TEMPO.
Okay, so the uptempo part is where Im having a struggle. Ive prepared four songs, only one is uptempo: Don't cry for me Argentina (Musical theatre cannon) Only Happy when it rains (Garbage- Rock) If I ever lose my faith in you (Sting- rock) Sleep to Dream (fiona apple- rock)
I felt like it would be best to do the Sting song and Dont cry for me, but with the 2 min time limit, Im wondering whether I should sing just one. The problem is, the only uptempo one is the Sting song. Any advice on this? The part I want is sung by a contralto, vocal range F#3 - D#5. I can hit lower notes pretty well but am mostly a mezzo soprano. I want to show them I can do that, but my current songs really only reflect the mezzo soprano range. I dont have anything else prepared. Whats your advice on the song selection? Sting is possibly boring though uptempo, and Dont cry for me is often overdone but is more powerful. Ideas? Do i NEED the uptempo song if they say "make sure one is uptempo"? My Sleep to Dream is the least prepared out of them but shows my low range but Id rather do the other 3 Im more comfortable with..
Hi! So I'm helping Gretchen Greenfield, a vocal teacher and trained opera singer, edit her videos on her channel. Recently, she decided to dip into the world of K-Pop vocal analysis because she hopes it can help her build her platform. Unfortunately, right now she's taking a break because she's struggling financially and with her health. (But in her prime as an opera soloist, she performed at venues like the Kennedy Center and was praised by the New York Times, etc. She knows her stuff.)
I didn't get to ask her about anyone else in LOONA except for Jinsoul and a bit of Kim Lip. While she's on hiatus for K-Pop vocal analysis, would Orbits still be interested in hearing her analysis about Jinsoul and Kim Lip, even if it's just them and I wasn't able to ask about the rest of LOONA?
I was thinking of making a video from the insights she has given me. I was surprised by how positive they were, TBH (edit for clarification: because she's had decades of experience and classical training, and LOONA are much younger pop singers! Not bc I don't believe in the girls' talents)
Samples of the comments she made:
ABOUT JINSOUL: "I hear a higher and much thinner voice with more agility and more capability to reach the higher notes with more ease and freedom. However there's a lot more nasality in that 2017 raw clip. What's interesting is when she sings over it and you get a sense of how the voice has developed since 2017, I think it's remarkable. She's doing very well with her vocal development. Her voice is richer and rounder and Fuller than it was 5 years ago by far. That belt at the end in the raw video is as you say more piercing and it's expressive, however, it's also very nasal sounding.
It goes along with that thin lighter younger vocal instrument in general. She just doesn't have a very well developed Voice by that point in time back 5 years ago. You can hear now that her voice is much more beautiful in that it's opening up to a rounder richer Fuller sound, it has a lot more potential now than I can hear if you just listened only to the 2017 recording. You can't really get a sense of the potential from that particular clip. Or at least I can't hear it well enough, since she's singing over a good bit of it. At the very end, if that's what you mean by the belting at the end, I'm hearing that it sounds good and it's expressive but it's thin and it's nasal. In general, yes she has more freedom to soar up to the high notes in 2017. But she's got far more color an... keep reading on reddit ➡
What is Matt's HIGHEST note ever and LOWEST note ever? What is his vocal range, how many octaves does that cover and how would you compare Matt and his vocal range to Brendan Urie
My god he hit some high notes tonight in St. Louis. I've been to 20+ Coheed shows and this is by far the best he has sounded in at least 20 years.
Hello, I am a 19yo singer (I am a trans girl so I use male vocal ranges), completely untrained.
In my chest voice I can sing comfortably up to G4, and G#4-A4 is when I start to strain. However a lot of my favourite songs require at least A4-Bb4 notes in chest voice, and I was wondering if y'all had any tips on how I can increase it higher? Some have told me I'm just a tenor that will grow into my higher notes as my voice matures, but I'm unsure how this works? Thanks for any advice!
P.S. if it helps, my falsetto goes up to around B5 before breaking.
For me, it’s definitely Arcade - Duncan Laurence (Netherlands 2019)
Bonus points for providing commentary about what he’s going to try and sing next. Just let me enjoy my book, my drink and the sunshine ffs!
Title basically. I’m a 17 year old dude, and I want to learn to sing. I’m not sure if I could ever be a lead vocalist/frontman, but I’d love to be able to sing backing vocals at least, and improve my vocal range.
I feel like I would be so embarrassed at lessons, and it would be hard to break out of that barrier. Are music teachers used to this type of thing?
Just curious, what is her lowest and highest notes in her recorded music? And on top of that, what’s her highest belted note?
Does having a small mouth affect vocal range in reaching a higher vocal range? All rock singers seem to have a big mouth like bruce dickinson.