How did the peerage of England react to and contend with the nouveau-riche at the onset and aftermath of the industrial revolution?

I've heard that it was seen as "ungentlemanly" for a member of the aristocracy to try to obtain wealth. Wouldn't this put them at the mercy of savvy entrepreneurs?

👍︎ 3
💬︎
👤︎ u/Zimmonda
📅︎ Jul 04 2020
🚨︎ report
The peerage in medieval england ranged with different titles, from duke to baron, what were the differences of these?

Say its the 1480's around the time of the Wars of the Roses. What privileges does a duke have that a earl doesn't? What set these nobles apart? Also, could a normal citizen who rose to wealth and influence but lacked any hereditary titles become a peer?

👍︎ 14
📰︎ r/AskHistory
💬︎
👤︎ u/1889blade
📅︎ Aug 29 2017
🚨︎ report
TIL that according to Burke's Peerage the Queen of England is supposedly a direct descendant of the Prophet Mohamed juancole.com/2008/02/burk…
👍︎ 95
💬︎
👤︎ u/Loki-L
📅︎ Nov 08 2014
🚨︎ report
Edward Mordrake is claimed to be a 19th century heir to one of the peerages in England who had a extra face on the back of his head. According to the story, the extra face could neither eat nor speak, but it could laugh and cry. (PIC) hunterstephenson.tumblr.c…
👍︎ 60
📰︎ r/WTF
💬︎
👤︎ u/Devistator
📅︎ Jul 08 2010
🚨︎ report
B293 - House of Lords (Abolition) Bill 2016

A Bill to abolish the House of Lords and Peerages, and confer all legislative power to the House of Commons.

Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

1. Legislation

(1) All Bills shall require only to be passed by the House of Commons in order to be sent for Royal Assent.

2. Peerages

(1) All current Peers shall lose their title and associated benefits.

(2) No more Peers may be appointed to the Peerages of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, Britain and Ireland or United Kingdom.

3. Commencement, Short Title and Extent

(1) This Act shall extend to the whole United Kingdom.

(2) This Act shall come into force immediately upon its passage.

(3) This Act may be cited as the House of Lords (Abolition) Act 2016.


This bill was submitted by /u/Agentnola on behalf of the 9th Opposition. This reading will end on the 5th May

👍︎ 20
📰︎ r/MHOC
💬︎
👤︎ u/Padanub
📅︎ Apr 30 2016
🚨︎ report
Genealogy Time Period Help, My Introduction.

Let me first start by saying I am now a genealogy enthusiast! I got started on genealogy when my grandma was still alive. I have learned so much since then.

I am still working on finishing my family book. As a genealogist I had to of course acquire many certified records such as: Birth Certificates, Baptism and Chrismation / Confirmation Certificates, Marriage Certificates, Land and Deed Records, Wills and Probates, Census Records, etcetera! So far I have spent around $4,000. It is truly a worthwhile endevour to know ones true heritage.

In my research so far I have authored articles that were published, one in a magazine, one in a historical journal and a few on Wikipedia.

The Wikipedia articles I wrote in my genealogy projects so far are about Michael Antoine Garoutte, Antoine Joseph Marie d'Espinassy, Alfred David Augustus d'Espinassy and I added a few things to my other ancestors article for John Sevier. There is still so much work to be done!

I am fascinated by my noble and notable ancestors. I have found so many of them. I learned that I am legitimately in line for a Peerage of England as well as noble titles in France. Whether those titles will ever come to me is unknown. I am determined to know what place "in line" I am. I have found that one of my ancestors was an Earl of Essex in England and the title still exists, another was an Admiral and Baron of France, another was a guy that was one of Napoleon Bonaparte's Generals, another was the founder of the State of Tennessee and first Governor, another was Count of France. It's all very interesting stuff and what's more is it is fun to research and piece everything together to get a big picture. I want to start a milti-generation research effort. My Wood bloodline also has a lot of English nobility.

I am also very fascinated by my Frisian heritage. My Great Grandparents on my maternal bloodline came from Fohr and Amrum in the Frisian Islands so I would really love to go even further back on that line.

I think I might write an extensive genealogy module for a software project I am writing, maybe something similar to Ancestry or WikiTree but for storing and maintaining personal data.

Can anyone recommend any books on more Genealogy techniques or methodologies? I don't dare call myself an advanced genealogist yet, but on one of my lines I am able to trace back to the 12th century because it's a noble and royal bloodline with extensive documentation. I would like to understand even more about how t

... keep reading on reddit ➡

👍︎ 2
📰︎ r/Genealogy
💬︎
📅︎ Mar 24 2019
🚨︎ report
Famous People With Epilepsy

Hugo Weaving - Hugo Wallace Weaving (born 4 April 1960) is a film and stage actor, as well as a voice actor. Weaving was born in Nigeria. He spent his childhood in South Africa and then moved to the United Kingdom in his teens. He moved to Australia in 1976, where he attended Sydney's Knox Grammar School. Weaving later graduated from Australia's National Institute of Dramatic Art in 1981. When he was 13 years old, Weaving was diagnosed with epilepsy. Due to the prospect of seizures, Weaving does not drive cars. He has never married and lives with his partner Katrina Greenwood. =========================================================Vincent van Gogh - (1853 - 1890) Vincent Van Gogh was a passionate artist who strongly believed that all expressions should be expressed through colors. He was heard saying that all he ever wanted to do with his life was paint all that came to his mind. He also said that when he would be deceased he would look back at his life and cry for the paintings that he could have created. Being the loving and creative man that he was his epilepsy had once caused him to run after his friends with an open razor, he ended up cutting his own ear lobe off. He eventually shot himself "For the good of all" leaving behind all the colorful paintings he had made. =========================================================Sir Isaac Newton - (4 January 1643 - 31 March 1727) A very important scientist who is responsibe for founding the three laws of motion along with studies concerning Universal Gravitation. He studied many scientific disciplines but mainly stayed inside the field of mechanics. It is said that Newton had mainly discovered gravity by examining a falling apple, that would have been one of the major reasons for him to start his researches in the subject. Was thought by many a product of psychosis but he may just have been in his right mind. =========================================================Neil Young - (born November 12, 1945, Toronto, Ontario) A musician known for his meaningful lyrics and also a spokesman for environmental issues, Neil Young has been labeled one of the greatest guitarists of his time. When he was young his parents divorced and Neil was confronted with many diseases simultaneously. The obstacles in which he faced included Epilepsy, Polio and Diabetes which he did eventually all overcome. Since then he has been a peacekeeper through music and is ever present in the fight for justice and all that has to do with a m

... keep reading on reddit ➡

👍︎ 16
📰︎ r/Epilepsy
💬︎
📅︎ Sep 27 2015
🚨︎ report
[EVENT] Parliament of 1503

It is the spring of 1503, and the King of England, in his eternal wisdom, has decided to convene Parliament once again. As with before, Henry VII, due to lacking a seat in either of the chambers, shall have to convey his wishes through proxy. This proxy shall be Edmund Dudley, who will also act as presiding officer and Speaker of the Commons. In support shall be Sir Richard Empson, who shall work to argue on behalf of the King in support of the legislations. The purpose of this year’s Parliament shall primarily be to raise additional revenues for the King for his upcoming campaign. Furthermore, the King intends to attaint Edmund de la Pole on charges of treason and sedition, as is evident by his flight to France.

c.1 Attainder of Edmund de la Pole

“Most honoured and esteemed members of our most illustrious Parliament, today I bring forth the request set by the King to attaint Edmund de la Pole, the Earl of Suffolk. It appears corruption by blood is how treason has manifested itself in Edmund, for just as his brother John had, he has set about acting seditiously. Once his plot was discovered, his guilt became evident with his flight abroad, seeking shelter in the court of Maximilian I.”

“Thus, respectably, I request to attaint Edmund on charges of treason and sedition. This stain on the Peerage of England should not go unpunished. With this bill of attainder, should it be passed, the following stipulations shall go into effect to right the wrongs made by this traitor of the Crown.”

  • Edmund de la Pole shall be stripped of all his hereditary titles, including but not limited to the Earldom of Suffolk

  • Edmund de la Pole shall lose all property and lands held within the Kingdom of England or the Lordship of Ireland, as well as the legal right to hold property.

  • Edmund de la Pole shall lose the right to pass or confer his title of nobility and status as a peer to his heirs.

  • Edmund de la Pole, upon his return to England, whether willfully or in chains, shall be executed for capital offenses of treason and sedition against the Crown of England.


c.2 War Grant

His Majesty, King Henry VII would like to request a grant for the purposes of war. In the near future, he plans to launch a new

... keep reading on reddit ➡

👍︎ 4
💬︎
📅︎ Jul 05 2018
🚨︎ report
What are some examples where a noble of one country/nation has been made a noble of a fully separate country/nation?

Has the acceptance of honours from multiple distinct nations ever been acceptable and/or commonplace? Could one, for example, have been Baron in the Peerage of England and also, separately, a Conde in the Spanish nobility?

👍︎ 20
📰︎ r/history
💬︎
📅︎ Oct 05 2014
🚨︎ report
(Spoilers All) Questions About Peerage and Warden Decisions

Hi ASOIAF! I am a (very) amateur history buff and during my most recent re-read I was wondering why the nobility is just referred to as 'Lord'. As you all know in European nobility there is a hierarchial organisation to the peerage, for example in the 'Peerage of England' the rank structure is: Baron, Viscount, Earl, Marquess, Duke, and King. I imagine that it's because GRRM doesn't want to confuse the issue.

I thought it would be fun if we could estimate the 'rank' of some of the various lords in Westeros. We know that there are Wardens and a Lord Paramount, so there is an obvious heirarchy here also. To keep it simple please put the region the house is in (if it's not an obvious one), the rank, and give us a brief explanation of why.

My other question is: knowing House Stark and House Tully were the overlords of their regions, why didn't they proactively try to periodically upgrade their regional defenses? Moat Cailin has been slowly falling apart and is mostly a ruin, yet is considered the North's most essential defense. Why not try to repair it? House Tully has no natural defenses and is often a place ravaged by war. Why not place strategic defenses near the Golden Tooth?

From the wiki: "The Riverlands encompass a region of plains, forests, hills, and endless rivers. The lands extend as far north as the swamp area of the Neck, at the source of the Green Fork, east up to the kingsroad, south to the Blackwater Rush, and west to Ironman's Bay and the hills of the Westerlands. It seems that the Riverlands only has easily defensible borders in the North. Although there are mountains in the east and the west the mountains themselves seem to belong to the Vale and the Westerlands respectively. In the west the heavily fortified castle Golden Tooth guards the entrance to the Riverlands but belongs itself to the Westerlands."

👍︎ 18
📰︎ r/asoiaf
💬︎
📅︎ Jan 06 2014
🚨︎ report
Where are the Irish Crown Jewels?

Background

When the English were looking to expand their borders in the 1100s it’s not surprising that they looked to Ireland as a prime target for invasion. What we would now call Ireland was divided into roughly nine kingdoms each ruled by their own king. While there was a tradition of having a ri Erenn or a High King of Ireland, Ireland was not a politically unified state. The High King was more of an overlord or ceremonial figure who was trusted to organize and lead in times of extreme peril, but otherwise left the independent kingdoms to their own devices.

The last Gaelic High King of Ireland was Ruaidhri Ua Conchobair (1116-1198), King of Connacht who managed to be the first to politically unite Ireland as they attempted to ward off the English. However, his efforts were in vain as the Anglo-Norman invasion of Ireland continued, culminating in King Henry II of England taking control of the country.

In an attempt to coyly trick the Irish into thinking they were not bowing to an English throne, starting in 1171 the King of England was styled to be called only the Lord of Ireland. However, in 1542 this farce ended and King Henry VIII of England was named the first King of Ireland.

All this is to say that the history of the Irish Crown Jewels was also the history of the English Crown Jewels which technically are safe and on display today in the Tower of London. However, there was another set of gems, traditionally called the Irish Crown Jewels, so what were they?

The Irish Crown Jewels

Their official title was long. Formally called the Jewels Belonging to the Most Illustrious Order of Saint Patrick, the Irish Crown Jewels were composed of only two pieces of jewelry. Assembled and brought to Ireland in 1831, the pieces were created for the Sovereign and Grand Master of the Order of St. Patrick, an order of knighthood equivalent to the English Order of the Garter or Scottish Order of the Thistle.

Basically, the

... keep reading on reddit ➡

👍︎ 160
💬︎
👤︎ u/jaderust
📅︎ Apr 20 2021
🚨︎ report
David Cameron lobbied No 10 and Hancock for Greensill

https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/david-cameron-lobbied-no-10-and-hancock-for-greensill-nht3x2c5z

Downing Street today became embroiled in the “biggest lobbying scandal in a generation” after new evidence emerged of attempts by David Cameron to influence the Government.

The former prime minister intervened on two fronts to promote the company run by disgraced financier Lex Greensill. The Sunday Times can disclose:

• Cameron emailed Boris Johnson’s senior special adviser at No 10 last year within hours of the Treasury rejecting an application from Greensill to access a Covid emergency loan scheme

•He said it was “nuts” to exclude Greensill’s company from a multibillion-pound Covid loan scheme and demanded the government reconsider

•Cameron wrote: “What we need is for Rishi [Sunak] to have a good look at this and ask officials to find a way of making it work”

•His lobbying led the Treasury to reconsider its decision rejecting Greensill’s application

•In a separate development, it can be revealed that Cameron brought Greensill to a “private drink” with the health secretary in October 2019

•Cameron and Greensill lobbied Matt Hancock to introduce a payment scheme that was later rolled out within the NHS.

•With the help of one of Cameron’s former ministers, Greensill, 44, also met with Dido Harding, the then head of NHS Improvement, and Sir Simon Stevens, the chief executive of the NHS, to pitch his ideas.

•Greensill later launched a partnership with NHS Shared Business Services, jointly run by Hancock’s department allowing up to 400,000 NHS to be paid daily

•The Australian banker planned to make money from the scheme, which was awarded without tender or an open process.

The former prime minister is at the centre of a lobbying scandal after it emerged he contacted ministers on behalf of Greensill Capital, a financial services company he advised and held tens of millions of pounds of share options in. It has since gone bust, threatening 55,000 jobs.

In October 2019, Cameron, 54, arranged and attended a “private drink” with Hancock, and Greensill, an Australian banker whose eponymous firm wanted to introduce a scheme to pay doctors and nurses either daily or weekly, ahead of their usual payday.

They were joined by Bill Crothers, the

... keep reading on reddit ➡

👍︎ 183
📰︎ r/ukpolitics
💬︎
📅︎ Apr 10 2021
🚨︎ report
The Civil War in Pennyworth - No, Great Britian in the 60's never had a Civil War fought with Tanks - But we did have the Contraceptive Pill...

I came across a review from someone who purchased the BluRay for Season 1 on Amazon not too long back, very good review, very positive - liked the show, obviously, he bought the BluRay - but a lot of it went on about the apparently alternate universe depiction of 60's Britian Pennyworth is set and I've kind of read the odd one or two similar sentiments expressed here from fans: I think a lot of it stems from the uniforms, we look at the Raven Union Army automatically as them being fascists in the traditional sense of Germanys National Socialists from the 1930's onwards and the NoName League representing Communism - but that isn't England.

England, especially in the 1960s, was a nation dominated by Class - it's not about race, unless you're Enoch Powell or Oswald Mosely - it's about status: the continuation of the British Establisment and Social Oder.

Here, in Blighty, You have your bluebloods on top giving the orders out and the working classes doffing their caps and muttering "Three-bags-full-sir" - never look a British Toff in the eye. Like horses, they bite. Some of them are actually venomous...

Think about the actual Great Britain in the 1960's - at the start women couldn't divorce, abortion was illegal and so was homosexuality - by the end of the decade everyone wanted to be John Lennon and bra's we're viewed with suspicion, at best. You could shag anybody you wanted, marry whoever you liked - a few years later Princess Marget would be shagging her gardener and, frankly, nobody gave a stuff. There was a lot of social change under the bridge by the 1970's, putting it mildly.

No, in reality nobody took to the streets driving tanks and goose-stepping their way into Harrods - but the British establishment - those of peerage and old money - ceased being the moral majority in this country, the old order was basically sent back to Hampshire where it thoroughly deserved to be and Britain became markedly more liberal, socially mobile.

This is the actual fight that's going on in the show - Bruno Hellers just depicting it as a literal civil war because it's easier and quicker to do as a back drop and hilariously more entertaining: look at the protagonists on both sides, for the RUA the ranking officers clearly all attened Hogwarts and were mostly born, clearly, with a stately home poking out their backside - on the NoNames side they're all working class, except her Majesty who - in the reality, as well as the atual one - probably did as much t

... keep reading on reddit ➡

👍︎ 16
📰︎ r/Pennyworth
💬︎
👤︎ u/G-M-Dark
📅︎ Apr 15 2021
🚨︎ report
2021 Bingo Mystery Square Read: a Review of Natasha Pulley's The Watchmaker of Filigree Street

Bloomsbury Circus must have had a surfeit of confidence in Ms Pulley’s debut novel to make such a handsome volume out of it. I assume it must have cost extra to punch that peephole in all the hardback covers, and I can see why they did it. The Watchmaker of Filigree Street has all the ingredients of a hit: it is a very unconventional detective story set in London in the Victorian era but it is also a work of science fiction or fantasy, question mark? And in spite of its Holmesian set up, there is no detective character in it. In lieu of the Baker Street sleuth, we get an equally eccentric Japanese horologist from Filigree Street who is arguably as interesting a figure as Sherlock Holmes himself, though in a very different way.

Thaniel Steepleton is our Watson: a telegraphist who was working for the Home Office when the Fenian dynamite campaign orchestrated by Irish republicans was well underway in the late 19th century. One day, he returned to his threadbare apartment to find that someone had broken in but instead of taking anything, the mysterious intruder had left a rosy gold pocket watch of exquisite workmanship as a gift for him (and also did his dishes to boot). A game is afoot, but Thaniel hadn’t the slightest clue what game it is.

We also get another point-of-view character in Grace Carrrow who I must say was designed in a lab with the specific goal of irking me. She was an unconventionally educated high society lady with aspirations of making breakthroughs in the field of physics, and was not above breaking any and all restrictive Victorian gender norms in order do it. That is all fine and good, but she also possessed the air of a woman who thought she was superior to other members of her sex. She casually insulted other women in order to differentiate herself from them. She denigrated the nascent suffragist movement (even though she chafed mightily under the same gender restrictions they were fighting against), considered women too shallow to participate in politics, and even threatened to move to Germany if women ever get the vote. Women of her vintage did and still exist, of course, but it did not make her any less insufferable.

>She had set up in Lady Margaret Hall’s deep, silent cellar, where everyone left her alone. Mostly alone. Matsumoto called every day at three o’clock to make sure that she hadn’t blown herself up. She had tried to explain that she hadn’t got any explosives and therefore coul

... keep reading on reddit ➡

👍︎ 35
📰︎ r/Fantasy
💬︎
👤︎ u/k0ks3nw4i
📅︎ Apr 16 2021
🚨︎ report
Britpicking - Lordships and Titles.

OK, I've seen (and indeed started) a good few Britpicking conversations on here but I've never seen this discussed before, so hopefully this is something new.

I've recently been reading a lot of your very typical "Harry is Lord Potter, Heir Black, Lord Wonderful Wizard" fics. It's a genre I've generally not gone into in any depth before, but here we are. And, oh my god, do people get the stuff about addressing peers wrong! If we assume that titles in Wizarding Britain have the same origin as titles in Muggle Britain, that is. If you want to write a fic where it's totally separate and it goes by the standard fic trope rules, great, carry on. It's only fiction after all and I'm not here to stifle anyone's creativity! But I've seen fics where wizarding aristocracy is known to Muggle aristocracy, including Hermione having a Muggle title in one or two instances, and one particularly memorable fic where they meet the Queen of England and she addresses Harry as "Heir Potter," which is what led me to making this post, after I stopped twitching.

First point. There is no such substantive title as "Lord [Surname]." In fact, outside of one person, there is no such title in the UK as "Lord." It's a generic noun and term of address that collectively refers to peers of the realm - ie someone who is a Duke, Marquess, Earl, Viscount or Baron. The peerages invented in fic seem to conflate most with Earldom, so I'll stick with that. (Dukes and Marquesses tend to be related to royalty, Viscounts are mainly secondary and courtesy titles (which I'll get to) and Barons these days are mainly life peers - a type of political appointment).

Second point. These titles are, when hereditary (which wizarding aristocracy definitely is in fanon) often linked to land. So, to go with our most common example in fic - Lucius Malfoy would not be "Lord Malfoy." He would be "Lucius Malfoy, 17th Earl of Wiltshire." (The 17th is made up, you can use any number you like, but that's how it's styled.) In a formal setting, he would be referred to as "The Earl of Wiltshire" when other characters are speaking about him, and (and ok this is going to get confusing) "my Lord" when being directly addressed. Obviously in an informal setting with family and close friends, he'd just be called by his name.

Earldoms can also be linked to name - Princess Diana's brother is "Earl Spencer," as was his father before him. So you could make Lucius "Lucius Malfoy, 17th Earl Malfoy." He would again be referred to

... keep reading on reddit ➡

👍︎ 514
💬︎
👤︎ u/Ermithecow
📅︎ Nov 18 2020
🚨︎ report
For the Love of HR...💚 (KU) under-appreciated author alert...Judith James 🍒

Judith James has only published 5 books...3 of which are currently available on KU...if you are a fan of good prose...angst and drama set in a realistically historic setting...with vulnerable and tortured heroes...these are for YOU!! also Not-Regency!! two of these are set during the Restoration period!!

Broken Wing by Judith James ⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐ 4.5 /5 m/f 1899/ Napoleonic era, Paris/England/North Africa...friends to lovers...TORTURED hero....with an epic sweep of years...and ANGST!!...AAR DIK review

Inhale, my friends...take a deep breath...do you smell it?...yes...that is the scent of freshly pining hero...it smells like longing and denial. Oh Gabriel is easily one of THE most tortured heroes I have come across...seriously damaged...And this is his story...abandoned as a baby and later sold as a child to a Parisian brothel...the physically beautiful Gabriel was trained to service all the most dissolute of Paris’ upper classes, both men and women...and he is valued by the brothel for this...when a young English boy turns up at the brothel when Gabriel has become a young man, he protects the boy and uses his leverage within the brothel to save the boy from the same path he trod...and for five years Gabriel is successful in protecting young Jamie...Gabriel counts Jamie as his only real purpose for living and is rather distraught to learn the boy is actually the heir to an English peerage and his family who have been searching for him these five years, are on their way to Paris to retrieve him...

Enter our heroine, Sarah, Lady Monroe, widow from an unfortunate and unhappy marriage and sister to both the older Ross, the current Earl and the younger Jamie. Sarah is a wonderful smart heroine, straight talking, unconcerned with society, well-educated with wit and warmth...she sees past Gabriel’s cool detached demeanor and defenses and insists he accompany the reunited family back to England to help with Jamie’s transition....and off we go.

There is a deftness with how Gabriel’s emotional trauma is treated here...as someone who has never really had a family or experienced warmth or acceptance for anything more than his sexual skills, I appreciated how the author handled this! Sarah somehow understands all of these things and slowly slowly reaches Gabriel as a friend first, building trust...there are some dreamy even steamy s

... keep reading on reddit ➡

👍︎ 90
💬︎
👤︎ u/PACREG86
📅︎ Jan 03 2021
🚨︎ report
Victorian Era worldbuilding

Hi!

I'm writing a story set in England, Victorian Era. The protagonist is a 10, nearly 11 year old boy, son of an Earl.

I need to know:

  • how children this age and older (until 17-18 , when they enter adult society), both males and females, relates with other people (part of the peerage or not, rich, middle class or poor):

  • relates with other children (younger, older and the same age, family members, classmates, contacts, strangers...)

  • relates with other adults (parents, family members, godparents, friends of the family, contacts of the families, strangers...)

  • what their daily life was

  • education

  • at what age did children started using calling cards and started writing/visiting friends

  • what a birthday party looked like and what gifts were given

I know it's a lot and I found some infos on the internet on my own, but you are definitely more expert than me!

I hope that some of you can answer some of my questions... Thank you very much!

👍︎ 23
💬︎
📅︎ Jan 15 2021
🚨︎ report
B1105 - Parliament Bill - Final Division

##Parliament Bill

A

B I L L

T O

Abolish the House of Lords, make other provisions concerning the Parliament; and for connected purposes.

BE IT ENACTED by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:

1 House of Lords

(1) The House of Lords is to cease to exist as an organ of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

(2) No person is to sit in the Parliament of the United Kingdom by virtue of being in the Peerage of the Realm.

2 Enacting formula

(1) In every bill presented to Her Majesty to receive her assent, the words of enactment are to be as follows—

>“BE IT ENACTED by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows.”

(2) Any alteration of a bill necessary to give effect to this section shall not be deemed to be an amendment of the bill.

3 Passage of bills

(1) A bill that is passed by the House of Commons, in accordance with the procedures and standing orders that govern it, is to be sent to Her Majesty to receive the Royal Assent.

(2) A bill that is, on the day this Act comes into force, being considered by the House of Lords, is to:

(a) Be sent to Her Majesty to receive the Royal Assent in the form that it was passed by the House of Commons, if the bill was passed by the House of Commons; or

(b) Be sent to the House of Commons for its consideration in the form it was introduced, if the bill was not passed by the House of Commons.

4 Savings

(1) Nothing in this Act affects the validity or continuing operation of any enactment.

(2) Any Act or other instrument which requires the consent, approval, or concerns both the House of Commons and the House of Lords on the date which this Act comes into force shall be construed as solely concerning the House of Commons.

(3) Any Act or other instrument which requires the consent, approval, or concerns the House of Lords shall be construed as concerning the House of Commons.

5 Short title, commencement, and extent

(1) This Act may be cited as the Parliament Act 2020.

(2) This Act comes into force on the day that the Parliament in which it is passed is dissolved.

[(2) This Act co

... keep reading on reddit ➡

👍︎ 2
📰︎ r/MHOCMP
💬︎
👤︎ u/Anacornda
📅︎ Dec 05 2020
🚨︎ report
The White Rajahs of Sarawak

EDIT : FULL DISCLOSURE, THIS IS NOT TO GLORIFY COLONIALSM OF SARAWAK OR ANY OTHER NATION OR SIMILAR NOTION. BUT MERELY A LOOK INTO A FASCINATING PART OF MALAYSIAN HISTORY. IF YOU CAN'T TAKE IT IN A MATURE WAY, THEN HONESTLY MOVE ON.

This post is regarding a history of Sarawak, which came to my mind as today is Independence day of neighboring Sabah.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_Rajahs#:~:text=HH%20James%20Brooke%2C%20Rajah%20of%20Sarawak&text=The%20White%20Rajahs%20were%20a,was%20an%20Englishman%20James%20Brooke.

In a relatively short time in history, roughly around 80 years. The area that we now know as Sarawak was ruled by a dynasty of Britons known as the Brooke dynasty.

Following the history of the dynasty's founder, James Brooke. I can't image an even more wilder life. Born in India, while he was of a family of some wealth and status, he was certainly not nearing anything remotely resembling royalty or peerage.

The fact that he came to Sarawak at the right time and the right place is going to remain one of the great what ifs of Sarawakian history.

How does one feel or respond when one is suddenly changed overnight from captain of a ship to the sovereign monarch of a state, a state whose culture and society are so different from one's own ? What is more amazing was that while James Brooke was for all practical purpose an absolute monarch, he was still a subject of England and her laws.

The Brooke dynasty history most certainly qualifies as one of the most bonkers and maddest stories in world history.

While this part of history is included in our history books, it is often glossed over or touched upon briefly and honestly I feel that it does not get the attention it deserves. The story of how one man carved out his own princedom with nothing but a single ship in the 18th century is one that does not repeat itself often in history.

👍︎ 33
📰︎ r/malaysia
💬︎
👤︎ u/javeng
📅︎ Nov 27 2020
🚨︎ report
[QCrit] Dark Historical Fantasy - WHAT THE BLACK MOON BRINGS (126,000 words) - 1st Revision

I got a lot of really great feedback on my initial attempt at a query for this book. Hopefully, this first revision addresses the major critiques in that first round, and reads better. As before, thank you in advance for any help honing this!


Dear ${AGENT_NAME},

I’m writing to you because ${PERSONALIZATION}.

In the Autumn of 1793, Lavinia Fortescue’s life is turned upside down when she is visited by the ghost of an ancient Roman witch named Drusilla. The witch’s arrival shatters Lavinia’s ordered picture of the world, as she contends with dark terrors and wonders alike. Awed and fascinated by the power Drusilla wields, Lavinia sees the tantalizing potential to change her own life.

In the wake of her father’s unexpected elevation to the peerage and his inheritance of a Gothic estate in the English countryside, Lavinia had finally begun to find the companionship and love she longed for — only to have them ripped away, powerless to prevent their loss. In Drusilla’s witchcraft, she finds the chance to reshape herself as a woman of power, free from the bonds which had cast her past life into one of quiet desperation and pain.

Ultimately, Lavinia is faced with the decision of whether she will follow her desires into this world of darkness, sacrificing her very humanity on the altar of the infernal powers Drusilla serves — to be reborn as a witch.

WHAT THE BLACK MOON BRINGS (126,000 words) is a dark historical fantasy set in late 18th century England and told in the first person, which draws deeply on accounts of witches from ancient Greek and Roman literature. It will appeal to readers of historically grounded dark fantasies with strong female leads, in the style of Anne Rice’s The Witching Hour, Hester Fox’s The Witch of Willow Hall, and Madeline Miller’s Circe.

${BIOGRAPHY}

👍︎ 2
📰︎ r/PubTips
💬︎
👤︎ u/nxl4
📅︎ Feb 10 2021
🚨︎ report
CMV: The UK House of Lords should be reformed where members are the regularly elected presidents of professional institutions

The legislative system in a number of countries is based on an upper and lower house, which in the UK is the House of Lords and House of Commons respectively. In the US, it is the Senate and House of Representatives and whilst regular elections are held for both houses in the US, in the UK only the lower house contains regularly elected members. Members of the House of Lords are appointed through hereditary titles or peerages and are usually lifetime members.

The upper house’s role is usually to scrutinise proposals independently of the lower house. A lot of Lords members are appointed based on their experience or expertise in certain fields, which is great for expert scrutiny on relevant legislation, but these can also be political appointments and are usually for life as mentioned above.

My suggestion is to scrap the current make up of the House of Lords and have representatives that are experts in their field but also democratically elected in some way for a fixed period of time. There are numerous professional institutions and societies within the UK such as the College of Nursing, Institution of Engineering and Technology, Law Society etc who have internal elections every few years for their presidents. Appointing these heads should therefore remove some political party bias from the upper house whilst maintaining the required expertise to scrutinise legislation relevant to their area. It would also make sure there is a fair balance across all sectors and not have a disproportionate representation in one area (eg current members include 26 bishops of the Church of England).

Would love to hear people’s thoughts, so CMV!

EDIT: Some engaging debates on this topic and although I wouldn’t say I have been completely swayed against my initial view, they have brought up some interesting points to think about.

A potential issue would be where to draw the line for which bodies to include, and this will inevitably bring political decisions during the initial hypothetical reform. My suggestion is to start with royal chartered institutions and work from there to fill industry gaps. Another issue is whether unions would have a place - my initial answer is potentially but I would need to look more into union roles at an industry-wide level before giving a definitive answer.

Another issue mentioned is the number of seats for organisations that have more members, I still believe that one seat per body should be appointed and where industries are large and dive

... keep reading on reddit ➡

👍︎ 8
💬︎
👤︎ u/haribo001
📅︎ Oct 28 2020
🚨︎ report
Comparing the House of Lords to the Upper Houses of other countries.

Good Morning, the House of Lords is in the news cycle again. This might have resulted in some thought provoking questions inside your head, questions like: is the House of Lords bad? Are political peerages corrupt? Is Boris Johnson corrupt for appointing peers? Is Alistair Campbell anti-corrupt for criticising Johnson's appointments of extra-corrupt for helping create the system of mass appointments to the House of Lords?

I won't be answering any of those questions, but I have searched up some information regarding the second chambers of some countries across the world. So if you are interested in what features make a legislative chamber, what different styles are possible and how abnormal is the House of Lords, then feel free to read on!

It would take too long to list every different style of legislative chamber, so I have attempted to select a wide range of examples with the following countries: United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Republic of Ireland, France, Germany and New Zealand. Feel free to share any information about the legislatures of other countries in the comments.

(If you do have a burning desire to discuss the corruption level of Johnson's appointments to the Lords then please do post a comment on one of the many topical threads about it on the front page and I'm sure some well-meaning Redditor will enlighten you on the correct opinion to follow.)


The British House of Lords

Year of Creation Selection by Length of Membership Salary Current Membership Lower Chamber LC Membership
1295 (1706) Inheritance/Appointment Several Generations/Life Allowance of £310 a day 772 House of Commons 650

Currently the House of Lords consists of 92 Hereditary peers (inherited a peerage and were then elected by fellow hereditary peers), 26 Bishops (appointed by the Church of England, expected to retire at 70) and 654 Life Peerages (appointed by the Prime Minister or House of Lords Appointments Commission).

Until 2009 the House of Lords also served as the Highest Court in the land which meant that another component of Law Lords used to exist which were members of the House of Lords with additional judicial functions. 8 of these Law Lords are still members of the House of Lords but are disqualified from sitting due to their current judicial roles.

The House of Lords is often called a 'revising chamber' with less powers than the House of Commons, most

... keep reading on reddit ➡

👍︎ 208
📰︎ r/ukpolitics
💬︎
👤︎ u/Axmeister
📅︎ Aug 04 2020
🚨︎ report
RESULTS - B1125 M545 B1120 M546 B1123 B1129

Order, Order!

B1125 - House of Lords (Hereditary Peerage Removal) Bill

AYES to the Right 9
NOES to the left 78
Abstentions 1
Turnout 88%

The Noes have it, the Noes have it!

This Bill will be thrown out!


M545 - Fast Fashion Motion

AYES to the Right 6
NOES to the left 71
Abstentions 6
Turnout 93%

The Noes have it, the Noes have it!

This Motion will be thrown out!


B1120 - Stage Lighting Energy Efficiency Bill

AYES to the Right 39
NOES to the left 47
Abstentions 2
Turnout 88%

The Noes have it, the Noes have it!

This Bill will be thrown out!


M546 - Northern England Mass Transit Motion

AYES to the Right 67
NOES to the left 23
Abstentions 3
Turnout 93%

The Ayes have it, the Ayes have it!

This Motion will be sent to the government for their Consideration!


B1123 - International Supply Chain Responsibility Bill

AYES to the Right 40
NOES to the left 47
Abstentions 0
Turnout 87%

The Noes have it, the Noes have it!

This Bill will be thrown out!


B1129 - Breast Milk Trading (Repeal) (Amendment) Bill

AYES to the Right 40
NOES to the left 47
Abstentions 0
Turnout 87%

The Noes have it, the Noes have it!

This Bill will be thrown out!


Unlock!

👍︎ 2
📰︎ r/MHOC
💬︎
👤︎ u/Anacornda
📅︎ Dec 24 2020
🚨︎ report
MEGATHREAD 16/11/19 - We'll plant a tree for every upvote*

MEGATHREAD 16/11/19 - We'll plant a tree for every upvote*

^^^* ^^^well ^^^everyone ^^^else ^^^seems ^^^to ^^^be ^^^promising ^^^trees

EDIT: OP delivers. 12 hours of karma + gift-aid donated to the Woodland Trust. -🥕🥕


There are less than 2 weeks to register to vote in time for the next election. You can register online at gov.uk/register-to-vote.


MOOD MUSIC || REDDIT-STREAM || TEMP SUB RULES || TODAY'S PAPERS || GE2019 MAPS


SUMMARY

The deadline for candidate nominations has now passed. Candidate lists are available on whocanivotefor.co.uk.

Yesterday was a quieter day on the campaign trail.

Arguably the biggest news of the day was Labour announcing their "free broadband for all" policy, which would aim to deliver full-fibre broadband to every UK home and business by 2030. As part of the plans, parts of BT (including Openreach, the network operator) would be brought into national ownership. John McDonnell, the Shadow Chancellor, said that the "visionary" £20bn plan would "ensure that broadband reaches the whole of the country". However, industry figures feel that Labour have underestimated the cost and complexity of their pledge.

Elsewhere, the Conservatives announced a series of measures to help "left behind" towns, including business rate cuts for small businesses. The Liberal Democrats pledged an extra £100bn over the next five years on tackling climate change and protecting the environment.

This weekend, Labour will be meeting to finalise their manifesto. Expect further polling this evening and tomorrow for the Sunday papers.

Today's megathread is being maintained primarily by /u/jaydenkieran and u/carrot-carrot.


ELECTION DETAILS

There will be a General Election on 12th December 2019.

... keep reading on reddit ➡

👍︎ 10k
📰︎ r/ukpolitics
💬︎
👤︎ u/ukpolbot
📅︎ Nov 16 2019
🚨︎ report
FUN FACT #19: The Self-Proclamation of the Angelic-Childhood friend

If you look on the picture, you can see a self proclaiming angel in her natural habitat

If I did Xenovia last time, well I can't forget about her former teammate in the church now Besties Irina Shidou Desu. Yes Seraph Michael's Ace ,Ace of Spades Self Proclaiming Angel, the Self Proclaiming Childhood Friend,Self-Proclaimed Raised in Japan Irina. Well since I did facts about Xenovia and Asia,let's complete the Church Trio with fun facts that you may or may not know about the Angel Irina:

  • You can thank Xenovia for some of her nicknames. Some of which has a story to it. Those are:
  1. Self-Proclaiming Angel: Since she always proclaims her to be Michael's Ace/Angel. (Even Milicas,Sirzechs son commented on that in Vol 13)
  2. Self-Proclaiming Childhood Friend:When Issei comments on how he usually forgets that Irina really is his childhood friend.
  3. Self-Proclaiming Childhood Friend Angel
  4. Ero-Angel: Well a closet pervert
  5. Self Proclaiming Raised in Japan
  • She always get pissed with the nicknames or Self Proclaim [Insert here]
  • Here's a fun game: Guess the first kiss of Ise no Se? Is it:
  1. Rias
  2. Asia
  3. Akeno
  4. Irina

If you guess Rias >!well wrong, The correct one is Irina when they were children (but Ise doesn't remember it since He's Asleep)!<

  • Her birthday is on September 29 {Mark your calendars boys} same day as Yumiri Hanamori Birthday. The same Seiyuu that voiced --->>!HEY HEY SHINOMIYA SAN!< Ai Hayasaka.
  • She used to be a troublemaker like Ise back when she was a kid. So much so the latter was shocked when he discovers, many years later, that his childhood friend is a girl all along.{I'm getting a haganai flashbacks here}
  • In the Dub, She's voiced by Kristi Kang who also played:
  1. Yuzuki in Assassination Classroom
  2. Maria of Haganai
  3. Levy of Fairy Tail
  4. Cathy of Freezing
  5. Kinuho of A certain Scientific Railgun
  6. Ayaka of Tsundere Children
  • In the original (Japanese) version, she's played by Maaya Uchida who also played:
  1. Yusa of Charlotte
  2. Rikka of Chuunibyou demo Koi ga Shitai!
  3. Kaguya of Date a Live
  4. Liliruca of Danmachi
  5. Jou of Goblin Slayer
  6. Sharo of Gochuumon wa Usagi desu ga?
  7. Katarina of My Next Life as a Villainess: All Routes Lead to Doom!
  8. Hiyori of Noragami
  9. Nodoka of Ras
... keep reading on reddit ➡

👍︎ 290
💬︎
👤︎ u/rldzzter
📅︎ Sep 12 2020
🚨︎ report
LB196 - House of Lords Bill - Amendment Reading

###House of Lords Bill

A

BILL

TO

Provide for a referendum on the structure of the Parliament and the structure within which the House Of Lords shall take if any.

BE IT ENACTED by the Queen’s Most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows –

###Part 1 - Abolition of the Lords Option

1 - Commencement of Part 1

The commencement of this part is contingent on a positive vote in the referendum provided by under section 12.

2 - Abolition of the Lords

(1) This section commences upon the next dissolution of parliament.

(2) The House of Lords shall cease to form part of Parliament.

(3) The following enactments are repealed—

  • (a) the House of Lords Reform Act 2014;

  • (b) the House of Lords Act 1999; and

  • (c) the House of Lords Precedence Act 1539.

(4) Omit section 1 subsection 4 of the Life Peerages Act 1958.

(5) In section 1 subsection 2 of the Life Peerages Act 1958 omit subparagraph (b).

3 - Consequential changes to Parliament

(1) The House of Commons is now to be known as the Parliament.

(2) Parliament (the former House of Commons) shall continue to be elected with representatives from throughout the United Kingdom.

(3) The Parliament continues to exercise the authority of the Sovereign Parliament of the United Kingdom.

(4) Her Majesty may by Order in Council make arrangements for the exercise of ceremonial functions by the Sovereign in Parliament (including Royal Assent, the Opening of Parliament and other ceremonial functions); and an Order in Council under this subsection—

  • (a) may amend an Act of Parliament, and

  • (b) may not be made unless a draft has been laid before and approved by resolution by Parliament.

4 - The UK Scrutiny Committee

(1) Each of the devolved parliaments/assemblies shall according to their own rules of procedure elect members to serve as the Scrutiny Committee of the Parliament.

(2) The Scrutiny Committee shall comprise—

  • (a) 2 Members nominated by the Northern Irish Assembly;

  • (b) 3 Members nominated by the Senedd;

  • (c) 5 Members nominated by the Scottish Parliament;

  • (d) 25 Members nominated by English MPs according to the rules of Parliament.

(3) The Scrutiny Committee shall perform a revising and scrutiny role as set out in section 6.

5 - Scrutiny Committee Membership

No individual may be a member of the Scrutiny Committee and Parliame

... keep reading on reddit ➡

👍︎ 2
📰︎ r/MHOL
💬︎
👤︎ u/Tommy2Boys
📅︎ Dec 17 2020
🚨︎ report
Duchy of Milan Administration & Structure

I've been researching the Duchy of Milan, specifically under the rule of the Sforza family from 1450-1535 CE, as a basis for a fictional novel I'm writing. Wikipedia has been less than helpful.

I understand that the Duke of Milan was ultimately in charge of the city and its surrounding territory, but I can't seem to find out how the Milanese bureaucracy below him was structured and administered. The duchy's territory spread well beyond the walls of Milan proper into a sizeable chunk of northern Italy, so I imagine they had to have something. I'm also curious about how upper society was structured in Milan.

So, how was the Duchy of Milan's territory administered day to day? What were the job positions/titles and their official duties? Was there a peerage system similar to the ones in England and France, or was there one unique to Milan? If anyone can provide sources for further reading into Milan I would be incredibly grateful.

👍︎ 53
📰︎ r/history
💬︎
📅︎ Aug 11 2020
🚨︎ report
Difference between Nobility and Gentry in Tudor/early renaissance England?

Can anybody explain to me the difference between the nobility, the peerage and the gentry of Tudor England? I have a vague understanding of it but can't seem to find any solid definitions.

Also, could anyone explain what a Yeoman was? Again, I have a loose understanding but need some clarification.

👍︎ 10
💬︎
👤︎ u/Aldergast
📅︎ Aug 23 2020
🚨︎ report
Titles of nobility and other state honours of Frisland/Great Ireland=Hvitramannaland mentioned in historical sources pertaining to the said phantom islands, which are equated by Fridtjof Nansen and other authorities

About the Frislandic titles mentioned in the book Dei commentarii del viaggio in Persia di m. Caterino Zeno il K. & delle guerre fatte nell'imperio Persiano, dal tempo di Ussuncassano in quà. Libri due. Et dello scoprimemnto dell'isole Frislanda, Eslanda, Engrouelanda, Estotilandia, & Icaria, fatto sotto il Polo Artico, da due fratelli Zeni, m. Nicolò il K. e m. Antonio. Libro uno. Con un disegno particolare di tutte le dette parte di tramontana da lor scoperte, usually referred to as the Zeno narrative:

The use of titles by Zeno when referring to Zichmni is somewhat confusing; he talks about a "Prince named Zichmni", who was a great lord (In Italian original text signore), lord of a duchy (It: duchea) of Sorano (in his map a town in SE Frisland) and the lord of Porlanda [Podalida] islands. Zeno states that he had wrested F. from the King of Norway in the previous year, but he never styles Zichmni as <insert title> of F. Later writers sometimes called Zichmni king, started by an Italian whose name I don't remember, and in English by Richard Hakluyt in his collection of voyages as 'Zicno, King of F.'

-In sources talking about Frisland -Duke: Zichmni [Henry I Sinclair], Duke of Sorand/-i/-o/-y [also called Solanda in some pre-Zenian Fixlanda/Stillanda map (s?); I've adopted the form Soland]; currently Duke of Soland is a royal dukedom bestowed upon the heir apparent of the Frislandic Crown upon him/her reaching majority

-"Lord" (signor) of Porlanda [Portland] Islands; Z. so styled in the Zeno narrative

  • Knight [banneret]]?¹, bestowed to Antonio Zeno by Z. (H. I S.)

¹ Presumably A.Z. was made a knight banneret due to valiance in battle; in F. the honour is still granted today unlike in England, it being hereditary to heirs general, meaning that regardless of gender, the eldest child inherits the title; a female holder being styled banneress. The title of Knight Banneret is reserved to such persons who have performed extraordinary public service, both military and civil. They are eligible to become members of the Council of Nobles if elected there by their fellow titled nobles, since in F. knights are included in the nobility as the lower nobility below the peerage (upper nobility).

-The dignity of Knight Bachelor also exists, it being a lower non-hereditary rank, awarded also to merited persons in the fields of arts, culture and sports and to ordin

... keep reading on reddit ➡

👍︎ 2
💬︎
📅︎ Sep 24 2020
🚨︎ report
I believe I am a descendant of King John I of England - but I'm not sure

The title is pretty self-explanatory. Here's the order, going from John to me. What do you think?

I believe I am descended from him on both my mother's side and my father's side. Here is my father's side:

  • John I 'Lackland' King of England
  • Richard Plantagenet 1st Earl of Cornwall, King of the Romans 1209-1272 Son of John I 'Lackland' King of England
  • Richard de Cornwall 1252-1296 Son of Richard Plantagenet 1st Earl of Cornwall, King of the Romans
  • Sir Geoffrey de Cornwall 1st Baron of Burford 1288-1335 Son of Richard de Cornwall
  • Sir Richard de Cornwall 2nd Baron of Burford 1313-1343 Son of Sir Geoffrey de Cornwall 1st Baron of Burford
  • Geoffrey de Cornwall, 3rd Baron of Burford 1335-1365 Son of Sir Richard de Cornwall 2nd Baron of Burford
  • Sir Richard de Cornwall 5th Baron of Burford 1360-1443 Son of Geoffrey de Cornwall, 3rd Baron of Burford
  • Sir Edmund de Cornwall 1382-1443 Son of Sir Richard de Cornwall 5th Baron of Burford
  • Lady Eleanor Cornwall 1428-1519 Daughter of Sir Edmund de Cornwall
  • Sir Edward Croft 1465-1547 Son of Lady Eleanor Cornwall
  • Sir Richard Croft 1488-1562 Son of Sir Edward Croft
  • James Croft of Croft Castle 1518-1590 Son of Sir Richard Croft
  • Edward Croft of Croft Castle 1544-1601 Son of James Croft of Croft Castle
  • Sir Herbert Croft 1566-1622 Son of Edward Croft of Croft Castle
  • Sir Herbert Croft 1603-1691 Son of Sir Herbert Croft
  • Herbert Croft 1st Baronet 1651-1720 Son of Sir Herbert Croft
  • Francis Croft 1687-1758 Son of Herbert Croft 1st Baronet
  • Herbert Croft 1718-1785 Son of Francis Croft
  • Mary Croft 1757-1821 Daughter of Herbert Croft
  • Mary Frances Ryder 1785-1811 Daughter of Mary Croft (CONFIRMED)
  • Margaret Scott 1809-1873 Daughter of Mary Frances Ryder (CONFIRMED)
  • Undine Marcia Gatty 1848-1930 Daughter of Margaret Scott (CONFIRMED)
  • My great-great-grandmother (CONFIRMED)
  • My great grandmother (CONFIRMED)
  • My grandmother (CONFIRMED)
  • My father (CONFIRMED)
  • Me (CONFIRMED)

Thanks for all the advice! I'm going to try as much confirmation up until people start popping up on Burke's peerage.

👍︎ 38
📰︎ r/Genealogy
💬︎
📅︎ May 23 2020
🚨︎ report
Does parliament really want to be a squalid haven for those who abuse power?

Catherine Bennett

The failure to suspend the Tory MP accused of rape is a mark of dire Commons’ standards

With Johnsonism no longer a matter for speculation but ever more clearly definable as an expression of the prime minister’s needs and impulses, it was merely a question of time before we saw its impact on sexual politics.

Clarifying his views on acceptable conduct beyond what is already observable, Boris Johnson has confirmed that the unnamed former minister arrested on suspicion of serious sexual misconduct will, unlike Julian Lewis, the MP immediately evicted for challenging Chris Grayling, retain the Conservative whip.

If this does not represent a definitive statement that principled behaviour is a more serious offence within Johnson’s party than an allegation of serious sexual assault, his list of new peers had already confirmed that his indifference to possible abuses of power extends far beyond simple nepotism. The surge of contempt for Johnson’s promotion of his own brother, with other beneficiaries including the ludicrous son of a KGB spy, perhaps obscured a similar honour for the former Labour shadow minister John Woodcock.

Advertisement

Woodcock lost the Labour whip in 2018, pending an investigation into a complaint about allegedly unwelcome text messages to a former aide. Since that investigation was never completed, after Woodcock denied misconduct and quit the party, his 800 or so new colleagues will have to decide for themselves how much of a reputational asset Woodcock represents. Or they would if their place of work had a reputation to lose. To his credit, Woodcock has said he would welcome an independent inquiry; meanwhile, this promotion precedes – or replaces – resolution of the complaint, one way or the other.

It might, admittedly, seem unfair if his Tory co-peers were to hold accusations of inappropriateness against Woodcock, when their own leader last year survived [recollections by the respected journalist](https:

... keep reading on reddit ➡

👍︎ 17
📰︎ r/brexit
💬︎
📅︎ Aug 09 2020
🚨︎ report
Ex-cricketer Sir Ian Botham 'to be made a lord as reward for Brexit loyalty'

Boris Johnson is to mark his first year in Downing Street by rewarding Brexit supporters – including Sir Ian Botham – with life peerages, it has been reported.

The former England cricketer is among 30 new peers to be announced later this month, according to The Times.

The list is said also to include four ex-Labour MPs – including Frank Field and Gisela Stuart – who both supported Brexit in the 2016 referendum.

There will be peerages also for Ian Austin and John Woodcock, who backed Remain but who supported Mr Johnson’s Brexit deal and urged Labour voters not to support Jeremy Corbyn, the paper said.

At the same time, it was reported that Mr Johnson will seek to heal the divisions in the Conservative Party with peerages for Ken Clarke, Philip Hammond and Ed Vaizey.

All three had the Tory whip withdrawn after seeking to block his efforts to reach an agreement with Brussels.

Sir Ian – one of England’s greatest cricketers with 5,200 test runs and 383 wickets – publicly supported the Brexit campaign, appearing alongside Mr Johnson before the referendum.

There was no immediate comment from Downing Street.

👍︎ 4
📰︎ r/brexit
💬︎
📅︎ Jul 18 2020
🚨︎ report
Important - /r/LegalAdviceUK is now an independent sovereign state

On behalf of /u/LegalNA (dictated but not read)

It is with great delight and joy that I come to you with the news that /r/LegalAdviceUK has had its Unilateral Declaration of Independence accepted by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth as of 00:15 on 01/04/2019 - we are officially joining our friends and taking our place as an ex-British Colony, an independent sovereign state.

#Jurisdictional Issues and Amendments

Previously, this subreddit dealt with legal issues in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. From today this subreddit will now exclusively be dealing with the legal matters of /r/LegalAdviceUK itself.

In the interests of making our transition to a single-party dictatorship smooth with minimal need for NATO and Amnesty to get involved again, our Grand Leader /u/LegalNA and the nobility have decided it'd just be easier (for now) to copy and paste all UK laws, statutes, precedent, and procedures into the law of /r/LegalAdviceUK.

The new state of /r/LegalAdviceUK is in itself split into four distinct administrative districts - Elmswell, Saundersfoot, Warnham, and North Sheen. Each district is commanded by either The Grand Leader themselves, or split across a team of hand picked Nobility -

  • Elmswell - Grand Leader /u/LegalNA

  • Warnham - The Duke of Warnham /u/for_shaaame

  • Saundersfoot - The Duke of Saundersfoot /u/psyjg8

  • North Sheen - The Duchess of North Sheen /u/litigant-in-person

Please note that it is pure coincidence our districts share the same name with British railway stations. All districts essentially share the same overarching law and principles, except for Saundersfoot, because there was like... a whole thing between The Duke of Saundersfoot and The Grand Leader a while ago which The Duke of Saundersfoot hasn't shut up about since.

In addition, /u/slippyg has been appointed as The Duke of Longcross, a unique district-within-a-district; an area of densly populated, grim, concrete slums, surrounded by a 188.3km long, impenetrable barrier of metal and smog which somehow makes those living within the district entirely oblivious to anything or anybody outside of the district, leading to those inside developing unwarranted-self importance. Furthermore, Longcross will recieve a disproproationate amount of a

... keep reading on reddit ➡

👍︎ 363
💬︎
📅︎ Mar 31 2019
🚨︎ report
LB148 - House of Lords (Abolition) Bill 2019 - 2nd Reading

##House of Lords (Abolition) Bill 2019

A Bill to abolish the House of Lords and Peerages, and confer all legislative power to the House of Commons.

Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

Legislation

(1) All Bills shall require only to be passed by the House of Commons in order to be sent for Royal Assent.

Peerages

(1) All current Peers shall lose their title and associated benefits.

(2) No more Peers may be appointed to the Peerages of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, Britain and Ireland or United Kingdom.

Commencement, Short Title and Extent

(1) This Act shall extend to the whole United Kingdom.

(2) This Act shall come into force immediately upon its passage.

(3) This Act may be cited as the House of Lords (Abolition) Act 2019.


This bill was submitted by the Earl of Holland as a private members bill.

This reading ends on the 11th of March

👍︎ 3
📰︎ r/MHOL
💬︎
👤︎ u/TheNoHeart
📅︎ Mar 08 2019
🚨︎ report
B1105 - Parliament Bill - 2nd Reading

##Parliament Bill

A

B I L L

T O

Abolish the House of Lords, make other provisions concerning the Parliament; and for connected purposes.

BE IT ENACTED by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:

1 House of Lords

(1) The House of Lords is to cease to exist as an organ of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

(2) No person is to sit in the Parliament of the United Kingdom by virtue of being in the Peerage of the Realm.

2 Enacting formula

(1) In every bill presented to Her Majesty to receive her assent, the words of enactment are to be as follows—

>“BE IT ENACTED by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows.”

(2) Any alteration of a bill necessary to give effect to this section shall not be deemed to be an amendment of the bill.

3 Passage of bills

(1) A bill that is passed by the House of Commons, in accordance with the procedures and standing orders that govern it, is to be sent to Her Majesty to receive the Royal Assent.

(2) A bill that is, on the day this Act comes into force, being considered by the House of Lords, is to:

(a) Be sent to Her Majesty to receive the Royal Assent in the form that it was passed by the House of Commons, if the bill was passed by the House of Commons; or

(b) Be sent to the House of Commons for its consideration in the form it was introduced, if the bill was not passed by the House of Commons.

4 Savings

(1) Nothing in this Act affects the validity or continuing operation of any enactment.

(2) Any Act or other instrument which requires the consent, approval, or concerns both the House of Commons and the House of Lords on the date which this Act comes into force shall be construed as solely concerning the House of Commons.

(3) Any Act or other instrument which requires the consent, approval, or concerns the House of Lords shall be construed as concerning the House of Commons.

5 Short title, commencement, and extent

(1) This Act may be cited as the Parliament Act 2020.

(2) This Act comes into force on the day that the Parliament in which it is passed is dissolved.

(3) This Act extends to the United Kingdom.


**This bill is authored by the Rt Hon. Dame lily-irl, MP for

... keep reading on reddit ➡

👍︎ 6
📰︎ r/MHOC
💬︎
👤︎ u/TheNoHeart
📅︎ Oct 24 2020
🚨︎ report
Difference between Nobility and Gentry?

Does anyone know the difference between the Peerage, Nobility and Landed Gentry? Specifically around the Tudor/renaissance period in England. I have a loose understanding but I cant seem to find any solid definitions.

Also, can anyone give me a solid description of what a Yeoman was, and where he fitted into the hierarchy?

👍︎ 32
💬︎
👤︎ u/Aldergast
📅︎ Aug 23 2020
🚨︎ report
Duchy of Milan's Structure & Administration

I've been researching the Duchy of Milan, specifically under the rule of the Sforza family from 1450-1535 CE, as a basis for a fictional novel I'm writing. Wikipedia has been less than helpful.

I understand that the Duke of Milan was ultimately in charge of the city and its surrounding territory, but I can't seem to find out how the Milanese bureaucracy below him was structured and administered. The duchy's territory spread well beyond the walls of Milan proper into a sizeable chunk of northern Italy, so I imagine they had to have something. I'm also curious about how upper society was structured in Milan.

So, how was the Duchy of Milan's territory administered day to day? What were the job positions/titles and their official duties? Was there a peerage system similar to the ones in England and France, or was there one unique to Milan? If anyone can provide sources for further reading into Milan I would be incredibly grateful.

👍︎ 4
💬︎
📅︎ Aug 11 2020
🚨︎ report

Please note that this site uses cookies to personalise content and adverts, to provide social media features, and to analyse web traffic. Click here for more information.