Basil then decided to steal one of Dr. Bunsen Honeydew's inventions to go back in time to prevent the Quebec Charter of the French Language from being signed
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📰︎ r/bertstrips
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📅︎ Aug 04 2020
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Some of the world's largest retailers are fighting for the right to keep their identity intact after Quebec's French-language watchdog demanded they rework their brand names to fit the French-language charter. cbc.ca/news/canada/montre…
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👤︎ u/carsonbiz
📅︎ Oct 14 2012
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All the municipalities of Montreal island will ask to be exempted of the Quebec Charter of values. (Links to french language article in La Presse) lapresse.ca/actualites/mo…
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📅︎ Sep 11 2013
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PQ the protector of French culture, Marois tells voters; Leader promises to beef up Bill 101 language charter ottawacitizen.com/news/pr…
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📅︎ Aug 08 2012
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Petition for the rejection of the proposed amendments to the Charter of the French language (Bill 14) - Please sign! assnat.qc.ca/en/exprimez-…
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📅︎ Feb 22 2013
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Why can't Best Buy ship GPUs to Québec?

I'm just like everybody, tryna get myself a gpu, and it pains me everytime I get a discord notification for a best buy restock, which seems to be the retailer that gets stock the most often in Canada. None of the gpu's except EVGA's can be shipped here it seems.

From what I understand, the products that they cannot ship here from e. g. Nvidia, MSI, Asus, Gigabyte, Zotac, Lenovo, Dell, etc... don't respect Chapter 7 ; article 51 of the Charter of the French language in Québec that states " Every inscription on a product, on its container or on its wrapping, or on a document or object supplied with it, including the directions for use and the warranty certificates, must be drafted in French. ". I'm not discussing the morality of the law, simply the application of it.

So, there are many illogical things going on. First of all, why can things be bought but not shipped in Québec? Like this mousepad for example. I could literally order it for pickup right now in Brossard.

https://imgur.com/a/Uv6eq8W

Another thing, I bought a monitor a few months ago on sale from Best Buy Canada, the Asus TUF VG27AQ, which is still available, you can get it shipped to your home. The thing is, not a word of French on the packaging. I'm not complaining, but it seems a bit inconsistent and makes me believe article 51 isn't the law preventing them from shipping stuff here, even if I know it's related to Québec's legislature and laws on French.

https://imgur.com/a/VwUyRw1

Finally, other businesses don't seem to have a problem shipping things from their province or the US over to Québec the way Best Buy does. Canada Computers, Memory Express, Amazon, Newegg, AMD, etc... None of them seem to abide by the law the way Best Buy does, (if we can call it that)

Also, I'm aware of the fact that Québec has stricter consumer protection laws than other provinces. I am not a law student, I don't necessarily want to read the entirety of the Consumer Protection Act. But even then, it doesn't explain the fact that they ship and don't ship certain stuff based on a mysterious criteria. If that was the problem you would think they just wouldn't ship anything here.

So, if anybody has an answer as to why those products in particular can't be shipped yet bought here in Québec, maybe more knowledgeable on Canadian/Québec legislature, please enlighten me. I'm slightly salty about the fact that I can't obtain a founder's edition :/

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📰︎ r/bapccanada
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📅︎ Mar 28 2021
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Just how much is Québec French threatened?

Hi! I figured I would ask some language experts about this, to have a more nuanced view, with much less “emotiveness”. I have read some sociolinguistic books about the issue and learned a bit about Language planning, so I know that diglossia is in some ways in check thanks to the Charter of the French language… But living the linguistic duality in Montréal, I cannot help but feel that French is losing ground as a common communication language in favour of English. Speaking French has become a way to accommodate the French majority… Young immigrant children speak mostly English to each other, that’s the natural language. They feel no attachment towards French. Even young Québécois are favouring English more and more, and cannot express themselves without the use of English in their sentences. I even know some Francophone-born who speak English to each other… All-the-time. They are all about American culture and they don’t know about modern Québécois artists. I cannot understand this; why you could toss aside your own culture and language that way, seeing just how much our situation is precarious in North America. Only older people seem to care about this now, so we’re screwed when they die out.

I am a Québécois myself, and I’ve started to be worried, obsessed, disheartened by the survival of French in my province and in Canada at large. I always find myself arguing with English Canadians on the Internet about this, as they simply don’t realize just how central a language can be to one’s culture. They simply see this as a “tool of communication” … It isn’t. Without French, we’re becoming just like the millions of assimilated French Canadians outside Québec who have become nothing English Canadians with French surnames, just like the millions from the Québécois diaspora in the States who have left nothing behind but cities with French names, like the Cajun who now see the French language as something quaint and are not really concerned about their Acadian brothers’ struggles up north.

I fear that when we’ll become too small a minority, the language laws will go (either provincially or federally). English Canadians don’t care about the French language, and only see this as an expenditure or something that hinders their access to some positions at the federal level. They don’t see us as the founding people of Canada, just a pesky minority who always want more.

Please don’t tell me that “language disappear all the time and it’s a normal thing of life”. It’s

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TIL that if Québec had separated from Canada in 1995, their borders would have looked nothing like the province as we know it today.

Link to a speculative map.

The Parti Québécois, in their 1990 manifesto La Souveraineté: Pourquoi? Comment?, claimed that a newly formed Québec nation would consist of provincial Québec as we know it today as well as the entirety of Labrador. Impressive! The truth is that most nations, Canada included, would have refused to recognize Québec as a nation state if they claimed Canadian territory due to the 150+ year old paper trail documenting Canada’s claim to the lands. The following territories would have remained Canadian or would have been open to further referendums if the ‘Yes’ side had won:

  • Rupert’s Land: The biggest piece of the pie, Rupert’s Land, was never claimed by New France and has been indisputably British since 1670. The territory was transferred to Canada shortly after Confederation and has no valid French historical character nor much of a French Canadian population. The aboriginal population had persistently made it known that they would not be included in a separated Québec state. What this would have meant for Hydro-Québec’s James Bay Project is unclear.

  • Labrador: Labrador was under Québec’s jurisdiction in the 18th century, however, the province accepted a decision by the British Privy Counsel in 1927 to award the territory to Newfoundland. Québec still disputes Labrador’s southern boundary, though that story hasn’t made the news in quite some time.

  • The Eastern Townships: Sherbrooke, Drummondville, and most of the Eastern Townships were settled by English-speaking settlers. The territory only became affiliated with Québec when provincial boundaries were set upon joining confederation. There is no evidence that another French name for the region or its towns has ever existed, however, some hard-line separatists did claim the region would be a part of Québec because the area might have been explored by Frenchmen before the English-speaking settlers arrived. No evidence exists to support these claims.

  • Western Montréal and the Ottawa valley: La Souveraineté: Pourquoi? Comment? did state that it would respect the decision of those who voted resoundingly against separation to

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📰︎ r/canada
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👤︎ u/zigzinho
📅︎ Aug 14 2016
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SNES Classic not being sold in Quebec is entirely Nintendo's fault and has nothing to do with language laws, says Quebec government

http://www.journaldemontreal.com/2017/08/23/pas-de-snes-classic-au-quebec-une-decision-daffaires-de-nintendo-dit-loqlf

The plot thickens with one side of the story speaking up, now we Quebecers wait for the other side to open their yap.

Worth remembering before reading that in contrast, the NES Classic was sold in Quebec as is.

English translation:

>No SNES Classic in Quebec: "A Nintendo business decision," says the OQLF

>We learned yesterday that the SNES Classic is not being sold in Quebec for now. The Internet has speculated that this was because the Office québécois de la langue française (OQLF) judged the console to not respect the local language laws and therefore banned it from the province. But in fact, the organisation was not involved in the case at all.

>"We're not blind, we read all the comments on the Internet," says OQLF spokeperson Julie Letourneau. "The Office has nothing to do with the banning. We do not know why Nintendo decided not to sell the SNES Classic in Quebec."

>According to her, the lack of SNES Classic in Quebec would be a business decision on the Japanese megacorp's behalf.

>"The Office never intervenes to ban a product from the province. We only do so when someone sues, and this is not the case here," she precises.

>What the law says

>No law covers the language used within video games in Quebec. On the other hand, the Charter of the French Language stipulates that all writing on a product packaging, including instruction manuals and warranties, must be in French, which is the case with the SNES Classic's trilingual packaging.

>However, a deal between the OQLF and the Entertainment Software Association of Canada (ESAC) signed in 2007 stipulates that all video games for all next-generation consoles sold in Quebec must be sold in French if a French version exists elsewhere in the world.

>We presume that the SNES Classic did not respect this convention. Where the whole thing gets tricky, however, is the parts of the deal stating that it only applies to "all next-generation consoles" and that the English version of a video game can be sold without hassle if no French version exists.

>UPDATE 8:48 PM GMT-0400: A Link to the Past originally had a NTSC French-Canadian release. It is possible that this translation is not included on the SNES Classic.

>Some of the SNES Classic's games (EDIT 8:48 PM GMT-0400: besides LTTP) had French versions released in France back i

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Charte de la langue française

#Charte de la langue française ##PRÉAMBULE Langue distinctive d'un peuple majoritairement francophone, la langue française permet au peuple québécois d'exprimer son identité.

L'Assemblée nationale reconnaît la volonté des Québécois d'assurer la qualité et le rayonnement de la langue française. Elle est donc résolue à faire du français la langue de l'État et de la Loi aussi bien que la langue normale et habituelle du travail, de l'enseignement, des communications, du commerce et des affaires.

L'Assemblée nationale entend poursuivre cet objectif dans un esprit de justice et d'ouverture, dans le respect des institutions de la communauté québécoise d'expression anglaise et celui des minorités ethniques, dont elle reconnaît l'apport précieux au développement du Québec.

L'Assemblée nationale reconnaît aux Amérindiens et aux Inuit du Québec, descendants des premiers habitants du pays, le droit qu'ils ont de maintenir et de développer leur langue et culture d'origine.

Ces principes s'inscrivent dans le mouvement universel de revalorisation des cultures nationales qui confère à chaque peuple l'obligation d'apporter une contribution particulière à la communauté internationale.

SA MAJESTÉ, de l'avis et du consentement de l'Assemblée nationale du Québec, décrète ce qui suit:

##LA LANGUE OFFICIELLE DU /R/CANADA

  1. Le français est la langue officielle du /r/Canada.

Voir ici pour plus d'informations


###Charter of the French language ####PREAMBLE WHEREAS the French language, the distinctive language of a people that is in the majority French-speaking, is the instrument by which that people has articulated its identity;

Whereas the National Assembly of Québec recognizes that Quebecers wish to see the quality and influence of the French language assured, and is resolved therefore to make of French the language of Government and the Law, as well as the normal and everyday language of work, instruction, communication, commerce and business;

Whereas the National Assembly intends to pursue this objective in a spirit of fairness and open-mindedness, respectful of the institutions of the English-speaking community of Québec, and respectful of the ethnic minorities, whose valuable contribution to the development of Québec it readily acknowledges;

Whereas the National Assembly of Québec recognizes the right of the Amerinds and the Inuit of Québec, the first

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📰︎ r/canada
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👤︎ u/Lucky75
📅︎ Apr 01 2015
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Understanding the Quebec sovereignty movement from an ex-federalist

First of all I'm sorry about my pretty bad english. Hope it won't botter most of you guys.

I know this will probably be downvote to oblivion and beyond, but I wanted to give an insider perspective about Quebec sovereignty movement and a point of view I think a lot Quebecers are sharing. I know a lot of people here will disagree and will likely downvote me but I think this is something important to talk about.

I think there’s a lot of Canadian who do have difficulties to understand why the fuck we are seeking independence from Canada since it will cause us so many problems? Or will it?

Since most Canadians don't understand french, they don't have access to the same information that we can have access. I might be difficult to have an “empirical” approach on the subject when most of the people can’t have both side of the coin. Also the fact that it doesn’t concern you as much as it’s concerning us isn’t an incentive to push the reflexion too far. I was like most you basing my reflexion on assumptions which I believed was true (Quebec will be poor, Quebec will suffer, etc) which aren’t exactly true.

###Sovereignty is good for us

From an economic point of view, there isn’t in fact much controversy about the benefits of a sovereign Quebec it. Here in Quebec we do have a lot of economic independent studies on sovereignty but everything is in french obviously. The Commission Bélanger-Campeau is an independent commission who studied this question in deep. The commission has the conclusion that a sovereign Quebec will have $2,1 billion of dollars in surplus. Numerous studies have similar conclusions : Leblanc, Legault, Gobeil, etc. Also there are a lot of economic organisation who “support” Quebec sovereignty (IREC, Fraser Intitute, IRIS, etc) because they believe it will be beneficial to Quebec. In fact there isn’t any studies (except newspaper articles) whom support the opposite. [There are in fact there are hundreds of studies about sovereignty]( http://www.lapresse.ca/actualites/politique/politique-quebecoise/20120

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📅︎ Apr 08 2014
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ᑐᙵᓱ - This week's language of the week: Inuktitut!

Inuktitut (English pronunciation: /ɪˈnʊktᵻtʊt/; Inuktitut [inuktiˈtut], syllabics ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ; from inuk person + -titut like, in the manner of), also Eastern Canadian Inuktitut or Eastern Canadian Inuit, is one of the principal Inuit languages of Canada. It is spoken in all areas north of the tree line, including parts of the provinces of Newfoundland and Labrador, Quebec, to some extent in northeastern Manitoba as well as the Northwest Territories and Nunavut. It is one of the aboriginal languages written with Canadian Aboriginal syllabics. The Canadian census indicates that there are approximately 35,000 speakers, with about 200 living outside traditionally Inuit lands. It is recognised as an official language in Nunavut alongside Inuinnaqtun, and both languages are known collectively as Inuktut. It also has legal recognition in Nunavik—a part of Quebec—thanks in part to the James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement, and is recognised in the Charter of the French Language as the official language of instruction for Inuit school districts there. It also has some recognition in Nunatsiavut—the Inuit area in Labrador—following the ratification of its agreement with the government of Canada and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador

Linguistics:

Language classification and influences:

The language classification is as follows: Eskimo–Aleut > Eskimo > Inuit > Inuktitut

Script:

Inuktitut is written in several different ways, depending on the dialect and region, but also on historical and political factors.

Moravian missionaries, with the purpose of introducing the Inuit peoples to Christianity and the Bible, contributed to the development of an Inuktitut alphabet in Greenland during the 1760s that was based on the Latin script. (This alphabet is distinguished by its inclusion of the letter kra, ĸ.) They later travelled to Labrador in the 1800s, bringing the Inuktitut alphabet with them.

The Alaskan Yupik and Inupiat (who, in addition, developed their own system of hieroglyphs) and the Siberian Yupik also adopted Latin alphabets.

Eastern Canadian Inuit were the last to adopt the written word when, in the 1860s, missionaries imported the written system Qaniujaaqpait they had developed in their efforts to convert the Cree to Christianity. The very last Inuit peoples introduced to missionaries and writing were the Netsilik Inuit in Kugaaruk and north Baffin Island. The Netsilik adopted Qaniujaaqpait by the 1920s.

The "Greenl

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Pietro Rizzuto

Pietro Rizzuto (March 18, 1934 – August 3, 1997) was a Canadian senator.

Senator Pietro Rizzuto

From humble beginnings, he rose to become a prominent businessman, a spokesperson for the Montreal Italian community, and a successful politician. He occupied positions of great prestige in the Liberal Party: Co-chairman of the National Election Readiness Committee and President of the Quebec Electoral Commission of the Liberal Party in 1986.

Pietro was a passionate Canadian who loved his community and his province; he was also a link to all the richly varied and distinct communities that make up Quebec. The story of Senator Rizzuto's life is the stuff legends are made of, especially since his life is what immigrants leaving their country with empty pockets dream of.

EARLY LIFE

Born in Cattolica Eraclea, Italy, in 1934, he was the son of a Sicilian peasant. He came to Canada in 1954 at the age of 20, arriving in Montreal in the dead of winter. Pietro Rizzuto earned his first dollars by shoveling snow along the roads.

In 1963, he founded Inter State Paving Inc., a construction company. Through his hard and honest work, perseverance and determination, he became successful in a developing market. Ultimately, he became the driving force behind a highly successful construction business in his beloved city of Laval.

By 1967, Rizzuto was also co-owner and director of the Echo Laval newspaper.

Member of the Following Business Organizations

- Canadian Italian Business and Professional Men’s Association of Quebec

- Quebec Road Builders and Heavy Construction Association

- Quebec Chamber of Commerce

THE SOCIAL ACTIVIST

Pietro's life did not only revolve around business. His immigration in the 1950s marked the start of a rise to the upper ranks of the Canadian public service, based on that quiet strength that is the mark of greatness. He became a loyal Canadian and a great representative of Quebec.

There was never any doubt of where Senator Rizzuto stood when it came to his country. He was a devoted federalist and was active in promoting Canadian unity with an almost fervent passion and conviction. He was also extremely active in the Liberal Party of Canada, a party of which he was very proud.

Rizzuto liked to be active in social and political organizations. Profoundly proud of his Italian roots, he bec

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📅︎ Jan 04 2019
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This Week in History (24/8 - 30/8)

24 August

  • 79 CE: Vesuvius erupts, destroying the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum.

  • 410 CE: Rome is sacked by the Visigoths under King Alaric I.

  • 455 CE: Rome is sacked by the Vandals under King Genseric despite Pope Leo I's pleas to the contrary.

  • 1456: The printing of the Gutenberg Bible is completed.

  • 1815: The Constitution of the Netherlands is signed.

  • 1821: The Mexican War of Independence ends with the Treaty of Cordoba.

  • 1857: The Panic of 1857, one of the most severe economic crises in American history, begins.

  • 1875: Matthew Webb becomes the first person to swim the English Channel.

  • 1891: Thomas Edison patents the first motion picture camera.

  • 1909: Construction begins on the Panama Canal.

  • 1932: Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly non-stop across the United States.

  • 1949: NATO comes into force.

  • 1950: Edith Sampson becomes the US's first black UN delegate.

  • 1991: Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as head of the Communist party in the USSR.

  • 1991: Ukraine declares independence from the USSR.

  • 1992: Hurricane Andrew makes landfall as a category 5 storm in Florida, becoming the US' costliest natural disaster to that point.

25 August

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📰︎ r/history
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👤︎ u/Quouar
📅︎ Aug 24 2015
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[Sociolinguistics] How do you guys feel about Quebec's language laws?

I'm from Montreal so I live the politics every day. AMA! I'm not out to push my views, just hoping to get some informed debate going on the topic from linguists' point of view.

Here's some history: Some overview

Bill 101 and the complete legal charter, should you be interested

Legal battles

Bill 14 and this

Pastagate

The Office de la langue francaise is a priority for the current government.

This post I'll keep adding articles to fill you in.

Some highlights:

*Immigrants must go to school in French. You can't go to school in English unless one of your parents went to an English School in Canada. A kid moving from England who speaks no French would have to go to a French school.

*All signs must be written in French, even in restaurants and the like. You may have an English translation, as long as it is half the size of the French.

*The Office de la langue francaise has a mandate to police the use of French and English. It has an annual budget of about 1.5 million dollars.

Edit: formatting, corrected budget, thanks damanas

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👤︎ u/kcdilla
📅︎ Jul 13 2013
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[EVENT] English Language Protection Act of 2018 repealed

Governing Parti Québécois, with the support of Coalition Avenir Québec, has repealed the euphemistically titled "English Language Protection Act" of 2018, which weakened the provisions of the Charter of the French Language. Premier Xavier Lavoie has heralded the repealing of the controversial act as a "victory for our nation."

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👤︎ u/TimeLord79
📅︎ Mar 06 2016
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Just when I thought the BlackBerry suffering couldn't get any worse, this happens.

The best part was that I emailed my 2014 training requests and wanted to take some French classes, under the auspice of offering bilingual support.

>Bonjour,

>As you know, COMPANY is proud to be a bilingual company and all formal communication must comply with the COMPANY Policy on the Charter of the French Language knows as Bill 101.

>It has come to our attention that Blackberry activation information were sent in English only to COMPANY Team member in Quebec. (Activating your BlackBerry )

>Allow me to inform you that all communications and training to COMPANY Team members in Quebec, in order to be compliant to Policy on COMPANY and the Charter of the French Language must be in French or at least bilingual.

>We invite you to read the Policy on COMPANY and the Charter of the French Language (see link below) and take action to be compliant to this COMPANY policy and to know where to knock to have any communication/training translated.

>The goal of our intervention is to remind you to comply to our policy in future communications to COMPANY Team members in Quebec. We would appreciate you cooperation in this initiative.

>Should you have any questions, please feel free to contact either the COMPANY Francization Committee ([email protected]) or

>Mrs. <redacted> Director, Bill 101 Compliance Program.

>A follow up on your part would be appreciated.

>Regards,

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👤︎ u/whiskey06
📅︎ Mar 04 2014
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r/Neoliberal elects the British Prime Ministers - Part 18: Gordon Brown vs David Cameron vs Nick Clegg vs Lord Pearson vs Nick Griffin in 2010
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👤︎ u/Woodstovia
📅︎ Mar 26 2021
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We might just need to make our own federation 2 (The New Federation)

Previous //// Next

Chaos. Was the word that would have best described the Galactic Federation of Delegates Chamber, the mix of outrage and heated arguments being thrown across the room was both deafening and confusing. The guards stationed outside the large ‘French’ doors adopted by the Federation traded nervous glances at each other, feeling the sheer outrage emanating from the room.

“Preposterous!” Called out an Entar delegate, “Chairman this will not, nay, cannot Stand!” He stood, and stretched his arms wide, some of the more herbivorous members of the Federation cowered when the massive predator took on this position.

“The Ziphek and Enkryptigon have both been long-standing members of the Federation, it is in our best interests to deny them any chance to leave it! The Emperor knows what, what… criminal and horrendous acts the UNE has undertaken to compromise and corrupt the governmental systems of both!”

The many arguments died down as the Delegates all found something they could agree upon, and unanimously clamored their agreement to the Entar’s statement.

“Your objection and suggestion have been dually noted Delegate Noibi. And now that order has been restored, any objections to Delegate Noibi’s statement?”

A Tuwu delegate raised itself, many delegates grumbled and some were audibly hostile as the non-carbon-based lifeform, appearing more like a cloud with a nucleus of sorts made of golden spheres prepared its telepathic speech. The Tuwu thought bitterly to itself as it formulated its statement, its ‘mind’ working billions upon billions of times faster than any other species, ‘So then, have I become your enemy because I told you the truth’ it thought, drawing upon its perfect memory a piece of irony it had found in a Terran religious scripture.

“The Objection made by Delegate Niobi is based on childish and incoherent claims. It would be impossible, even for my species as is to overtake the Enkryptigon’s governmental society, they are ruled by the ‘Overseer’ an advanced AI more intelligent than all of us combined. Attempting to overtake this near-perfect program would surely end in naught but complete and total annihilation.”

Some delegates attempted to

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📅︎ Mar 01 2021
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Anarchy is the state of a society being freely constituted without authorities or a governing body. It may also refer to a society or group of people that entirely rejects a set hierarchy.[1]

Anarchy was first used in 1539, meaning "an absence of government".[2] Pierre-Joseph Proudhon adopted anarchy and anarchist in his 1840 treatise What Is Property? to refer to anarchism,[3][4] a new political philosophy and social movement which advocates stateless societies based on free and voluntary associations. Anarchists seek a system based on the abolishment of all unjustified, coercitive hierarchy and the creation of system of direct democracy and worker cooperatives.[5][6] In practical terms, anarchy can refer to the curtailment or abolition of traditional forms of government and institutions. It can also designate a nation or any inhabited place that has no system of government or central rule. Anarchy is primarily advocated by individual anarchists who propose replacing government with voluntary institutions. These true institutions or associations generally are modeled on nature since they can represent concepts such as community and economic self-reliance, interdependence, or individualism. Although anarchy is often negatively used as a synonym of chaos or societal collapse, this is not the meaning that anarchists attribute to anarchy, a society without hierarchies.[1] Proudhon wrote that anarchy is "Not the Daughter But the Mother of Order".[7]

Anarchy comes from the Medieval Latin anarchia and from the Greek anarchos ("having no ruler"), with an-+ archos ("ruler") literally meaning "without ruler".[2] The circle-A anarchist symbol is a monogram that consists of the capital letter A surrounded by the capital letter O. The letter A is derived from the first letter of anarchy or anarchism in most European languages and is the same in both Latin and Cyrillic scripts. The O stands for order and together they stand for "society seeks order in anarchy" (French: la société cherche l'ordre dans l'anarchie),[3] a phrase written by Pierre-Joseph Proudhon in his 1840 book What Is Property?[4]

Although most known societies are characterized by the presence of hierarchy or the state, anthropologists have studied many egalitarian stateless societies, including most nomadic hunter-gatherer societies[8][9] and horticultural societies such as the Semai and the Piaroa. Many of these societies can be considered to be anarchic in the sense that they explicitly reject the idea of centralized political authority.[10] The egalitarianism typical of human hunter-gatherers is interesting when viewed in an evolutionary context. One of humanity's two closest primate r

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📅︎ Apr 04 2021
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Vibing with Tech Schools. An End to a 12-Year Journey.

Demographics: Male, African-American, Small Public Charter K-12 (graduating class of ~30)

Hooks: URM, school is in a rural (more accurately exurban) area

Family income: 150k+. upper middle class.

Intended Major(s): Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Neuroscience

ACT/SAT/SAT II:

1580 (780 EBRW, 800 M): Took once in Junior Year. Pretty lucky since Covid happened right after.

No ACT or SAT IIs

UW/W GPA and Rank:

4.0 UW/4.82 W

My school does not rank

Coursework: AP/IB/Dual Enrollment classes, AP/IB scores, etc

18 APs: 16 5s, 1 4, and 1 3 (The Common app schools only see 15 5s)

5 Honors courses and 6 Post-AP Classes

7th grade: Pre-calculus

8th grade: AP World History, AP Statistics, AP Calculus AB

9th grade: AP Calculus BC, AP Macro/Micro, AP Gov, Bio Honors, English Language Honors, English Literature Honors,

10th grade: AP Biology, AP Lang, AP Euro, AP Physics C: Mech and E&M, Honors Chemistry, Post-AP Multivariable Calculus

11th grade: AP Chem, AP COGO, AP Lit (the 4), APES, AP French (the 3, I suck at oral and aural sections), APUSH, Post-AP: Linear Algebra

12th grade: Capstone: Biochemistry, Capstone: Francophone Cinema, Capstone: Math and Magic, Capstone: Race, Class, and Gender in American Politics. (Capstones are classes meant to simulate those in college. pretty much just Post-AP classes)

Awards:

  1. National AP Scholar (x2)
  2. National Merit Semifinalist + Rural and African American recognition scholar
  3. 2nd place at State Science Bowl Competition
  4. AMC 10 School Contest Winner (my score was still shit lol)
  5. Semifinalist for our state's most prestigious scholarship (Top 78 out of 950 applicants)
  6. US Presidential Scholar Candidate
  7. 5th place at state Brain Bee Competition

Extracurriculars: Include leadership & summer activities

  1. Science Bowl: have participated in science bowl since 6th grade with the same teacher for most of those years. By far the activity I am most committed to. Eventually became the captain for 11th and 12th grade. (7 years in total. 4 in high school)
  2. Brain Bee. A spelling-bee style competition. Participated for 3 years and placed in the top 8 at the state competition every year with the highest placement being 5th. (3 years)
  3. National Honors Society: Mostly a peer tutoring organization plus some outside independent service projects. Completed 30 hours of service each year with 15 hours dedicated to just peer tutoring. (4 years)
  4. French Honors Society: Cultu
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📅︎ Apr 07 2021
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Unreached People Group of the Week - Algerians of Algeria

Sorry this is so late today, I got caught up with work and wedding planning this morning

Welcome to another UPG of the Week post! In the midst of Ramadan, we are doing Muslim people groups so that we can continue to pray for them in their continued service to a false god. This week meet the Algerians of Algeria!

Region: Algeria

https://preview.redd.it/t0mo7hcvbjv61.png?width=425&format=png&auto=webp&s=562508e9746b6a7560e8c3543d136be4d0ddbb67

Stratus Index Ranking (Urgency): 24

Climate: In this region, midday desert temperatures can be hot year round. After sunset, however, the clear, dry air permits rapid loss of heat, and the nights are cool to chilly. Enormous daily ranges in temperature are recorded.

Rainfall is fairly plentiful along the coastal part of the Tell Atlas, ranging from 400 to 670 mm (15.7 to 26.4 in) annually, the amount of precipitation increasing from west to east. Precipitation is heaviest in the northern part of eastern Algeria, where it reaches as much as 1,000 mm (39.4 in) in some years.

Farther inland, the rainfall is less plentiful. Algeria also has ergs, or sand dunes, between mountains. Among these, in the summer time when winds are heavy and gusty, temperatures can go up to 43.3 °C (110 °F).

Terrain: Since the 2011 breakup of Sudan, and the creation of South Sudan, Algeria has been the largest country in Africa, and the Mediterranean Basin. Its southern part includes a significant portion of the Sahara. To the north, the Tell Atlas form with the Saharan Atlas, further south, two parallel sets of reliefs in approaching eastbound, and between which are inserted vast plains and highlands. Both Atlas tend to merge in eastern Algeria. The vast mountain ranges of Aures and Nememcha occupy the entire northeastern Algeria and are delineated by the Tunisian border. The highest point is Mount Tahat (3,003 metres or 9,852 feet).

Algeria lies mostly between latitudes 19° and 37°N (a small area is north of 37°N and south of 19°N), and longitudes 9°W and 12°E. Most of the coastal area is hilly, sometimes even mountainous, and there are a few natural harbours. The area from the coast to the Tell Atlas is fertile. South of the Tell Atlas is a steppe landscape ending with the Saharan Atlas; farther south, there is the Sahara desert.

The Hoggar Mountains, also known as the Hoggar, are a highland region in central Sahara, southern Algeria. They are located about 1,500 km (932 mi) south of the capital, Alg

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📰︎ r/Reformed
💬︎
📅︎ Apr 26 2021
🚨︎ report
Old Kingdom World Building / Lore Discussion - Charter Magic, Free Magic and Mysteries

Hi everyone,

Thank you all for answering the poll I set last week - it's exciting to see that there is some interest in exploring the mysteries of the Old Kingdom and hopefully we can have some fun and interesting discussions over the next few weeks.

I'm going to structure these posts in the following way: I'm going to ask 3 to 5 questions as jumping off points for discussion around each topic. These will be numbered and in bold. I may then add in a little bit more of an explanation in normal text. After that, I'm going to put down my own thoughts and theories - but as to not limit the discussion to being just about my theories, these will be placed under a spoiler tag >!like so!<. It's up to you if you want to read my opinions first or if you want to answer the question from a completely clean perspective.

I'd also add that you can completely ignore the questions I ask as well! If you've got a theory or a question you'd like to discuss that broadly fits in with the topic of the week then by all means go for it!

Enough introduction, on with the questions. These questions are going to all about Charter Magic, Free Magic and it's interactions. When I think about Charter Magic in the Old Kingdom it's kind of weird. It's got all the trappings of a hard magic system, what with ideas of symbols leading to well known spells and rules guiding how Charter Magic has to be used and cast. But in practice it's actually a pretty soft system as there isn't that much discussion in the books about how Charter Magic works, just the dangers about using it improperly. Arguably we learn more about Free Magic than we do Charter Magic thanks to Clariel.

1) What makes up a Charter Spell? What are the mechanics of the spell? Is it always harmful to the caster when a Charter Spell backfires?

>!I have a belief that the Charter is best described as a language. It's why when Lirael was trying to make her dog sending she tried to imbue the sending with everything that represented the essence of what it meant to be a dog. So I wonder if a Master mark is either a verb in Charter speak, or if it is more akin to a punctuation mark? Master marks do appear to vary in intensity, which is seemingly linked to the effect you are trying to produce and it is the Master mark which causes the damage if the spell goes wrong. Lot more thinking required here...!<

**2) Is Charter Magic always antagonistic to Free Magic, and visa-versa? Why was Free Magic left out of the Char

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📰︎ r/Abhorsen
💬︎
📅︎ Feb 20 2021
🚨︎ report
Gnostic Saint of the Day - Paschal Beverly Randolph

Today is April 2 in the Thelemic Holy Season.  Our Hebrew Letter today is TETH and our Tarot Card is Lust.  Our Gnostic Saint for the day is Dr. Paschal Beverly Randolph

As part of our observance of Thelemic HolySeason   The Thelemic Order is presenting not only daily readings, but a "Gnostic Saint of the Day" in order to help humanize Thelemic practice and history.

Introduction

Randolph and Thelema

Since at least the 1980s it has been in vogue in some Thelemic circles to focus on Reuss and Crowley's IX° mystery as the end all and be all of Thelemic Magic; the core Thelemic Secret. This requires understanding the IX° as something novel to Crowley, rather than understanding that it was something well known in esoteric circles as early as his first pre-O.T.O. contact with Reuss, who by Crowley's account collared him for having published it in Book of Lies. As we discussed in regards to Victor Neuburg, Crowley's importance is his evolution of the IX° Mystery to the XI° Mystery; a truly pansexual and pangender sex mystery for the modern era.

This understanding, which some prominent Thelemites have gone to pains to conceal by redirection, begs the question: If Crowley's magical life and work was the development of the XI°, and his practice of the IX° was merely refinement, who did "invent" the IX°? Of course there is no one secret. Crowley notes the occurrence of similar mysteries in many cultures. In terms of who refined that secret into a magical mystery in the Western Tradition, and passed it to Reuss and Crowley there is, to a considerable extent, an answer:

Paschal Beverly Randolph.

No one in the esoteric world truly "invents" anything; like authors, esotericists are ultimately the sum of their influences. The core currents of sexual magic had begun to coalesce in the late 18th century, and antecedents to his work can be seen in the work of one of his major influences, John Murray Spear, whose engenderment with Sarah Newton of the "New Motor" certainly presaged his theories.

But Spear left few detailed records and most of the other authors of the early and mid 19th century were understandably timorous in their treatment of sex mysteries. Randolph, like Crowley, was a prolific author leaving a vast recor

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📰︎ r/thelema
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📅︎ Apr 02 2021
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Looking to switch career and become a graphic designer, I need your opinion on my portfolio

Hello, I'm a French 27 years old landscape engineer and after much consideration I've decided to switch careers.

I've always practised traditional and digital drawing and painting, and during my studies and my professional career I've had a several occasions to create logos, posters, leaflets and labels, for student unions and projects, and even businesses. It's a kind of challenge that has always motivated me, and working on the graphical supports (illustrations, maps, plans, cross sections, graphic charters for reports) was the real highlight of my previous jobs.

All of this made me consider that I could maybe work in graphic design, both for print and in webdesign. I've already contacted several graphic designers in my area, both in freelance and employed by agencies, to discuss the employment opportunities and the necessary additional courses.

But I struggle a lot with self-esteem, and don't really know if I have enough creativity or sense of aesthetics for this job. I have basic proficiency in the following softwares: Photoshop, Indesign, Illustrator and Sketchup, and I know that I still have a lot to learn, including in marketing and communication skills.

I'm looking for honest, unbiased advice from professionals regarding my current abilities, here's the link to my online portfolio. I'm still building it, so I apologize in advance if there are things missing, or a bit messy. Also, English isn't my native language so there are probably typos and mistakes here and there.

https://fannyjmtg1.wixsite.com/my-site?lang=en

I'm worried that I don't really have a defined "style" or a visual identity, what do you think about it? Also, I'm ready to hear your critics on the portfolio in itself.

Any advice you want to give to me is very welcome, whether it is about how to gain visibility on the social media or how to develop a network.

Thank you very much for any help you can give me!

👍︎ 3
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👤︎ u/dalaigh93
📅︎ Mar 15 2021
🚨︎ report
[IWantOut] 31M Control Engineer UK -> EU/EEA

I'm deeply unhappy with the UK's isolationist trajectory so I would like to eventually settle within an EU or EEA country. I'm a UK national in an unmarried gay relationship with an Eastern-European EU national who has UK settled status.

Qualifications and experience wise, my degree was in Theoretical Physics, I am soon to be a Chartered Engineer and I work engineering newbuild nuclear control systems. This is a highly specialised field and ideally, I'd like to work in either this or a closely related field in my destination country. It's a well paid job and I want to keep that - I'd be happy to take a drop in absolute income but I'd want my standard of living to be roughly the same, given the local cost-of-living.

It's not necessary but if the destination country has a civil nuclear industry of some sort, that would be a sizeable bonus. I expect I'd have to live in a city to accommodate this, but I'd like for there to be a nice-enough suburb to live in. I'm not betting that I'd be able to do my current job remotely, though I guess we'll see with all this covid business. My partner's a software engineer and can work from anywhere. I'm hoping that my skills will make a work visa relatively easy to arrange, but I know that's not a given. We can marry if it makes it easier with his EU citizenship, but we've no plans.

I'm in no rush to get out, but I can't imagine myself being happy here at the age of 36 - this gives me 5 years or so to decide. The purpose of this post is to short-list potential places so that holidays can be arranged to those destinations to see if we love the place. Any decision to move would require my partner to be happy moving with me, so I'm hoping that if we visit potential destinations, we'll both like one of them enough that we'd be happy to settle there. I own a UK house but I expect I'd buy a local house or flat, increasing the timeline of the move.

Language wise, I'm a native English speaker and I'm also conversant in my partner's language, though that's not especially useful in most places. I took both German and French at school but have long since forgotten it. I'd be happy to put in the time and effort to learn the local language, wherever that may be, but not speaking it straight away will obviously influence my initial potential employment options in many destinations.

My first thought for a destination is the ROI - I obviously speak the language and it's got a similar enough culture to England that I at least un

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📰︎ r/IWantOut
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📅︎ Feb 05 2021
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I got questions about y’all’s education system

Context: I’m American, a high school student (secondary school I think), and the only influence I’ve had of UK school systems is pop culture (which is not a lot), and Harry Potter. I wish I was joking. Idk I just hear a lot and want clarifications and I’m also willing to answer any questions about American school systems, the ever most fucked up system in the US! Wait no, that title might belong to the healthcare system...

Anyways, these are my questions:

1.) What’s a “form”? I think it’s kinda like grades in the US, but Ik that most other countries go to school year round whereas the US isn’t, in most cases.

2.) What’s the grading system? I’m still not sure if this is true, but I heard that a 70+ is an A, 60-69 is B, 50-59 is C, 40-49 is D, and 0-39 is an F. I’m sure I have some numbers wrong, but is something like this try? In America, 90+ is A, 80-89 B, 70-79 C, 60-69 D, 0-59 F, and the final exam Can be up to as much as 60% of the final grade.

3.) What’s the school schedule? I’m sure there’s the typical Mon-Fri, but how many hours? Are there “extra” hours you can add on? What months are you in school? How long are the breaks? Holidays off?

4.) Is there a public vs private school debate? In America, the younger schools are usually public, meaning you don’t have to pay, but universities are known for being ridiculously expensive, and they’re considered public. For school age children, there are private schools that can be very expensive and some people care about the “class” or ig “reputation”, but, at least where I live, I don’t think most people care. I have attended public school my whole life. There are a few other options, like charter schools where they’re still “private” but they’re government funded (yeah I don’t get it either), but ew. I dated a French guy and apparently this was a huge thing, and yes I’m aware that the UK Ana France are two very different countries (American education isnt that bad), but hey Europe is tiny, idk if it’s a trend in other places as well.

5.) How common are boarding schools? They’re definitely a thing in the states but they tend to be stupid expensive and they’re for “high class” snobs. They also have the reputation that you might not have very caring parents if they sent their kid there, but that could just be me.

6.) This is a dumb one. School houses? Again, Harry Potter. I saw an interview pre-cancelJkRowling where she was talking about the houses and she mentioned influences to her own “hou

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📰︎ r/AskABrit
💬︎
📅︎ Jan 23 2021
🚨︎ report
Comando de Minecraft para generar el Manifiesto Comunista
/give @p written_book{pages:['{"text":"MANIFESTO OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY\n\n[From the English edition of 1888, edited by Friedrich Engels]\n\nA spectre is haunting Europe\u2014the spectre of Communism.\nAll the Powers of old Europe have entered into a holy alliance to"}','{"text":"exorcise this spectre: Pope and Czar, Metternich and Guizot,\nFrench Radicals and German police-spies.\n\nWhere is the party in opposition that has not been decried as Communistic by its opponents in power? Where is the"}','{"text":"Opposition that has not hurled back the branding reproach of Communism, against the more advanced opposition parties, as well as against its reactionary adversaries?\n\nTwo things result from this fact."}','{"text":"I. Communism is already acknowledged by all European Powers to be itself a Power.\n\nII. It is high time that Communists should openly, in the face of the whole world, publish their views, their aims, their tendencies, and meet this nursery"}','{"text":"tale of the Spectre of Communism with a Manifesto of the party itself.\n\nTo this end, Communists of various nationalities have assembled in London, and sketched the following Manifesto, to be published in the English, French,"}','{"text":"German, Italian, Flemish and Danish languages.\n\nI. BOURGEOIS AND PROLETARIANS\n\nThe history of all hitherto existing societies is the history of class struggles.\nFreeman and slave, patrician and plebeian, lord and serf,"}','{"text":"guild-master and journeyman, in a word, oppressor and oppressed, stood in constant opposition to one another, carried on an uninterrupted, now hidden, now open fight, a fight that each time ended, either in a"}','{"text":"revolutionary re-constitution of society at large, or in the common ruin of the contending classes.\n\nIn the earlier epochs of history, we find almost everywhere a complicated arrangement of society into various orders, a manifold"}','{"text":"gradation of social rank. In ancient Rome we have patricians, knights, plebeians, slaves; in the Middle Ages, feudal lords, vassals, guild-masters, journeymen, apprentices, serfs; in almost all of these classes, again, "}','{"text":"subordinate gradations.\n\nThe modern bourgeois society that has sprouted from the ruins of feudal society has not done away with class antagonisms. It has but established new classes, new conditions of oppression, new"}','{"text":"forms of struggle in place of the old ones. Our epoch, the epoch of the bourgeoisie, possesses, however
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📅︎ Feb 11 2021
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Canada: nationalism, post-nationalism, and the progressive future

>Meta: This post was inspired by this post on Argentina. I think it would be great if we got effort posts on politics and culture by country. Call this a quasi-inaugural post. I hope its not too culture war-y to earn relegation to the Roundup.

People do not know much about Canada, and that includes Canadians. Its a running joke among Canadian economists that comparative charts never include us. Its a shame too, because I think Canada is a fascinating place and our history is instructive for other countries. We have gone all in on a grand experiment: Canada can be a functional and wealthy, yet permanently divided, multicultural society.

A potted history of Canada

The first sustained contact between Aboriginal Canadians and Europeans was with the French in Quebec. A few tens of thousands of French settlers in 1680s New France formed the kernel of the Quebecois people. The rest of Canada was a sparsely inhabited English and Scottish hinterland. In the 1760s Quebec was captured in the 7-Years War and in the 1780s the United States achieved independence, sending waves of loyalists to what is now Ontario. The population grew, Aboriginal Peoples were assimilated or exterminated, we were granted self rule as colonies, and then unified as a country in 1867. Great Britain gradually ceded the vast west to us and we connected it via a transcontinental railroad in the 1880s.

For most of the 19th century, Canada faced an existential risk from the United States and this fact came to define what I’ll call Canadian Nationalism. The Americans had invaded in 1777, and again in 1812, there was a war scare over the R.M.S. Trent in 1861, and American-based Fenians raided in 1866. At the same time, the United States was a land of opportunity which absorbed Canadians in huge numbers. In 1880, 15% of the Canadian-born population lived in the US. English Canada wasn't obviously culturally different from America. So our connections to Britain were officially encouraged, our infant industries protected from American competition, and our society shielded as much as possible from the U.S. Canadian Nationalism was first and foremost about our Britishness and connections to Britain as a co

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👍︎ 125
📰︎ r/TheMotte
💬︎
👤︎ u/turbopony
📅︎ Oct 26 2020
🚨︎ report
Alternate South Africa

South Africa, officially the Union of South Africa, is the southernmost sovereign state in Africa. It is bounded on the south by thousands of kilometers of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans, on the north by the neighboring countries of Botswana and Zimbabwe, and on the east by Mozambique and Swaziland, and surrounding the kingdom of Lesotho. South Africa is the 25th-largest country in the world by land area, and with close to 53 million people, is the world's 24th-most populous nation. It is the southernmost country on the mainland of the Old World or the Eastern Hemisphere.

South Africa is a multiethnic society encompassing a wide variety of cultures, languages, and religions. Its pluralistic makeup is reflected in the constitution's recognition of 11 official languages, which is among the highest number of any country in the world. Two of these languages are of European origin: Afrikaans developed from Dutch and serves as the first language of most white and colored South Africans; English reflects the legacy of British colonialism and is commonly used in public and commercial life, though it is fourth-ranked as a spoken first language.

The country is one of the few in Africa never to have had a coup d'état, and regular elections have been held for almost a century. However, the black South Africans were not enfranchised until 1994. During the 20th century, the black minority sought to recover its rights from the dominant white majority, with this struggle playing a large role in the country's recent history and politics. The National Party imposed apartheid in 1948, institutionalizing previous racial segregation. After a long and sometimes violent struggle by the African National Congress and other anti-apartheid activists both inside and outside the country, discriminatory laws began to be repealed or abolished from 1990 onward. South Africa is the only African country with a white majority, most of them being Afrikaners.

South Africa is a developed country with a market economy that is dominated by the exports of dairy products, meat, and wine, along with tourism. South Africa is a World Bank high-income economy and ranks highly in international comparisons of national performance, such as health, education, economic freedom, and quality of life. Nationally, legislative authority is vested in an elected, Unicameral Parliament, while executive political power is exercised by the Cabinet, le

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📅︎ Mar 03 2021
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Hi! I'm Dr Ed Roberts, a historian of early medieval Europe. I recently wrote a book on the Frankish historian Flodoard, and I'm here to talk about the Carolingian Empire and its tenth-century successor kingdoms. AMA!

Hi all! My name is Ed Roberts and I'm a lecturer in early medieval history in the School of History and Centre for Medieval and Early Modern Studies at the University of Kent (Canterbury, UK). My research focuses on later Carolingian and Ottonian Europe, and I'm the author of Flodoard of Rheims and the Writing of History in the Tenth Century.

This is a book about historiography, in every sense of the word - how history was perceived and written in the tenth century, and how subsequent historians have approached and understood that period in the light of its surviving narrative sources. Flodoard, one of the period's rare chroniclers, has traditionally been read as a passive observer of a "darkening" tenth century in which political authority disintegrated and religious standards collapsed. I argue that we have been too ready to take Flodoard at his word. He was in fact a very discerning author who crafted quite deliberate narratives of his time. Bad things happened to him and his community of clerics in Rheims; he was pessimistic about his own day and nostalgic for an imagined idyllic past. In offering a corrective to misapprehensions of Flodoard and his works, I suggest that the West Frankish (French) political community of the earlier tenth century was not the morass of violent conflict it has long been portrayed as, and that the period was far more culturally innovative than has tended to be recognised. You can read a bit more about why I wrote the book here.

I'm happy to chat about anything related to the history of Western Europe in the tenth century, or indeed the early Middle Ages up to c.1100. I've also researched and published on early medieval legal practice, including legal documents (charters), literacy and languages (i.e. Latin and the vernaculars), and canon law (esp. the Pseudo-Isidorian forgeries). My current research looks at bishops from c.900-c.1100, asking how redefinitions of what it meant to be a bishop contributed to the triumph of the "reform papacy" and the "Gregorian revolution" in the late eleventh century.

I'm also interested in d

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👍︎ 3k
💬︎
👤︎ u/Ed-Roberts
📅︎ Jul 23 2020
🚨︎ report
the whole Scooby Doo (2002) script lmao

Let go of me! Okay, now I really have a wedgie. Fred! Velma! Can you guys hurry it up? This ghost keeps grabbing... Please! Jinkies. Fred. Come in, Fred. - Fred! Can you hear me? - Fredster here, Velms. Shockingly, Daphne's been captured again. That's okay. When the Luna Ghost rounds the corner with Daphne... ...Shaggy and Scooby will pop out of the barrel... You'll activate the conveyor belt, spilling the oil onto the floor. Just remember my plan. Like, chill out, Scooby-Doo. Stop shaking. Me? That's you. Right. It's me. Sorry. Scooby-Doo, what are you doing, man? Like, this is no time to... Oh, boy. Like, there's a ghost right behind me, isn't there? Run! Go, Shaggy! Go! - Run! - Like, I'm trying, buddy! Fred, now! Hurry up! - I got him. - Look out! Sorry! - Sorry, Velma. - I know, Fred. - Where's the ghost? - He's right behind us. Skateboard! Is he still after us, Scoob? Banzai! - Zoinks! Grab the hook! - Hold on, Shaggy! Daphne, are you okay? I'm so over this damsel-in-distress nonsense. Where's Shagster? - Like, I'm right here, man. - Me too. Scoob, that was fun. Let's grab another skateboard and do it again. Yeah. There you go. One for you. Good-looking guy. All right, nice to see you. - Thanks for saving the factory. - Pam, any comments? This is a victory for any celebrity who wants to make a quality action figure. - What's the secret of your success? - Teamwork. I do a tremendous amount of teamwork, and I always have a plan. Come on. Yeah, my plan. I knew from the start there was no phantom. The Luna Ghost is, in fact... - Old Man Smithers? - The creepy janitor? He wanted revenge after you refused to go out with him. How could you, Pam? I'm a lover-boy of George Clooney-an proportions. - Fred, how was the ghost able to fly? - I can answer that. Watch. These balloons fill with a highly potent helium synthesis... ...giving the Luna Ghost... ...his weightless appearance. I would have gotten away with it too, if it weren't for you meddling kids... ...and your dumb dog! I'll get you for this! Scooby-Dooby-Doo! Fred, I can't believe you took credit for my plan again. Some plan. That ghost pawed me for an hour and a half. It's not our fault you always get kidnapped. I don't always get kidnapped. Can't believe you'd say that. Oh, please. You come with your own ransom note. - My glasses! - Who's helpless now? I'm going to kill you, Daphne! Watch the ascot! You guys, look, I know I'm just the dude that carries the bags... ...but we all play an important part

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👍︎ 3
📰︎ r/copypasta
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👤︎ u/WimpaWampa
📅︎ Feb 14 2021
🚨︎ report
Chance an African-American Male for Harvard, Columbia, Caltech, MIT, Johns Hopkins, UCLA, and UC Berkeley

Demographics: Male, African-American, Small Public Charter K-12 (graduating class of ~30)

Hooks: URM, school is in a rural (more accurately exurban) area

Family income: 150k+. Upper-middle class.

Intended Major(s): Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Neuroscience

ACT/SAT/SAT II:

1580 (780 EBRW, 800 M): Took once in Junior Year. Pretty lucky since Covid happened right after.

No ACT or SAT IIs

UW/W GPA and Rank:

4.0 UW/4.82 W

My school does not rank

Coursework: AP/IB/Dual Enrollment classes, AP/IB scores, etc

18 APs: 16 5s, 1 4, and 1 3 (The Common app schools only see 15 5s)

5 Honors courses and 6 Post-AP Classes

7th grade: Pre-calculus

8th grade: AP World History, AP Statistics, AP Calculus AB

9th grade: AP Calculus BC, AP Macro/Micro, AP Gov, Bio Honors, English Language Honors, English Literature Honors,

10th grade: AP Biology, AP Lang, AP Euro, AP Physics C: Mech and E&M, Honors Chemistry, Post-AP Multivariable Calculus

11th grade: AP Chem, AP COGO, AP Lit (the 4), APES, AP French (the 3, I suck at oral and aural sections), APUSH, Post-AP: Linear Algebra

12th grade: Capstone: Biochemistry, Capstone: Francophone Cinema, Capstone: Math and Magic, Capstone: Race, Class, and Gender in American Politics. (Capstones are classes meant to simulate those in college. pretty much just Post-AP classes)

Awards:

  1. National AP Scholar (x2)
  2. National Merit Semifinalist + rural and African American recognition scholar
  3. 2nd place at State Science Bowl Competition
  4. AMC 10 School Contest Winner (my score was still shit lol)
  5. Semifinalist for our state's most prestigious scholarship (Top 78 out of 950 applicants)
  6. US Presidential Scholar Candidate
  7. 5th place at state Brain Bee Competition

Extracurriculars: Include leadership & summer activities

  1. Science Bowl: have participated in science bowl since 6th grade with the same teacher for most of those years. By far the activity I am most committed to. Eventually became the captain for 11th and 12th grade. (7 years in total. 4 in high school)
  2. Brain Bee. A spelling bee style competition. Participated for 3 years and placed in the top 8 at the state competition every year with the highest placement being 5th. (3 years)
  3. National Honors Society: Mostly a peer tutoring organization plus some outside independent service projects. Completed 30 hours of service each year with 15 hours dedicated to just peer tutoring. (4 years)
  4. French Honors Society: Cultural
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👍︎ 132
📰︎ r/chanceme
💬︎
📅︎ Jan 26 2021
🚨︎ report
Minecraft command to spawn the Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels

/give @a written_book{pages:['{"text":"MANIFESTO OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY\n\n[From the English edition of 1888, edited by Friedrich Engels]\n\nA spectre is haunting Europe\u2014the spectre of Communism.\nAll the Powers of old Europe have entered into a holy alliance to"}','{"text":"exorcise this spectre: Pope and Czar, Metternich and Guizot,\nFrench Radicals and German police-spies.\n\nWhere is the party in opposition that has not been decried as Communistic by its opponents in power? Where is the"}','{"text":"Opposition that has not hurled back the branding reproach of Communism, against the more advanced opposition parties, as well as against its reactionary adversaries?\n\nTwo things result from this fact."}','{"text":"I. Communism is already acknowledged by all European Powers to be itself a Power.\n\nII. It is high time that Communists should openly, in the face of the whole world, publish their views, their aims, their tendencies, and meet this nursery"}','{"text":"tale of the Spectre of Communism with a Manifesto of the party itself.\n\nTo this end, Communists of various nationalities have assembled in London, and sketched the following Manifesto, to be published in the English, French,"}','{"text":"German, Italian, Flemish and Danish languages.\n\nI. BOURGEOIS AND PROLETARIANS\n\nThe history of all hitherto existing societies is the history of class struggles.\nFreeman and slave, patrician and plebeian, lord and serf,"}','{"text":"guild-master and journeyman, in a word, oppressor and oppressed, stood in constant opposition to one another, carried on an uninterrupted, now hidden, now open fight, a fight that each time ended, either in a"}','{"text":"revolutionary re-constitution of society at large, or in the common ruin of the contending classes.\n\nIn the earlier epochs of history, we find almost everywhere a complicated arrangement of society into various orders, a manifold"}','{"text":"gradation of social rank. In ancient Rome we have patricians, knights, plebeians, slaves; in the Middle Ages, feudal lords, vassals, guild-masters, journeymen, apprentices, serfs; in almost all of these classes, again, "}','{"text":"subordinate gradations.\n\nThe modern bourgeois society that has sprouted from the ruins of feudal society has not done away with class antagonisms. It has but established new classes, new conditions of oppression, new"}','{"text":"forms of struggle in place of the old ones. Our epoch, the epoch of the bourgeo

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👍︎ 19
📰︎ r/copypasta
💬︎
👤︎ u/Azimovikh
📅︎ Feb 10 2021
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