CRISPR-Cas9 Used to Knock Out Genes in Coffea canephora isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechu…
👍︎ 4
📰︎ r/DrugNerds
💬︎
📅︎ Aug 19 2020
🚨︎ report
Origin of robusta coffee plant (Coffea canephora)

All I know is that it is from the hotter part of Africa. But was the robusta coffee plant used as a traditional herbal medicine for the locals? I'm sort of confused by this.

👍︎ 29
📰︎ r/Coffee
💬︎
📅︎ Jun 09 2016
🚨︎ report
Where can I find fastq files for Coffea canephora?

Or do I need to get .SRA and then convert?

I've tried getting fasta files and converting to fastq but it can only be done by assuming that the qual score is 40 and that's not what I want (specially since what I need to do is to run the analysis with fastqc and being able to find and trim the damned adaptors from it)

Thanks in advance for all the help!

👍︎ 3
💬︎
📅︎ Oct 30 2017
🚨︎ report
[Botanical] Coffea canephora, Costa Rica
👍︎ 3
💬︎
👤︎ u/RPBot
📅︎ Jan 24 2016
🚨︎ report
Sto je kava? Kakvu kavu pijemo? Gdje popiti dobru kavu u Hrvatskoj? Opsezni post o kavi za sve radoznale.

Motiviran jucerasnjim postom o kavi koji je dobio dosta velik response, odlucio sam napisati malu citabu o kavi (ponajvise speciality/specijalitetnoj). Cilj je povecati zanimanje za istu, objasniti sto je zapravo kava, sto su zapravo napitci koje radimo od kave te razbijanje nekih dosta popularnih mitova o kavi.

Prije nego sto krenemo moram dati upozorenje kako ce ovaj post biti poprilicno dugacak jer je sama tema vrlo opsirna, no nadam se da necu nikoga udaviti s previse informacija te cu pokusati skratiti koliko mogu. Takodjer, ako ikoga zanima vise od napisanoga slobodno bacite komentar, potruditi cu se da odgovorim na sva pitanja.

Tekst cu pokusati napisati tako da prati put kave od uzgoja do salice (uz manja odstupanja), pa krenimo!


1. Sto je kava i otkuda dolazi?

Kava koju koristimo za konzumaciju je voce iz porodice Coffea. Najpopularnije konzumne kave su Coffea Arabica i Coffea Canephora (najcesce zvana Robusta), dok je u prirodi poznato preko 120 razlicitih vrsta kave, no one nisu toliko popularne zbog svojih obiljezja koja nisu toliko pozeljna za konzumaciju ili sam uzgoj. Arabica trenutno zauzima oko 75% svjetske proizvodnje, dok ostatak otpada na Robustu i neke manje popularne sorte (Liberica itd.).

Ako govorimo o specijalitetnoj ili visokokvalitetnoj kavi gotovo cemo uvijek govoriti o Arabici, iako u zadnje vrijeme na trziste dolazi i sve vise relativno zanimljivih Robusta. Osobno jos nisam probao nijednu Robustu koja bi bila blizu cak i osrednjim Arabicama ali ni ne treba ih gledati kao konkurenciju nego kao zasebne proizvode. Robusta sadrzi gotovo dvostruko vise kofeina od Arabice te se uglavnom koristi za espresso "blendove" niske kvalitete na koje smo navikli u Hrvatskoj (Franck, Lavazza, Barcaffe i slicni).

Suprotno relativno uvrijezenom misljenju, kava ne raste pod zemljom (:D) nego na drvetu koje moze narasti do desetak metara visine ali se zbog lakoce uzgoja i branja obraduje tako da mu se ne dopusta rast preko visine grma (1,5 - 2m).

Kava se najvise uzgaja u sub-ekvatorijalnom pojasu, t

... keep reading on reddit ➡

👍︎ 202
📰︎ r/croatia
💬︎
👤︎ u/leeaner1
📅︎ Apr 02 2021
🚨︎ report
Caffè : l inizio (pt1)

Iniziamo

I caffè macinati o in chicchi che troviamo al bar sono formati da una o due specie del genere Coffea. La Coffea arabica proviene dal Ethiopia e dalla Coffea canephora aka robusta proveniente dal africa occidentale queste due specie si sono poi impadronite di molti altri territori grazie anche al colonialismo ed è diventata una grande fonte di reddito, un esempio: in un momento della storia di cui non ricordo l anno il Brasile è arrivato a produrre l 80% del caffè mondiale e tuttora è uno dei più grandi produttori.

L arabica e una pianta più delicata e meno resistente ma produce un caffè con meno caffeina di una qualità e gusto migliore che varia a seconda della cultivar e del territorio. Possiamo trovare gusti di frutti tropicali e non, di cioccolata, di miele che variano anche grazie al metodo di produzione.

La robusta come dice il suo nome ha una resistenza a temperature, altitudini e malattie migliore a scapito della qualità del caffè questo non vuol dire che tutte le robuste non siano buone. Contiene più caffeina.

In verità esistono svariate specie di caoffea ma queste raramente vengono usate per produrre il caffè tostato.

Il caffè più "commerciale" viene prodotto come una miscela di queste due varietà provenienti da produttori di tutto il mondo che poi verrà tostato. Caffè di bassa qualità vengono tostati in modo molto spinto così da "coprire" gusti sgradevoli. Vi sono però anche grandi marchi che producono anche dei solo arabica e dei mono origine (proveniente da un singolo stato) di qualità superiore.

Il caffè che sia al bar o a casa è un momento di relax anche da condividere. Ora il caffè è anche diventata una bevanda da meditazione e degustazione grazie agli specialty coffee anche.

Lo specialty nasce a metà anni settanta termine con cui Erma Knutsen definiva alcuni caffè provenienti da regioni particolari il cui gusto cambiava a seconda della regione.

Cos'è uno specialty esattamente oggi? Sono caffè che tramite delle valutazioni di organismi certificati raggiungono dei punteggi superiori al 80 e può essere degustato in vari in modi e vari filtri

Nella prossima parte parlerò dei metodi di lavorazione!

NB mi scuso per gli errori grammaticali ma molti non li noto

👍︎ 15
📰︎ r/cucina
💬︎
👤︎ u/barbad20
📅︎ Nov 11 2020
🚨︎ report
Why is my preworkout for males only?

I recently bought a new preworkout and the warning says something that I've never seen any other preworkout say. "For adult healthy males use only", the adult and healthy part make sense to me but I don't understand why the preworkout would be for males only. The only thing I can think of is that it messes with your hormones but wouldn't substances that mess up your hormones be more strictly regulated?

The preworkout is made by ALLMAX nutrition and is called impact igniter. The ingredients are: L-Citrulline Malate (2:1), Agmatine Sulfate, Taurine, NAC (N-Acetyl-L-Cysteine), Beta Alanine, Coconut Water Powder, Synepherine HCI, Higenamine HCI, Hordenine HCI, L-Carnitine L-Tartrate, Caffeine (Dicaffeine Malate, Natural Caffeine, Coffea canephora, seed extract), Caffeine Citrate, Lionize™ (Lion’s Mane Mushroom, mycelium extract), Alpha GPC, Cinnuline PF™ Cinnamon (Cinnamomum Cassia & Burmanni) bark extract, BioPerine (Black Pepper fruit extract), Natural & Artificial Flavours, Sucralose, Calcium Silicate, Acesulfame Potassium, Dicalcium Phosphate, FD&C Yellow #5.

👍︎ 5
💬︎
👤︎ u/jesusd2
📅︎ Oct 29 2020
🚨︎ report
Update on the chocolate coup

I am resigning as chief moderator of r/chocolate because I really can't be online much, harvest season starts in two weeks for me and I'm finally shipping my first chocolates, I've got two kids that live four hours from work and there isn't signal in many places I need to be and also I don't like being the boss, it sucks enough being the boss at work so I'm stepping down from what ever executive powers I have been exercising for the last day or two.

I have appointed a number of other moderators (basically everyone who explicitly volunteered in the last day) and given them full permissions and I hope that they will not abuse their powers.

I will continue to mod because I care about this community and I think I might be the un-removable mod that can come back and fix things if it starts going wrong, I think it's like that but I don't think we will need to test that theory, hopefully.

I'll be around and I will actually contribute to the sub reddit, something that seemed quite pointless a few weeks ago.

I suggest you ask u/coffea_canephora who has come from from r/Coffee to help out and has moderation experience anything about how to actually moderate because I'm still learning and if you need to make a decision try and get a consensus amongst the community and mod team. I think as long as we ban spam and promote discussion of chocolate things should improve.

In case you missed my previous post I requested this subreddit because it had no active mod and it was awarded to me a couple of days ago, I don't want this sub to die so there's a new mod team in charge and I'm going to be a small part of it, I work with post harvest processes of cocoa in Ecuador and produce my own line of cocoa and am an advocate for farmers.

Long live r/chocolate

👍︎ 16
📰︎ r/chocolate
💬︎
📅︎ Nov 20 2019
🚨︎ report
1,3,7-Trimethylxanthine extraction HELP

About a week ago I had the idea to extract 1,3,7-Trimethylxanthine (caffeine) from some coffea canephora seeds I've had lying around. I came up with an idea for an extraction and I need to know if it's even worth it.

  1. Grind up the seeds (in blender)
  2. Put 6 to 8 tablespoons of ground seed material in filter paper and place paper in ceramic funnel
  3. Pour hot water over seed material, a few cups of it

What could I do with the extracted product? My immediate thought was to just boof it, but that's a lot of liquid. Somebody told me online to just put it in a mug with some sugar and cream to make it taste less nasty, but that's unappealing.

Thoughts?

👍︎ 3
📰︎ r/Drugs
💬︎
👤︎ u/Schmapn
📅︎ Dec 05 2018
🚨︎ report
Any recommendations on roasters that include a decent robusta in their lineup?

I’ve been messing around with Cà phê dá (Vietnamese iced coffee) at home. I’ve just been using whatever coffee I have on hand, which is usually some arabica from a third wave shop. After some research I’ve found that Vietnamese iced coffee is typically made with robusta. I’m not familiar with seeking out robusta beans. Any recommendations on good roasters that include robusta in their line up? I’m tryin’ to show Coffea canephora some love.

👍︎ 10
📰︎ r/Coffee
💬︎
📅︎ Mar 28 2019
🚨︎ report
Tozàn Innovation in 1521 DFS: I Have An Extension
  • Glassblowing
  • Astrolabe
  • Lodestone compass
  • Hushing
  • Akrafena
  • Coffee (agricultural)
  • Pate acha (culture)
  • Amala (culture)
  • Hourglass (trade from Sus)
  • Gristmill (trade from kiKongo)
  • Ngulu (cultural trade from kiKongo)
👍︎ 3
💬︎
📅︎ May 12 2018
🚨︎ report
Synecdoche or Metonymy?

If the coffee plant Coffea canephora is referred to as just "coffee" (specifically the plant, not the drink), would that be synecdoche or metonymy? Or would it be something altogether different? Thanks! :D

👍︎ 4
📰︎ r/grammar
💬︎
📅︎ Oct 17 2014
🚨︎ report
Tozàn Innovation in 941 DFS: The Rider & the Stage

Alchemy: a mad man's search for wisdom in science alone, a grand insult to the balance sought in the study of the Six Trails, what was to come of this science? It was not lead they desired to turn into gold, but the alchemists of Tozàn were strange individuals, a gathering of philosophers and witch-doctors. They were lovers of science but also lovers of spirits, a perfect unity of opposites.

Saltpetre, made from the dung of elephants and cattle, was a versatile resource in Tozàn, to say the least. For one, it was a great fertiliser used by farmers. Alternatively, the potassium nitrate was filtered and used in country dishes, most often as a soup thickening method. Do not question our cuisine.

A bit used by camel riders helped with steering the long-necked creatures. Their bouncy natures made the stirrup a revolutionary invention, which allowed cavalrymen to make much more daring moves without risking the deepest shame of tumbling down in the middle of a perfectly civil fight.

The Gatehouse is a specific, strengthened portion of the walls allowing for a specific, strong gate to be build, which excels at defending the usually weakened portion of the walls.

Coffee is a plant native to much of tropical Tozàn. It's properties were unknown to the common man, who was criticised by the witch-doctors and certain philosophers for being too distant from nature, living in towns away from the forests. Coffee was a bitter chew, but said to have magical properties when brewed.

Tí Sín Moli Isi or Tísinolísí is a form of verbal entertainment, not unlike Japanese rakugo, developed in Tozàn in the 7th century of the Common Era. It featured a single person, male or female, sitting in a cross-legged position in front of an audience. The artists, Olísí, told one or more stories by themselves, involving comical dialogue and often satirical, moral or religious subjects. The stories were generally based on old folktales or inspired by modern events. The art was adopted by Kayasha early on to convene the virtues of Kayasha in a more appealing way to the people. A performance typically lasted half an hour to an hour. Tísínolísí was different from Rakugo, however; Olísí accompanied their stories with music played on an akonting and had no other form of musical support. Additionally, where in Rakugo the use of a paper fan and a piece of cloth was traditional, Tísínolísí featured only the akonting and a small djembe between the legs of the perf

... keep reading on reddit ➡

👍︎ 3
💬︎
📅︎ Nov 10 2017
🚨︎ report
Topic: A beginners introduction to growing coffee

Now I love coffee, I can't get enough of it. Some might even go as far as calling me a coffeeholic. I easily drink a minimum of 5 cups a day. Naturally, being into gardening and on this sub I decided to start growing my own beans. I figured others interested in growing coffee might benefit from my research. So without farther ado here's my guide, please enjoy!

SO, WHAT EXACTLY IS COFFEE? Before we being growing coffee we need to know what coffee is. The Coffea arabica or more commonly known as the Coffee plant is an evergreen perennial. This attractive plant features glossy green leaves and a compact growth style. In their natural habitat, coffee plants can grow into trees that are quite large. Typically, coffee plants grow 6ft high and 3ft wide! However, most plantations keep the plants pruned to make work with them more manageable. A commonly asked question many gardeners have is can they grow their own coffee? Of course, you can grow your very own coffee plant! However, coffee plants are much more difficult to grow than the typical houseplant.

HOW TO GROW YOUR OWN COFFEE PLANT:

SEEDS: The first step with successfully growing your coffee plants is to find good quality seeds from a reputable source. You may be tempted to run to the grocery store and purchase some whole coffee beans, then plant those seeds and hope they grow. However, ten-year-old me can already tell you, this won’t work and will just lead to confusion and disappointment. However, if you are living within the USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 9-11 you could most likely find some at your local nursery. For the rest of us living in Zones 4-8, the internet is your best bet. I personally use Eden Brothers for my coffee seeds, as I’ve found this to be the most successful seeds I’ve received. (No, I am not an affiliate I genuinely think these are the best seed to use.)

GROWING CONDITIONS: Coffee plants thrive in tropical conditions, to achieve the best results these conditions should mirror as closely as possible. For those living in Zones 9-11 growing coffee is pretty straight forward. Since the climate in these regions is ideal for coffee you can place the plant directly in the ground, or place in a large pot. For those living in Zones 4-8 Coffee plants can be grown in a large pot only. Since the number of lights these regions is weaker the plant can be placed outside during the hotter months of the year. But the plant must be brought inside during the colder months to avoid

... keep reading on reddit ➡

👍︎ 4
📰︎ r/gardening
💬︎
👤︎ u/Theorrax
📅︎ May 23 2020
🚨︎ report
Better way to get caffeine

Basically every morning I would have a coffee and then at lunch I would have a can of pop and that would get me through school, work, social stuff, etc. but I recently went to the dentist and they said that even though I'm brushing and flossing, it's ruining my teeth. Is there a better way? I've heard some types of tea has caffeine, but is it going to be enough? Would some type of caffeine pill work (I just don't want to overdo it)?

Tl;dr- How to get caffeine without coffee or pop?

👍︎ 5
📰︎ r/nutrition
💬︎
📅︎ Mar 12 2016
🚨︎ report

Please note that this site uses cookies to personalise content and adverts, to provide social media features, and to analyse web traffic. Click here for more information.