Just one civ for one map!

Hi all! Let's play a game! Imagine that you're in a AoE2 Tournament for which you have paid a high entry. You must win a single game on each of the maps below (standard start) to win a big prize. Bo1. Which civ would you choose for each of these maps?

Arabia - Arena - Islands - Black Forest - Nomad - Four Lakes - African Clearing - Gold Rush - Hideout - Acropolis

Here's my low ELO bet:

Arabia: I value much versatility, so Chinese or Malians would be my picks. From them, I choose Malians, because I like the options you get with Farimba for raids, Champskarls for late game and Gbetos as anti-infantry. This pick could also surprise more standard picks.

Arena: My most liked strat includes castle drops + UU and BBCs, so here Spanish and Turks are my favorite. I'd probably try to use Jannisaries to end the game before gold runs out and I die miserably.

Islands: I like to play water maps from time to time, where Italians and Portuguese are considered top 2, with Vikings behind them. My controversial choice would be Byzantines though, but with an aggresive playstyle. A fast feudal with insane fire galleys following a landing with cheap skirms, spears, archers and a tower on enemy woodline could give me an advantage. Either the enemy loses the water and can't fish or my landing hurts his eco and I can expand on his island!

Black Forest: Britons. These guys fire arrows from base to base, and chokepoints become graveyards. Celts are another option but I'm dead clumsy when maneuvring with siege.

Nomad: Above the Persian and Malian eco advantage, I like the FC + Castle drop advantage, so I'd consider Koreans or Spanish. Koreans seem to be an "anti-Spanish/anti-Mongol" pick but I still stick to Spanish. Conquistadors shred in early Castle Age nearly everything.

Four Lakes: There are 4-5 popular picks among pros on this map that include Byz, Persians, Japs, Liths and Huns. Japanese are here my choice, because of their fishing ships. If you manage to control at least 2 of the lakes, your eco advantage can be high, and there are many useful units (full Archery, Barracks with faster attacking infantry, Bloodlines, Monks, Kataparuto) and buildings (Yasama towers for map control) for these guys.

African Clearing: I'd go for the meta Indians. Mongols could be another option, but if you happen not to find good hunt, you'll lose their main eco bonus.

Gold Rush: The temptation for Frank cheap castles is there, but the late discovery of *

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SERVER NAMES LORE Part 1. NA&EU

Hello Reddit, decided to try to give meaning to all the server names. This is part 1,I had to split it because it was over 40k altogether.

Disclaimer / this is just little old me doing my lazy, basic ass googling, so feel free to help fill out what I left out cuz if i didnt find it relatively quickly i skipped, and correct me if I was wrong or refering to the wrong meaning. Ill try my best to update, mb add links and stuff. Also shoutout to the devs if they ever see this, thanks for the journey through history and mythology !

NA EAST

Aarnivalkea = in Finnish mythology, a will o' the wisp that burns over a hidden treasure. Generally will o' the wisp is an atmospheric ghost light seen by travelers at night, especially over bogs, swamps or marshes. The phenomenon is know in much of European folklore by a variety of names, including jack-o'-lantern, friar's lantern, hinkypunk and hobby lantern and is said to mislead travelers by resembling a flickering lamp or lantern.
Adlivun = the spirits of the departed who reside in the underworld , in the Inuit religion. Roughly
translated as "those beneath us". Inuit are indigenous peoples of the Arctic region.
Argadnel = in Celtic mythology, meaning "plain of silver cloud", one of the Islands of the Earthly
Paradise that were visited by Bran the Blessed, "Blessed Crow", a giant and king of Britain
Atvatabar = The Goddess of Atvatabar, novel written by William Richard Bradshaw, an Irish-born American author. The premise is by entering the interior of the hollow Earth via a Symmes Hole, the protagonists from the world above find an advanced civilization who use spiritual power to do everything from maintain youth to resurrect the dead. It gets heated from there.
Aztlan = name of the mythical homeland of the Aztecs, the ancient Mesoamerican civilization also known as the Mexica. According to their origin myth, they left Aztlan at the behest of their god/ruler Huitzilopochtli, to find a new home in the Valley of Mexico. In the Nahua language, Aztlan means “the Place of Whiteness” or “the Place of the Heron.”
Babilary =
Barataria = a fictional island awarded by noblemen to Sancho Panza as a prank in Don Quixote, a Spanish novel by Miguel de Cervantes. It was originally published in two parts, in 1605 and 1615. A founding work of Western literature, it is often labeled as the first modern novel and is considered one of the greatest wo

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Mega Quiz - 48/50 - Famous People - Explorers

Link to megathread with explanation.

The final week of the 500 question mega quiz! 10 questions about famous explorers. Good luck and remember to post your score if you want me to record it!

Half points for last names in this round.

Questions:

  1. Who was a famous Venetian merchant, explorer, and writer who travelled through Asia along the Silk Road between 1271 and 1295?
  2. Christopher Columbus completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean, opening the way for the widespread European exploration and colonization of the Americas. Which country was he from?
  3. Who lead the 1519 Spanish expedition to the East Indies which resulted in the first circumnavigation of the Earth when one of the expedition's two remaining ships eventually returned to Spain in 1522?
  4. Which British explorer achieved the first recorded European contact with the eastern coastline of Australia and the Hawaiian Islands, and the first recorded circumnavigation of New Zealand?
  5. Which Venetian explorer became known for his 1497 voyage to North America, upon landing in what he called “New-found-land” in present-day Canada – which he mistook for being Asia – he claimed land for England?
  6. Which Spanish conquistador (soldier and explorer), was best known for leading an expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire in 1521 and for winning Mexico for the Spanish crown?
  7. Synonymous with the flagship ‘the Golden Hind’, who was the first Englishman to circumnavigate the globe in a single expedition from 1577 to 1580?
  8. The first to sail through the Arctic’s Northwest Passage, from 1903 to 1906, which Norwegian polar explorer was the first to reach the South Pole, during an Antarctic expedition of 1910-1912?
  9. The initial voyage to India (1497–1499) by whom, was the first to link Europe and Asia by an ocean route, connecting the Atlantic and the Indian oceans and therefore, the West and the Orient?
  10. Climbing to the summit of Mount Everest at the age of 65, which British explorer was the first person to visit both the North and South Poles by surface means and the first to completely cross Antarctica on foot?

Answers:

  1. >!Marco Polo#############!<
  2. >!Italy##################!<
  3. >!Ferdinand Magellan#######!<
  4. >!James Cook#############!<
  5. >!John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto)!<
  6. >!Hernán Cortés###########!<
  7. >!Sir Francis Drake#########!
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True Casta System (Wiki Altered its Original Entry to be more pro-Christian.)

Casta (Spanish: [ˈkasta], Portuguese: [ˈkaʃtɐ, ˈkastɐ]) is a Spanish and Portuguese term used in 17th and 18th centuries mainly in Spanish America and Spanish Philippines to describe as a whole the mixed-race people which appeared in the post-Conquest period. A parallel system of categorisation based on the degree of acculturation to Hispanic culture, which distinguished between gente de razón (Hispanics) and gente sin razón (non-acculturated natives), concurrently existed and worked together with the idea of casta.

The system of castas, or genízaros, was based on the accepted knowledge that the character and quality of people varied according largely to their birth, color, race and origin of ethnic types. The system of castas was more than socio-racial classification. It impacted every aspect of life, including economics and taxation. Both the Spanish colonial state and the Church expected more tax and tribute payments from those of lower socio-racial categories.[1][2] In Latin America, a person's socio-economic status generally correlated with which of the many racial categories into which a person could be categorized based on perceived race or racial mix in the known family background, or simply on phenotype (physical appearance) if the family background was unknown. Many wealthy persons and high government officials were of peninsular background, while African or Indigenous ancestry or even just dark skin generally correlated with poverty and inferiority. Therefore, the more white heritage a person had or could claim to have, the higher in status they could claim, whereas, a person with dark features faced a greater lack of opportunity to advance in social status.

Casta is an Iberian word (existing in Spanish, Portuguese and other Iberian languages since the Middle Ages), meaning "lineage", "breed" or "race." It is derived from the older Latin word castus, "chaste," implying that the lineage has been kept pure. Casta gave rise to the English word caste during the Early Modern Period.[3][4]

Castas

De español y mulata, morisca. Miguel Cabrera, 1763, oil on canvas, 136x105 cm, private collection.

During the Spanish colonial period, Spaniards developed a complex caste system based on race, which was used for social control and which also determined a person's importance in society.[5] There were four main categories of race: (1) Peninsular, a Spaniard born in Spain; (2) Criollo (feminine, criolla), a person of Spanish descent bo

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If you were to create a university name for your state what would it be?

Idk if anyone here remembers back to last year I made a post asking what people would like in a NCAA game. But I have slowly been working on it as Ive had time. Currently I am trying to create some Universities and wanted to get all of y'alls inputs. So lets have it what would you name a uni in your state that doesnt already exist?

So far this is what I came up with but not 100% on some. Some are just the uni names some have team names too. The theme I tried for on most was to use something unique to the state. If you like one Ive come up with let me know or suggest an alteration.

  • Alabama - Yellowhammer State(state nickname) and Titan University(22nd state to join US, Titanium is the 22nd element)
  • Alaska Yukon State and Kodiak University Grizzlies
  • Arizona - Copper State, Geronimo University
  • Arkansas - Cash State Johnnies(Johnny Cash lol) Diamond Crater University Diamonds
  • California - Death Valley State Rattlers, Hollywood University Stars
  • Colorado - Rocky Mountain State Bucks, Pikes Peak University Sentinels(it is the centennial state, ik not the same)
  • Connecticut - Long Island State, New Haven University
  • Delaware - Paramount State Blue Hens(1st state, paramount is a synonym i guess. Blue hen's chicks were what soldiers in Rev War were called)
  • Florida - Sunshine State Tourists, Ponce de Leon University Conquistadors

edit: update - i have progressed with a lot of names but still am stuck on several states. Illinois, Delaware and Vermont are proving especially difficult(wouldnt have thought illinois would be.)

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Emerald: The Birthstone of Spring

Their captivating color used to describe the lushest and most vibrant of greens, emeralds have long been cherished by civilizations. The famous Cleopatra herself was said to have adored the gem, and Spanish Conquistadors eagerly loaded their ships with the valuable emeralds they plundered from Colombia. Alongside diamond, ruby, and sapphire, emerald is considered one of the four traditional "precious" gemstones. In fact, a fine-quality emerald can fetch even higher prices per carat than an equivalent colorless diamond. But what makes the May birthstone so coveted above all other green gems?

via Emeralds the Gemstone

Emeralds are a member of the beryl species, sharing similar characteristics with aquamarine (light blue to green-blue beryl), morganite (pink beryl), heliodor (yellow beryl), bixbite (more commonly referred to as red beryl), and goshenite (colorless beryl). Contrary to popular belief, however, not all green varieties of beryl are considered emeralds by reputable gemological laboratories like the GIA (Gemological Institute of America). When analyzing a gemstone's color, a gemologist looks at three different components: hue, tone, and saturation. The hue refers to the basic bodycolor of a stone, the tone assesses its relative lightness or darkness on a scale of 2 (very light) to 8 (very dark), and the saturation measures the intensity of its color from 1 (grayish/brownish) to 6 (vivid). To be considered an emerald, a beryl first must have a hue of yellowish green to bluish green. Next, it must be between a 4 (medium-light) and an 8 (very dark) in tone. Finally, an emerald must achieve at least a 3 in saturation. If a beryl is too light or desaturated, it is referred to simply as "green beryl" and is considered far less valuable. The most prized emerald specimens are bluish green to green with medium to medium-dark tone and vivid saturation.

via Gemstone Universe

What makes emerald particularly unique amongst precious stones is its clarit

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Spanish Inquisition Joke Here: A Spain Breakdown

Hey everyone! Today's breakdown will cover a civilisation on whom I have some rather unusual opinions: Spain.

Previous breakdown: Indonesia, found here.

Before we get into this guide, I'd like to specify that these are my opinions on this civilisation. If you disagree, you are well within your rights to do so; all I ask is that you hear me out before you judge me.

In Civilisation VI, "Spain" and "power creep" are almost synonyms. Whether you like their abilities in concept or not, their execution has fallen behind in the power levels; the release of Byzantium in particular solidly placed them in the lower tiers.

HOWEVER.

None of this is to say Spain are now "irrelevant" or useless; Spain are still quite capable of winning, and in fact have a unique playstyle to do it. Also, despite the similarities in their playstyle, Byzantium are not, as many people seem to believe, a simply better Spain; they have very distinct and separate approaches to religious warfare.

SPAIN VS BYZANTIUM

The main reason most people have with Spain is that Byzantium are by-and-large Spain but with more useful bonuses to warfare. The combination of free cavalry units with the ability to ignore walls makes Byzantium a spectacular Domination civilisation, and their bonuses to spreading Religion makes the city's conversion requirement almost irrelevant. What can Spain possibly do to make themselves noticeable against this?

The answer is simple: Byzantium and Spain have two subtly, but certainly different playstyles. Byzantium uses the Crusade beliefs and conversion in advance; they use Religion to reach a Domination Victory. Spain, on the other hand, has bonuses towards fighting civilisations following a different religion; they use warfare to reach a Religious Victory. A subtle difference - using one to reach the other - but they certainly are different.

None of this is to say that Spain are as good as Byzantium; Byzantium are one of the strongest civilisations in the game. But Spain are worthy of being more than a footnote in Byzantium's entry.

ABILITIES

Philip II's leader ability is El Escorial. With this ability, all Spanish units get +4 Combat Strength when fighting civilisations following a different Religion. Inquisitors have one extra use of their Remove Heresy ability. Inquisitors eliminate 100% of the presence of other Religions.

This ability, along wit

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23 “Fun Facts” You’ve Heard Dozens Of Times That Actually Aren’t True At All
  1. NASA didn't spend millions developing a pen that could be used in space while the Soviets simply told their cosmonauts to use pencils. American astronauts originally used pencils (just like their Soviet counterparts), but due to public outcry about their cost and the practical limitations of pencils in space, NASA made the switch to the Fisher Space Pen, which they didn't spend a cent designing.
  2. Walt Disney did not create Mickey Mouse. His close friend and collaborator Ub Iwerks did, though he was "denied credit" for creating this major piece of pop culture history.
  3. Good news, everyone! Humans don't swallow eight spiders a year on average while they sleep. Ironically, this fake statistic gained popularity when it appeared in a 1993 article by Lisa Holst...as an example of the kinds of things gullible people will read online and believe.
  4. The lines on a red Solo cup aren't there to measure the correct servings of liquor, wine, and beer.
  5. Orson Welles' 1938 radio play War of the Worlds didn't cause mass hysteria in the United States.
  6. Yellowstone isn't overdue for an eruption. It's had three major explosions in its existence (2.08, 1.3, and 0.631 million years ago), and if you average out those numbers, that means an eruption every 725,000 years, meaning we'd still have a good 100,000 to go. But that number is based on such little data that it's "basically meaningless," and also, volcanoes don't work like that.
  7. Albert Einstein never flunked a math class as a child. When the adult Einstein was shown a newspaper article claiming he had, he replied, "Before I was 15, I had mastered differential and integral calculus."
  8. ["Irregardless" is totally a real word.](https://www.merriam-webster.com/words-at-play/is-irregardless-a-rea
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[Discussion] [Tournament Report] Overcoming mental hurdles in MTG and a Kaldheim Championship Qualification Writeup

Hello everyone, Tehscrubbly here!

I wanted to take some time to talk about my recent success of qualifying for the Kaldheim Championship through the January Kaldheim Qualifier Weekend and share information about my growth as a Magic player. Due to current societal circumstances, I've had the opportunity to play more Magic than ever before. Despite loving the game and striving to transform it into a profession, I've learned I am far from a perfect player. I have climbed the ladder, played in countless qualifiers and events, but had a tendency to fall short right before the proverbial finish line. My goal today is to share some of the tips I have used to improve my game and clear those challenging mental hurdles.

I have broken the article down into two sections. The first section is the list of tools and tips I used to improve as a Magic player. The second is a full MIQ breakdown with decklists and matchups. Thank you for taking the time to open this post, I hope the information I provide is useful to everyone in some form!

Section 1: Overcoming mental hurdles and finishing strong

As some of you may know, I am the Grixis Mutate guy! I wrote an article about it in the summertime, and my success with the archetype generated great conversation and support from r/spikes. I played it in my second MIQ to a 5-2 finish (10 win format) and was quite pleased with my performance. Around that time, I had also won a 1k on MTGMelee, top 4’d the r/spikes Ikoria Standard Tournament, ran hot with a few top 8’s and 16’s, and consistently found myself in and around the top 1200 on ladder.

Fast forward to the fall/winter. I was posting fewer and fewer successful tournament results. I was missing the mark in SCG qualifiers; posting many X-3 records, or nearly cracking top 8 when I did play well, only to lose in my final match and miss out. As Christmas passed and 2021 began, I performed some internal analysis and adjusted my perspective of the game. In doing so, I felt more well-rounded as a player and confident in knowing with the right mindset, I can really succeed in this game.

Some of this information may seem obvious, but my goal is to provide applications of the information and hope that even the tiniest bit proves useful in some way.

**Hurdle 1. Reasoning with yourself, denying yourself the

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The Myths and Legends of the Pokémon from Gen 1: Charmander to Gengar

Before I begin, I would like to give a heartfelt thank you to everyone who showed so much positivity towards this idea. It really meant a lot to me and I think you guys and gals are truly wonderful, so thank you all so much! I hope this series can foster a desire for further exploration into the myths, beliefs, and practices of the past and present as well as perhaps spark an interest in Pokémon or other forms of media and art that adapt myths in really interesting ways. For those who missed my previous post, I will be making a series of posts examining the mythological and cultural inspirations behind several Pokémon from each of the games from the main series. I will be listing the Pokémon based on their National Dex number and will try to refrain from discussing any Pokémon that are simply based on real-world animals, plants, or objects that do not relate to any myths or belief systems. So without wasting any more time, let’s look at the original 151 Pokémon from Red, Blue/Green, and Yellow. Let’s Go!

#4: Charmander

Starting off with one of my favorite myths and one of the very first Pokémon in the game, we have the fiery salamander Charmander. Charmander’s design is evocative of a young lizard, which is meant to unconsciously draw a connection to western dragons, which are typically depicted as giant fire-breathing lizards. This design choice was intentional, as Charmander’s final evolution is the bipedal dragon Charizard. However, Charmander is actually a salamander (as its English name is a portmanteau of the words charred and salamander) and is based off of the myth of the Fire Salamander. One of the earliest accounts of the Fire Salamander in folklore is from the Roman named Pliny the Elder, who accurately described several characteristics of several salamander species, but also suggested that their bodies are so frigid that a flame could be extinguished by mere contact with the animal, and that salamanders are so toxic, that by simply falling into a well or wrapping around a tree, a single salamander could kill all those who drank from the well or ate from the tree. Later accounts of salamanders give some more fantastical properties to the animal

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Some useful definitions

Pneuma - (in Stoic thought) the vital spirit, soul, or creative force of a person. Also, an ancient Greek word for "breath", and in a religious context for "spirit" or "soul".

Caligula - Gaius Caesar, nicknamed Caligula or "Little Boot," was born on August 31, in 12 A.D. He succeeded Tiberius as Roman emperor in 37 A.D., and adopted the name Gaius Caesar Germanicus. Records depict him as a cruel and unpredictable leader. He restored treason trials and put people to death. Cassius Chaerea murdered him in 41 A.D. at the Palatine Games.

Psychopathy - traditionally a personality disorder characterized by persistent antisocial behavior, impaired empathy and remorse, and bold, disinhibited, and egotistical traits. It is sometimes considered synonymous with sociopathy.

Ponce de León - Born in Spain in 1460, Spanish conquistador Juan Ponce de León led a European expedition for gold, which eventually brought him to the southeast coast of what would become the United States. Relevant to the song Invincible, in 1512, PJ (as I call him) In 1512, was encouraged by the king to continue searching for new lands, in hopes of finding yet more gold and expanding the Spanish empire. Around this time, Ponce de León learned of a Caribbean island called Bimini, on which it was rumored there were miraculous waters purported to be a “fountain of youth.”

Edit: added Ponce de Leóon

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Myths of Conquest, Part Three: A Completed Conquest

This is the third of a several part series on the myths of European conquest of the Americas. The first post, A Handful of Adventurers Topple Empires, addressed the written foundation of the conquistador mythos, the rise of Cortés as the ideal conquistador, and the disastrous ends of various entradas attempting to conquer North America. The second post, Invisible Allies, addressed the role of Native American armies in the underlying Triple Alliance politics that allowed the fall of Tenochtitlan to succeed. This post explores how crown policy and the reward process demanded a portrayal of conquest as complete, and conquered peoples as docile in acceptance of Spanish control. Written records, needed to justify claim to land, titles, and tax income, disguised the reality of an unfinished conquest and labeled ongoing resistance as rebellion.

For the first few entries of the series, I’ll heavily rely on Restall’s Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest as a jumping off point to establish a baseline rebuttal to the most prevalent contact myths. Subsequent posts will focus more deeply on topics in my own area of research. If you have a request for a post, let me know. I can try to riddle it out, or pester other badhistorians to find the answer. Also, if you see any errors, let me know so I can fix them and learn from my mistakes.

Here we go…

The Myth: Spain Controlled a People Conquered, Reduced, and Pacified

> By divine will I have placed under the lordship of the King and Queen, Our Lords, an other world, thanks to which Spain, once called poor, is now the richest –Christopher Columbus (1500)

Though we might not go as far as Columbus, who in 1500 pronounced the entire New World under the lordship of the Spanish crown, we inherit a popular narrative of contact that emphasizes completion of conquest. After the brave exploits of a few conquistadores, colonists and missionaries submerge Native American communities and culture, creating a peaceful, conquered people either expressly loyal to the Spanish crown too disheartened to object. The worst versions of the narrative read like an analysis of capture the flag: a conquistador topples the capital, or establishes a beachhead, and announces “Game Over!” as the native populace meekly accepts defeat and vanishes from t

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TIFU by working out in the morning... Do I quit my gym?

Warning, apologies that this is a bit lengthy. It's also from a day or two ago but I had to take that time to digest what had occurred. To preface this, I've belonged to this gym for roughly 2.5 months now and need help deciding whether its time I move on and find another place of worship.

I guess I should start from the beginning, so rewind to earlier this week. It's Wednesday and I get a Bloomberg chat about a buddy having birthday drinks on Thursday. Neat, I haven't hung out with him in quite some time so it sounds like a good idea. Only complication is that Thursday is leg day. And just like cleaning after going Greek, we all know it's not something you skip. No biggie I thought. I'll just work out in the morning. Lots of people on /r/fitness get up and do that shit, no problem. So I set my alarms that night to get up at 4:30a so I can get to my gym's commercially reasonable opening time of 5a. Leaves me enough time for a solid workout, shower, work clothes, and get on the desk by 7a and I'll have protein shake & coffee around my usual time at 9a (I'm not a breakfast kinda person). Cool.

So the "morning" comes, god help me. I use quotations because morning implies sunrise and start to the day, yet the only people who you will cross paths with are degenerates stumbling their way home, sweating off the bath salts, still thinking it's Wednesday night. I'm getting off topic though. So the morning comes and phone alarms ring to which I naturally respond by trying to ignore it for the next 15 minutes until I realize it's 4:45a and I crawl out with a elongated groan that sounds more like "fuuuuuuuuuuuuuck". Oh well, I'm up. I smash down my pre-workout, raspberry lemonade Pre-Jym. As a word of caution, never drink pre-workout after brushing your teeth. I can honestly say I've never tasted my own urine, but it would now be a lie to tell you that I don't know what it would taste like.

I go on my way and arrive at the gym at 5:15a. A little late, but nothing too egregious. I'm already in workout clothes and I feel the PWO kicking in. As I walk into the weight room, I gleefully notice that both squat cages are free. There's maybe 3 people here outside of the employees; we are the conquistadors of the night, champions over the weakness of sleep, shoo shooers of the literal gains goblins. I'm ready, it's go time, solid ass leg day here we go.

In my excitement and feeling of being behind already, my warm up is a bit more accelerated than normal. I wouldn't sa

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Mega Quiz - 48/50 - Famous People - Explorers

Link to megathread with explanation.

The final week of the 500 question mega quiz! 10 questions about famous explorers. Good luck and remember to post your score if you want me to record it!

Half points for last names in this round.

Questions:

  1. Who was a famous Venetian merchant, explorer, and writer who travelled through Asia along the Silk Road between 1271 and 1295?
  2. Christopher Columbus completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean, opening the way for the widespread European exploration and colonization of the Americas. Which country was he from?
  3. Who lead the 1519 Spanish expedition to the East Indies which resulted in the first circumnavigation of the Earth when one of the expedition's two remaining ships eventually returned to Spain in 1522?
  4. Which British explorer achieved the first recorded European contact with the eastern coastline of Australia and the Hawaiian Islands, and the first recorded circumnavigation of New Zealand?
  5. Which Venetian explorer became known for his 1497 voyage to North America, upon landing in what he called “New-found-land” in present-day Canada – which he mistook for being Asia – he claimed land for England?
  6. Which Spanish conquistador (soldier and explorer), was best known for leading an expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire in 1521 and for winning Mexico for the Spanish crown?
  7. Synonymous with the flagship ‘the Golden Hind’, who was the first Englishman to circumnavigate the globe in a single expedition from 1577 to 1580?
  8. The first to sail through the Arctic’s Northwest Passage, from 1903 to 1906, which Norwegian polar explorer was the first to reach the South Pole, during an Antarctic expedition of 1910-1912?
  9. The initial voyage to India (1497–1499) by whom, was the first to link Europe and Asia by an ocean route, connecting the Atlantic and the Indian oceans and therefore, the West and the Orient?
  10. Climbing to the summit of Mount Everest at the age of 65, which British explorer was the first person to visit both the North and South Poles by surface means and the first to completely cross Antarctica on foot?

Answers:

  1. >!Marco Polo#############!<
  2. >!Italy##################!<
  3. >!Ferdinand Magellan#######!<
  4. >!James Cook#############!<
  5. >!John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto)!<
  6. >!Hernán Cortés###########!<
  7. >!Sir Francis Drake#########!
... keep reading on reddit ➡

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Mega Quiz - 48/50 - Famous People - Explorers

Link to megathread with explanation.

The final week of the 500 question mega quiz! 10 questions about famous explorers. Good luck and remember to post your score if you want me to record it!

Half points for last names in this round.

Questions:

  1. Who was a famous Venetian merchant, explorer, and writer who travelled through Asia along the Silk Road between 1271 and 1295?
  2. Christopher Columbus completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean, opening the way for the widespread European exploration and colonization of the Americas. Which country was he from?
  3. Who lead the 1519 Spanish expedition to the East Indies which resulted in the first circumnavigation of the Earth when one of the expedition's two remaining ships eventually returned to Spain in 1522?
  4. Which British explorer achieved the first recorded European contact with the eastern coastline of Australia and the Hawaiian Islands, and the first recorded circumnavigation of New Zealand?
  5. Which Venetian explorer became known for his 1497 voyage to North America, upon landing in what he called “New-found-land” in present-day Canada – which he mistook for being Asia – he claimed land for England?
  6. Which Spanish conquistador (soldier and explorer), was best known for leading an expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire in 1521 and for winning Mexico for the Spanish crown?
  7. Synonymous with the flagship ‘the Golden Hind’, who was the first Englishman to circumnavigate the globe in a single expedition from 1577 to 1580?
  8. The first to sail through the Arctic’s Northwest Passage, from 1903 to 1906, which Norwegian polar explorer was the first to reach the South Pole, during an Antarctic expedition of 1910-1912?
  9. The initial voyage to India (1497–1499) by whom, was the first to link Europe and Asia by an ocean route, connecting the Atlantic and the Indian oceans and therefore, the West and the Orient?
  10. Climbing to the summit of Mount Everest at the age of 65, which British explorer was the first person to visit both the North and South Poles by surface means and the first to completely cross Antarctica on foot?

Answers:

  1. >!Marco Polo#############!<
  2. >!Italy##################!<
  3. >!Ferdinand Magellan#######!<
  4. >!James Cook#############!<
  5. >!John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto)!<
  6. >!Hernán Cortés###########!<
  7. >!Sir Francis Drake#########!
... keep reading on reddit ➡

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