Any interest in a glossary?

I'm putting off doing homework and I didn't find anything for "terms", "terminology" or "dictionary" on this sub, so I thought maybe I'd start us off?

Herbaceous vs. Woody -- Plants are either woody (stems and branches are hard to break, possesses dry outer layers, brown to gray etc etc) or herbaceous (cell walls are easily broken, releasing fluid; typically green, etc).

Petal-- Petals are modified leaves, typically of a different color than the rest of the plant, meant to attract pollinators to the sexual organs of the plant.

Corolla-- All the petals together are called the "corolla".

Sepal-- Sepals are leaves that typically enclose and protect the petals before the flower opens. Sepals can be sneaky -- for example, a lily has six "petals", but three of them are secretly colored sepals.

Calyx-- All the sepals together are called the calyx.

Stamen-- The male organs of the flower. They hold pollen on their tips ("anthers"). Their stem-like portion is called the filament. Because some plants are male and female, not all flowers will have stamens.

Pistil-- The female organ of the flower, right in the center and often forked or even split into three or more at the tip. These develop into the fruits and seeds of a plant. Those terms are also different botanically than in common speech -- for example, the shell of a sunflower seed is considered the sunflower's "fruit". Botanists are a strange bunch, apparently. Again, some flowers do not have pistils.

Node-- Anywhere a leaf comes out of the stem of the plant.

Opposite vs. Alternate-- When a plant's leaves are opposite, two leaves come out at each node on the stem, directly across from one another (typical in many families). If they're alternate, only one leaf comes out at each point on the stem (also pretty common, for example in the onion family). This is the one to know!

Simple vs. Compound-- Simple leaves have only one blade (the name for what we think of as the leaf... like, as opposed to its stem). Compound leaves have multiple leaflets.

Palmate vs. Pinnate-- These are two types of compound leaves. Palmate, like your palm, means that all the leaflets come together in the center (well okay it's more like fingers, but you know). Pinnate is named for the word "feather", because it means that leaflets form that pattern, across from each other up the stem of the leaf. Plants from the pea family are conspicuously pinnate. Buckeyes are palmate.

Toothed vs. Entire-- Toothed leaves have jagged edges t

... keep reading on reddit ➡

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📰︎ r/foraging
📅︎ Dec 06 2016
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