When the Spanish arrived in modern-day Mexico, they conquered the Aztec city of Teotihuacan. But this city was not built by the Aztecs, who discovered its ruins and claimed it as their own. Who really founded Teotihuacan, once the largest city in the Western world, and what led to its collapse?

When the Aztecs stumbled upon the ruins of a great city in the Valley of Mexico around 1300 or 1400 AD, they were awed. Even its ruined state, abandoned and partially burned, it must have been a spectacular sight. This was certainly reflected in its name—it was christened Teotihuacan (TAY-OH-TI-WAH-CAHN), usually translated as “birthplace of the gods” (though some believe it may have been “place of those who have the road of the gods” or “city of the sun”). Today, its original name is lost, as is the language it would have appeared in. Who created “Teotihuacan” and why was their “birthplace of the gods” abandoned?

Rise:

The first human settlement at the future site of Teotihuacan was around 600 BCE. By 300 BCE, larger settlements were forming, with Teotihuacan growing explosively. Soon, it was the largest urban settlement in Mesoamerica—no other Mesoamerican civilization would eclipse its size at its peak until the Aztecs 1000 years later. This peak was in 450 CE; at this time, its population might have exceeded 250,000, covering over 11½ square miles and home to over 90% of the Basin of Mexico’s population.

The amount of Teotihuacan’s cultural influence and how they wielded it is debated, though it was undoubtedly extensive. Architecture throughout Mesoamerica, for instance, bears similarities to Teotihuacan, though some believe these styles may have predated Teotihuacan. Most believe that, at least indirectly, Teotihuacan exerted huge amounts of power over the surrounding, smaller civilizations, and likely commanded a vast network of trade routes and outposts. Why, then, do we know so little about it? And what was Teotihuacan’s society like?

Structure & Inhabitants:

I’m going to briefly touch on Teotihuacan as a place first, because it’s necessary to understand its potential causes of collapse. It was a multicultural city, divided by ethnic groups and further divided by class, of which three are evident: high elites, intermediate elites, and the laboring class (This will be important later). Interestingly, for such a large and powerful city, Teotihuacan shows no evidence of fortifications and military structures.

But Teotihuacan is no less impressive for this; the city itself was a masterpiece of urban planning. Every street and north-south wall aligned at 15 degrees and each major pyramid was positioned to match the stages of the sun and moon—its site may even have been chosen f

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👤︎ u/LiviasFigs
📅︎ Feb 05 2021
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The skull of a jaguar that, complete with a green jade bead in its mouth, was laid to rest in a ritual offering inside the Templo Mayor of the Aztec capital city of Tenochtitlan. Now on display at the Templo Mayor Museum in Mexico City [795x960]
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👤︎ u/Fuckoff555
📅︎ Feb 12 2021
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Stoic and Aztec philosophers developed counter-intuitive insights into why we fail to have will-power, why we are immoderate. A beginning is that will-power isn’t one thing, but three. medium.com/illumination-c…
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📰︎ r/philosophy
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👤︎ u/Phylaras
📅︎ Jan 25 2021
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The Aztec Sun Stone. Housed at the National Anthropology Museum in Mexico City. Carved some time between 1502 and 1521. [1280x960]
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👤︎ u/ParaMike46
📅︎ Feb 09 2021
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Tlaloc, Zbrush sculpt - artistic approach to Aztec god series
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📰︎ r/3Dmodeling
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👤︎ u/Noxx_Art
📅︎ Feb 09 2021
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I got totally obsessed with Carhartt 'Aztec' jackets thanks to this sub. I'm always scouring local Facebook/thrift/charity shops for them and here is my collection so far!
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👤︎ u/MB888
📅︎ Jan 24 2021
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TIL in 1323, the Mexica - founders of the Aztec Empire - asked the King of Culhuacan for his daughter. The Mexica sacrificed her, believing that would make the princess into a deity. During a festival dinner, a priest came out wearing her flayed skin. Upon seeing this, the King expelled the Mexica en.wikipedia.org/wiki/His…
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📅︎ Dec 22 2020
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I Transformed The Vanilla Jungle Temple Into An Ancient Aztec Pyramid
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📅︎ Dec 24 2020
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What if the Native Americans that the pilgrims meet were more advanced almost similar to how the Aztecs were?
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📅︎ Feb 07 2021
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An Aztec obsidian jar from Texcoco, carved in the form of a monkey holding its tail above its head. Late Postclassic period (1250–1521), now on display at the National Museum of Anthropology in Mexico [1662x2048]
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👤︎ u/Fuckoff555
📅︎ Jan 03 2021
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Tongue drums — a modern day interpretation of an ancient Aztec tribal and ceremonial device known as the Teponaztli. So soothing. v.redd.it/5nkz34esrc861
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👤︎ u/Agent_C404
📅︎ Dec 30 2020
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I worship Aztec* gods. AMA!

I'm a polytheist and pagan of 20 years, and I've been worshiping some of the gods of Mesoamerica for the past 10, and getting involved in modern cultural revivals like Mexicayotl for the past year. The gods of the Aztecs are called the Teteo.

I can answer some basic questions about pre-Conquest Mexico, though just remember that most of what you think you know is probably really wrong. So to get some things out of the way:

  • Yes, human sacrifice was practiced.
  • No, it wasn't quite as common as you probably think.
  • As well, the circumstances surrounding the rules of human sacrifice were complex and an integral part of politics and cosmology, so it was not "senseless" by the Mexica's own reasoning, and many victims of sacrifice actually went proudly and willingly to their deaths.
  • Nobody practices human sacrifice anymore and nobody's advocating it. Don't be silly.

^(*The "Aztecs" are what the Mexica called themselves before founding their empire and taking up a new name. The peoples of the language group are called the Nahua. The Aztecs/Mexica/Nahua people never "died out", and millions of them are still chugging along in many parts of Mexico. (Also, while we're here, the Maya never "disappeared" either.))

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📰︎ r/religion
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📅︎ Feb 06 2021
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An Aztec Turquoise mosaic mask representing Xiuhtecuhtli, the god of fire, 1400-1521 CE. The mask is of cedar with mother-of-pearl eyes and conch shell teeth. The British Museum. (563x750)
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👤︎ u/GaGator43
📅︎ Dec 29 2020
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TIL that the last Aztec emperor has surviving descendants, and today they are Spanish dukes. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duk…
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👤︎ u/ryguy_1
📅︎ Jan 03 2021
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Aztec Religion Explained [21:25] youtube.com/watch?v=vdO-Q…
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Tzeentch Corrupted Aztec Tau reddit.com/gallery/ljhtvw
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📅︎ Feb 14 2021
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Tlaloc, Zbrush sculpt - artistic approach to Aztec god series
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📰︎ r/conceptart
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👤︎ u/Noxx_Art
📅︎ Feb 09 2021
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"You know Quetzalcoatl was Jesus because the Aztecs always drew him with white skin"
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📰︎ r/exmormon
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Aztec Coin Ring, Me, Silver Bullion, 2021
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📅︎ Jan 21 2021
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An Aztec warrior runs an animal gauntlet

So, this chap will run an animal gauntlet.

The Aztec warrior will be equipped with his presumably primary and routinely used weapon, which looked like this

The macuahuitl is a peculiar wooden sword which had rectangle shaped, chipped obsidian blades which effectively functioned as grazers, slashers and cutters. They however, weren't really made to instantly kill, but rather immobilize and severely wound victims to the point they could be easily apprehended and confiscated for rituals.

Some articles say that a macuahuitl was sharp and powerful enough to decapitate a horse's head with a few swings to the point that the head would be held by some loose skin.

Obsidian is known for being many times sharper than the finest metal razor.

  1. Fox

  2. Coyote

  3. Wolf

  4. Tibetan Mastiff

  5. Baboon

  6. Chimp

  7. Gorilla

  8. Cheetah

  9. Leopard

  10. Jaguar

  11. Lion

  12. Bengal Tiger

  13. Boar

  14. Moose

  15. Brown bear

  16. Grizzly bear

  17. Spanish fighting bull

The warrior will also carry his shield.

The fight takes place in an empty, forsook meadow.

R1. Both are in character.

R2. Both are bloodlusted and determined to kill eachother

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👤︎ u/Brmeser
📅︎ Jan 18 2021
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TIL the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan was built on Lake Texcoco, which was engineered to segregate freshwater & saltwater with dikes to maintain a drinking water supply. The Spanish drained the lake to build Mexico City, resulting in water shortages. Mexico City sank 10m over the past century. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lak…
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👤︎ u/nehala
📅︎ Jan 26 2021
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Would you want to see a Assassins Creed game set during the Aztec Empire?

when I think about cool settings for an Assassins Creed Game the Aztec Empire always came to mind and I'm not sure why. I feel like an Aztec setting would be so unique and different then other game settings. everything about the Aztec's are so unique form there armor and there weapons and there many Gods.

  • Huitzilopochtli, Father of the Aztecs
  • Tlaloc, God of Rain and Storms
  • Tonatiuh, God of the Sun
  • Tezcatlipoca, God of Night

there are many other Gods as well but something about the Aztecs are so Interesting to me. How would you AC fans feel about an Aztec AC game?

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👤︎ u/AsharkHead
📅︎ Jan 27 2021
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AYAYAYAY *epic Aztec subset increases*
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[San Diego State] Aztecs’ potential move to AAC is ‘nonstory,’ athletic director says sandiegouniontribune.com/…
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📅︎ Jan 16 2021
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Carhartt Aztec Jacket I found on Craigslist!
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📅︎ Jan 04 2021
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An Aztec gold piece and some of the other prop coins my dad has from working on curse of the black pearl
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👤︎ u/Bombtrain
📅︎ Jan 31 2021
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Why is the historical record for what happened in the following years after the Spanish conquest of the Aztecs so murky and not detailed?

I really want to know exactly and precisely what happened in the area in and around present day Mexico City after Spanish conquest, but so far all the sources available online for free only give a very murky picture that answer none of my biggest questions that I am looking for answers to. I have a feeling the books are not going to be anymore clear.

Why is this the case? Weren’t there a lot of Spanish people keeping track of everything and writing things down in Spanish in the lands they conquered ?

By comparison , it seems the history of English colonization of North America seems to be very well documented down to the smallest detail.

Some really big questions I have about the consequences of the conquest of the Aztec are:

  1. Did the Native Americans ever grow to view the Spanish as a common enemy and band together to try to drive them out? If yes, why were they not successful?

  2. How did the “Mestizo” racial mix become the dominant mix in present day Mexico if so many Native Americans were dying from smallpox and the amount of Spanish people in Mexico was always so low?

  3. How did the Spanish go about mixing with the Native Americans? Were Native American women simply kidnapped and made into brides? Or did the majority of Native American women voluntarily entered into relationships with the Spanish?

  4. Did the allies of the Spanish in the war against the Aztec feel betrayed after they lost special privileges soon after the conquest was complete? Did they revolt against the Spanish when this became apparent ?

  5. After conquering the Aztec , how were the Spanish able to maintain control of the region if their numbers were so low all the time ?

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👤︎ u/Golfer345
📅︎ Feb 05 2021
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The Aztecs as well as many other indigenous peoples used tobacco for generations. I’ll take my awards now.
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📰︎ r/Cigarettes
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Tzeentch Corrupted Aztec Tau reddit.com/gallery/ljhurs
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NGD!! CS 64 in Aztec Gold
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Aztec temple I built for fun! reddit.com/gallery/kew72r
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📅︎ Dec 17 2020
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Some were asking for an alleged leak of a DIA document for debriefing the President about the Roswell and Aztec incidents and how Tesla accidentally/unknowingly made contact with these beings. I believe I found it after some digging. web.archive.org/web/20170…
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📅︎ Feb 03 2021
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Aztec Kilo NGC MS 70 Ultra reddit.com/gallery/liqbei
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📰︎ r/Silverbugs
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👤︎ u/magicmarv1
📅︎ Feb 13 2021
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I am looking to make an Aztec Warrior.

I have been on a real kick with Mesoamerican civilizations and decided I want to make an Aztec warrior using base 5e character making rules and a few homebrew items. I would want to make the character a barbarian but that's pretty much the only idea I have for the character. Can you guys help me with a build for this character?

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📰︎ r/3d6
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📅︎ Jan 08 2021
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I really want a total war with aztec and mayans and maybe even incas
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👤︎ u/panekoek55
📅︎ Feb 02 2021
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Tower of human skulls reveals grisly scale to archaeologists in Mexico City | New sections of the tower at the capital’s Templo Mayor Aztec site include 119 skulls of men, women and children theguardian.com/world/202…
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📅︎ Dec 11 2020
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Just Aztec theme characters flexing their power v.redd.it/cankqoznt0261
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👤︎ u/Pichuunnn
📅︎ Nov 28 2020
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Ritual mask shaped like a skull. Mexico, Aztec civilization, Late Postclassic period, 1200–1521 [1000x1320]
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📅︎ Feb 05 2021
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What about an Aztec event for May?

This year have passed 500 years since Tenochtitlan fall. What do you think about? It is a perfect excuse for an aztec event.

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📰︎ r/aoe3
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👤︎ u/dalvi5
📅︎ Feb 10 2021
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The Tlakah, (slightly Aztec Inspired) 5e Race by Me reddit.com/gallery/koltyw
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👤︎ u/alamo76
📅︎ Jan 01 2021
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TIL the Aztecs had large botanical gardens and medical experimentation for finding cures to diseases from folklore ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…
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📅︎ Feb 08 2021
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Aztec gold
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The Aztec mod slideshow (not yet released) reddit.com/gallery/kut2w0
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👤︎ u/ModdingAom
📅︎ Jan 11 2021
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I recently visited a LDS church on service call with my job, I noticed a lot of art work on the walls depicting Jesus on a pyramid overlooking what seemed to be Aztec or Mayan natives. Would someone kinky fill me in? TIA

*kindly

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📰︎ r/exmormon
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👤︎ u/duramx357
📅︎ Feb 02 2021
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WW2 - The Aztec Eagles youtu.be/z8HhM0TFE4c
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📰︎ r/mexico
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👤︎ u/frevueltas
📅︎ Jan 23 2021
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One of my hobbies is Mesoamerican (Aztec, Maya, etc) history and archaeology. With Adobe Flash being retired this week, many online 3d and GIS visualization tools for artifacts and site maps are going to go down. Is there any way I can rip and locally download them?

What the title says... I have no expirence dealing with ripping 3d content online, but I'd hate to see this data cease to be publicly accessable.

Some content in question:

http://geomaps.aum.edu/CalakmulGoogle1.htm

http://geomaps.aum.edu/CHichen%20Itza%203D.htm

http://geomaps.aum.edu/Index.html

http://geomaps.aum.edu/CalakmulGoogle2.htm

http://research.famsi.org/3D_imaging/index.php (I'm having trouble navigating to other pages with 3d content beyond the main directory here, which complicates matters)

Ideally a guide on how to do it would be best, so if I find more I can do it on my own, but if somebody wants to also just rip what I have linked here for me instead/in adidtion, that would also be helpful.

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📅︎ Dec 28 2020
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"The history of chocolate begins with the ancient Aztecs. Instead of being pure chocolate, it was mixed with shredded tobacco, and they didn't eat it, they smoked it."
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📅︎ Feb 03 2021
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Statue of Xōchipilli (the Aztec God of art, games, dance, flowers, and song) sitting cross-legged upon a throne covered in carvings of hallucinogenic plants. 16th century CE, now on display at the National Museum of Anthropology in Mexico [2401x4752]
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👤︎ u/Fuckoff555
📅︎ Dec 11 2020
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Archaeologists Discover Bas-Relief of Golden Eagle at Aztec Templo Mayor heritagedaily.com/2021/01…
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📰︎ r/worldnews
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📅︎ Jan 26 2021
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A striking 600-year-old Aztec sculpture depicting a golden eagle has been uncovered in an ancient temple in Mexico, archaeologists with Mexico's National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) announced Monday (Jan. 25).
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📅︎ Feb 06 2021
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